Free Essay

Anxiety

In: Science

Submitted By chiyan95
Words 870
Pages 4
Anxiety (Symptoms of anxiety and the appropriate treatments): Anxiety Vs Phobia Phobia is a kind of anxiety What is anxiety? It refers to several disorders that cause nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying. In particular, it arises when something is out of a person's expectation in certain situation. * very common * mild (give rise to slight unsettling) * severe (Can interfere a person's ability or daily behavior ==> disorder) Common disorders concerning anxiety: * Generalized Anxiety Disorder(non-specific) * Phobia (avoidance of certain objects) * Social Anxiety Disorder * Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (need certain actions to relieve their anxiety) * Separation Anxiety Disorder(form a place or person) * Post-traumatic Stress Disorder(from previous trauma) Symptoms of anxiety: * symptoms can vary from adult to children, male to female, person to person as well. **anxiety symptoms are symptoms and sensation of stress, instead of harbingers of something more serious Process of anxiety: When we are anxious, our body changes how it functions (fight or flight response) anxiety symptoms let us know the changes we should find ways to reduce the stress ***anxiety symptoms are harmless themselves, but we should still take actions to prevent further stressing * Physical symptoms: * Trembling * Churning stomach * Nausea * Diarrhea * Headache * Backache * Heart palpitations (¤ß±ª) * Sweating * Frequent urination * Insomnia * Hypervigilance = closely watching the surroundings * Non-physical symptoms: * Irritability (easy to get angry) * Tension * A sense of impending doom * Cannot concentrate * Diminished feelings or aspirations for the future * Flashbacks or nightmares of re-experiencing the trauma (for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder) ****Generally men exhibit more non-physical symptoms

Treatment of anxiety symptoms: * (self-help) never ignore them, talk with a sympathetic friend, find telephone helplines and understand more about anxiety * Qualities required (commitment, time, courage, motivation, support, patience) * Relaxation and goal-setting * (12-step approach) Step 1: Replace negative thoughts with positive thinking Step 2: Cope with panic and feelings of fear Step 3: Confront your feelings Step 4: Make your imagination work for you Step 5: Let go of your anxiety Step 6: Face problems and overcome them Step 7: Take constructive action despite negative feelings Step 8: Cater for your self-concept, build your self-esteem Step 9: Set your goals and motivate yourself Step 10: Meet your own needs Step 11: Think and act well, not sick Step 12: Have realistic expectations * Solution focused anxiety management (developed by Steve de Shazer, Insoo Kim Berg, and their colleagues at the Brief Family Therapy Center (BFTC) in the 1980s ) * therapists help patient to understand the situation * identify the reason why problems may arise sometimes while there is no problem at other times (difference) * the goal of therapist is to amplify the changes so that problem can be eliminated * common methods in solution focused therapy * future-focused conversation * miracle question method ( for example, ‘Imagine that after you and I get done talking and you do whatever you’re going to do today, eventually you go home, and go to bed, and fall asleep. And while you’re sleeping, a miracle happens. And the miracle is that the problem you just told me about is resolved. It isn’t a problem anymore. What will be the first thing that will be different, that lets you know?’ This isn’t a problem anymore?’ + detailed follow-up questions * scaling method (for example, ‘On a zero to ten scale, where zero is when the problem was at its worst and ten is when it isn’t a problem anymore, where are you now?’ The next question might be, ‘How did you do get up to a higher score?’Then the therapist inquires, ‘And what will be different when you’re at a higher score?’) * Keeping anxiety diary (scoring the anxiety level everyday so that you can learn to assess your own anxiety) * Other possible anxiety treatments include cognitive behavioral therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and process group therapy Things related to us: Dental anxiety Definition: the fear or anxiety experienced during dental procedures or anything related to dentistry ‘Medical procedures almost always elicit a sense of loss of control, fear, helplessness, and feelings of stress and anxiety’ (Garbee & Gentry, 2001; Leach, Zernike, & Tanner, 2000) Facts: About 64% of patients to tolerate their anxieties instead of being vocal and discussing the anxiety situations with their dentists, according to research entitled Dental anxiety and relieving measures: patients'perspective. Suggested method: Music therapy (Listening to music)

Acknowledgement: Website 1. http://www.medicinenet.com/anxiety/article.htm 2. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/anxiety/ Video 1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=FEdMloDieB4 E-books/e-journal 1. Garbee, D. D., & Gentry, J. A. (2001) Coping with the stress of surgery. Association of Operating Room Nurses Journal 2. Solution focused anxiety management [electronic resource] : a treatment and training manual / Ellen K. Quick. (ebook) 3. Free yourself from anxiety [electronic resource] : a self-help guide to overcoming anxiety disorders / Emma Fletcher and Martha Langley. 4. Help yourself move out of depression and anxiety [electronic resource] / Helga A.H. Rowe 5. Effect of music on anxiety management during dental procedures [electronic resource] / Chiu Ivy Wing Sze. 6. Dental anxiety and relieving measures : patients' perspective [electronic resource] / group 4.5 2004/05, Chan Yin Kwan ... [et al.] ; advisors, J.K.S. Liu, M.C.M. Wong.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...This paper looks at the relationship between test anxieties in college understudies furthermore their execution in examinations. Commonly, colleges use examinations to test part or even all the learning of understudies, especially in first-year courses. As Burns (2004, p. 120) exceptional, examination results can figure out whether a understudy passes a course or can advance onto further study, and may even impact job opportunities. Justifiably, instructors are concerned that examinations are a reasonable evidence of an understudy's learning. One territory of unique investment is the part nervousness plays in connection to examination execution. This article contends that as a rule, test tension brings down execution marginally, in spite of the fact that this is not apparent in all circumstances, nor with different types of understudies. Further, it is contended that the fundamental system for this result seems, by all accounts, to be that test nervousness prompts the improvement of meddling considerations, which keep a legitimate concentrate on examination undertakings. The paper likewise brings up that albeit numerous components effect on examination execution, test uneasiness is specifically compelling as it seems to lead straightforwardly to out of line results. The paper compares literature and the main literatures used in the paper are following: Burns, D. J. (2004). Anxiety at the time of the final exam: Relationships with expectations and performance. Journal of......

Words: 2196 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...Anxiety Tina definitely has anxiety, she shows meets the criteria of the DSM-IV checklist. For instance for Axis I, I think she should be diagnosed for an anxiety disorder. Axis IV the events in her life that has happened, such as death of her loved one could be the cause of this making her feel the way she does. Always worrying too much about the things she should not be worrying about. I can relate to Tina, because I also have anxiety. I know how she feels when the little things get so frustrating. For example, when my sister and my mom have a small discussion and they both do not agree with something, and they make side comments to each other. With just two words it can make me feel so frustrated that I feel like I need to gasp for air. Tina’s symptoms include feeling tied up in knots all the time, especially at night. She always has the feeling of something bad is going to happen. Her being scared that her two twin daughters might get abducted at the bus stop. It is normal to be worried for her daughters; of course she would always want them to be safe. I can relate to this because sometimes when my mom takes long shopping I get worried and think that something bad might had happen. Like if I hear a police car pass my house I get worried and feel like it is going toward someone I care about. Tina not being able to sleep at night is also another symptom. She doesn’t like getting out the house and how she fears driving. Which I think could be another disorder because......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...Facing The Ice “There is no such thing as pure pleasure; some anxiety always goes with it” teaches Ovid. ( Andy 24) This means that one cannot achieve pleasure easily; he needs anxiety to push himself to the limits and overcome fear. Collier, a freelance writer with more than six hundred articles to his credit, published an article, “Anxiety: Challenge by Another Name “. He uses his personal experience and proves that we can overcome anxiety. Personally I do agree with Collier since I had to face anxiety in a way I never expected. In the article "Anxiety: Challenge by Another Name," Collier explains that anxiety is a very common part in our life and overcoming it instead of backing away is the only way we grow. Collier uses personal experiences, and shows his audience how he faced his anxiety which taught him lessons for the future .He was given a chance to travel with his roommate to Argentina, to work on a ranch. Collier had turned down the offer, since he already had made plans to teach his brother to sail. Turning down this opportunity, Collier learned a valuable lesson and developed a rule for himself: “do what makes you anxious; don’t do what makes you depressed”. ( Collier 95) When Collier was at graduate school, he began writing magazines articles and interviewing big names. Before each interview, he would get butterflies and his hands would start shaking (Collier 95). At one time, Collier had an interview with a musician that he admired, Duke Ellington.......

Words: 1105 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...Anxiety Anxiety attack is referred to a panic attack of time overmastering fear which occurs without any sort of warning and without any antipated grounds. I suffer from anxiety it’s been four years since last time. A week ago, while at home. I received a phone called from my son’s school advising me to rush to the school immediately. The teacher stated he wasn’t feeling well and seem to be unresponsive. I began to feel my heart racing, my palms sweaty and nerveness. As I rushed to the scene, I decided to call the school back to see what happed. I was told to get to my son as soon as possible. I called nine one one. My heart stared racing, I had difficulty breathing shaking and in fear of losing control. When I made it to the school I saw my son blue in the face and unresponsive. I felt like I was about to faint. I was crying calling out to my son to answer me. The paramedics were tring to claim ne down. I was unable to make out my words. I was trying to stop and think. They calm me down knowing he was alright and well. Throughout the night I felt my symptoms trying to come back. My fingers were numb with a tingling sensation. I had trouble sleeping that night. I found myself waking up in a panic to check to see if he was alright. Anxiety could generally be a onetime result but often it is seen the effects are ongoing process. As an individual who suffer from panic attacks regularly it affect my everyday living a healthy life. People often ask “what......

Words: 454 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...Anxiety, Mood/Affective and Dissociative/Somatoform Disorders Laura Jackson PSY/410 June 21, 2012 Angela Wall Anxiety, Mood/Affective and Dissociative/Somatoform Disorders Anxiety, mood and dissociative and somatoform disorders take way from individuals the capacity for normal social and expected daily functioning. The biological, emotional, behavioral and cognitive components do vary even though each component has symptoms and parts that overlap. This paper will identify all these components for anxiety, mood, and dissociative/somatoform disorders and will figure out what aims toward a better understanding of more therapeutic applications. ANXIETY DISORDER COMPONENTS Biological The biological component of anxiety disorder has the job of functioning the autonomic nervous system, the limbic system, neutral transmission, autoimmune processes and inherited factors that predispose an individual to anxiety. Anxiety then produces affective physical reactions in people. The biological perspective views the action or the stimuli of the nervous system and its deficiencies (National Institutes of Health, 2010). This may also be associated with genetic predispositions, neuro-chemical and hormonal malfunctions (Schimelpfening, 2009). Emotional The emotional components of anxiety disorders......

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Anxiety

... The Study on the Perceived Effects of Anxiety on Academic Achievement And Perceived Strategies to Overcome Anxiety among IIUM Students SECTION 8: GROUP 5 Najlaa Binti Hassan 1213894 Balta Delila 1112551 Fairuz Shofi 1129992 Instructor: Nurul Fuadah Binti Mohamad Hassan Abstract Presence of depression may be seen from different point of views. Usually to say that someone is depressed should be followed by certain change in behavior. There are many different types of depression, starting from normal, occasional change in behavior up to the major depression. Purpose of this study was to examine the perceived effects of anxiety towards academic performance and perceived strategies to overcome anxiety among International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) students. A sample of 45 students was randomly selected from five different kulliyahs. Data were collected by using online questionnaire. It was found that the most significant effect of anxiety disorder on IIUM students’ performance was “passive attitude” and the most significant strategy to overcome anxiety among IIUM students was “efficient planning”. Therefore, it is concluded that there are few perceived effects on anxiety disorder towards academic performance as perceived by IIUM students and there are also many strategies that is useful to overcome anxiety disorder. Keywords: Anxiety, Academic performance, IIUM students,......

Words: 3249 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...Anxiety Ashley Whitaker Psy450 Nissa Chadwick August 22, 2011 Anxiety Introduction Anxiety is a very real and very scary problem that a lot of people suffer with. This disease can cause problems in everyday activities such as socializing and being able to develop properly. Anxiety limits how much interaction the person suffering can have with other people because of the fact that social interaction can bring on those feelings of anxiety and dread. Human development and socialization is important in a person’s life because these things dictate what kind of adult a person will be. When something interrupts the process of human development or of socialization, the results can be felt throughout the rest of the person’s life. What is Anxiety? Anxiety is a normal feeling that most people feel on a daily basis. “40 million people in the U.S. will experience an impairment because of an anxiety condition this year.” (Anxiety Center, 2011). However, when it gets to the point that these feelings are taking over a person’s life and they can’t help but worry over everything for no obvious reason, it is time to get help. Anxiety can cause socialization very hard to do because being out in social situations and having friends and family around can seem impossible due to the increase in anxious and fearful feelings. There are several different issues that can cause anxiety such as a person’s underlying genetics, a problem with the chemistry within their brain, and also......

Words: 779 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...about Anxiety Do you know anybody who suffers from anxiety? 40 million people in the United States who are over the age of 17 suffer from some kind of anxiety disorder. That is one in five people in this country with this illness, which means that it is highly likely that somebody around you has anxiety. It is the most common mental illness in the United States. (adaa.org) Anxiety is defined as “a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome.” Although worrying and a certain amount of anxiety is a normal and expected thing, people with this illness have excessive worry and unease. The anxiety is so severe that it makes it difficult to lead a normal life and can be very crippling. Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish between a normal amount of worry and worrying too much. The biggest difference is that an anxious person's worry interferes with their everyday life, this worry occurs most days of the week for more than six months. Sufferers share many symptoms that are common in other illnesses. People with anxiety experience headaches, stomach issues, increased heart rate, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, dizziness, trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, and other problems that lead them to believe that there is something else wrong with them. (health.com) These symptoms often are the reason individuals go to the doctor and eventually are diagnosed with anxiety disorder. Although anxiety......

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...Anxiety Disorders While there are millions of individuals who struggle with the symptoms of anxiety on a daily basis, most people do not understand what having an anxiety disorder entails. According to Wood, Wood and Boyd, anxiety disorders are “psychological disorders characterized by frequent fearful thoughts about what might happen in the future” (Wood 459). In other words, anxiety is the constant or intense state of irrational fear that interferes with day-to-day activities. Anxiety disorders are common in both children and adults, the effects are numerous and the treatments are vast and ever-changing. Although there are many types of anxiety disorders, each having its own symptoms, treatments and effects, three that are common are panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Panic disorder is a term in which an anxiety disorder can be repeated or have unexpected attacks of intense fear. These attacks can last for minutes to hours. Panic attacks cannot be predicted and may result in added anxiety and depression. Over time, people who have panic attacks often worry about the onset of the next panic attack. Shirley Trickett, author of Panic Attacks, reports that symptoms of Panic Disorder include shortness of breath, pounding heart or chest pain, intense fear, sweating, dizziness, chills, tingling, numbness of the fingers and also a fear that the person are losing control or are about to die (5). Most panic attacks can......

Words: 1429 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...GAD Generalized Anxiety Disorder Everyone feels anxious from time to time, like when you’re running late or interviewing for a job. Most of us worry to some extent, and sometimes worry can be useful. It helps us plan for the future, make sure that we’re prepared for that test, or double check that we’ve thought of everything before we head home for holidays. However people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), feel some anxiety or worry almost constantly. They often anticipate disaster or have exaggerated worries about a wide range of issues, from their health to their families to their daily responsibilities. Yet even when they recognize that the worrying is excessive it is very hard to control. Specific anxiety disorders are complicated by panic attacks or other features that are featured that are the focus of the anxiety. In GAD, the focus is, generalized to the events of everyday life. For that reason we consider GAD first. Excessive anxiety and worry (apprehensive expectation), occurring more days than not for at least six months, about a number of events or activities such as work or school performance, further more, it must be very difficult to turn off or control the worry process. This is what distinguishes pathological worrying from the normal kind we all experience from time to time as we get ready for an upcoming event or challenge. Most of us worry for a time but can set the problem aside and go on the other task, even if the upcoming challenge is a big......

Words: 1503 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Anxiety

...Anxiety is a term for more than several disorders, such as fear, apprehension, nervousness coupled with constant worrying, neuroticism so to speak. Experts consider these disorders severe to say the least because it interferes with a person’s ability to sleep, affects how a person may feel, behave, as well as a host of physiological problems, which are directly related to stress, and other mental issues. Anxiety varies from person to person ranging from anxiety over every day events and panic disorders, which include physical symptoms. Anxiety is a common problem with a stigma that for many causes them to refuse help. However, knowledge is power and understanding anxiety along with the various types of treatments is a key resource to battling this dilemma. In addition, how one’s support system plays a role in helping loved ones live a healthy life is also a major art of battling anxiety. The number of Americans suffering the effects of various anxiety disorders is over 40 million. One of the biggest problems concerning all mental illness is the lack of desire or willingness for those who suffer to seek help. In cases involving anxiety, this is especially disheartening as most anxiety disorders are highly treatable. Surprisingly only one third of the 40 million will actively seek help of any kind. One of the common symptoms of anxiety related disorders is feelings of fear and uncertainty these experiences are possible factors in why seeking help is so difficult. The...

Words: 1042 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...| Anxiety Disorders | PSYCH 6211 | | | 5/15/2009 | | Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorders are the most common emotional disorders that affect Americans. The primary symptoms of anxiety disorders are fear and worry but they are also characterized by emotional and physical symptoms. There are several different types of anxiety disorders. They can include Panic Disorder, Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorders (Northern Lakes, 2009). There are many different factors that play a role in the cause of anxiety disorders. Heredity, brain chemistry, personality, and lifestyle are contributing factors of anxiety disorders. Evidence exists that shows that anxiety disorders run in families. The genetic link between family members as well as the behaviors one learns when growing up around people who suffer from the disorder may be a direct correlation between anxiety disorders and family traits. Since anxiety disorders are often relieved by medications that altar chemical levels in the brain, scientists believe that brain chemistry must play a role in the onset of anxiety disorders. Lifestyle can also contribute to the development of anxiety disorders. Long-term exposure to abuse, violence, and poverty may increase a person’s vulnerability to these disorders. Results of this type of lifestyle often lead to a person having low self-esteem and poor coping skills (UMM, 2008). ......

Words: 1444 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Anxiety Awareness

...Anxiety Awareness among IIUM Students English for Academic Writing LE 4000 Section 37 Date: 5th December 2014 Abstract Anxiety refers to the unnecessary unpleasant feeling of dread over current or future events that might or might not happen. People with anxiety usually have a sense of worry, fear or muscle tension. The purpose of this study aims to investigate the level of awareness of anxiety among IIUM students. The objectives were to indicate whether the students are aware of social anxiety that might be suffered by them and the most common factor that contributes to feeling anxious. Questionnaires were distributed to thirty randomly selected individuals in IIUM. Paper-based questionnaire was used and the results were interpreted in visual graphs form. The results indicated that the most common factor that leads to anxiety is due to fear of negative evaluation from others. Meanwhile, easily tired and having problem in concentrating and remembering things were the main symptoms that a student might have anxiety. It can be concluded that, most students are afraid about being judged and evaluated negatively by others. They also feel easily tired resulting in them having problem in concentrating and remembering things especially during presentation. This study may have the implication that students, especially the lower level students need to be aware of their level of anxiety by knowing the factors and being able to avoid the symptoms that bring anxiety found in......

Words: 3129 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Anxiety Paper

...Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Somatoform PSY/410 June 17, 2012 Eric Niler Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Somatoform “We’ll begin with a description of the DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders and then turn our attention to the core concepts of the advantages and limitations of the DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorder diagnoses and the issues of cultural and historical relativism in classifying anxiety disorders” Hansell J. & Damour L. (2008). The interest of the paper will be to look at the areas of anxiety, mood/affective, and somatoform disorders. Many of the disorders that people can have are complex and more debilitating than others. Each disorder can be analyzed in components like biologic, psychodynamic, cognitive, and behavioral. Anxiety to people is the fear of different things that come and the cause for much of the flourish of disorders. People who suffer from the anxiety disorder would have intense to extreme feelings. The thoughts that can come to mind would make the disorder worse and the help people can get can calm the thoughts. The mind is not the only part that could affect people because the body is also affected. There is a difference between normal anxieties to abnormal anxiety which has worse affects on a person. The generalized anxiety disorder which is also GAD and people who deal with this feel tense and they worry most of the time. Biological part of the anxiety can come from a family history which the disorders could be different from each other. The relation in......

Words: 852 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Test Anxiety

...HẢI VÂN BABAUN15010 Task 15 page 59 Test anxiety is known as concern and solicitude about upcoming tests that leads to mentally related problems such as stomachache, headache, feeling sick… Since test anxiety is an uneasiness caused by tests, it makes students earn score below their capability. There are reasons to consider test anxiety as a vital problems. First, as mentioned above, it leads to illness which has nothing to do with the organism, but relates to psychology. People’s worries tend to manifest in non-verbal signs: stomachaches, difficulty sleeping, and a persistent urge to leave the classroom to go to the bathroom. Second, it reduces the efficient productivity. When students feel nervous, their capacity to think clearly and solve problems accurately is reduced, says Sian Beilock, a cognitive scientist at the University of Chicago. Due to tension before and during the test, people might do worse than their real aptitude, which will bring about bad results. The outcome worse than the competence will discourage people with test anxiety and they might get even more nervous the next time. Third, in long term, it may turn into a phobia. A test phobia is a higher level of test anxiety that will cause more serious problems. Instead of getting nervous and cannot do as well as they usually do, people who suffer test phobia cannot even face the exam and get sick for several days. To overcome test anxiety, there are numerous ways for people who......

Words: 527 - Pages: 3