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APAStyle
IN-TEXT CITATIONS

A Quick Guide

Campus Writing Program & the IUB Libraries

This is an APA style guide for the most commonly used citation formats. Examples are adapted from the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

Anonymous or unknown author: (Short Title, year, pp.); (“Short Article,” year) Citation: It was found that dogs bark when they feel threatened (“Characteristics of Dogs,” 1991). Reference: Characteristics of dogs in their natural habitats. (2005, July 13). New York Times, p. B13. One author: (Author, year, pp.) Citation: The author found that cars go fast (Smith, 2000, p. 123). Smith (2000, p. 123) found that cars go fast. Reference: Smith, A. (2000). Cars go fast. New York, NY: Good Publishing, Inc. Two authors: (Author1 & Author2, year, pp.) Citation: The study found that dogs bark (Smith & Jones, 2005). Smith and Jones (2005) found that dogs bark. Reference: Smith, B. B., & Jones, B. B. (2005). Noises that animals make in their natural habitats. Journal of Animal Science, 4(2), 15-27. Three – five authors: First cite: (Author1, Author2, & Author3, year, pp.) Next cite: (Author1 et al., year, pp.) Citation: The authors found that cars go fast (Smith, Jones, & Rogers, 2000, p. 123). The authors found that cars go fast (Smith et al., 2000, p. 123). Smith, Jones, and Rogers (2000, p. 123) found that cars go fast. Smith et al. (2000, p. 123) found that cars go fast. Reference: Smith, A., Jones, A., & Rogers, A. (2000). Cars go fast. New York, NY: Good Publishers, Inc.

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APAStyle
IN-TEXT CITATIONS

A Quick Guide

Campus Writing Program & the IUB Libraries

Six+ authors: (Author1 et al., year, pp.) Note: For six or more authors, use et al. the first time and give the full citation in references. Citation: The study found that cars go fast (Smith et al., 2005). Smith et al. (2005) found that…...

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