Premium Essay

Anthro Terms

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By arvzar
Words 4763
Pages 20
Anthropology
Unit 1 – online
Anthropology is the study of humans, past and present.
There are 4 areas of Anthropology-
1. sociocultural - examine social patterns and practices across cultures, with a special interest in how people live in particular places and how they organize, govern, and create meaning
2. , biological/physical - seek to understand how humans adapt to diverse environments, how biological and cultural processes work together to shape growth, development and behavior, and what causes disease and early death
3. archaeology - study past peoples and cultures, from the deepest prehistory to the recent past, through the analysis of material remains, ranging from artifacts and evidence of past environments to architecture and landscapes
4. linguistics- is the comparative study of ways in which language reflects and influences social life
Unit 1 – Book
Anthropology – the study of humankind in all times and places
Colonialism – when one nation dominates another through occupation, admin (military) and control of resource’s.
Cultural imperialism – refers to the promotion of one nation’s values, beliefs, and behavior above those of all others.
Most famous empiricist – Franz Boas (1858-1942) he rejected racism and saw everyone as equal
Radcliffe Brown – focused on how culture worked as a whole to maintain itself
Malinowski – paid attention to his key informants’ point of view (groundbreaking methodology)
Influences on Canadian Anthro – museums, academic department, applied research
Diamond Jenness – page 7 epic winter story, survived on island (Karluk)
Davidson Black –, Zhoukoudian cave, fossils, fossils sunk by the Chinese
Marious Barbeau – considered a pioneer, founder of Canadian folklore studies,
Regna Darnell - linguistics, fluent in cree, slavery and Mohawk. Ontario based

Figure 1.1 page 9 shows the subfields of Anthropology...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

A Love

...Tables and Figures Tables should be labeled and captioned above the table as "Table N," where N denotes the number of the table, and captioned. Material such as photographs, images, charts, and line-drawings should be labeled and captioned below the material as "Figure N" where N denotes the number of the figure, and captioned. Tables and Figures are numbered separately in series, 1….N. Captions for each should describe briefly, in neutral terms, the content of the table or figure. Quotations and Paraphrasing You should have very few, if any, quotations in your paper. Let us repeat that, VERY FEW QUOTATIONS. Quotations that constitute fewer than five lines in your paper should be set off with quotation marks [ “Lions roar” ] and be incorporated within the normal flow of your text. For material exceeding that length, omit the quotation marks and indent the quoted language one inch from your left-hand margin. Any quotation should be followed in parentheses by the source of the quotation. Mostly, you will paraphrase what you read, meaning that you put it in your own words. All your own words! Do not use a quotation with only one or two words changed. Doing this amounts to PLAGIARISM and will be treated as such!! Refer to the pdf at the following web site for additional useful information about avoiding plagiarism: http://sja.ucdavis.edu/files/plagiarism.pdf Citing the Scientific Literature EACH AND EVERY FACT drawn from a reference must be followed in the text by...

Words: 817 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Difference Between Wiccan And Paganism

...Paganism is a group of religions, while Wiccan is just one. Wiccans and Pagans are not terms to describe sexual outsiders, devil worship or the practice of harming people or animals. Wiccans and Pagans practice earth based worship. Most Wiccans practice witchcraft, however not all pagans practice witchcraft. Paganism does not have a founder, Wicca does. In Paganism, you do not have to practice witchcraft. In Wicca, witchcraft is usually practiced. A person who considers themselves a Pagan, usually is Polytheistic. Polytheistic means one believes in more than one deity, whether that is a god or goddess. In Wicca, some believe in just a God, some believe in just a Goddess, and some believe in both. There are even some who believe in a number of gods and goddesses. Both Wicca and Pagans use many objects in their practices or studies...

Words: 923 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Spiritual Leader Interview

...Module 4 Essay Spiritual Leader Interview Kelly J. Allman Grand Canyon University HLT 324 April 10, 2011 The term “Culture" can have many varying meanings, traditionally, it is thought of as the shared beliefs, traditions, religious practices and values of an ethnic group; or the beliefs, customs, practices, and social behavior of a particular nation or people. Culture can also be defined as people with shared beliefs and practices: or a group of people whose shared beliefs and practices identify the particular place, class, or time (era) to which they belong. It can also be defined as the shared attitudes or particular set of attitudes that can characterize an ethnic or religious group of people. Culture is also art, music, literature, and related intellectual activities, otherwise referred to as "popular culture". Finally it is also referred to as knowledge and sophistication; or enlightenment and sophistication acquired through education and exposure to the arts. This is known as “people of culture”. People learn culture. That is culture's essential feature. Culture is a body of learned behaviors common to a given human society. It acts as a template, shaping behavior and consciousness within a human society from generation to generation (Grand Canyon University, 2011). Death is an inevitable and avoidable aspect of life. We deal with death every day, in some aspect. Whether it is a report of another shooting at a school, a story on the evening news about...

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Anthro Identity 1ab3

...Genesis of Suicide Terrorism Alternative Assignment 2 Question 3 Anthro 1AB3 Dr. Antonio Sorge March 27th 2013 Question 3: What approaches does Atran suggest to help combat and alleviate the recruitment of suicide bombers? Suicide bombing is a topic that is not yet fully understood. Researchers and power figures alike are trying to find a way of detecting and preventing the act of suicide bombings. In the given article, they define suicide terrorism as, “the targeted use of self-destructing humans against noncombatant (typically civilian) populations to effect political change” (Atran, 2003, p.p. 1534). Scott Atran discusses a few alternative strategies to help combat and alleviate the recruitment of suicide bombers. Three strategies that Atran looks into are; preventing bombers from reaching targets, raising literacy rates and understanding what psychological and/or cultural relationships are commonly possessed by a suicide bomber (Atran, 2003). In brief, the article goes through defining what suicide terrorism is defined as and how different sides of an audience might see the act differently. One might see the acts as “terrorism” while another’s point of view might see the suicides as “freedom fighters”. Atran looks at the recent history of suicide attacks and then the author brings up the fundamental attribution error. This error happens with this subject because people try to explain suicide bombings by......

Words: 1545 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Unknown

...below | auto– = self | hypo– = under | super–, sur– = over, above | ben–, bon–, eu– = good | il–, im–, in–, ir–, non– = not | syn–, sym– = together, with | brev– = short | inter– = between | trans– = across, beyond | caco–, dys– = bad, abnormal | intra– = within | ultra–, outr– = beyond | ceiv–, cept–, capt– = take | mal–, mis–, ne– = bad | vice– = in place of | Roots | ambu = walk, move | fract, frag, frai = break | pug = war, fight | andro = man | gnos = knowledge | rupt = break | anthro = human | grad, gress = to go | sanct = holy | bellu, belli = war, fight | greg = group, herd | scien = knowledge | carn = flesh | gyn = woman | senti = feeling | clam, claim = shout | her, hes = to stick | somn, sop = sleep | clin = lean, bend | jac, ject = to throw | son = sound | clud, clus, claus = close | loq, log, loc, lix = talk | soph = wise | cred = trust, belief | luc, lum, lus = light, clear | spec = look | demo– = people | meta, mut = change | term = end, boundary | dog, dox = thought, idea | morph = shape | terr = earth | duc, duct = to lead, pull | narco = sleep | theo = God | ev = time, age | omni = all | ven = come | fac = to do, make | oper = work | vid, vis = to see | fiss = break, part | pac, plac = peace, calm | voc, voke = call | flict = strike | path = feeling | vol = roll, turn | fort =...

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Papers

...Week 1 Anth 315 Notes Theory of Evolution: * Gradualism * Speciation * Exchange genes. * Common ancestry. All species go back to a common ancestry. * Natural Selection * Variation * Inherited * Selection * Population will become better adapted to a particular environment. Evolutionary Psychology - 1992 An evolutionary psychological approach: 1. Humans are part of biology. 2. There is nothing special about the human brain 3. Human nature is innate 4. Human behavior is the product of both innate human nature and the environment. Cognitive Psychology 1. Actions are caused by mental processes. 2. The mind is a computer. 3. Humans descended from an ape like ancestor. Heredity 1. Makes offspring look like parents. 2. Genes are written in a molecule called DNA. 3. Children obtain 50 % of their genetic make-up from each parent. Mutations: 1. Mutations occur when a gene inside a cell changes. The evolution of the mind: Cognitive psychology and evolutionary biology meet when we begin discussing the mind evolving through the process of natural selection. What were the adaptive problems faced by our hominid ancestors? 1. Shelter 2. Food The Savannah Principal 1. The savannah principle holds that the human brain has undergone virtually little or no change in the last 10,000, years. Sugars and fats contain calories for survival. Week #......

Words: 1928 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Theorists for Anthro

...Theorists for Anthro, Scocio, Psyc. 1.Gilligan - Focus on survival, goodness as self-sacrifice and morality of non-violance 2. Piaget's - Child cognitive development Sensorimotor stage The sensorimotor stage is the first of the four stages in cognitive development which "extends from birth to the acquisition of language".[3] "In this stage, infants construct an understanding of the world by coordinating experiences (such as seeing and hearing) with physical, motoric actions. Infants gain knowledge of the world from the physical actions they perform on it. An infant progresses from reflexive, instinctual action at birth to the beginning of symbolic thought toward the end of the stage. Piaget divided the sensorimotor stage into six sub-stages"[4]:0–2 years, Infants just have senses-vision, hearing, and motor skills, such as grasping, sucking, and stepping Preoperational stage The Cognitive Development Approaches. By observing sequences of play, Jean Piaget was able to demonstrate that towards the end of the second year, a qualitatively new kind of psychological functioning occurs.[6] (Pre)Operatory Thought is any procedure for mentally acting on objects. The hallmark of the preoperational stage is sparse and logically inadequate mental operations. During this stage, the child learns to use and to represent objects by images, words, and drawings.The child is able to form stable concepts as well as mental reasoning and magical beliefs. The child however is still not able...

Words: 1821 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Ethics

...ECOCENTRISM AND ANTHROPOCENTRISM: MORAL REASONING ABOUT ECOLOGICAL COMMONS DILEMMAS KATHERINE V. KORTENKAMP AND COLLEEN F. MOORE University of WisconsinMadison Abstract When do humans extend their ethical scope to include nature? Anthropocentrism and ecocentrism are two ways of understanding an extension of ethics to nature. In an anthropocentric ethic nature deserves moral consideration because how nature is treated a¡ects humans. In an ecocentric ethic nature deserves moral consideration because nature has intrinsic value. In two experiments participants (n=91 and 84) generated moral reasoning responses to ecological moral dilemmas. The reasoning was coded as ecocentric, anthropocentric, or nonenvironmental (i.e., social contracts, truthfulness). Individual di¡erences and situational variables were examined in relation to moral reasoning about ecological dilemmas. Pro-environmental attitudes were related to more ecocentrica nd anthropocentrica nd less nonenvironmental reasoning. The presence of information about the impact of ecological damage on the environment, especially a more ‘‘wild’’ environment, elicited more ecocentric reasoning, while the presence of a social commitment elicited more nonenvironmental moral reasoning. The implications of the research for con£icts over environmental commons dilemmas are discussed. # 2001 Academic Press Ecocentrism and Anthropocentrism: Moral Reasoning about Ecological Dilemmas There is as yet no ethicd ealing with...

Words: 8444 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Cultural Imperialism

...Cultural Imperialism: The Impact of Western Influences on the Cultures of others through media Written by Edward Marcus, Nur Lillah and Sylvester Introduction With the vast advancement of technology today, the world has become progressively interconnected.  Together with the rise in connection and communication, countries’ borders are also increasingly unclear as cultures cross borders and people adopt new ways of life styles and new manners of thinking. Most Asian societies for example, view the world from the eyes of the Americans or western culture and hence, they tend to adopt a foreign lifestyle in their apparel choices, the way they converse, even the type of food and eating etiquettes. Cultural Imperialism Over the past few decades, the vast improvements in technology have enabled efficient communication of information across the globe. Businesses in the best of nations have risen increasingly in scale and value. This, in turn, helps a handful of powerful nations exert influence over the world. Not only these few nations dominate the majority’s media consumption, they also consequently transmit their values and ideologies through these media channels. This process of dominating and influencing the mass through the media texts is known as cultural imperialism, which is the main component of capitalism and hence promoted by developed nations across the continents. Cultural Imperialism through Television A high percentage of Americans are couch......

Words: 2464 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Paper

...Textbook: brief case studies * Posting is on ARES * On case studies: 15 of those 20 days you must come with a written paragraph thinking about the case ahead of time * * * NOTES: Wednesday, January 18, 2012 * * What is Health? Mental/physical well-being WHO (1948): “..a state of completely well-being, physical, social, and mental and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” Most commonly used definition, but still can have criticisms… Exs: “not just a STATE/fixed nature…it can also be dynamic and change within a person” Well-being is very broad and can vary in def. among cultures and ppl “completely healthy”: In many ways, we’ve set ourself up to failure..but we’re never going to reach this broad term..hard to measure/quantify a fundamental human right regardless of age/class/gender a resource for everyday life, not just the object of living health is not the mean of itself, it’s a mean for a greater ends it takes time/energy/resources when youre sick that can otherwise be spent in education/artistic creation/ ec. And social endeavors so we want healthy ppl so we can have ppl pursue these avenues and be productive ppl that can contribute to society * A formal Definition of Public health …what we, as a society, do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy (IOM 1999) collective nature, and what we can do to improve as a whole not a lot of ppl in the public know what public health is..(thus......

Words: 3041 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Sustainable Fashion

...carry the products that they purchase so they don’t use plastic bags. This has become a fashion as well. To be more environmental friendly, why not use sustainable clothes? Clothes are one of the major necessities that a human may have. People can look fashionable, in style, and support the planet at the same time. The nonprofit Sustainable Technology Education Project (STEP) defines eco-fashions as clothes “that take into account the environment, the health of consumers and the working conditions of people in the fashion industry” (West). Sustainable fashion is designed to be completely environmental friendly. This whole movement complements a larger trend of "ethical fashion," and according to the May 2007 Vogue appears not to be a short-term trend but one that could last multiple seasons (Sustainable Fashion). Environmentally friendly fashion has increased its popularity in the past decade. This idea has entered the market segment and has have quite success since top designers support it. Top designers have been working and experiencing with new ideas that are involved with sustainable fashion. Designers have been incorporating into...

Words: 3777 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Taylorism: Essay

..."merely the elements or details of the mechanisms of management" Task allocation is the concept that breaking task into smaller and smaller tasks allows the determination of the optimum solution to the task. "The man in the planning room, whose specialty is planning ahead, invariably finds that the work can be done more economically by subdivision of the labour; each act of each mechanic, for example, should be preceded by various preparatory acts done by other men." devised a means of detailing a division of labor in time-and-motion studies and a wage system based on performance. http://www.vanderbilt.edu/AnS/Anthro/Anth101/taylorism_and_fordism.htm Frederick Winslow Taylor is a controversial figure in management history. His innovations in industrial engineering, particularly in time and motion studies, paid off in dramatic improvements in productivity. At the same time, he has been credited with destroying the soul of work, of dehumanizing factories, making men into automatons. What is Taylor's real legacy? I'm not sure that management historians will ever agree. extensions of the four principles of management.[2] 1. The development of a true science 2. The scientific selection of the workman 3. The scientific education and development of the workman 4. Intimate and friendly cooperation between the management and the men. Taylor taught that there was one and only one method of work that maximized efficiency. "And this one best method and best......

Words: 4387 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Anthro 101

...ANTH 101 OL Cypress College Summer 2014 BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 3 Units CRN 30234 | June 23-July 23 | Fully Online Professor Becky Floyd Email: bfloyd@cypresscollege.edu Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ groups/ProfFloyd/ Course Description Office Hours I don’t have official office hours during summer. Join the Facebook group right away. Feel free to message me through Facebook or email me any time. I will get back to you as soon as I can. Blackboard We will be using Blackboard for this class: cypresscollege.blackboard.com Log in with your student ID (include the @) and your myGateway (or existing Blackboard) password. You need to use a newer computer with up to date software. For more info: cypresscollege.edu/academics/ distanceeducation Do NOT use Internet Explorer or mobile devices (especially to take tests!). Computers are available on campus, many in the L/LRC: ccllrc.info/ or call 714-484-7193 Advisory: Eligibility for ENGL 100 C.! UC/CSU, AA GE, CSU GE, IGETC! This course introduces the concepts, methods of inquiry, and scientific explanations for biological evolution and their application to the human species. Issues and topics will include, but are not limited to, genetics, evolutionary theory, human variation and biocultural adaptations, comparative primate anatomy and behavior, and the fossil evidence for human evolution. The scientific method serves as foundation of the course.! Duplicate credit not granted for ANTH 101HC or ANTH 201......

Words: 4276 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Hr System

...Human Resources Planning 2010 Planning Task Force Report January 2009 INTRODUCTION The quality and expertise of the faculty and staff is crucial to the continuing success and excellence of Grand Valley State University. Grand Valley is often recognized for its overall excellence. As with any institution of higher education, this standard of excellence directly relates to the faculty members, whose efforts support the Grand Valley mission of “educating students to shape their lives, their professions and their societies,” and to the senior management and staff of the university, who lead and support these efforts. A key part of success is the stability of the workforce and the implementation of the transference of leadership and the community culture to those who will be members of the faculty and staff in 2010 and beyond. Compounding the need for planning is the widespread concern that the imminent retirement of the “baby boomers” will cause an exodus of talent in a very short timeframe. Without a firm plan, such turnover of talent could make it difficult to sustain the quality of the faculty, leadership and staff of Grand Valley. To assure university leadership, our community, and stakeholders that Grand Valley is prepared for its workforce of the future, President Haas charged the Human Resource Planning Task Force to study this important issue and report to the campus community. The task force studied Grand Valley data, considering projections of retirements, faculty......

Words: 7717 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Linderjames

...BRAC Bangladesh: Building a Better Tomorrow James Mason Lindgren Marshalltown, Iowa 2011 Borlaug-Ruan Intern BRAC, Bangladesh May 28, 2011-July 23, 2011 BRAC and The World Food Prize Foundation Lindgren: 2 As I was leaving the comfort of home, the thought of being thrown into a developing country halfway across the globe was an exciting but extremely scary thought; however, it was worth every second. My development, climate change, and mitigative agriculture based internship in Bangladesh forced me to confront discomforting ideas and situations, which altered my global perceptions. My assigned readings and conceptual research were enlightening, however my twelve interviews in four rural villages were illuminating. Not only could I learn from the best, but I was able to help them with my independent research inputs. Table of Contents Acknowledgments Preface: Truth in Poverty Introduction Internship Abstract The People of Bangladesh Climate Change in Bangladesh BRAC: Basics Agriculture and Food Security Crop Intensification for Achieving Food Self-Sufficiency in the Coastal Regions of Bangladesh Research: Case Studies Methodology Severely Affected with Assistance from BRAC Mohammad Jahargiur Maghi Abdur Rahman Talukdar Mohammad Rasul Sheikh Severely Affected with Assistance from GO or other NGO Abdul Halim Sikder Kazi Razzak Mohammad Sakhatwat Hossain Severely Affected with No Assistance Mohammad Suleiman Fazlul Haque......

Words: 13449 - Pages: 54