Free Essay

Anzac Legend

In: Historical Events

Submitted By meowtomlinson
Words 696
Pages 3
When the Australian troops were first sent to Gallipoli in 1915, they were prepared for an relatively easy fight and generally uncomplicated terrain. However, when the troops landed and the fighting started, they found out that in reality, the Gallipoli experience was rough, demanding, and both physically and psychologically damaging, and yet it was from the effects of these very aspects that the Anzac Legend grew. The harshness of the Gallipoli experience easily explains the origin of the Anzac Legend and how it came about - the difficult conditions making the troops learn of values that were essential fighting qualities for being a soldier at Gallipoli.

Even before the Australian troops had started fighting at Gallipoli on the 25 April, 1915, it was a hard battle. Along the coast of Gallipoli, there were little places where the boats could land, and when they finally did, Source 1 states that the troops had get past beaches that were tangled with barbed wire; then, as can be seen in Source 2, ascend the steep hills which were mined, rocky and scrub-covered - much different from the "...gentle slopes which they had been briefed to expect" (L7, Source 2). Additionally, the entire time the Australians were subjected to continuous attacks from their enemies - "...snipers deliberately picking off every officer who...lead his men" (LL4-6, Source 4) - which made the treacherous climb up the prohibitive terrain even more difficult.

The Anzac Legend was born from the values that all Australian troops displayed while fighting for their country at Gallipoli. Even though the Turkish had won the campaign, it was the values that Australians showed during the time - "resourcefulness, fidelity, comradeship, and endurance that will never own defeat" (L4, Source 5). It was these qualities that let the troops to keep a positive attitude and light air about their situations. Such an example can be seen in Source 7, where it can be seen that the Australian troops wrote joking advertisements in an ANZAC book that was created at Gallipoli. The advertisements make various puns on the situations and food - or lack thereof - while a war. The first 'notice' requests the Turkish to stop "wasting ammunition whilst our meals are being served" (LL2-3, Source 7) - or, for the Turkish to stop firing at the Australians while the latter are eating what meagre food they have. This shows that even though the troops were constantly being shot at - day, night and mealtimes - they still persevered and maintained a strong attitude, and were even able to make a joke out of it to keep each others' spirits up.

It was the difficult conditions at Gallipoli which brought on the Anzac Legend. Had the terrain and fighting experience been like what the British briefed the troops to expect - easy and gentle - the Australians would never have had to gain the important values that they displayed. As seen in Source 8, it was exactly the weakening of the assumption that the British - 'mother country' to Australia - military effective were all-powerful that brought upon the Anzac Legend so that Australians at home could have something else to believe in. The source states that all people need illusions to live by, and since the illusion of the power of the British was weakened during the course of the war, another illusion was to "take its place, that of the peculiar fighting qualities of Australian soldiers..." (LL2-3). The list of values from Source 5 - resourcefulness, fidelity, comradeship and endurance - were all born from different things experienced at Gallipoli: the need for strong friendships, the scarceness of food - among other things. As the campaign neared its end, these values joined together to make the Anzac Legend - another positive thing for Australians to believe in.

In conclusion, the difficult and harsh Gallipoli experience were exactly the origins of the Anzac Legend, since the Australian troops had to persevere through the war with a variety of different and positive attitudes in order to stay strong. The values of the Anzac Legend were caused by the effects of the conditions at Gallipoli, and it was this legend and its values that Australians who were not fighting believed in.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Analyse and Compare How Lady Macbeth and Curley's Wife Are Presented Shakespeare’s ' Macbeth' and Steinbeck’s ‘of Mice and Men’

...mbat  Abroad. 4. Billy Hughes wanted to gain ‘yes’ vote in 1916-1917? 5. Triple entente the understanding between Russia, France and great Britain developed between 1894-1907 6. Triple alliance the secret alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy formed in 1882 lasting till 1914. 7. Ww1 started in which year? 28 July 1914 8. Crimson thread of kinship The Crimson Thread of Kinship is a 12-metre-long sewing representing the unfolding story of Australia. It depicts the changing landscape of the nation, beginning with Aboriginal occupation of the continent and finishing in the southern night sky.  9. Crimson thread of allegiance is not real 10. Crimson thread of agreement is not real 11. Anzac stands for? Australia and new Zealand army corps 12. What is conscription was compulsory military service for young men, this defense act began 1902. 13. What was prime minister Hughes campaign to introduce inscription 14. Who were opposed to conscription 15. Ww1 ended in which year? November 11, 1918 16. Who was assassinated in ww1? Archduke Franz Ferdinand 17. Areas fought in ww1?  'Western Front' in France and Belgium were the biggest war areas 18. Most important reason for Australia declaring war in September 1939? Germany invaded Poland and so Great Britain has declared war on them along with Australia. 19. Who were POW in ww2 in Australia internment camps? The main use of internment...

Words: 606 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Anzac Spirit

...Today, the term 'Anzac spirit' evokes thoughts of stoicism, camaraderie and an unbreakable spirit. The legend of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (Anzac) was born on the 25th of April, 1915, on a beach in Gallipoli. Nearly 100 years later, we still remember it, stopping each year to recognize how they contributed to the freedom we know today. In unbearable conditions, they fought not only the opposition, but also diseases, starvation and exhaustion. We remember the humanity and honour shown, not only to each other, but to their enemies as well, and the dutifulness they felt to their country, their loved ones, and their king. Anzacs were known over both the western and eastern fronts for having 'mental toughness and a spirit that was hard to break.' They were stoic, they pushed forward, despite the knowledge that they were facing an almost certain death, showing incredible endurance. This was shown throughout the war, but one of the strongest examples was set when the 8th and 10th Lighthorse regiments charged the Nek. The Lighthorse, in four lines of around 150 men were to seize the Turkish frontline. The Turkish were prepared for this however, and had machine guns ready for fire. Many Anzacs were killed before they had fully left the trenches, and the line disappeared in less than five metres. Men watched their mates being mercilessly shot down, knowing that in minutes they would be in that same situation. Even after the realization that the attack was a failure,......

Words: 1058 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Leadership and Legacy: Australian Wartime Experiences

...and even in death and 100 years on, is an inspiration to others. Through the journey of his life, the preparation, the realisation of his humanity, the completion of a full life, and the legacy left to all those who have a capacity to be affected, we can trace the meaning of leadership as put by Andrew’s granddaughter: “A good leader creates the space for others to step into” and the legacy as expressed by Pericles is what you leave behind, not what is engraved on a stone monument, but “woven into the stuff of other men’s lives” Andrew indeed embodied these attributes; not the powerful picture of Simpson , or the hero status of Albert Jacka, however he stood out in leadership and left an enduring legacy, adding tone to the spirit of ANZAC. Preparation: creating a space Andrew was destined to be a minister; born in Baldernock , Scotland in 1868, his father was a reverend of the Free Church of Scotland. When he completed his education , he followed in his father’s footsteps, to become a minister of the Free Church at Maryhill, Glasgow in 1897 after marrying Isobel Napier in 1895. On leaving the church in 1899 to take up an appointment in the USA, it was said of his last service that he conducted a “finished discourse... in his own earnest, quiet, graceful and impressive style”. Moving on from his position in the United States, he accepted the position with St Paul’s Presbyterian Church in Brisbane, Australia. Subsequently, he found a place in the St Kilda community,......

Words: 2561 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay


...Perth. In 1868, the practice of transporting convicts to Australia ceased. Commonwealth of Australia In 1901, the continent's six British colonies (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia) agreed to federate as the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia's traditional role as a dutiful member of the British Empire, established by supplying troops for British conflicts such as the Boer Wars and World Wars I and II, eventually evolved into a more independent Australian identity. For example, Australian troops' harsh experiences during a World War I campaign in Gallipoli, Turkey, helped create an Australian national consciousness. This transformation of identity has come to be known as the ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) tradition. The second half of the 20th century brought a transformation in the ethnic makeup of Australia. At the end of World War II in 1945, Australians were almost entirely of Anglo-Celtic descent, with 90 percent born in Australia. During the 1950s and ’60s, a large influx of immigrants from Greece, Italy, and other European countries began to shape a more multicultural society. Significant Asian migration began in the 1970s. Today, about a quarter of Australians were born overseas. Reforms and Elections Beginning in the 1960s, a series of reforms addressed issues facing Australian Aborigines. In 1962, Aborigines received national voting rights, and in 1970, the government ended......

Words: 6375 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

The Fiftieth Gate

...making meaning, i.e. in shaping perceptions of the world around us. How does baker represent this combination to create meaning? History can be viewed as a sequential series of indisputable events, whereas memory is of such events that are highly subjective, and affect the way in which they are perceived. The link between history and memory and the way it shapes the world around us, is a component of past and present. We are shown this throughout the prescribed text, The Fiftieth Gate, where through bakers quest we see the past continually impacting on the present, as the memories of the past affect those who have endured it. This key concept is also represented in the Channel Seven documentary, ‘Zero Hour- Disaster at Chernobyl’ and ‘Anzac Day commemorative Issue’, released by the Bulletin, 26th April 2005. All three texts show the affects of history and memory that has subsequently altered perspective on life, “History begins with its memories”. Within the prescribed text, the composer, Mark Baker, conveys how history and memory help shape the way we perceive things in our own world. Bakers search for identity throughout the book adds depth to the meanings that are communicated to the responder. The audience understands that are the beginning of his journey, Baker is metaphorically in the dark about his parent’s identity, “it always begins in blackness, until the first light illuminates the hidden fragment of memory”. Baker discusses the dark and light nature of his......

Words: 23607 - Pages: 95

Free Essay

Hsc English Adv Notes Ayli & Related Texts

...Anniversary of the Armistice * Audience: politicians, soldiers/war heroes, families and relative of martyrs, officials and members of the media * Reception: well received as it struck a patriotic chord | Purpose and ideas | * To commemorate the armistice and the loss of life * Promote unity through national remembrance and inspire patriotism * Political speech, embodying the qualities and values of soldiers * It presents Australian identity and the concept of unity * Dual purpose of being both a eulogy to commemorate the men and women who served for Australia * Also had a political agenda of presenting and forging a new identity for Australia under Keating’s leadership with the demonstration of the values embedded within the ANZAC legend * Role of Keating in paying homage and reverence indicated diplomatic recognition of their sacrifice, our heritage and our cultural forebears | Values | * Mateship * Resilience * Honour * Peace * Unity | Techniques | Keating employs the use of asyndeton, “mad, brutal, awful struggle” to emphasise the futility of war and it’s brutal realities (emotive language/negative imagery). Repetition of terrible, “Waste of life was so terrible” and through the use of metaphor, “sowed the seeds of a second even more terrible war” that his perception of war is not glorified but emphasises the detrimental nature of war and the need for peace. However, Keating also honours the sacrifice of those within the war, “out of the......

Words: 10263 - Pages: 42

Free Essay

Thesis Guide

...should be not more than 350 words in length. While the abstract may be bound in with the thesis, extra copies must be submitted. The Registrar will enclose a copy of the abstract with any letters of invitation to potential examiners of the thesis. Acknowledge any special library, research or financial assistance and the contributions other postgraduates and academic staff may have made. You may also include the contribution made by family members, colleagues, friends or partners. Optional. You may quote an appropriate person or even compose your own poem! Chapters (or Sections) and sub-headings only. Refers to the body of text and appendices, not to introductory pages. Tables, figures and illustrations should be numbered, bear an explanatory legend and be referred to within the text. Where possible graphs and photographs should be displayed and labelled on the same page. If space does not permit you to follow this procedure, type on a separate page and insert the page facing the graph or photograph. Large maps etc. may be folded. Abstract/Summary Acknowledgments Dedication Table of Contents List of Tables List of Special Names Only if appropriate. or Abbreviations Main Body of Text Begin each chapter on a new page. The text generally begins two lines below the chapter title. You may find it useful to divide it into sections (e.g., Primary Sources, Secondary Sources). Always check with your Department for the format required. Optional. It may be placed in......

Words: 12383 - Pages: 50

Free Essay

Growing Up Asian in Australia

...Ahmed Exotic Rissole T HE F OLKS Vanessa Woods Perfect Chinese Children Simone Lazaroo The Asian Disease Rudi Soman Crackers Oanh Thi Tran Conversations with My Parents Bon-Wai Chou The Year of the Rooster Mia Francis Are You Different? T HE CLAN file:///D|/ /Calibre Library/Wei Zhi/Growing Up Asian in Australia (799)/text/part0005.html[2014-6-18 23:54:34] Growing Up Asian in Australia Benjamin Law Tourism Ken Chau The Family Tree The Firstborn Diem Vo Family Life Ken Chan Quarrel HaiHa Le Ginseng Tea and a Pair of Thongs LEGENDS Phillip Tang Teenage Dreamers Shalini Akhil Destiny Cindy Pan Dancing Lessons Chin Shen Papa Bear Glenn Lieu & Matt Huynh A New Challenger T HE HOTS Benjamin Law Towards Manhood Chi Vu The Lover in the Fish Sauce Xerxes Matza The Embarrassments of the Gods Lian Low My First Kiss Jenny Kee A Big Life U N AUSTRALIAN? Uyen Loewald Be Good, Little Migrants Leanne Hall How to Be Japanese Tony Ayres Silence James Chong Anzac Day Mei Yen Chua Special Menu Michelle Law A Call to Arms Joo-Inn Chew Chinese Dancing, Bendigo Style T ALL POPPIES Quan Yeomans Khoa Do Hoa Pham Jason Yat-Sen Li Shaun Tan file:///D|/ /Calibre Library/Wei Zhi/Growing Up Asian in Australia (799)/text/part0005.html[2014-6-18 23:54:34] Growing Up Asian in Australia John So Joy Hopwood Anh Do Caroline Tran LEAVING HOME Diana Nguyen Five Ways to Disappoint Your Vietnamese Mother Pauline Nguyen The Courage of Soldiers Paul Nguyen You Can’t Choose Your Memories Emily J.......

Words: 113124 - Pages: 453

Free Essay

Gulf War

...with the corps HQ located at Kirkuk.(Refer Figure 1) (b) 2 Corps. Comprising 15, 34 Infantry Divisions and 3 Armoured Division, with the corps HQ located at Deyala. (c) 3 Corps. Comprising 11 Infantry Division, 51 Mechanised Division and 6 Armoured Division, with the corps HQ located at Al Nasiriyah. (d) 4 Corps. Comprising 14 and 18 Infantry Divisions and 10 Armoured Division, with the corps HQ located at Al Amarah. (e) 5 Corps. Comprising 4, 7 and 16 Infantry Divisions and 1 Mechanised Division, with the corps HQ located at Mosul. INITIAL DEPLOYMENT OF IRAQI CORPS [pic] LEGEND RED - REPUBLICAN GUARDS BLUE-REGULAR IRAQI ARMY Figure 1 (f) Republican Guards. The Republican Guard formations were responsible for the protection of Baghdad and comprised of the following:- (i) Northern Corps Republican Guards. aa) 2 Al Medina Al Munnawara Armoured Division located near Karbala. (ab) 25 Baghdad Infantry Division guarding the Northern approaches to Baghdad. (ac) Al......

Words: 16645 - Pages: 67

Premium Essay

Studies in Professional Life and Work experiences. Journal of Education for Teaching, 31(3), 187–201. Smith, J. K., & Deemer, D. K. (2000). The problem of criteria in the age of relativism. In N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research 877-897 London: Sage. Steedman, C. (1986). Landscape for a good woman. London: Virago. TDA. (2007). Professional standards for qualified teacher status and requirements for initial teacher training. London: Training and Development Agency. Tedlock, B. (1991). From participant observation to the observation of participation. Journal of Anthropological Research, 41, 69–94. Thompson, P. (1978). The voice of the past: Oral history. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Thomson, A. (1994). Anzac memories: Living with the legend. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Tillema, H., & Kremer-Hayon, L. (2005). Facing dilemmas: Teacher-educators ways of constructing a pedagogy of teacher education. Teaching in Higher Education, 10, 203–217. Tillmann-Healy, L. (1999). Life projects: A narrative ethnography of a gay-straight friendship. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida. Tyler, S. (1986). Post-modern ethnography: from document of the occult to occult document. In J. Clifford, & G. E. Marcus (Eds.). Writing culture: The poetics and politics of ethnography 122-140 Berkeley: University of California Press. Van-Maanen, J. (1988). Tales of the field. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Weber, K. (1998). Life history,......

Words: 18203 - Pages: 73

Free Essay

Improve Your Written English

...T I O N S / 73 USING INITIAL LETTERS It is becoming increasingly common to describe companies or organisations only by the initial letters of the name of the group. This is now so prevalent that we often forget what the original letters stood for! It is no longer considered necessary to put a full stop after each capital letter. Here are some examples: AGM BBC CPS GCSE MP MEP RAF Annual General Meeting British Broadcasting Corporation Crown Prosecution Service General Certificate of Secondary Education Member of Parliament Member of the European Parliament Royal Air Force LOOKING AT ACRONYMS Acronyms are words that are formed by the initial letters and we usually say the word rather than the letters: AIDS ANZAC ASH LAMDA LASER NASA NATO RADA RADAR SCUBA SONAR UCAS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Australian and New Zealand Army Corps Action on Smoking and Health London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation National Aeronautic and Space Administration North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Royal Academy of Dramatic Art Radio Detection And Ranging Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus Sound Navigation And Ranging Universities Colleges Admissions Service 74 / P A R T O N E : T H E B A S I C S UNESCO UNICEF UFO VAT United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation United Nations Children’s Fund Unidentified Flying Object Value Added......

Words: 33140 - Pages: 133

Premium Essay

Dictionary of Travel, Tourism, and Hospitality

...those observed in the United Kingdom; also entries for public holidays in Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, Republic of Ireland, South Africa and USA. public holidays (Australia) New Year’s Day, Australia Day (26 January), Good Friday, Easter Monday, Anzac Day (anniversary of 1915 landing at Gallipoli, 25 April), Queen’s Official Birthday (June), Christmas Day, P Boxing Day. These eight are national holidays, which some states observe on different days; there are also some individual state holidays. observed in individual states, which have legal jurisdiction over their public holidays. public house Establishment prominent in Friday, Easter Monday, Victoria Day (May), Canada Day (July), Labour Day (September), Thanksgiving (October), Remembrance Day (November), Christmas Day, Boxing Day (total 10). Other days may be also proclaimed holidays by individual provinces. public holidays (India) Public holidays observed in India vary locally. As religious holidays depend on astronomical observations, holidays are usually declared at the beginning of each year. public holidays (New Zealand) New Year, Waitangi Day (anniversary of 1840 treaty, 6 February), Good Friday, Easter Monday, Anzac Day (anniversary of 1915 landing at Gallipoli, 25 April), Queen’s Official Birthday (June), Labour Day (October), Christmas Day, Boxing Day (total 9). In addition each region celebrates its anniversary day. public holidays (Republic of Ireland) New......

Words: 133754 - Pages: 536

Free Essay

One Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.

...Western Front in Europe remained the most significant theater of war as the major industrial powers clashed along a confined front of some five hundred miles; the war on the Eastern Front, second in importance; and the war on the Southern Front and in the Balkans, third. Yet the First World War was definitely a global war on land from the beginning. The conflict set Africa and the Middle East aflame, drew Indian soldiers into combat in the Arab heartlands and southeast Africa as well as Japan in East Asia, and the United States in the western hemisphere. Great Britain’s white dominions—Australia and New Zealand, Canada, and South Africa—achieved greater autonomy as a result of their participation in the war. Their soldiers’ service—the ANZAC sacrifice at the disastrous battle of Gallipoli in 1915 and the Canadian Corps’ contribution to the “hundred days” offensive in 1918—had paid for their countries’ greater autonomy in blood. More than a million African soldiers fought for the colonial powers on various fronts in Europe,21 the Middle East, and in Africa itself, and even more served as bearers or porters. The war in East Africa, in which German commander Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck’s army of African askaris conducted a guerilla campaign against British-led Indian troops, Belgian colonial forces and white South African troops, concluded only after the armistice in Europe and led to famine, disease, destruction, and depopulation.22 Africans’ participation in the......

Words: 163893 - Pages: 656

Premium Essay

Jared Diamond Collapse

...settled. Anthropologist Raymond Firth entitled his first book We, the Tikopia because he often heard that phrase ("Matou nga Tikopia") from Tikopians explaining their society to him. Tikopia's chiefs do serve as the overlords of clan lands and canoes, and they redistribute resources. By Polynesian standards, however, Tikopia is among the least stratified chiefdoms with the weakest chiefs. Chiefs and their families produce their own food and dig in their own gardens and orchards, as do commoners. In Firth's words, "Ultimately the mode of production is inherent in the social tradition, of which the chief is merely the prime agent and interpreter. He and his people share the same values: an ideology of kinship, ritual, and morality reinforced by legend and mythology. The chief is to a considerable extent a custodian of this tradition, but he is not alone in this. His elders, his fellow chiefs, the people of his clan, and even the members of his family are all imbued with the same values, and advise and criticize his actions." Thus, that role of Tikopian chiefs represents much less top-down management than does the role of the leaders of the remaining society that we shall now discuss. I Our other success story resembles Tikopia in that it too involves a densely populated island society isolated from the outside world, with few economically significant imports, and with a long history of a self-sufficient and sustainable lifestyle. But the resemblance ends there, because......

Words: 235965 - Pages: 944