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Ap Human Geography Chapter 1 Summary

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Global Positioning System- (GPS)Satellite-based syset for determining the absolute location of placesor geographic features.
Geocaching- A hunt for a cache.
Relative Location- The regional position
Mental Map- Picture of the way is organized by a persons mind.
Activity (action) Space- The space within which daily activity occurs.
Generalized Map- the process of selecting and representing information on a map in a way that adapts to the scale of the display medium of the map.
Remote Sensing- a method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study.
Geographic Information System- a collectin of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected,
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functional region-a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it. perceptual region- a region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as physically demorcated entity. For example in the U.S., "the South" and "the Mid-atlantic region" are perceptual. culture- the sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society. culture trait- a single element of normal pracitce in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban. culture complex- a related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils. cultural hearth- heartland, source area, innovation center, place of origin of a major culture. independent invention- the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other. cultural diffusion- the expansion and adaption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider …show more content…
An urban hierarchy is usually involved, encouraging the leapfrogging of innovations over wide areas, with goegraphic distance a less important influence. stimulus diffusion- a form of diffusion in which a cultural adaption is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place. relocation diffusion- sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. The most common form of relocation diffusion involves the spreading of innovations by a migrating population geographic concept- ways of seeing the world spatialy that are used by geographers in answering research

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