Premium Essay

Anti-Drug Analysis

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sportsdad0205
Words 1639
Pages 7
Anti-Drug legislation Analysis
Joe Lamb
May 21, 2012
Lora Terrill

Anti-Drug legislation Analysis The topic of paper will focus on the numerous anti-drug policies created by federal and state legislation. Furthermore, the similarities and differences between the various states will be compared with federal policy. An analysis will further be provided regarding the legalization or decriminalization of the drug marijuana and the possible impact legalizing drugs like marijuana could have on the federal, state, and local law enforcement, corrections, and society. In 1875, San Francisco was the first state to enact a ban that prohibited individuals from smoking opium. Unfortunately, the Act targeted mainly Chinese immigrants but was a leading factor to the creation of future antidrug laws. In 1914 the Harrison Act came into effect which required all medical professionals dealing in morphine, opium, and other substances to register with the federal government and pay an annual tax of one dollar. Any individual not registered and who were caught trafficking drugs could be punished with a fine of not more than two thousand dollars and serve up to five years in prison. Before the Heroin Maintenance Act was put into effect in 1920, individuals addicted to drugs could be treated at a clinic with medially prescribed Heroin. Studies conducted over time proved that the use of heroin to treat substance abuse was only causing further damage by prolonging one's addiction and delaying other more positive medical treatments. This in return, was the end of legally obtainable heroin in medical facilities across the United States. In 1937 Congress decided to implement another drug tax but this time on marijuana. The Marijuana tax Act placed a one dollar tax on every ounce of marijuana distributed and individuals who avoided paying this tax could be prosecuted. The Boggs…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Anti-Drug Legislation Analysis

...Anti-drug Legislation Analysis Criminal Law CJA/354 Anti-drug Legislation Analysis Prohibiting and reducing illegal drug trade is a policy of the anti-drug legislation of laws and polices discouraging any distributing, producing, and the consumption of substances. The students’ paper will focus on the federal and state legislation of marijuana. The student will compare and contrast similarities, and differences among the states of Arizona and California. The student will discuss current laws of each state and examine the proposition of legalization of marijuana. In addition the student will review the impact of legislation change at different levels of the current war on drugs in both the federal and state. The student will assess how legalization will affect asset forfeiture and if would be worthwhile. Starting in the United States of America in 1875 the city of San Francisco enacted a statute that prevented smoking opium (Schmalleger, 2010, p. 384). States quick to follow, the enactment of the Harrison Act in 1914 through medical professional was a requirement of the federal government to register and pay one dollar per year on the tax (Schmalleger, 2010 p. 384). Drug trafficking dealers not registered faced the penalty of prison time of five years and up to a fine of two thousand dollars (Schmalleger, 2010, p. 384). In 1920 the legal availability of heroin came to a halt as the courts considered heroin a prolonged addiction therefore as medical treatment was not......

Words: 1086 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Merck & Co.

...profitable anti-depression drug for the Western market. In this concise report I plan to look at both options through SWOT analysis. I will be drawing on other relevant project selection strategy and making an informed decision from the analysis conducted. Merck & Company was founded on “medicine for the people”. This statement from George W. Merck, the company founder’s son and former chairman has not always sat comfortably with all senior executives within the business. He had a strong sense of morality within business and that philosophy has seen the company to where it is today. Discussion The case to pursue with the project to cure river blindness raises a number of questions. When comparing the two I am going to look at what decision is best for the company to align its business strategy with the project selection. | River Blindness Project | | Anti-Depression Repackaging Project | Investment | $2,000,000 | | $500,000 | Annual Savings | $50,000 | | $500,000 | | | | | Payback Period | 40 years | | 1 year | Looking at Financial models, in this case it is clear that repackaging the Anti-Depression drug is an easy money maker generating far higher Payback when referring to the payback method: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | However other factors need to be addressed and it is not as simple as looking at the best financial model. If we look at an internal and external audit of the projects using SWOT......

Words: 1279 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Psychological Disorders/Suicide

...had incidents of mania and the mood returns back to normal when depression ceases, those who suffer from mania it’s known as bipolar disorder. (Comer, 1992).  Black box warning The State has for along issued caution on the use of anti-depressant drugs in adolescents, children, and young adults this is because these drugs have been for to cause suicidal in these people. This evaluation explored on the management of depression has that led to the cautions and successive data. It as well addressed the efficacy of anti-depressant management and the connection to suicide rates to anti-depressant management. It also included the resolutions of black box cautions that had been based on prejudiced data and unfounded theories. The decisions were unsupported. After the a black-box caution on anti-depressants drugs by FDA that described the potential suicide risk in children there was a sharp declined overall use , not only with children but also with the adults especially with the use of fluoxetine In this case antidepressant use in pediatric and risk suicide brought about this tension to relief suicidal attempts. Thus there remarkable shift in prescribing these drugs. (Mash, & Terdal 1997).  Meta analysis It’s only recently that suicidal behavior wasn’t associated with the psychological disorders. It is widespread with patients having mood disorders. Numerous suicide attempts have been associated with mental disorders specially......

Words: 761 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Aids Project

...Care organizations have been formed for its control. Needs Analysis Design:- The target population of the needs analysis was identified to all the patients who are affected with HIV/AIDS in Gay Men Health Care. This comprises only to the patients who are already affected with HIV/AIDS through gay men intercourse transmission. A search of various Victorian and Australian government and non-government health care websites was conducted. This helped to understand whether HIV/AIDS transmission through gay men was a real problem in Australia and prevention measures to control it were reviewed. Evidence reveled 80% of HIV/AIDS is transmitted through Gay men intercourse in Australia. Out of 80%, 28% HIV/AIDS patients are in Victoria. Hence Victoria stands second highest in Australia for Gay men transmission. In addition, an internet search was conducted to determine the strategic and prevention of AIDS/HIV through gay men. An Australian organization has been developed for the control of HIV/AIDS through gay men, but the ideas and strategies to control HIV/AIDS by Gay Men Health Care was primarily on HIV/AIDS affected patients. Finding the Needs Analysis:- Identifying the Needs:- Due to the high risk rate of AIDS/HIV transmission with a single contact of HIV virus, the growth rate of AIDS is increasing rapidly. Normally HIV is transmitted by unprotected sex (male and male, female and female and also male and female), drug users, sharing needles and syringes and blood......

Words: 2482 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Competition Law in Pharma Industry

...CENTAD Undertakes policy research and advocacy on issues related to trade and development, with a primary focus on South Asia. Centad’s work on access to medicines currently focuses on issues pertaining to access in India and aims to Secure a legal and policy environment to ensure access to medicines. Ensure transparency and accountability in public spending on drugs. Examine the impact of industry practices on access. Focus of the Presentation Bring to light anti-competitive practices prevalent in the pharmaceutical industry and healthcare sector. Indicate the approach proposed to be taken for executing the study and analyzing the data collected in pursuance thereof. Broad Scheme of Presentation Indian Pharmaceutical Industry a Snapshot Access to Medicines Situation in India Objectives of the Study Anti-competitive Practices Competition Act 2002 Regulation of Combinations Anti-competitive Agreements Abuse of Dominance Proposed Chapterisation Proposed Methodology 1. 2. 3. Indian Pharmaceutical Industry a Snapshot Net Worth 8 Billion Dollars Growth Rate of 8-9% PA. 4th in the World in terms of Volume of Drug Output Exports to nearly 212 countries @ USD 4795.33 million (2005-06) Has an important role to play in promoting public health and Right to Health. Highly technology and knowledge intensive. Indian Pharmaceutical Industry a Snapshot Industry growth highly dependent on the regulatory environment . Owes its current growth and success to the Patents......

Words: 2852 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Eli Lilly Case

...Running head: ELI LILLY – DEVELOPING CYMBALTA CASE ANALYSIS 1 Week 4: Eli Libby – Developing Cymbalta Case Analysis Mary Juanita Hawkins University of Maryland University College Author Note This individual assignment was prepared for AMBA650, Section 9245, taught by Professor Philemon O. Oyewole. Introduction Eli Lilly and Company was established on May 10, 1876 in Indianapolis, IN and has been in business more than 132 years. The founder of this pharmaceutical company was Colonel Eli Lilly who was a union army member during the Civil War. This company deals with the development, discovery, sell, and manufacturer of drugs, such as Prozac and integrates supply-chain management within its departments. The first success that the company achieved was the coating of pills using gelatin. In 1923, the company marked another success by introducing Iletin that was used in improving diabetes. This project was the first largest insulin production that the company together with the University of Toronto invented. All through the 1950’s, various advancements were introduced such as the invention of the oral penicillin and the antibiotic known as Erythromycin. Prozac was produced in 1988 and latter succeeded in 1990. In 2000, the drug Zyprexa was utilized in the treatment of schizophrenia and later, the drug Gemzer was introduced for chemotherapy. Before Prozac the treatment available was Tofranil also......

Words: 2475 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Indian Pharma Industry

...Key issues answered through this analysis: What are acute and chronic ailments? What is the proportion of drugs for each segment in the total domestic formulations market? How have various therapeutic categories in the domestic formulation market performed over the last three years? Publish Date: 15-Jul-2013 | | Majority of ailments in India are more acute than chronic in nature   Types of ailments Source: CRISIL Research Ailments can be classified into acute and chronic. Acute ailments are characterised by sudden, severe exposure (usually a single, large exposure) and rapid onset of the disease. The patient shows intense symptoms for a brief duration (not longer than 30 days). Infectious diseases such as common cold, fever, etc are some examples of acute ailments. However, some acute ailments may turn chronic if left unaddressed. Chronic ailments are characterised by prolonged or repeated exposures over many days, months or years.  Chronic diseases can only be alleviated through treatments, but not fully cured. Unlike acute ailments, they do not usually resolve on their own accord. Examples of chronic diseases include diabetes, asthma, blood pressure, cancer, etc. Due to relatively poor sanitation facilities, India has a greater share of acute diseases than chronic diseases, as compared to developed countries. Thus, drugs addressing acute diseases dominate the domestic pharmaceutical market. About 68 per cent of total drugs sold are used to treat......

Words: 12248 - Pages: 49

Premium Essay

War on Drugs

...Combating the Modern Day Drug Problem Deleasa Bell CRJ.362.01.2138 Drugs & Drug Abuse Arthur Acosta May 26, 2015 Is there a drug problem in our society? You bet there is. Are we winning the so call “War on Drugs”? No we are not winning the so called “War on Drugs”. Should something be done to combat the drug problem that exists in our society? You bet something should definitely be done. In addition to outlining the drug problem in society, this proposal will contrast supply side and demand side as it is related to our society’s drug problem and how we can win the “War on Drugs. The illegal use of drugs and the nonmedical use of prescription medications are increasing, and this is largely driven by an increased rate of marijuana use, a survey shows. The survey on drug use was released by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which included about 67,500 people in the U.S. aged 12 and up?Continue reading below... * More young adults aged 18 to 25 are using illicit drugs, up from 19.6% in 2008 to 21.5% in 2010. * Rates of nonmedical use of prescription drugs, hallucinogens, and inhalants are around the same as in 2009. There were some signs of hope in this survey: * The number of current methamphetamine users decreased by roughly half from 2006 to 2010. * Cocaine use also declined,......

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Anti Drug Legislation

...Anti Drug Legislation Analysis Lisa Myatt CJA/343 May 16, 2011 Lora Terrill In our country today the Federal and State legislation has its focus on prohibiting and reducing the illegal drug trade. The federal and state anti-drug legislation policies differ and from state to state various factors are considered. The federal government as well as the government of every state has established policies and laws to discourage the production, distribution and consumption of several types of controlled substances. The United States anti-drug legislation dates back to around 1875 with a statute enacted by the city of San Francisco on the prohibiting of smoking opium (Pearson Edu, 2010). In 1914 the federal anti-drug legislation enacted the Harrison Act. This act required physicians, pharmacists, and other medical professionals to register and pay a $1.00 tax per year (Pearson Edu, 2010). Those individuals who were not registered and were found to be drug trafficking were faced with a maximum fine of $2,000 and up to five years in prison. The Crime Control Act of 1990 is another federal anti-drug legislation targeting drug crime and the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 provided funding for rural anticrime and antidrug efforts (Pearson Edu, 2010). In 1986 legislation was passed by U.S. Congress requiring mandatory prison sentences for a variety of drug offenses. This......

Words: 1316 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Structure and Governance in Sport

...RESEARCH QUESTION: Analyze a partnership between two (max. three) named organizations that focuses on a social inclusion issue using a sports initiative Abstract: “Positive Futures is a joint partnership project between Sport England, the youth justice board and the UK Anti-Drugs Coordination Unit. The aim of the initiative is to use sport to reduce anti-social behavior, crime and drug use among 10-16 year olds within local neighborhoods” (Sport England
Positive Futures, 2002, p.1). The aim of the essay is to analyze the joint partnership between the three organizations and how they work together to tackle social inclusion issues using a sports initiative. The essay will also give you a detailed analysis of the aims and objectives of the individual organizations and also for their joint Partnership. “Sport England’s main initiative goal is to find out why do some people play sport, and why do some simply not want to join in. The main aim of Sport England is to promote the interests of sport at various levels such as regional, sub- regional and local levels” (Sport England, 2011). Sport England wants the people to succeed in their respective sport and they create opportunities for them starting right from the grassroots levels. They work in partnerships with UK sport (elite level sports) and youth sport trust (school level sport). “The Youth Justice Board for England and Wales (YJB) is an executive non-departmental public body. The Secretary of State for Justice......

Words: 2563 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay


...Acknowledgement First of all we would like to thank the Almighty Allah without whose help nothing is possible. It is a privilege to express our sincere and deep gratitude to our faculty member Ms. Noor-E-Hasnin (NEH), for her expert guidance, constant encouragement and generosity. Lastly, we must thank the Company Secretary Khandaker Habibuzzaman of Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd who helped us with all the required information. This analysis would not have been possible without his generous cooperation. TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .01 LITERATURE REVIEW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .02 HOW THE BUSINESS WAS FORMED. . . . . . . . . . . . .05 TYPES OF PRODUCT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .09 INDUSTRY ANALYSIS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 CONCLUSION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 INTRODUCTION: Square Pharmaceuticals Limited was founded in 1958 by Samson H. Chowdhury along with three of his friends as a private firm. It is sister concern of Square Group. In 1964 it was converted into a Private Limited Company. In 1985 Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd (SPL) achieved market-leadership in the pharmaceutical market of Bangladesh among all national and multinational companies and 1987 it became the pioneer in pharmaceutical export from Bangladesh. It went public in 1991 and is currently listed on the Dhaka Stock......

Words: 3192 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Assessing the Dare Program

...During the 1980’s the war on drugs hit hard on the United States. The D.A.R.E program which stands for Drug Abuse Resistance Education was established to instill the proper tools of living a substance free life and not caving in to peer pressure which many children are faced with. The D.A.R.E program was significant in building social skills and boosting the self-esteem of schoolchildren. D.A.R.E was established in 1983 as a collaborative venture between the Los Angeles Police Department and the Los Angeles School District. During 1996, U.S. Congress approved the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act to endorse drug abuse training and prevention programs. Approximately 75% of school districts were utilizing the programs as well as 43 countries worldwide had also employed the D.A.R.E program. According to Rosie Cima (2015), D.A.R.E was originally intended for elementary school students, especially those entering the fifth and sixth grade. Eventually, it was integrated into the junior high schools as well as high schools. The D.A.R.E program was dedicated on reinforcing the ability teens and children had in challenging the urge to participate in substance abuse due to experimentation or peer pressure. According to Donna S. Kochis (1995), there was controversy brewing amongst scientific research and the D.A.R.E. program. The D.A.R.E program was doing everything possible to openly combat and divert the scientific cynics, they also attempted to hush......

Words: 944 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Strategy Square Pharma

...Table of Contents CHAPTER 01: COMPANY OVERVIEW 3 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Basic Information and Chronology since Inception 4 1.3 Vision 5 1.4 Mission 5 1.5 Objective 5 1.6 Corporate Focus 5 1.7 Management Philosophy 5 CHAPTER 02: INDUSTRY ANALYSIS 7 2.1 Rivalry among existing firms 7 2.2 Threat of entry of new firms 9 2.3 Threat of Substitute products or Services 10 2.4 Bargaining power of suppliers 10 2.5 Bargaining power of buyers 11 CHAPTER 03: COMPANY ANALYSIS 13 3.1 SWOT ANALYSIS 13 3.1.1 STRENGTHS: 13 3.1.2 WEAKNESSES: 14 3.1.3 OPPORTUNITIES: 14 3.1.4 THREATS: 15 3.2 Competitive Strategy Analysis: 16 3.2.1 Advantage of SPL in using an Integrated Strategy: 17 3.2.2 Disadvantages of SPL in using an Integrated Strategy: 17 CHAPTER 01: COMPANY OVERVIEW 1.1 Introduction The flagship company of the Square group of industries, Square Pharmaceuticals Limited (SPL) is the largest pharmaceuticals company in Bangladesh. Founded in 1958 and headquartered in Dhaka, Bangladesh, SPL develops, manufactures and markets drugs for humans and the animal world. The company owns and operates modern pharmaceutical factories mainly in Bangladesh and also has a separate division to operate a modern chemical factory which produces and sells basic chemical products. It also has divisions to produce and sell agrovet and pesticide products. It exports its products to Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. SQUARE Pharmaceuticals Limited (SPL) is the largest pharmaceutical......

Words: 3682 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Cymbalta Case

...Cymbalta Case Study Analysis Executive Summary Introduction: The Problem It’s April 2000 at Eli Lilly and Company where their flagship product Prozac is the leading brand of anti-depression medication and is set to expire in December 2003. Even though that is the official patent expiration date, no one within the company could be sure exactly how much time Prozac had left (Okef & Laufner, p.1). Patent expiration would mean that generic versions of the drug would flood the market and Prozac’s current $2 billion in annual sales would create a huge revenue gap (Okef & Laufner, p.1). John Kaiser, Marketing Director at Lilly is asked to give a presentation on a topic developing a successor to the now legendary anti depressant Prozac, which later on Kaiser titled “No Pain, No Gain.” He presented an overview of what depression is exactly and analyzed the effectiveness of Cymbalta comparing it to Prozac. After a four-and-a-half long marathon, some challenges and concerns were raised by some of the senior leaders of Lilly about their doubts that Cymbalta could in fact replace the leading brand. Strategic Planning In 1998, the New Antidepressant Team (NAT) was formed by two colleagues at Lilly: Mark Demitrack and Brett Schmidli, and later asked two other members Jim Lancaster and John Kaiser to join them based on their professional experience. The mission of the team was to find and develop a drug that would later replace Prozac. They quickly and efficiently narrowed...

Words: 695 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Eli Lily Case Report

...for an anti-migraine drug that similarly targeted serotonin levels. Their prior research and development involving such neurotransmitters put them at an advantage over their competitors. Their goal was to find a neurotransmitter (i.e. serotonin) that matched the receptor that they felt was the key to relieving the migraine. (Appendix B provides a basic overview on how receptors and neurotransmitters integrate and function.) Aided by cutting edge methods of combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening, Lilly was able to test compounds at a significantly quicker rate. In fact, their first set of compounds tested resulted in a higher potency compound than any that resulted from traditional chemistry methods of testing one compound at a time. With time being of the essence in the drug industry, the natural solution was to utilize combinatorial chemistry to develop the anti-migraine drug. It will allow for a quicker drug development and hopefully ensure a spot as one of the first market entrants. First to market was not a must but being a fast follower was very important in order to gain significant market share. Having a facility dedicated to this drug will create and efficient production process and reduce waste. The goal would be to focus just on the one anti-migraine drug in the hope that it will make it all the way to market. However, if it were to fail one of the stages of clinical trials, Lilly would have this dedicated facility to test variations on the drug......

Words: 2302 - Pages: 10