Premium Essay

Anti-Intellectualism

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kmbrock
Words 3337
Pages 14
Kailee Brock
Ms. Alsaker
English 101
29 April 2014
Technology & Social Media’s Effects on Literacy and Anti-Intellectualism
In 2013, thirty-two million adults in the United States did not know how to read and write, which comes to about 14 percent of adults. Twenty-one percent of adults in the United States can only read at a fifth grade level. 774 million adults in the world cannot read or write. Many adults do not know how to read and write because they did not complete high school for any number of reasons. These reasons could include being forced to stay home and work or go out and get a job to support a family; the schools may not educate past the fifth or eighth grade level; bad home life; sickness; or a family crisis. Technology and social media have aided in decreasing the rates of literacy and increasing the amount of anti-intellectualism in the United States. Social media and technology have also helped some people to learn to read and write in some cases. According to Cynthia L. Selfe in Technology and literacy in the twenty-first century: the importance of paying attention, “the access and use of technology in school-based settings is now a fundamental skill of literacy, and if such skills do help prepare graduates for the jobs they will be asked to do, these same students can expect fewer opportunities to assume high-tech and high-paying jobs, not more.”(136) However, social media and technology have increased the amount of anti-intellectualism in the places where it is used.
Anti-intellectualism is the opposition to intellectuals. It opposes the artistic, academic, religious, and social ideas, and does not live for ideas. Anti-intellectuals live off of ideas. Intellectuals are the opposite in that they live for ideas, and the creation of new ideas (Hofstadter 257). Anti-intellectualism is contributing to the declining rates of...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Gerald Graff Hidden Intellectualism

...In “Hidden Intellectualism” by Gerald Graff, he claims that intellect does not just exist in academics. Graff insists that street smarts can also be a form of knowledge. In addition, he claims that even if individuals do poorly in school, it doesn’t mean that they aren’t smart. It could just mean that they are very street-smart with a knowledge on different subjects. Furthermore, schools usually overlook street-smarts and associate them with non-intellectual interests. Graff thinks that students should find something they are actually interested in first so then they can build from there and eventually become intellectuals. Additionally he suggests that if they could somehow see these interests through “academic eyes” with language they understand,...

Words: 997 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Hidden Intellectualism

...Hit the books! Is it better to be book smart or street smart? This question of what we consider to be intellectualism; Gerald Graff goes on to explains this through his the Chapter “Hidden Intellectualism” in his book Clueless in Academic: How Schooling Obscures the Life of the Mind. I agree with Graff’s point about how teachers should try to get students more engaged in schoolwork using subjects students find interesting. Graff clarifies how being intelligent is not only about being academically smart, but also being “street smart”, using his own experiences. At the beginning of his chapter, Hidden Intellectualism Graff says, “We assume that it’s possible to wax intellectual about Plato, Shakespeare, the French Revolution, and nuclear fission, but not about cars, dating, fashion, sports, TV, or video games.” (245). What I believe Graff is trying to convey is, how it is viewed more important to know what started the French Revolution, than it is to know how to keep a conversation going, even when the two people have nothing in common. Although keeping up conversation would not be viewed as non-academic, but could very well be used to give presentations or speeches in class or in a debate. Graff goes on to offer his own experience of his youth. He describes himself as a typical anti-intellectual teenager that preferred sports to schoolwork. He explains how intellectualism was treated very hostile in the 1950’s and because of that he tried avoiding seeming book smart. He......

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

To Be or Not to Be One of the Smart Kids

...To Be or Not To Be One of the Smart Kids In the article, Anti-Intellectualism: Why We Hate the Smart Kids, Grant Penrod writes how society stereotypes intellectuals and how their efforts are trivialized. He states that the football players are held up on a pedestal and treated as if they are gods, that they receive all the attention. Intellectuals are on the other hand are treated as outcasts because they are smart. That they are left out of all social aspects of high school. Or that they are labeled as “nerds”. Although I agree with Penrod up to a point, I cannot accept his overall conclusion that everyone dislikes smart people and the media glorifies celebrities that have no education. Or that we all make fun of someone because they are smart. In the beginning of his article Penrod tells us of how a high school football team won their state championship and that the same high schools science, debate, speech and academic teams also won championships. According to Penrod no one will give the academic teams the recognition they deserve, but the football team will get all the glory, the football players get a “virtual barrage of praise and downright deification. As for the three academic teams, they received a combined total of around ten minutes of recognition.” I agree that in high school the jocks do get the attention and praise as where the smart kids don’t because in my experience in high school confirms it for me. I saw it so many times. Penrod’s use of a...

Words: 976 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Intelligence Is Bliss

...How would you define an intellectual, and what is intelligence anyway? These are questions often sought by struggling students who feel their schools are academically challenging due to uninteresting subjects. In the essay “Hidden Intellectualism” written by Gerald Graff, he believes that there is knowledge and intelligence beyond what can be tested through formal schooling. He exposes in his writing that knowledge can also take the form within what he considers “street smarts.” Graff ultimately makes an excellent point. He argues that schools ought to encourage learners to read, think critically and write about their fields of personal interests such as sports, fashion or cars. Those unfamiliar with this school of thought may be interested to know that it basically boils down to the student’s interest. By integrating students’ interest, they would be able to learn more about the subjects linked to their social lives in the real world, in addition to attaining the benefits of classroom knowledge, and further developing intellectual growth. The author makes a great point about the student’s interest like sports and how it has a better grasp on what society is like outside of the academia world. “The real intellectual world, the one that existed in the big world beyond school is organized very much like the world of team sports,” Graff explains, “with rival texts, rival interpretations and evaluations of texts, rival theories of why they should be read and taught, and......

Words: 699 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hidden Intellectualism Summary

...Hidden Intellectualism Summary In the short story “Hidden Intellectualism” written by Gerald Graff, he argues that regular topics such as sports, media, others are just as important in the writing process as subjects written by historical figures. The school systems are not taking advantage of what interests students could be grasping through subjects that they already know and love. Graff believes that street smarts are every bit as important as school smarts. He believes that true intellectuals can bring interesting points to any topic. Graff grew up in a neighborhood in Chicago. He was not raised as what our society considers as an “intellectual,” but rather, a regular city kid. As a child, Graff loved sports, and more sports. He was not interested in any type of literature or publications, or even reading for that matter. As his interests in sports grew, he decided to take up reading Sports Illustrated. After he decided that reading sports was in his interests, he moved on to other sports books and novels. Graff was completely wrong about his perception of reading. Graff’s childhood trained him to be an intellectual. Growing up in Chicago wasn’t easy for him; he had to become street smart in order to thrive in his location. In his case, sports and being cool were his idea of street smarts. He decided that he had to improve his school smarts. However, through sports stories, personal experiences, magazines and books, and movies, he learned to be an intellectual in...

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Joining the Conversation

...Showing Your Skills A lot of people don’t realize that there are intelligent people out there waiting to be found, waiting for their time to shine. Because everyone is intellectual in their own way whether or not they attend college. You would think that with the title of a degree would come with massive amounts of knowledge in a certain subject. But in reality college isn’t always the best way to show your strengths. Some of the most intellectual people you will meet will neither be a college graduate with a fancy job and lots of money, or a person who works at the local grocery store who has the memory of your home computer someone who can remember anything you tell them. People like that are just waiting for their time to show their skills. Someone who knows firsthand on the subject of blue class workers is Mike Rose who wrote the essay “Blue Collar Brilliance” where Rose challenges the view that intelligence can be measured by the amount of schooling a person has completed. He suggests that blue-collar and service jobs require more intelligence than meets the eye. He describes his experiences growing up; observing his mother as a waitress in coffee shops and family restaurants, Rose also talks about the language that the employees had. Rose states “Lingo conferred authority and singled know-how.”(244) He depicts his mother as a dynamic women who lived her job and put her heart and soul into being a waitress. He described the way she became a pro at......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Ethics Worksheet

...Associate Level Material Appendix G Ethical Actions Worksheet Write a 100- to 150-word response to each of the following questions: • Was there anything in either the University Of Phoenix Student Code Of Conduct or the Student Code of Academic Integrity that surprised you? If so, what was it? Why were you surprised? If not, why not? From reading the texts outlined in the ethics game I am surprised but not as you think I should be. I am surprised actually that the writings should have been said. First of all, everyone that makes a conscious effort to attend University of Phoenix holds themselves higher than some of the dredges of society. Part of holding yourself higher would be to have the morals as to not do the negative things to coast through a class. Someone that does this has the potential to become the danger in their field of study. An example is a person plagiarizes their paper in their IT class. By doing this they acknowledge the do not know what they are exactly doing and could create a bigger problem in the long run. • What did you learn about the behaviors considered important for an ethical learner or student in the University of Phoenix learning community? Being an ethical learner and a Student in the university of Phoenix community is a lot more highly honored than I thought. What they said about if people commit plagiary; as a whole the community starts to fail. Holding ourselves responsible as an ethical learner is vitally......

Words: 443 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Raisin in the Sun

...Andrea Thomas A Raisin in the Sun was an awesome book about many things, it was about a black family struggling with economic hardship and racial prejudice, this play showed the importance of family, the value of dreams, and about racial discrimination. The I have a dream speech by Martin Luther King Jr. is known as one of the best speeches ever given, the key message in the speech is that all people were created equal. His speech demanding racial justice and an integrated society became an expression for the black community. I have a dream speech and A Raisin in the Sun both talk about pride. “In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred” I think Dr. martin Luther king means that even though freedom is what and people might do whatever to be free, don’t lost pride in yourself and don’t stop pushing even with all the hate. A Raisin in the Sun “I’m going to look that son-of-a-bitch in the eyes and say all right Mr. Linder that’s your neighborhood out there! You got the right to keep it like you want! You just write the check and the house is yours, you people just put the money in my hand and won’t have to live next to a bunch of stinking niggers”. I think for a minute Walter lost his pride, the fact that he was about to give Mr. Linder exactly what he wanted, which was for the youngers not to move in the white neighborhood but when......

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Effects of Media Messaging in Society

...The invention of the printing press by Gutenberg in 1450 marked the beginning of what was to become a revolution of knowledge, information, and power around the world. The Church used the press for exactly these reasons, printing thousands of Indulgences to sinners, in an effort no doubt to increase profits, and attendance. Now, nearly 600 years later-the mass media has honed the power of this technology, and become more pervasive than anything humanity has ever encountered. Looking at antiwar movements over the last 60 years, the media has been used to influence the mentality of millions in two very dichotomous ways. Meaning, the media has helped shape public opinion to be either for or against these movements depending on the pressures and demands of the times. Traditionally, print media industry has treated antiwar protestors as if they were disobedient children. In movies such as Across the Universe, protestors are portrayed as young hippies who do not fully understand the rationale and benefits behind war. Often the media presents us with one-sided information that is meant to persuade us to accept a message that we are not familiar. In the case of antiwar protests back in the Vietnam Era, the media while covering the issue equally with government/military administration, often only covered the more colorful aspects of the antiwar movement. While articles have been published about the tendency of the media during this time to be in favor of the antiwar sentiment, many......

Words: 1469 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Pirate Bay -Case Study

...Pirate Bay 1. How does The Pirate Bay business make money? What is its business model? The Pirate Bay business profits nearly $4 million a year from advertising. So advertising is their form of making money. The Pirate Bay’s business model is the “advertising revenue”. This site provides a opportunity of advertisements and receives payments from the advertisers. If more viewers use the website, the more the site can charge and increase their profits. 2. How do new “cloud-based” media sites and services make money? What is their business model? Subscription revenue is the business model that cloud-based media sites use to make money. With subscription revenue it allows access to almost all of the content or services to their viewers for a small fee. The fees for subscription vary on what kind of service the consumer wants and for how long. 3. Is the record industry justified in attempting to shut down P2P file-sharing sites that make it possible to download copyrighted media? Why or why not? Record industries are justified in wanting to stop P2P file-sharing websites. There is millions of money spent by record companies to produce albums and the work put into creating music and movies for the public. So it would be justifiable if record industries wanted to put a stop to people stealing their work and taking money out their pocket that they deserved. I would subscribe to a site for a small fee like the cloud based sites if it had the content that would......

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Graduated Response Plan

...CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY The Graduated Response System Issues, Benefits and Alternative approach Anik K Singh 8/11/2012 The Graduated Response System INTRODUCTION The growth of internet and its ever increasing pervasiveness has caused extensive digitization of copyrighted content not limited to a single format and subsequently an increase in online piracy. This combined with the advent of P2P file sharing mechanisms as a massive means of infringement practice has led to a paradigm shift in the approach to copyright infringement. Where unauthorized copying of a work was earlier considered a means of increasing a work’s market by stimulating its network effects, it is today seen as an unfair practice, a hindrance to the content owners and artists creative and financial viability. This shift has seen associations like RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America) and MPAA (Motion Picture Association of America) take desperate measures to curb illegal file sharing, the latest means of which is the “Three Strikes Rule” also known as The Graduated Response Plan. This paper starts with a brief overview on why copyright laws are important to content owners and discusses illegal file sharing, its history and the various means used for it. We then discuss the various approaches that representative bodies like RIAA have taken in the past and why the transition to the Graduate Response Plan, how it operates, its relative advantages and disadvantages to......

Words: 5226 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

A Case for Large Democracy

...would render both the Federalists and the Anti-Federalist’s arguments invalid. Not only that, but it takes care of the problem of separation of powers as well. While eventually a switch to some kind of republic may be necessary, as our population becomes too large for everyone to have their voice be heard, but right now for our new country, a large democracy is exactly what will suit us best. The Anti-Federalists argue that the states should have equaled if not more power than the federal government. People like Thomas Jefferson argued against what they feared would be the creation of the government that they tried to break away from. They wanted to defend against a strong central government that would be just like the king they revolted against. The Federalists on the other hand rallied for a stronger government. They wanted the central government to have enough power to act and react to issues that may arise in the nation. They didn’t want the states to have all the power, because it would leave the nation divided and vulnerable. They wanted a unified nation that could compete on a world scale. With a large democracy both the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists would be appeased. Everyone has a direct voice in the government and the decisions that are being made. With a direct democracy all the decisions being made are coming from the public opinion. This protects us from a leader figure making all the decisions like the Anti-Federalists feared. A large......

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Federalism

...institutions and rules which shares the authority of governing among state/provincial and national governments, and establishing system that is termed as a federation. The proponents of federation are often called federalists (Turner, 2004.pp.105-153). The term anti-federalism defines a movement that is against the establishment of a powerful U.S. federal government and which further went against the approval of the Constitution of 1787. More authority was offered to the state governments in last constitution which is named as the Articles of Confederation. That constitution was led by Patrick Henry of Virginia, it made Anti-Federalists concerned about the position of president and about a novelty that has the possibility to change into a monarchy (Siemers, 2004.pp.213-245). The establishment of the Constitution involved detailed discussions and cooperation, and it was observed at its completion that there were still some delegates who did not seem to be satisfied with it. The main task of setting up the concerns of Confederate government had not accomplished yet; it was the responsibility for each state to approve or authorize the Constitution. People were actually divided into two different groups, known as the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Both of them had a worth examining perspective based on sound reasoning (Turner, 2004.pp.105-153). It was supposed to be the main...

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Art and Intention

...Summarize the reaction of the public to Michelangelo’s David and Marcel Duchamp’s Nude Descending a Staircase. The Marcel Duchamp’s Nude Descending art work became one of the controversial works because people thought he was mocking the audience because they could not find a woman in the painting. The public did not like the Michelangelo’s David art work. They were offended by the nudity. People wanted to destroy the work. They had to put a skirt around to cover the nudity. What did viewers of the respective time periods find objectionable about each work? Viewer in the Marcel Duchamp’s Nude Descending art work did not understand the art work because they could not find a woman in the work. The artist did not post an actual woman in the painting. The work was a collection of jagged, flat forms that overlap in a shallow space. Viewer in the Michelangelo’s David art work did not appreciate the work. They felt it was disrespectful. The nudity of the man on the image was objectionable. What are the reasons behind Duchamp’s innovative approach to human form? He wanted to combine two different styles from two modern art movement of the time. So he put multiple of women walking down stairs and overlap the photo. Does knowledge of the artist’s inspiration enhance your appreciation of Nude Descending a Staircase? Yes is liked the image. When I first looked at the work I could not understand it but after I kept looking at it you can see how there is a person in there......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Humanities Assignment

...Rafael Giron 4/25/13 Humanities Final Paper Art Institute I took a trip to the building on 111 South Michigan Avenue, it is the home of the Art Institute of Chicago, which to give a little history that I learned while my visit there I learned quite of bit of history and even though there is a lot art work inside the building itself is piece of artwork as well and that is what I want to focus on and some paintings as well, it was opened in 1893 for the World’s Columbian Exposition. The building was passed on to the Art Institute after the end of the exposition. The building has become an icon for the people that live there an tourists alike. The Modern Wing, the Art Institute’s latest and largest addition to date, opened on May 16, 2009. While there I took notes of the historical building and saw many exhibits which I will get into later. The 264,000 square foot addition now houses the museum’s collections of modern European painting and contemporary art, sculpture, architecture design, and photography. The new Modern Wing looks and feels very different from the original Art Institute building because of its materials.     While in there I took the breath taking sites and looking and walking around for most of my day I noticed something and it makes sense to me that a gallery for classical art would be housed in a building with a classical style, and a gallery for modern art would be housed in a more modern building, which is how the Art Institute has reorganized it’s......

Words: 918 - Pages: 4