Anti Superstition Law

In: English and Literature

Submitted By drishtii
Words 4298
Pages 18
ANTI SUPERSTITION AND BLACK MAGIC ACT








Anti Superstition And Black Magic Act


B.A.L.L.B(Hons)
Roll No-36





ABSTRACT
Superstition is a belief that is not backed by scientific evidence. It is irrational faith in something without a proper explanation. Superstitions are rampant in India and have claimed many lives over the years.
The Maharashtra Prevention and Eradication of Human Sacrifice and other Inhuman, Evil and Aghori Practices and Black Magic Bill 2013 is the first of its kind in India and was passed on 18th December, 2013.
The bill was first drafted by social activist and rationalist Narendra Dabholkar in 2003. The bill faced heavy criticism and cost Dabholkar his life. He was shot dead by unknown assailants in August, 2013, nearly 4 months before the bill was passed.
The Anti- Superstition Act is the first of its kind in the country and has been dealing with superstition effectively since its implementation last year. Other states such as Karnataka and Assam are also contemplating an Anti -Superstition Bill.
This article provides the meaning and causes of superstition. It also discusses the history of the anti- superstition act in Maharashtra, its scope, limitations and subject matter



KEYWORDS
Superstition, Maharashtra, anti- superstition bill, Narendra Dabholkar, black magic, blind faith, Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS)





INTRODUCTION
The word superstition can be defined as a belief in something that cannot be justified by fact or evidence. Superstitions are usually associated with religion and are based on the fear of the unknown. A superstitious individual is someone who believes in omens, auspicious and inauspicious times, astrology and rituals to ward off evil or bring blessings.
Superstition is a worldwide…...

Similar Documents

Anti Money

...Anti-Money Laundering Act 2010 2. Definitions.-In this Ordinance, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,- (a) “attachment” means prohibition of transfer, conversion, disposition or movement of property by an order issued under section 8; (c) “CTR” means report on currency transactions exceeding such amount as may be specified by the National Executive Committee; (d) “Court” means the Court specified under section 20 (e) “Director General” means the Director General of FMU appointed under section 6; (f) “financial institutions” includes any institution carrying on any or more of the as listed in section 2(f). (g) “fiscal offence” means an offence punishable under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 (XLIX of 2001), the Federal Excise Act, 2005, the Customs Act, 1969 (IV of 1969), the Sales Tax Act, 1990 and any other law as the Federal Government may notify in this behalf; (h) “FMU” means the Financial Monitoring Unit established under section 6; (i) “foreign serious offence” means an offence – (i) against the law of a foreign State stated in a certificate issued by, or on behalf of, the government of that foreign State; and (ii) which, had it occurred in Pakistan, would have constituted a predicate offence; (j) “investigating or prosecuting agency” means the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), Anti-Narcotics Force (ANF) or any other law enforcement agency as may be notified by the Federal Government for the...

Words: 2488 - Pages: 10

Anti Federalism

...Not ratifying the constitution would have been the better choice. Having a federal system where the sates are supreme makes is more beneficial to the people; having a strong central government however, leaves room for domination and control. The federalist supported the constitution and wanted a strong central government. As an anti-federalist the main focus of interest is the protecting the people's rights and limiting government control. Federalist supported the constitution, and wanted immediate ratification. They favored limiting state power, and believed that a strong central government was needed to protect the country. The Federalist's response to the anti-Federalist claim that a Bill of Rights should be introduced was that it would be dangerous. If a right was not listed, what was stopping the government from violating that law? The Federalist figured it would be best if no specific law was listed. Anti-Federalists did not want to ratify the constitution. Most Anti-Federalists believed that a somewhat stronger central government was needed, but for the most part favored a federal system where the states were supreme. Anti-Federalists did not want to ratify the constitution because there was no bill of rights, they wanted the rights of the people to be documented, and limit government power to some degree. The anti-federalist also believed that congress and the executive branch held too much power, and they feared that people of wealth would have the opportunity...

Words: 754 - Pages: 4

Superstition in Hucklberry Finn

...There are many superstitions throughout this book that play a very important role. Most of them dignify a person’s character and their beliefs. Superstitions are things that people make seem true but they are not. Most superstitions are created to scare people or change their evil ways. In chapter X, Jim and Huck are discussing how Jim says that it is bad luck to touch a snakeskin with your hands. Huck doesn’t believe him because they found money in an overcoat they took from a house that was tilted on its side from the flood. This superstition symbolizes the relationship between Huck and Jim. In the beginning Huck didn’t believe in helping slaves, but as the story progresses he learns don’t have many differences. This superstition is about Huck flinging a spider into a candlestick, he believes that killings spiders brings bad luck. He tries a lot of different methods to keep from form wishing bad luck upon him. This superstition tells us about Hucks childhood and the things he was taught. We can also tell he is uneducated. There are a series of superstitions in chapter IV, Jim tells Huck about these situations that will bring him bad luck. He mentions how birds predict the weather, and if you catch a bird it brings death upon you or your family. Hucks mindset is based off of superstitions, but when it comes to everyday knowledge Jim is inexperienced. This is the reason why he doesn’t quite know how to get himself out of certain situations. In......

Words: 293 - Pages: 2

Superstition

...Walking under a ladder brings you bad luck, wishing on a wishing star as it tails off in the sky, and crossing fingers for good luck are examples of the many types of unreasoned rituals that are very common nowadays. This is what superstition is all about. It is about incoherent beliefs and customs carried out with increasing popularity, by people all around the world. It is an irrational belief that does not have any fact or reason to support it. Its essence therefore lies in blind beliefs and habits that are generally accepted in a particular society and are scientifically unexplainable. There are literally hundreds of different types of superstition beliefs around the world. Some people take these very seriously but others just laugh them off. Superstitions may have begun hundreds of years ago when people didn't have the knowledge that we have nowadays. For instance people used to think that their shadows or reflections were part of their souls, because they didn't understand the concept of the sun or moon making shadows. Moreover, it is likely that learned people used superstitions as a means to make the general population abide with certain basic principle of life in order to ensure safety precautions or prevent a situation of fear to arise. For instance walking under a ladder leaning against a wall is perceived to be dangerous, as knocking against it can, not only be dangerous to the person standing on the ladder but also to the person walking under it. Therefore...

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Anti-Trust Law and Monopoly; Restraint of Trade

...Anti-Trust Law and Monopoly; Restraint of Trade Anti-trust laws encourage competition by “leveling the playing field”. These laws are intended to prevent large companies who have already established themselves from using their size and leverage to prevent competitors from entering their markets. The Sherman Act addresses unfair strategies in two different ways: Section 1 forbids restraint of trade and Section 2 forbids the misuse of monopoly power. Section 1 requires two or more persons conspiring together for a violation, so the essence of the illegal activity is “the act of joining together”. Section 2 refers to “every person”, so the conduct of a single person can result in a violation of Section 2. Any agreement between firms that results in reduced competition in the marketplace is restraint of trade. When there are very few firms in a market and a firm with an extreme amount of market power can affect the market price of its own product that firm has monopoly power. The Sherman Act applies only to restraints that have a significant impact on interstate commerce; it also extends to U.S. nationals abroad. The Clayton Act deals with specific practices not covered by the Sherman Act that reduce competition or lead to monopoly power. However, they only violate the Act if they are found to substantially lessen competition or create monopoly power. The price discrimination section 2 of the Clayton Act makes it illegal to injure buyers through unfair pricing and...

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Superstition

...When a situation is vague or risky, some people find it comforting to make a routine to give them a sense of security and greater control. This routine has the potential to develop into a ritualistic practice that fluctuates depending on the results. Although some would not admit it, the games of sports have deep roots in the realm of superstitions. It is a game of chance in which players have little control over the outcome of their hard work and fans have an even more reduced role in the result. In normal, daily situations, I do not consider myself a superstitious person. Yet, when I'm watching my favorite sport (basketball) I do find myself engaging in illogical activities. These rituals take control of me and I find myself replicating such actions in hopes of continuing a streak. I have always been captivated with the thought of luck and sports. However, it was not until I was about 9 years old when at least I thought my superstition held a direct impact on the outcome of a game. I was watching a very important basketball game, Game 6 of the NBA Finals June 14, 1998. The defending champion Chicago Bulls went up against the Utah Jazz. Of course I, like every other kid on the planet was a Bulls fan and more importantly a Michael Jordan fan. The stage was set for Michael and the Bulls to win a third straight title after a two season hideous from Michael to pursue his baseball career. With one minute to go the score was tied 83 – 83. Jordan just hit two big free throws...

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Anti-Dumping

...Effects of Anti-dumping Measures A country that is exposed to dumping will benefit from the lower prices. The consumers of the importing country will have a larger consumer surplus since they have access to a larger supply of goods to a lower price. These consumer benefits will be lost when the importing country imposes an antidumping measure on the low-price imports. When the duties are levied on the imports the products will have the same price-level in both domestic and foreign market. When the price is increased in the foreign market the supply will decrease and the producers have to comply with an inefficient low level of output. The consumers in the importing country have to pay a higher price for the products and have less consumer surplus. Other customers will not pay the higher price and are driven out of the market, which leads to a dead-weight social cost (Howse & Trebilcock, 1995). Imposing an anti-dumping measure will cause all the consumers and industrial user benefits from dumping to disappear. The importing country will drive the dumped products out of the market if the anti-dumping duties are high enough, or the product might remain in the market at higher prices. If the dumped products leave the market, the domestic firms are able to raise their prices due to lesser competition. If an anti-dumping measure is introduced in a market where the domestic industry is composed of only one producer, it might lead to that producer charging...

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

Anti Guncontrol

...Anti Gun Control Do you want to be defenseless when an armed criminal breaks into your house and you can’t fight back because you don’t have any firearms in your home? Don’t you want to protect your family and yourself incase of a dilemma such as this? Well our country The United States of America is threatening to almost strip us of our American right to bear arms. Over the past 200 years the need for weapons, especially firearms for the single purpose of self defense from nature has drastically reduced. However, the gun has become the face of America for a while now and more than half want to keep it that way ensuring the safety they have to protect themselves and their family. First of all, if America’s government wants to take away the guns of our fellow citizens to “benefit” us, they’re wrong. Taking away the guns of American people will just render everyone of us defenseless to fight off intruders in our own household. In every country criminals always find a way to obtain illegal firearms for the tyrannical use of killing and the gaining of power. With that being said, the crime rate wouldn’t go down if the Government took away our guns but would flourish terribly because the criminals would know that we as a nation of Strong Americans were finally vulnerable to whatever criminal who carried a firearm. Secondly, citizens having guns is a good thing. Even though 54% of America may disagree, 58% need the safety that their guns bring them. Already half...

Words: 739 - Pages: 3

Anti Superstition Law

... Dabholkar was shot dead in Pune on 20th August, 2013 while he was out on a morning walk. His death triggered protests. There were demands for the bill to be passed. The bill was approved as an ordinance by the Maharashtra Government on 21st August 2013. It was signed by the Governor of Maharashtra, K Sankaranarayanan. The ordinance, which was to remain in effect till December 2013, was tabled at the winter session of the State Legislature. By August 2013, the bill was tabled thrice in the Legislative Assembly and had failed to pass all three times even after going through 29 amendments. The bill to enact the law was titled the Maharashtra Prevention and Eradication of Human Sacrifice and other Inhuman, Evil and Aghori Practices and Black Magic Bill 2013, and commonly known as the Anti-Superstition Bill, Black Magic Bill, Anti-Jaadu Tona Bill or Jadu Tona Andhshradha Virodhi Bill . Introduced in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly on 11th December 2013 by State Social Justice Minister Shivajirao Moghe, the bill was passed on 13th December, 2013 by voice vote after a two day discussion and was then sent to the Maharashtra Legislative Council. It was passed by The Council on 18th December, 2013. NARENDRA DABHOLKAR Born on 1st November, 1945 to Achyut and Tarabai Dabholkar, Narendra Achyut Dabholkar was the youngest of ten siblings. Dabholkar was first introduced to the progressive movement through the Rashtriya Seva Dal. He was a qualified medical doctor having......

Words: 4298 - Pages: 18

Superstition in Duchess of Malfi

...SUPERSTITIONS AND DREAM INTERPRETATIONS IN THE DUCHESS OF MALFIAND ALL FOR LOVE Superstition, a sort of a feeling that takes umpteen number of forms and at times frightens life out of people, takes a special place in the life of a person which might make a person float on cloud nine or perish in dungeons. Superstitions are universal and they do exist even now in the 21st century and the plays before three centuries are no exceptions. The plays during the 16th and 17th centuries were abounding with superstitious beliefs which might seem ridiculous in the present scenario. In this paper we shall see the role of superstitious beliefs and dreams in The Duchess of Malfi by John Webster and All for Love by John Dryden. The Duchess of Malfi is a revenge tragedy and unlike other revenge tragedies here the villain himself avenges the death of the Duchess. The Duchess is a young widow who is in love with Antonio, the manager of her house hold and is steadfast on marrying him. In spite of the threatening of her brothers she marries Antonio with the aid of Cariola. Ferdinand, one of her brothers employs Bosolo to spy her. Ferdinand apart from eyeing the fortune of the Duchess he also eyes her beauty. But Cardinal, the other brother of the Duchess is worried only about her wealth. Bosola passes the news that the Duchess has given birth to a child and Ferdinand in unquenchable fury banishes the Duchess. Ferdinand with the help of Bosola gains a fake key to the chamber of the Duchess...

Words: 1837 - Pages: 8

Anti-Federalist

...By: Normandie Lovince I am a supporter of the anti-federalist party. The anti-federalist took some of the ideas that the federalist had into consideration. Instead of abolishing or ignoring these ideas, they wanted to improve them. The anti-federalist and the federalist share two very opposing views. As you read this essay, you will gradually start to see just how my ideas are being supported as to why I've chosen to become an anti-federalist. The anti-federalist party was the first out of two political parties of the U.S. This party was led by Henry, George Mason and Samuel Adams alongside Richard Henry Lee who wanted the president and the senate to have the entire executive and 2/3 of the legislative power. As an anti-federalist, I believe that the constitution should not be ratified. I feel like the best way, that the U.S citizens should be protected is by being kept safe from the Government and the bill of rights will do that because of the freedom and liberty that it gives us. "The greatest importance for Freemen to retain themselves are the liberties given to us in the bill of rights", which is why it's so important that we'd add it to the constitution. In order to get the bill of rights to be in the constitution we'd need to sacrifice part of our natural rights, for the good of others around us. The anti-federalist believed that the constitution should have a bill of rights. The Anti-federalist opposed the constitution, while the federalist themselves...

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Superstition Speech

...Communications You are walking down the street and there is a ladder on the sidewalk. Do you go under it or around it? You walk a little further and you see a four leaf clover. Would you pick it up or keep walking? As your walking, you see a black cat cross your path. Would you ignore it or run to the nearest tree so you could “knock on wood”? You may have found that one or more of your answers have proved you to be superstitious. According to Forbes, twelve percent of Americans are superstitious about walking under a ladder, thirteen percent for a black cat crossing the path, and twenty five percent for knocking on wood. We all are superstitious at times and do not even realize it! This topic is appealing to me because it affects everyone. Growing up, my dad was superstitious. He didn’t like the number thirteen or black cats. He would never walk under a ladder and was very careful not to break a mirror. I used to laugh at him but doing this research has made me realize that I’m superstitious in some ways too so I should probably call him and apologize when I’m done. All countries have their own superstitions that they believe in. First we are going to look at the different superstitions each country follows. Arturo Bartolome lives in Spain and tells the superstition of Salamanca University. There is a frog carved on the wall in front of the doors to the school. Students must touch the frog for luck on test days. It’s believed if they do not touch the...

Words: 1378 - Pages: 6

Anti-Divorce Law in the Philippines

..., Inc. and Megaworld Corporation. C, R Megaworld Corporation was founded by Andrew Tan and incorporated under Philippine law on August 24, 1989. It is a subsidiary of Alliance Global Group, Inc. and it has a market capitalization of 134.8 billion pesos. It has a ticker symbol of MEG in the Philippine Stock Exchange. Megaworld Corporation, together with its subsidiaries, develops, markets, and leases real estate properties in the Philippines. The company’s real estate portfolio comprises residential condominium units, subdivision lots, and townhouses. It also leases office and retail spaces; manages hotel operations; and provides project design, construction, and property management services, as well as engages in cinema, business process outsourcing, educational, facilities provider, and maintenance activities. The company initially established a reputation for building high-end residential condominiums and commercial properties located in urban areas with easy access to offices as well as leisure and entertainment amenities in Metro Manila. Beginning in 1996, in response to demand for the lifestyle convenience of having quality residences in close proximity to offices and leisure facilities, the company began to focus on the development of mixed-use communities, which are community townships that integrate residential, commercial, educational/training, leisure, and entertainment components, primarily for the middle-income market. C, R Statement of the Problem The study is...

Words: 779 - Pages: 4

Superstition

...Are you superstitious?? 1     Do you have a lucky color or a lucky number or a lucky gem stone? Before an exam do you perform the same rituals so that the exam goes well or a lucky t-shirt which you wear on the day of the exam? How many of us read our horoscope in the newspaper daily and believe it word by word? „Friday the 13th‟ is it really true? The origin of “superstitions” 2  The term superstition is thought to derive from the Latin superstitio, meaning "to stand over in awe.  The term is ("outliving" remains of long after forgotten. related to the Latin word superstes or "surviving"), referring to the ideas and beliefs that continued their original meaning had been 3  Superstitions are considered as relics of outmoded ways of thinking. Superstitions are often passed down through generations; often, the origin of a superstition is lost to history.  "Superstitions are habits rather than beliefs." - Marlene Dietrich 4 Superstition-Definition 5  A superstition is the irrational belief that future events can be influenced or foretold by specific, unrelated behaviors or occurrences. Superstitious beliefs are more common among certain groups of people than others, and vary from culture to culture:   For example, the number thirteen is considered by many in western society to be inherently unlucky whereas in Japan the number four is often considered unlucky. The number 13 ?? 6...

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Anti Dumping

... anti-dumping duties on refrigerator imports from South Korea, and on Friday approved an investigation that could lead to steep duties on washing machines from the long-time Asian ally. Both of those cases were brought by Whirlpool against South Korean rivals Samsung Electronics and LG Electronics. The U.S. Congress and the South Korean legislature approved a free-trade pact in 2011 to phase out most tariffs between the two countries, and officials from both countries are working to bring the deal into force. The pact would still allow anti-dumping and countervailing duties to be imposed in cases where one side can prove to its domestic authorities that it has been hurt by unfair competition from the other. Court rules against U.S: A federal appellate court has ruled that the United States cannot place anti-dumping and countervailing duties on Chinese goods that benefit from export subsidies. The ruling is based on the fact that the United States has considered China a “nonmarket” economy in some cases, and it is considered impossible to determine the damage from export subsidies in a nonmarket economy because subsidies are so rampant. This ruling will hurt U.S. businesses, and has resulted in renewed calls for Congress to pass legislation to counter illegal Chinese practices. The case was brought in U.S. courts over the use of the U.S. anti-subsidy law against Chinese-made off-road and agricultural tires. In some cases, the United States chooses to recognize China as a...

Words: 1430 - Pages: 6