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Ap European Dbq

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Between the years 1878 and 1914, European nations gradually sought empires in Africa. Many government officials thought in colonizing the continent because they felt that it was necessary to maintain their global influence. Some grew concerned over African colonization and deemed it as a result of overly greedy capitalists seeking new markets. However, another group believed in the acquisition of Africa was to civilize the people in Africa, which they felt, was their ultimate duty. Government officials from different European nations encouraged African acquisition in order to increase and maintain their global influence, others claimed that it was a capitalist misuse of African resources, and people who benefited from this justified their actions arguing that it was their duty to edify and civilize African inhabitants.
Many government officials thought in colonizing the continent because they felt that it was necessary to maintain their global influence. For example, Benjamin Disraeli, the British prime minister at the time, read aloud a speech to the House of Commons in 1876 supporting the seizure of the Suez Canal saying that it would “strengthen the empire.” (Document 2) Since Disraeli was a prime minister he would be speaking in favor of the acquisition because it would increase his term and political influence. Prince Leopold, heir to the Belgian throne and future king, African colonization stating that it would be “an opportunity to prove the world that Belgians are also an imperial people capable of dominating and enlightening others.” (Document 1) This statement demonstrates the pressure on the weaker European nations to colonize in order to increase their influence. If other nations did not colonize, Prince Leopold would not have stated this. Eugene Melchoir de Vogue, a French diplomat, in 1903 wrote, “any country that does not wish to become less...

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