Premium Essay

Anti-Communism in the United States

In: Historical Events

Submitted By stover555
Words 1151
Pages 5
Anticommunism and McCarthy

A common mistake that many people, including some historians, make consists of equating a general idea, principle, or thought with the movement that forms behind that ideal. For instance, some mistake violent extremists claiming to work on the principle or idea of their religion as true representatives of that religion. However, while a movement is working to politicize or publicize an idea or belief, the movement is not necessarily equivalent to, or perhaps even relevant to, the idea that underlies the movement. Much of this is true with the frequently overlooked distinction between McCarthyism and the more general anticommunism.

Properly defined, anticommunism is an ideology that holds that communism is morally and politically wrong. Regardless of whether the communist regime is legitimate or not according to the standards of Western democracy, the anti-communist believes that government is fundamentally wrong and should not exist. Because anticommunism is an ideology (that is, is based on an idea), any person regardless of country or place in government, can be an anti-communist by virtue of the fact that an anti-communist is, by definition, nothing more than a person ideologically opposed to the idea of communism. Being opposed does not specify any action on the part of the person, however. In other words, being anti-communist does not mean a person will participate in marches against communism or boo communists in public debate. Simply put, anticommunism is a structure of ideas, not behavior, and does not contain elements of action, behavior, or demonstration.

In contrast, McCarthyism was a particular political movement in the United States at a particular period. Joseph McCarthy, the notorious Senator from the state of Wisconsin, ascribed to a particular form of anticommunism that drove him to actively pursue and extricate…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Racism and Anti-Semitism in the United States

...elimination of racism and anti-Semitism. But the reality of the matter is that racism and anti-Semitism are still part of the American society, and evidence from research will be discussed to support this claim. The first evidence of the continuity of racism in America is the placement of a limit on the number of Asians who can be admitted to Ivy League colleges in the United States (Lubin, 2012). Racism is also shown to be part of the American society as shown by anti-black sentiments as well as anti-Hispanic sentiments in the United States as of 2012, more than four decades since the civil rights movement staged protests (Associated Press, 2012). Additionally, the Anti-Defamation League reports that hate crimes that are related to religion were predominantly directed to Jews who suffered 77% of these crimes (ADL, 2012), a scenario that serves as evidence of the continued presence of anti-Semitism in the United States. Racism is manifested by the decision by some colleges and universities to limit the number of Asian students who can be offered admission. According to Gus Lubin (2012), there is worry that Asian students can end up being the majority in some of the Ivy League colleges. This fear has driven these schools to place quotas that have led to the exclusion of Asian students. Evidence to the fact that Asian students are being discriminated against is that even with an increase in the number of college-age Asian students in the United States, the number of such......

Words: 1863 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Is Racism and Anti-Semitism Still a Problem in the United States?

...Is racism and anti-Semitism still a problem in the United States? Name: XXXXXXXXXXXX PHI 103: Informal Logic INSTRUCTOR:XXXXXX DATE:WXXXXXXXX Is racism and anti-Semitism still a problem in the United States? On the morning of 10 August 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his riveting “I have a dream” speech to over 250,000 civil rights supporters from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. During his speech, King called for the end of the hypocrisy perpetrated by the Federal Government of the United States, which at time implemented policies that reinforces a racist and discriminatory system against minorities. Fifty years later, many have questioned whether or not King’s utopian vision of a United States of America, where all are treated equal became reality or remained nothing but a dream of an overly optimistic preacher. Although things have changed since King’s 1963 speech, racism and anti-Semitism remains a problem, which continues to persist within the American society. In order to and answer the question, “Is racism and anti-Semitism still a problem in the united States (?)” one must fully explore the history of the United States, in an attempt to compare the past with the present. By doing this, problems if any are going to be clearly identified. Racism is not color blind, affects every ethnicity/race, which makes up the human populace. Racism has deeply ingrained itself into the social fabric of......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The United States and the Middle East

...Robert Montgomery ENGL 1120 Amelia Lewis 4/25/13 The United States and the Middle East For the past few decades, United States foreign policy has revolved around the situation in the Middle East. This is due mostly to the fact that tensions between the United States and the Islamic countries of the Middle East are always high. Also with the United States’ most valuable resource, oil, found in highest supply in the Middle East, America has a vested economic interest into the political stability of the region. However, after a costly war in Iraq that tarnished our image not only in the Middle East but around the world and a situation in Israel that hasn’t shown any lasting progress for decades, it’s time for the United States to take another look at its political strategy for achieving lasting peace in the region. With the events of early 2011 in the Middle East, otherwise known as Arab Spring, the region has become highly unstable and vulnerable to the influences of terrorism. This is a critical time for the United States to reestablish healthy diplomatic relations in the region in order to decrease the spread terrorism and harsh anti-American sentiment as well as bring about a lasting peace. In order for America to improve its foreign affairs in the Middle East it needs to finish strong in Iraq and Afghanistan, reach a peace agreement in Israel, push for more diplomacy with Iran, and support the rebels in Syria fighting injustice. By involving the rest of the......

Words: 4029 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

History: Development of Anti-Communism

...Australia’s fear for communism was in 2 forms: fear of communism spreading to Australia and fear of its emergence from within Australian society. During the 1950s and 1960s events such as the Korean and Malayan Emergency, the Petrov Affair and the Vietnam War all contributed and spurred on this nation-wide fear. Two theories also developed in this time: the domino theory and the concept of forward defence. After WW2 people doubted that the subsequent peace and security would not last, it was a period of fear and tension. WW2 had justified Australia’s long-standing fear for its vast Asian neighbours, especially Japan. So when the revolutionary communism dominated China in October 1949, propagandas changed their target, portraying communism as a disease; Australia’s original fear of invasion by its Asian neighbours changed to fear of communism. The phrase ‘reds under the beds’ originated in this period, meaning that there were people that saw communists everywhere. Australia under the Menzies government ardently sought to expose communism within Australia. Menzies tried to pass the Communist Party Dissolution Bill in 1950 and was determined even after its rejection to ban the Party. He pushed for a referendum in September 1951 but that was also unsuccessful. There were many alleged communist plots, but in April 1954 came the most notable one of all: the Petrov Affair. The Petrov Affair was basically the exposure of the third secretary of the Soviet Embassy in......

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

United States

...Welcome to the United States A Guide for New Immigrants M-618 (rev. 09/07) Welcome to the United States A Guide for New Immigrants Revised Edition U.S. GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL EDITION NOTICE This is the Official U.S. Government edition of this publication and is herein identified to certify its authenticity. Use of the ISBN 978-016-078733-1 is for U.S. Government Printing Office Official Editions only. The Superintendent of Documents of the U.S. Government Printing Office requests that any reprinted edition clearly be labeled as a copy of the authentic work with a new ISBN. The information presented in Welcome to the United States: A Guide for New Immigrants is considered public information and may be distributed or copied without alteration unless otherwise specified. The citation should be: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Office of Citizenship, Welcome to the United States: A Guide for New Immigrants, Washington, DC, 2007, Revised Edition. USCIS has purchased the right to use many of the images in Welcome to the United States: A Guide for New Immigrants. USCIS is licensed to use these images on a non-exclusive and non-transferable basis. All other rights to the images, including without limitation and copyright, are retained by the owner of the images. These images are not in the public domain and may not be used except as they appear as part of this guide. This guide contains information on a variety of topics......

Words: 26012 - Pages: 105

Free Essay

Anti-Communism and Mccarthyism Paper

...WWII was a major historical event that shaped the United States and struck fear into its citizens. Soon following the end of WWII a new fear of the unknown began to develop within Americans which caused nationwide anxiety and panic. Many believed communism might be the next threat to challenge the United States. The growing sentiments of Senator Joseph McCarthy lead out to protect America’s freedom from communism, although his sweeping lash stripped freedoms from many of his fellow citizens. Strange as it may seem, in this period of American history both communism and McCarthyism threatened America; fear fueled the fire to a Red Scare glow before its flame would dwindle and smolder. In order to better understand these events, a more detailed look into history is needed to explain how this controversy and cultural phenomenon came to be. Understanding the Differences Is there a difference between anti-communism and McCarthyism? Despite the common belief that these two terms have the same meaning, there are indeed fundamental differences. Anti-communism can be understood as a set of beliefs, social values, or political opinions that a communist form of government is unacceptable and wrong. McCarthyism, on the other hand, was suspicious and it unfairly accused American citizens of being a communist. Lead by and named affectionately after Senator Joseph McCarthy, McCarthyism and its accusations violated American civil rights, destroyed reputations, caused employers to......

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The United States Laws

...The United States government has laws intended to further fair, balanced, anticompetitive business practices called the antitrust laws. These laws are meant to “correct” the inherent contradiction of market economies, which in many key markets, one firm or a few major firms often come to dominate the entire market. Once this happens competition is none. If competition makes people act on their best behavior, then the antitrust laws gives incentives to competitors to do the same rather than abuse their dominance in order to take advantage of their customers. The antitrust laws serve to check the improper acquisition and abuse of market dominance, so I feel that to a certain extent these laws are effective. The United States would have more monopolies then it currently has, if these types of laws were not in place. However, I always thought that these laws were in place to also ensure competition in our economy. The anti-monopoly law, which is really a better way to understand what antitrust is, is a set of political laws to help prevent concentrations of political power. These laws were put in place a while back; I would say from the tea party, in the late 1700’s, all the way up until the Civil War, the U.S. Government did a pretty good job of preventing monopolies in the United States. The Sherman act of 1890 was aimed at collusion among companies to constrain freedom of trade, while the Clayton act of 1914 went further and specifying anti-competitive practices such as......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Laws in the United States

...Laws in the United States The United States has various laws in place, which are anticipated to foster fair, balanced, and competitive business practices. These laws are placed as control measures to help safeguard fair business practices. With anti-trust laws in place we are then warranted a since of security from unfair and anti-competitive business practices, unreasonable trade, and price discrimination. As though anything new that is introduced, laws and or regulations when newly introduced can become the product of skepticism. Typically the judgmental ears question the new laws purpose and what influence it will have, even though these new laws may be intended to foster fair and or competitive business practices. Although most of us do not recognize their value, anti-trust laws affect our daily lives in a multiplicity of ways. In 1890 Congress ordained the Sherman Antitrust Act, a law designed to restore competition and free enterprise by breaking up monopolies. This Act July 2. 1890 states the following: “This Act outlaws all contracts, combinations, and conspiracies that unreasonably restrain interstate and foreign trade. This includes agreements among competitors to fix prices, rig bids, and allocate customers, which are punishable as criminal felonies.” The novel purpose for Sherman’s Act was to protect consumers from big business that was exercising immoral means to raise the prices of their product falsely, for example producing too few goods to help......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Vietnam War and the United States

...In the year 1950, Vietnam no longer represented the common analogy of a “fat kid in a candy shop”: the ending to their situation was unpredictable. The result of the war taking place in this country, would more or less lead to the beginning of the world wide domination of Communism or it would just be another trophy in the French‘s display of achievements. So which aim wins wars, patriotism or materialism? America stepped into the lime-light of the Vietnam War with neither of these as their motives. Thus the lingering question, why did we even get involved? And better yet, why did we support a country [France] whom we have never allied ourselves with before? In the beginning, we, as a nation, only wanted what was best for the Vietnamese, as in a functioning government, and the programs we supported and helped establish were created to do just this. Yes, if France won the war they would again resume power, but in a sense, would this not lead them back into a state of normalcy? All in all, America learned not to try and predict outcomes, because in the end, we would probably be wrong. Upon achieving favorable circumstances following World War II, Ho Chi Minh revolutionized and secured his own authority in North Vietnam. Minh noted that complete independence throughout the whole country of Vietnam would not be attained easily. The French marched right back into the Vietnamese lives to reclaim the land they had ruled over, for nearly half a century (Herring 6). The French took...

Words: 479 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Terrorism in the United States

...Terrorism in the United States Terrorism is like a plague. It has haunted the world as well as the United States for years. It is only currently, in light of what has happened to New York and Washington, been threatened by a nation. This newly found hatred for terrorism is not just from a government, it is from the governed as well. It is not as strait forward as one may think. There are many definitions of terrorism. The definition of terrorism depends mostly on the views and occupations of the people who define it. Scholars, politicians and journalists all define terrorism differently. Words and motivations that define terrorism range from violence and force to racism. Although one well known notion that many people are familiar with is, “one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter.” The notion, one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter, over time has become more than a cliché. Senator Henry Jackson commented on this notion at the Jonathan Institute's 1979 conference. The idea that one person's "terrorist" is another's "freedom fighter" cannot be sanctioned. Freedom fighters or revolutionaries don't blow up buses containing non-combatants; terrorist do. . . It is a disgrace that democracies would allow the treasured word "freedom" to be associated with the acts of terrorist. (Netanyahu 18-9) Although there are many definitions of the terrorism, one of the most widely accepted definitions is that of the FBI. The FBI states that terrorism is,...

Words: 1228 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

State of the United States Economy

...Evan DiLauro ECON 152 12/3/13 The State of the United States Economy By looking at the past five years of data, it is clear that the United States economy is in a state of rebound from the Great Recession. The data shows that before the recession the United States’ economy was operating at a solid level. The recent numbers show that the economy is on its way back to the state it was in before the recession hit. The Great Recession began in December 2007 due to major factors that lead to economic turmoil. Causes of the recession include failure of the federal to stem the tide of toxic mortgages, breakdowns in corporate governance, a excessive mix of risky barrowing by the households and wall street, key policy makers were not prepared for the crisis, and breaches in accountability and ethics at all levels. Due to the combination of these factors the Great recession was started and did not officially end until June 2009. During this time the unemployment rate took an all-time high and GDP growth was slowed down and at one point went negative. This was a rough time for the United States financially. Many people were in debt and did not have a job. The housing market also crashed, leaving Americans with little money and high prices on real-estate. Consumer cutbacks took a major increase, which also increased inflation, which lead to the decrease in GDP. Although the recession ended in 2009, it was the worst year for the United States unemployment rate. The annual......

Words: 1290 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

United States Policy

...United States Policy Student Name: Institution affiliated Professor’s Name Date The United States has significant nationwide interests towards the larger Middle East. These interests consist of the union and security of Iraq and also the continuous expansion of its self-governing institutions together with its reintegration in the region. Counterterrorism is one of The U.S. interests associated to Iraq among others. Today's U.S. policy on terrorism mainly focuses on the aspects of the terrorist threat.  The First is that the main threat, which is that of the Islamic terrorism, is international in capacity that has now reached to an extent where it now concerns the support of the U.S. state-run security and also worldwide security. On September 1972, 11 athletes from Israeli were killed by Black September Organization at Munich Olympic. This Black September Organization yet again kidnapped and then killed the Ambassador of U.S. and his Deputy Chief and also a Belgian civil servant. The United States together with the United Kingdom has repeated been bombing Iraq territory in the earlier years. Now the States association wishes to put into effect the resolutions of the United Nations band also to end the rule of Saddam Hussein through overthrowing it in a major military process. The arrangement is strictly criticized by the global society and more mostly by countries like......

Words: 2553 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Anti Communism

...and early 1950s, a struggle broke out between the Unite States and the Soviet Union in what was known as the Cold War. The west was concerned with anti-Communism becoming a part of its domestic politics. It had become an obsession of most conservative politicians to expose what they call Communist subversion and at the same time dealt a blow to the liberal causes. The interest of the Soviet Union was in the control of strategic interest. In addition the Soviet Union was determined to create a secure sphere for itself in Central and Eastern Europe as protection against possible future aggression from the West (Brinkley Ch. 29). These different views were the bases for the Cold War. Not only did the cold war have international consequences but also create a division within the United States. Since Communism was a major concern, the spread of anti-Communism was introduced as a way to protect the fundamental way Americans lived. In addition anti-Communism gave birth to McCarthyism. I will discuss the differences between anticommunism and McCarthyism, the perspective from which the media covered anticommunism and McCarthyism, how the American foreign policy decisions were affected or impacted by anticommunism and finally how Americans’ lives changed because of the Red Scare. To gain a clear understanding of the differences between anticommunism and McCarthyism, a brief definition of Communism must be given. Communism is a distinct socio-political philosophy that is......

Words: 995 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Congo’s Collapse and the United States’ Involvement

...Tim Xie Mrs. Jack Honors English 11 May 16, 2007 The Congo’s Collapse and The United States’ Involvement Throughout the late 1950s, the Congo was struggling to gain its independence from Belgium; however, when it finally achieved its independence in June of 1960, the country encountered more problems than it was ready to handle (“Congo”). The newly independent country was filled with turmoil from the very beginning. It was plagued with riots from the Congolese people and the Congo army terrorized villagers wherever they went. More than fifteen million people, who were divided into more than two hundred separate linguistic groups, were expected to follow one singular leader (“The United Nations”). As one can see, the task of uniting the very segregated country is seemingly impossible; on top of these obstacles, the country had to deal with western democracies interfering. Although it seemed like a good plan for the United States to get involved in the Congo, in retrospect, their actions caused insurmountable damage to the country that may never be restored. There were many political and financial motives for the interests of other countries in the rural country of the Congo. Even though it was not advanced technologically or industrially, the country had many valuable natural resources that foreign countries wanted to exploit. Notably, Great Britain, France, and the United States, all had fiscal interest in the Congo’s mine wealth, mostly in the provenance......

Words: 1456 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Anti-Miscegenation Statutes in the United States

...Sylvester Davis, an African-American man,filed a lawsuit against the Los Angeles County Clerk W.G. Sharp (Perez vs. Sharp, October 1, 1948).Earlier, they had sought a marriage license from the Los Angeles County Clerk’s Office but were denied such because Perez was racially classified as white and Davis as negro. “In this proceeding in mandamus, petitioners seek to compel the County Clerk of Los Angeles County to issue them a certificate of registry (Civ. Code, § 69a) and a license to marry. (Civ. Code, § 69.) In the application for a license, petitioner Andrea Perez states that she is a white person and petitioner Sylvester Davis that he is a Negro. Respondent refuses to issue the certificate and license, invoking Civil Code, section 69, which provides: ". . . no license may be issued authorizing the marriage of a white person with a Negro, mulatto, Mongolian or member of the Malay race." At the time, under California state law, no marriage license could be issued between a "white" person and a "negro" person. Petitioners contend that the statutes in question are unconstitutional on the grounds that they prohibit the free exercise of their religion and deny to them the right to participate fully in the sacraments of that religion. They are members of the Roman Catholic Church. They maintain that since the church has no rule forbidding marriages between Negroes and Caucasians, they are entitled to receive the sacrament of matrimony. The case went all the way to the......

Words: 2106 - Pages: 9