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Apa Reference Examples

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Rivier College Writing & Resource Center Using APA: Creating a Reference Page
(Updated October 2012—APA 6th Edition) General Guidelines for Formatting a Reference Page
Your reference list provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the essay. Each source you cite in the essay must appear in your reference list (except for personal communications); each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.  Start the reference list on a new page. Type the word References in upper and lowercase letters, centered, at the top of the page on the first line below the page header; do not underline, and do not put it in quotation marks. Your reference list must be in alphabetical order according to author’s last name; if no author is given for a particular source, alphabetize by the title of the piece and use a shortened version of the title for parenthetical citations. If you have more than one work by a particular author, order them by publication date, oldest to newest. Provide first initial (and not first name) and middle initial (if provided) for all authors of a particular work. Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle of a work unless it is a proper noun. Italicize titles of books and journals—note that the italics extend to include the volume number of a periodical as well as the period at the end of a book title. Use “&” instead of “and” when listing multiple authors of a single work. The first line of each entry in your Reference list should be at your left margin; subsequent lines should be indented ½ inch. The entire Reference page must be double-spaced—do not add extra spacing between entries. Space once after periods that separate parts of a reference citation. Provide the year of publication only—the only exception to this is if you are referencing a monthly or weekly magazine or a newspaper article. References to academic journals should NOT include the month or date. Personal communications (emails, interviews, lectures, speeches, telephone conversations) do not appear in the reference list. They should, however, be cited in the body of your paper. Example: J. Burnitz (personal communication, September 20, 2009) indicated that .… or In a recent class lecture (K. Frenn, NSG 101, April 19, 2009), I learned that ….



       



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Numbers of Authors
No Author/Unsigned Article
Online education eradicates illiteracy all across the globe. (2011, January 25). M2PressWIRE. Retrieved from Newspaper Source database. Heuristic. (n.d.). In Meriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/ dictionary/heuristic

One to Six Authors
Connell, D., & Gunzelmann, B. (2004). The new gender gap. Instructor, 113(6), 14-17. Retrieved from Academic Source Premier. Gleason, J. (2010). Special education in context : An ethnographic study of persons with developmental disabilities. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. Krishnaraj, N. N., Leen, G. S., Kane, P. P., Edge, C. J., Murphy, S. A., & Gribbin, H. R. (2003). Malignant mesothelioma presenting as stroke: A case report. European Journal of Cancer Care, 12(4), 365368. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2354.2003.00410.x Philip, B. N., Kiss, A. J., & Lee, J. E. (2011). The protective role of aquaporins in the freeze-tolerant insect Eurosta solidaginis: Functional characterization and tissue abundance of EsAQP1. Journal of Experimental Biology, 215(5), 848-857. doi:10.1242/jeb.051276
Rekart, J. L., & Routtenberg, A. (2010). Overexpression of GAP-43 reveals unexpected properties of hippocampal mossy fibers. Hippocampus, 20(1), 46-57. Retrieved from PsycINFO database.

More Than Seven Authors
List the first six authors (in the order they are presented) followed by an ellipses ( . . . ) and the name of the last author. Cunningham, P. D., Valdes, N., Vallejo, F., Hayden, L. M., Polishak, B., Xing-Hua Z., . . . Twieg, R. (2011). Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials. Journal of Applied Physics, 109(4), 43505-43511. Retrieved from Academic Source Premier.
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PERIODICALS—PRINT FORMAT
If a database leads you to a PDF file of a print source, cite it using the examples below. You do not need to name the database in your citation.
Author, A. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of the Periodical, volume (also italicized), issue (if provided), page number(s).

JOURNAL AND MAGAZINE ARTICLES—PRINT
Gielen, A. C., Kerkhofs, M., & Van Ours, J. (2010). How performance related pay affects productivity and employment. Journal of Population Economics, 23(1), 291-301.

Pemberton, C., & Johnson, R. (2010, December). Back to school: A lesson in social work flexibility. Community Care, 22-23.
Pop goes psychology. (2010). Psychology Today, 43(1), 32.

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE—PRINT
Precede page numbers for newspaper articles with p. or pp. If an article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers and separate the numbers with a comma. Fountain, H. (2010, February 2). No place like foam for tropical frogs. The New York Times, p. D4. Landro, L. (2009, October 27). The picture of health. Wall Street Journal, pp. R4, R6. New drug cuts risk of death from heart failure. (2001, August 3). The Washington Post, p. A12.

PAMPHLET—PRINT
Author. (Date). Title of pamphlet/brochure[type of document]. Place of Publication, Publisher. Internal Revenue Service. (2005). Home-based business tax avoidance schemes [Brochure]. Washington, DC: Internal Revenue Service.

Southern New Hampshire Medical Center. (2009). Patient rights and responsibilities [Brochure]. Nashua, NH: Southern New Hampshire Medical Center.

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATION—PRINT
Agency. (Date). Title of document. Place of Publication, Publisher. Department of Labor. (2003). Employment law guide (OASP-01). Washington, DC: Department of Labor. U.S. Census Bureau. (2005). Statistical abstract of the United States: 2006. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
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PERIODICALS—ELECTRONIC FORMAT
If a database leads you to a PDF file of a print source, cite it using the In Print format above.

FINDING AND USING A DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
APA recommends providing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), when it is available, as opposed to the URL. The use of a DOI attempts to provide stable, long-lasting links for online articles. Many publishers will provide an article's DOI on the first page of the document or on the results page.

If an online journal article has a DOI, it will be provided on the first page of the article

If an article from an online database (such as EBSCOHost) has a DOI, it will be provided on the Results Page

The DOI will also be provided at the bottom of the database landing page (the first page of the listing)

Author, A. (date). Title of article. [Descriptive information, if any) Title of Periodical, volume(also italicized), pages (if given). doi: number Hurst, J., & Beyson, R. (2010). Making progress in genetic kin recognition among vertebrates. Journal of Biology, 9(13), 123-132. doi: 10.1186/jbiol221 Routtenberg, A., & Rekart, J. (2005). Post-translational protein modification as the substrate for longlasting memory. Trends in Neurosciences, 29(1), 12-19. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2004.11.006 Westly, E. (2010). Bioethicists renew call for changes to prison research. Nature Medicine, 16(1), 13-14. doi: 10.1038/nm0110-13a
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JOURNAL OR MAGAZINE ARTICLE FOUND IN DATABASE—NO PDF, NO DOI
Author, A. (date). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume (also italicized), pages (if given). Retrieved from [name of database]. Menke, M. (2005). Thy will be done: German Catholics and national identity in the twentieth century. Catholic Historical Review, 91(2), 300-320. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier. Mantel, B. (2011, April 15). Organ donations. CQ Researcher, 21, 337-360. Retrieved from CQ Researcher. Public housing residents would seek better-paying jobs if not penalized by higher rents. (2009, December). Journal of Housing & Community Development, 62(4), 21. Retrieved from LexusNexus.

ERIC DOCUMENTS
Abdal-Haqq, I. (1997). Not just a warm body: Changing images of the substitute teacher (Report No. ED412208). Retrieved from ERIC website, http://www.eric.ed.gov Henness, S.A. (2001). K-12 service learning: A strategy for rural community renewal and revitalization. Retrieved from ERIC database (ED 461466). Winters, M. A., & Greene, J. P. (2009). How special ed vouchers keep kids from being mislabeled as disabled. Civic Report No. 58. (Report No. ED509527). Retrieved from ERIC website, http://www.eric.ed.gov Verdonk, P., Benschop, Y., de Haes, H., Mans, L., & Lagro-Janssen, T. (2009). Gender mainstreaming in medical education. Gender and Education, 21(6), 703-719. Retrieved from ERIC database (ED 598332).

ONLINE JOURNAL OR MAGAZINE ARTICLE—FROM WORLD WIDE WEB, NO DOI
Author, A. (date). Title of Article. Title of Periodical , volume(also italicized), issue, pages (if given). Retrieved from [complete URL address] Faiia, M. M. (2009). Women behind bars. InSight: Rivier Academic Journal, 5(2). Retrieved from http://www.rivier.edu/journal/ROAJ-Fall-2009/J297-Faiia.pdf iPads could hinder teaching, professors say. (2011, March 13). Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/article/iPads-for-College-Classrooms-/126681/ Ucbasaran, D, Westhead, P., & Wright, M. (2011, April). Why serial entrepreneurs don’t learn from failure. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from http://hbr.org/2011/04/why-serial-entrepreneurs-dontlearn-from-failure/ar/1
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ONLINE NEWSPAPER ARTICLE—FROM DATABASE
Fountain, H. (2010, February 2). No place like foam for tropical frogs. The New York Times, p. D4. Retrieved from ProQuest. Landro, L. (2009, October 27). The picture of health. Wall Street Journal, pp. R4, R6. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.

ONLINE NEWSPAPER ARTICLE—FROM WORLD WIDE WEB
LaFranier, S. (2011, March 16). China slows nuclear power plans. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/17/world/asia/17china.html?_r=1&ref=business Singletary, M. (2010, January 10). Married college graduates make more money.WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wpdyn/content/article/2010/01/20/ AR2010012004769.html

ARTICLE OR PAGE FROM THE WORLD WIDE WEB
If there is no author, consider the web site sponsor to be the author; if there is a span of dates (usually at the bottom of the web page/section), include the full range.

ACLU. (2007, November 29). FBI improperly using Patriot Act surveillance powers. ACLU: American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved from http://www.aclu.org/safefree/nationalsecurityletters /32904p20071129.html
American Diabeties Association. (1995-2010). Living with diabeties: Treatment and care. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/ Archiving Early America. (1996–2011). Boston massacre: A behind-the-scenes look at Paul Revere’s most famous engraving. Retrieved from http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/winter96/massacre.html Crowley, P. (2011, February 17). Proposed changes to regulation of women's shelters in Afghanistan. Retrieved from US Department of State website: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/ 2011/02/156749.htm Pennsylvania Department of Education. (2010). Academic standards for mathematics. Retrieved from http://www.pde.state.pa.us/k12/lib/k12/MATH.pdf

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ONLINE INFORMATION —CORPORATE, GOVERNMENT, or GROUP AUTHORS
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2003). Managing asthma: A guide for schools (NIH Publication No. 02-2650). Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/lung/asthma/asth_sch.pdf U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). School Health Index: A self-assessment and planning guide [Electronic resource]. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/SHI/pdf/SHI-brochure-05.pdf NAACP. (n.d.). Juvenile justice fact sheet. Retrieved from http://www.naacp.org/advocacy/research /facts/Juvenile%20Justice.pdf

DISSERTATIONS—ONLINE
Caprette, C. L. (2005). Conquering the cold shudder: The origin and evolution of snake eyes (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://www.ohiolink.edu/etd/send-pdf.cgi?acc_num=osu1111184984 Lankheit, L. (2009). Ambulatory surgical patients' perception of preoperative teaching (M.S.N. dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses. (Publication No. AAT 1493993). Pecore, J. T. (2004). Sounding the spirit of Cambodia: The living tradition of Khmer music and dancedrama in a Washington, DC community (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3114720).

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CITING BOOKS—IN PRINT
Author, A. (Date of publication). Title of the book (edition, if provided). City, State: Publisher.

BOOK IN PRINT
Chitty, D. (2003). Do lemmings commit suicide? Beautiful hypotheses and ugly facts. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Hoff, R. (1992). I can see you naked : Making fearless presentations (New rev. ed.). Kansas City, MO: Andrews and McMeel. Lilienfeld, S., Lynn, S.J., Ruscio, J., & Beyerstein, B. (2009). 50 great myths of popular psychology: Shattering widespread misconceptions about human behavior. New York, NY: Wiley-Blackwell. Tavani, H. T. (2007). Ethics & technology: Ethical issues in an age of information & communication technology (2nd ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

ANTHOLOGY OR EDITED BOOK IN PRINT
Heppner, R. (Ed.). (2009). Remembering Woodstock. Charleston, SC: The History Press. McCormick, K. (Ed.). (2003). Reading our histories, understanding our cultures. New York, NY: Longman.

CHAPTER OR ESSAY IN AN EDITED BOOK/ WORK IN AN ANTHOLOGY IN PRINT
Author of section, A. (Publication year of book). Title of section. In A. Author (Ed.), Title of book (pages of section). City, State: Publisher. Knapp, C. (2011). Add cake, subtract self-esteem. In J. S. Miller (Ed.), Acting out culture (pp. 232-245). Boston, MA: Bedford/ St. Martins. Riabov, V. (2007). Simple mail transfer protocol. In H. Bidgoli (Ed.), Handbook of computer networks (Vol. 2, pp. 388-406). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. Sandroff, R. (1996). The psychology of change. In D.E. Hebding & L. Glick (Eds.), Introduction to sociology: A text with readings (pp. 152-157). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

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INTRODUCTION, PREFACE, FOREWARD, APPENDIX, or AFTERWARD IN PRINT
Author of section, A. (Year). Description. In First initial, Last name of author of book [electronic version, if appropriate] (page numbers of the section). City, State: Publisher. Jeffrey, I. (2008). Introduction. In B. Saveley, Secret city: Photographs from Peru (pp. 8-12). New York, NY: Thames and Hudson. Sulloway, F. (1998). Appendix B: A review of Born to Rebel. In K. Leman, The Birth Order Book (pp. 352-356). Grand Rapids, MI: Revell.

REFERENCE BOOKS IN PRINT
Schlager, N. (Ed.). (2000-2004). How products are made: An illustrated guide to product manufacturing (Vols. 1-4). Detroit, MI: Gale Research. Mills, L. (1996). Architecture of the Old South (Vols. 1-2). Savannah, GA: Beehive Foundation.

ITEM/ENTRY IN A REFERENCE BOOK IN PRINT
Blisten, E. (1994). Humor. In Encyclopedia America (Vol. 14, pp. 563-564). Danbury, CT: Grolier Inc. Dramatic irony. (2000). In A handbook to literature (8th ed.). Upper Saddle Rivier, NJ: Prentice Hall. Eschatology. (1982). In Webster’s new world dictionary of the American language (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

BOOK BY A CORPORATE OR GROUP AUTHOR IN PRINT
Often, a corporate author is also the publisher. If that is the case, type the word “Author” in place of the publisher.

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Icon Group International. (2009). Quorum books: Webster's timeline history, 1979 - 2004 . San Diego: Author. Washington Post Writers Group. (1995). Issues in adolescent sexuality: Readings from the Washington Post writers group. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

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CITING BOOKS—ELECTRONIC FORMAT
Author, A. (Date of publication). Title of the book (edition, if provided). [version, if applicable]. Retrieved from [complete URL address] OR doi: [number]

BOOK—ELECTRONIC
Freud, S. (1911). The interpretation of dreams (3rd ed.). (A. A. Brill, Trans.). Retrieved from http://www.psychwww.com/ books/interp/toc.htm Lang, J. D. (2006). Memoirs of a middle school counselor [Kindle version]. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi: 10.1036/0071393722 Shotton, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency [DX Reader version]. Retrieved from http://www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk/html/index.asp

ANTHOLOGY OR EDITED BOOK—ELECTRONIC
Dickinson, G. L., & Flynn, L. (Eds.). (2009). Nursing policy research: Turning evidence-based research into health policy [ebrary version]. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co., Retrieved from http://lib.rivier.edu/record=b1193769~S0

CHAPTER OR ESSAY IN AN EDITED BOOK/ WORK IN AN ANTHOLOGY—ELECTRONIC
Keller, E. (1999). Gender and science. In C. Polifroni & M. Welch (Eds.), Perspectives on philosophy of science in nursing, an historical and contemporary anthology [iGoogle version] (pp. 427-439). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/ ig?referrer=ign#max33

INTRODUCTION, PREFACE, FOREWARD, APPENDIX, or AFTERWARD—ELECTRONIC
Jahoda, G. (2002). Preface. In J. Berry, Cross-cultural psychology, research and applications [iGoogle version] (pp.xv-xvii). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Press. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/ ig?referrer=ign#max33

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REFERENCE BOOKS—ELECTRONIC
Lerner, K. L., & Lerner, B. W. (Eds.). (2004). Gale encyclopedia of science (3rd ed., 6 vols.). Detroit, MI: Gale. Retrieved from http://0-find.galegroup.com.lib.rivier.edu/gvrl/start.do?prodId=GVRL

ITEM/ENTRY IN A REFERENCE BOOK—ELECTRONIC
Baptism. (2009). The Catholic encyclopedia. New York, NY: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved from http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02258b.htm Tavris, C. (n.d.). Queen bee syndrome. In Women’s studies encyclopedia (Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved from http://www.stanford.edu/entries.readingtrends

BOOK BY A CORPORATE OR GROUP AUTHOR—ELECTRONIC
Media Projects Incorporated. (2003). Student almanac of African American history [Kindle version]. New York, NY: Greenwood. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com National Advisory Mental Health Council Behavioral Science Workgroup. (2000). Translating behavioral science into action. Bethesda, MD.: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS20928

Other Resources
INTERVIEWS CONDUCTED BY RESEARCHER
Interviews are personal communications, which are only cited in the text of the paper, not in the reference list. APA does not recommend including personal communications because of the difficulty of recovering them at a later time.

BLACKBOARD
Booth, S. (2010, January 22). Lecture notes: 1/20/10 [Online handout]. Retrieved from http://rivier.blackboard.com Johansson, S. (2010, February 14). Response to gender identity readings: PSY 101 [Online forum post]. Retrieved from http://rivier.blackboard.com Rampersad, J. (2010, February 16). Re: Response to gender identity readings: PSY 101 [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://rivier.blackboard.com O’Donnell, P. (2010, March 4). Sexuality and gender identity [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://rivier.blackboard.com
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ONLINE FORUMS, BLOG POSTS, WEB-BASED SOURCES
Authors often adopt screen names when posting to the web

J.Z. (2009, January 22). The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://science blogs.com/pharyngula/2009/01/ the_unfortunate_ prerequisite.php MiddleKid. (2009, January 23). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://science blogs.com/pharyngula/2009/01/ the_unfortunate_ prerequisite.php pspecht. (2009, February 9). Re: Brilliant things teachers do with technology [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://forums.educationworld.com/index.php?t=msg&th= 2424&start=0&rid=0&S=e1cdca1c671907159563374a67958573 Smith, S. (2009, January 5). Re: Disputed estimates of IQ [Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from http://tech. groups.yahoo.com/group/ForensicNetwork/message/670 Zompist. (2009, September 30). Star wars: Hope not so new anymore [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://zompist.wordpress.com/2009/09/30/star-wars-hope-not-so-new-anymore/

FILM, VIDEO, YouTube, PODCAST RECORDING
Carr, P. (Producer), & Sommers, S. (Director). (2004). The mummy [DVD]. New York, NY: MCA Universal Home Video. Ferrell, W. (Producer). (2007). The landlord [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.funnyordie.com/ videos/74 Kamaron Institute. (2009, April 20). Cyber bullying prevention: A survival guide [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ck-OIP6nwLo&feature =pyv&ad= 2786451113&kw=%22internet%20bullying%22 Scott, D. (Producer). (2007, January 5). The community college classroom [Podcast file]. Adventures in Education. Retrieved from http://www.adveeducation.com

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TELEVISION PROGRAM, EPISODE, OR SINGLE BROADCAST
Bright, K. S. (Executive Producer). (1994). Friends [Television series]. New York, NY: National Broadcasting Company. Espenson, J. (Writer), & Little, D. (Director). (2009, May 1). Briar rose [Video file]. In J. Whedon (Producer), Dollhouse [Television program]. Retrieved from http://www.hulu.com/watch/ 71001/dollhousebriar-rose#s-p1-so-i0 Reich, A., Cohen, T. (Writers), & Bright, K. S. (Director). (2003). The one after Joey and Rachel kiss [Television series episode]. In K. S. Bright (Producer), Friends. New York, NY: National Broadcasting Company. Riker, David (Director). (2005, February 11). The city: La ciudad [Television broadcast]. Alexandria: Public Broadcasting Service.

AUDIO, MUSIC, PODCAST RECORDING
Ashbrook, T. (Host and Managing Editor). (2009, August 25). A family off the grid [Audio file]. In On point [Radio program]. Retrieved from http://www.onpointradio.org/2009/a-family-off-the-grid Bell, T., & Phillips, T. (2008, May 6). A solar flare. Science @ NASA Podcast. [Podcast] Retrieved from http://science.nasa.gov/podcast.htm Sexton, A. (Speaker). (1999). Anne Sexton reads [Cassette]. New York, NY: HarperAudio. Vaughan, S. (1963). Love me or leave me. On Anthology [CD]. Nashville: Stardust Records.

© Leslie Van Wagner, 2012

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CREATING A REFERENCE PAGE USING APA References Bell, T., & Phillips, T. (2008, May 6). A solar flare. Science @ NASA Podcast. [Podcast] Retrieved from http://science.nasa.gov/podcast.htm Booth, S. (2010, January 22). Lecture notes: 1/20/10 [Online handout]. Retrieved from http://rivier.blackboard.com

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Eschatology. (1982). In Webster’s new world dictionary of the American language (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Simon and Schuster. Media Projects Incorporated. (2003). Student almanac of African American history [Kindle version]. New York, NY: Greenwood. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com Menke, M. (2005) Thy will be done: German Catholics and national identity in the twentieth century. Catholic Historical Review, 91(2), 300-320. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier. New drug cuts risk of death from heart failure. (2001, August 3). The Washington Post, p. A12. Pennsylvania Department of Education. (1999). Academic standards for mathematics. Retrieved from http://www.pde.state.pa.us/k12/lib/k12/MATH.pdf pspecht. (2009, February 9). Re: Brilliant things teachers do with technology [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://forums.educationworld.com/index.php?t=msg&th= 2424&start=0&rid=0&S=e1cdca1c671907159563374a67958573 Riabov, V. (2007) Simple mail transfer protocol. In H. Bidgoli (Ed.), Handbook of Computer Networks (Vol. 2, pp. 388-406). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. Riker, David (Director). (2005, February 11). The city: La ciudad [Television broadcast]. Alexandria, VA: Public Broadcasting Service. Routtenberg, A., & Rekart, J. (2005). Post-translational protein modification as the substrate for longlasting memory. Trends in Neurosciences, 29(1), 12-19. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2004.11.006 Tavani, H. T. (2007). Ethics & technology: Ethical issues in an age of information & communication technology (2nd ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
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