Premium Essay

Anti-Intellectualism

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kmbrock
Words 3337
Pages 14
Kailee Brock
Ms. Alsaker
English 101
29 April 2014
Technology & Social Media’s Effects on Literacy and Anti-Intellectualism
In 2013, thirty-two million adults in the United States did not know how to read and write, which comes to about 14 percent of adults. Twenty-one percent of adults in the United States can only read at a fifth grade level. 774 million adults in the world cannot read or write. Many adults do not know how to read and write because they did not complete high school for any number of reasons. These reasons could include being forced to stay home and work or go out and get a job to support a family; the schools may not educate past the fifth or eighth grade level; bad home life; sickness; or a family crisis. Technology and social media have aided in decreasing the rates of literacy and increasing the amount of anti-intellectualism in the United States. Social media and technology have also helped some people to learn to read and write in some cases. According to Cynthia L. Selfe in Technology and literacy in the twenty-first century: the importance of paying attention, “the access and use of technology in school-based settings is now a fundamental skill of literacy, and if such skills do help prepare graduates for the jobs they will be asked to do, these same students can expect fewer opportunities to assume high-tech and high-paying jobs, not more.”(136) However, social media and technology have increased the amount of anti-intellectualism in the places where it is used.
Anti-intellectualism is the opposition to intellectuals. It opposes the artistic, academic, religious, and social ideas, and does not live for ideas. Anti-intellectuals live off of ideas. Intellectuals are the opposite in that they live for ideas, and the creation of new ideas (Hofstadter 257). Anti-intellectualism is contributing to the declining rates of...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ray Williams Anti-Intellectualism And The Dumbing Down

...Martin Luther King, Jr. once said, "Nothing in all the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity." Ray Williams wrote the article “Anti-Intellectualism and the ‘Dumbing Down’ of America,” Williams argues that people are anti-intellectuals who dismiss the art of science, and humanities and replaced by entertainment, ignorance, and gullibility. These individuals believe they know and understand everything when in reality, all we are aware of happens to be replaced by ignorance. American culture is easily entertained and almost always uninformed however society doesn’t stop and questions what going on. American people accept media foolery such as what’s trending and the latest gossip without hesitation because...

Words: 599 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Anti-Intellectualism: Why We Hate The Smart Kids By Grant Penrod

...Intellectuals are looked down upon and seen as insignificant in today’s society and one might wonder why that is. Grant Penrod explores this claim in his article Anti – Intellectualism: Why We Hate the Smart Kids. In his article, he explains that there is a problem with degrading the smart kids and it needs to stop. Throughout his article, his argument is convincing due to his use of ethos, logos, and pathos. He introduces the topic by describing a personal experience of his from when he attended Mountain View High School. Because he starts off with a personal experience, he has just increased his credibility in the reader’s eyes. He points out that only athletes get recognized for their achievements and academic accomplishments are simply...

Words: 984 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Gerald Graff Hidden Intellectualism

...In “Hidden Intellectualism” by Gerald Graff, he claims that intellect does not just exist in academics. Graff insists that street smarts can also be a form of knowledge. In addition, he claims that even if individuals do poorly in school, it doesn’t mean that they aren’t smart. It could just mean that they are very street-smart with a knowledge on different subjects. Furthermore, schools usually overlook street-smarts and associate them with non-intellectual interests. Graff thinks that students should find something they are actually interested in first so then they can build from there and eventually become intellectuals. Additionally he suggests that if they could somehow see these interests through “academic eyes” with language they understand,...

Words: 997 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Hidden Intellectualism

...Hit the books! Is it better to be book smart or street smart? This question of what we consider to be intellectualism; Gerald Graff goes on to explains this through his the Chapter “Hidden Intellectualism” in his book Clueless in Academic: How Schooling Obscures the Life of the Mind. I agree with Graff’s point about how teachers should try to get students more engaged in schoolwork using subjects students find interesting. Graff clarifies how being intelligent is not only about being academically smart, but also being “street smart”, using his own experiences. At the beginning of his chapter, Hidden Intellectualism Graff says, “We assume that it’s possible to wax intellectual about Plato, Shakespeare, the French Revolution, and nuclear fission, but not about cars, dating, fashion, sports, TV, or video games.” (245). What I believe Graff is trying to convey is, how it is viewed more important to know what started the French Revolution, than it is to know how to keep a conversation going, even when the two people have nothing in common. Although keeping up conversation would not be viewed as non-academic, but could very well be used to give presentations or speeches in class or in a debate. Graff goes on to offer his own experience of his youth. He describes himself as a typical anti-intellectual teenager that preferred sports to schoolwork. He explains how intellectualism was treated very hostile in the 1950’s and because of that he tried avoiding seeming book smart. He......

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hidden Intellectualism Gerald Graff Summary

...In his article, ‘Hidden Intellectualism,’ Gerald Graff’s main point is, street smart people can be just as, if not maybe more intellectual than people who are book smart. Everyone is smart in their own different ways. Graff goes on and talks about whether he is “street smart,” or “book smart.” Graff thinks that he was street smart. The author states, “Nor do we consider one of the major reasons why schools and colleges overlook the intellectual potential of street smarts: the fact that we associate those street smarts with anti-intellectual concerns.” What I think he is trying to say is, most teaching industries over look some of the important things in life. Some things that schools do not teach, like how to do taxes, or fill out a mortgage....

Words: 689 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

To Be or Not to Be One of the Smart Kids

...To Be or Not To Be One of the Smart Kids In the article, Anti-Intellectualism: Why We Hate the Smart Kids, Grant Penrod writes how society stereotypes intellectuals and how their efforts are trivialized. He states that the football players are held up on a pedestal and treated as if they are gods, that they receive all the attention. Intellectuals are on the other hand are treated as outcasts because they are smart. That they are left out of all social aspects of high school. Or that they are labeled as “nerds”. Although I agree with Penrod up to a point, I cannot accept his overall conclusion that everyone dislikes smart people and the media glorifies celebrities that have no education. Or that we all make fun of someone because they are smart. In the beginning of his article Penrod tells us of how a high school football team won their state championship and that the same high schools science, debate, speech and academic teams also won championships. According to Penrod no one will give the academic teams the recognition they deserve, but the football team will get all the glory, the football players get a “virtual barrage of praise and downright deification. As for the three academic teams, they received a combined total of around ten minutes of recognition.” I agree that in high school the jocks do get the attention and praise as where the smart kids don’t because in my experience in high school confirms it for me. I saw it so many times. Penrod’s use of a...

Words: 976 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Summary Of Gerald Graff Hidden Intellectualism

...Many people have shared a problem that has kept them from reaching their full potential in academic studies. One place where students have trouble is when they are unable to relate to course work material, but have a knowledge of their own. Communities may also feel the same affect when someone’s intellect is not accepted as the norm; in this case, street smarts is looked downed upon. In the essay, “Hidden Intellectualism” Gerald Graff explains the troubles these students face when trying to apply their own street smarts towards an education. Graff starts his essay arguing how the academic system is flawed and that it overlooks an important aspect in capturing a persons interest and revealing their intellect; he says that a person’s true intellect will generally reveals itself; Graff then connects his thesis to George Orwell’s essay, “Cultural Meanings.” Graff then gives his own personal experience, he says that throughout his schooling, he...

Words: 1017 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Banking Concept Of Education

...only to have it regurgitated back at them (Freire 72). Freire is concerned because students are educationally restricted by this method, however his alternate form of “education consists in acts of cognition, not transferals of information,” which is a free-thinking form of education (79). Freire’s system creates certain types of students who possesses characteristics such as perceiving the teacher as their equal, has transferable skills, and is in possession of a “critical consciousness.” Max embodies all of Freire’s characteristics, which rubs off on others as well. Everywhere that Max goes, he is continually emulating Freirean ideals, especially in an “oppressive” high school and by “overcoming authoritarianism and an alienating intellectualism” (86). Max, one of the worst Rushmore students, comes off as an atypical student in a completely different sense, but embodies what Freire believes as the best form of a student. Most students in college are fearful of asking their professors questions because most students regard their teachers as authority figures that will view the students as ignorant. However, Max is blind to such concepts as respect toward one’s superiors; they simply do not exist in his world. Instead he speaks to teachers and authority figures as if they’re his equals “by reconciling the poles of the contradiction so that both are simultaneously teachers and students” (Freire 72). This method is a crucial piece of the “problem-posing education system.”......

Words: 1320 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Ethics Worksheet

...Associate Level Material Appendix G Ethical Actions Worksheet Write a 100- to 150-word response to each of the following questions: • Was there anything in either the University Of Phoenix Student Code Of Conduct or the Student Code of Academic Integrity that surprised you? If so, what was it? Why were you surprised? If not, why not? From reading the texts outlined in the ethics game I am surprised but not as you think I should be. I am surprised actually that the writings should have been said. First of all, everyone that makes a conscious effort to attend University of Phoenix holds themselves higher than some of the dredges of society. Part of holding yourself higher would be to have the morals as to not do the negative things to coast through a class. Someone that does this has the potential to become the danger in their field of study. An example is a person plagiarizes their paper in their IT class. By doing this they acknowledge the do not know what they are exactly doing and could create a bigger problem in the long run. • What did you learn about the behaviors considered important for an ethical learner or student in the University of Phoenix learning community? Being an ethical learner and a Student in the university of Phoenix community is a lot more highly honored than I thought. What they said about if people commit plagiary; as a whole the community starts to fail. Holding ourselves responsible as an ethical learner is vitally......

Words: 443 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Intelligence Is Bliss

...How would you define an intellectual, and what is intelligence anyway? These are questions often sought by struggling students who feel their schools are academically challenging due to uninteresting subjects. In the essay “Hidden Intellectualism” written by Gerald Graff, he believes that there is knowledge and intelligence beyond what can be tested through formal schooling. He exposes in his writing that knowledge can also take the form within what he considers “street smarts.” Graff ultimately makes an excellent point. He argues that schools ought to encourage learners to read, think critically and write about their fields of personal interests such as sports, fashion or cars. Those unfamiliar with this school of thought may be interested to know that it basically boils down to the student’s interest. By integrating students’ interest, they would be able to learn more about the subjects linked to their social lives in the real world, in addition to attaining the benefits of classroom knowledge, and further developing intellectual growth. The author makes a great point about the student’s interest like sports and how it has a better grasp on what society is like outside of the academia world. “The real intellectual world, the one that existed in the big world beyond school is organized very much like the world of team sports,” Graff explains, “with rival texts, rival interpretations and evaluations of texts, rival theories of why they should be read and taught, and......

Words: 699 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hidden Intellectualism Summary

...Hidden Intellectualism Summary In the short story “Hidden Intellectualism” written by Gerald Graff, he argues that regular topics such as sports, media, others are just as important in the writing process as subjects written by historical figures. The school systems are not taking advantage of what interests students could be grasping through subjects that they already know and love. Graff believes that street smarts are every bit as important as school smarts. He believes that true intellectuals can bring interesting points to any topic. Graff grew up in a neighborhood in Chicago. He was not raised as what our society considers as an “intellectual,” but rather, a regular city kid. As a child, Graff loved sports, and more sports. He was not interested in any type of literature or publications, or even reading for that matter. As his interests in sports grew, he decided to take up reading Sports Illustrated. After he decided that reading sports was in his interests, he moved on to other sports books and novels. Graff was completely wrong about his perception of reading. Graff’s childhood trained him to be an intellectual. Growing up in Chicago wasn’t easy for him; he had to become street smart in order to thrive in his location. In his case, sports and being cool were his idea of street smarts. He decided that he had to improve his school smarts. However, through sports stories, personal experiences, magazines and books, and movies, he learned to be an intellectual in...

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gerald Graff Hidden Intellectualism Summary

...Colleges at Fault Knowledge gained from books is very important in today’s society, but experiencing new things in life is as much important, if not even greater. One such man, author Gerald Graff, wrote the benevolent article “Hidden Intellectualism” from his 2003 book “Clueless in Academe: How Schooling Obscures the Life of the Mind.” In his article, he begins to build credibility with his own personal argument, main ideas, and appeals. He evaluates the approach some colleges take towards teaching literature. In his argument, he disagrees that students with street smarts are not able to apply their own knowledge in school. Graff challenges the normal expectations and assumptions of society. Ultimately, the author conveys the idea that...

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Joining the Conversation

...Showing Your Skills A lot of people don’t realize that there are intelligent people out there waiting to be found, waiting for their time to shine. Because everyone is intellectual in their own way whether or not they attend college. You would think that with the title of a degree would come with massive amounts of knowledge in a certain subject. But in reality college isn’t always the best way to show your strengths. Some of the most intellectual people you will meet will neither be a college graduate with a fancy job and lots of money, or a person who works at the local grocery store who has the memory of your home computer someone who can remember anything you tell them. People like that are just waiting for their time to show their skills. Someone who knows firsthand on the subject of blue class workers is Mike Rose who wrote the essay “Blue Collar Brilliance” where Rose challenges the view that intelligence can be measured by the amount of schooling a person has completed. He suggests that blue-collar and service jobs require more intelligence than meets the eye. He describes his experiences growing up; observing his mother as a waitress in coffee shops and family restaurants, Rose also talks about the language that the employees had. Rose states “Lingo conferred authority and singled know-how.”(244) He depicts his mother as a dynamic women who lived her job and put her heart and soul into being a waitress. He described the way she became a pro at......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Raisin in the Sun

...Andrea Thomas A Raisin in the Sun was an awesome book about many things, it was about a black family struggling with economic hardship and racial prejudice, this play showed the importance of family, the value of dreams, and about racial discrimination. The I have a dream speech by Martin Luther King Jr. is known as one of the best speeches ever given, the key message in the speech is that all people were created equal. His speech demanding racial justice and an integrated society became an expression for the black community. I have a dream speech and A Raisin in the Sun both talk about pride. “In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred” I think Dr. martin Luther king means that even though freedom is what and people might do whatever to be free, don’t lost pride in yourself and don’t stop pushing even with all the hate. A Raisin in the Sun “I’m going to look that son-of-a-bitch in the eyes and say all right Mr. Linder that’s your neighborhood out there! You got the right to keep it like you want! You just write the check and the house is yours, you people just put the money in my hand and won’t have to live next to a bunch of stinking niggers”. I think for a minute Walter lost his pride, the fact that he was about to give Mr. Linder exactly what he wanted, which was for the youngers not to move in the white neighborhood but when......

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Effects of Media Messaging in Society

...The invention of the printing press by Gutenberg in 1450 marked the beginning of what was to become a revolution of knowledge, information, and power around the world. The Church used the press for exactly these reasons, printing thousands of Indulgences to sinners, in an effort no doubt to increase profits, and attendance. Now, nearly 600 years later-the mass media has honed the power of this technology, and become more pervasive than anything humanity has ever encountered. Looking at antiwar movements over the last 60 years, the media has been used to influence the mentality of millions in two very dichotomous ways. Meaning, the media has helped shape public opinion to be either for or against these movements depending on the pressures and demands of the times. Traditionally, print media industry has treated antiwar protestors as if they were disobedient children. In movies such as Across the Universe, protestors are portrayed as young hippies who do not fully understand the rationale and benefits behind war. Often the media presents us with one-sided information that is meant to persuade us to accept a message that we are not familiar. In the case of antiwar protests back in the Vietnam Era, the media while covering the issue equally with government/military administration, often only covered the more colorful aspects of the antiwar movement. While articles have been published about the tendency of the media during this time to be in favor of the antiwar sentiment, many......

Words: 1469 - Pages: 6