Free Essay

Apologetics

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By x4v13r
Words 518
Pages 3
Apologetics

A couple of months ago, being pretty ignorant, I had to ask myself, “what exactly is Apologetics.” After a little research and a few lectures from my Professors, I learned that “it is the defense of Christian faith, usually on intellectual issues.” (Horton 640). There are many arguments that can be used in order to defend the faith, however, I will focus on four arguments, ontological, Natural Theology, accuracy of scriptures, and personal miracles.
First is the ontological argument. “Human beings almost universally acknowledge that there is something, or someone, beyond themselves and that in some way, or ways, they are responsible to that something or someone (Railey/Aker 40).” This shows that the human race recognizes the fact that we are not alone in the universe and we are to some extent dependent on something supernatural.
Secondly is the appeal of Natural Theology. We can look all around at the beautiful things on this earth and we can see that it must have had divine intervention from some one or thing. “Creation, with its infinite variety, beauty, and order, reflects a God who is infinitely wise and powerful.” (Higgins 69).
Thirdly is accuracy of scriptures. “The Bible is internally consistent even though it was written over a period of some 1,500 years, about 1450 bce to 100 ce, over 40 generations by more than 40 different authors.” (Marino bibliology 4.1.1.3.) “Discovery after discovery has established the accuracy of innumerable details, and has brought increased recognition to the value of the Bible as a source of history” (Higgins 88).
Last and most importantly to myself is Personal Miracles. I was a witness to an exorcism when I was at a young age of 13. I was at a youth camp and the evangelist went over and started praying for this young lady out of the clear blue. She immediately pulled away and started to curse him. He continued to pray for her and then she collapsed to the floor and began to convulse and spit up blood. I watched in aw as the evangelist said, “In Jesus name, demon flea!” I was amazed as the girl just sat up and started to praise God and smile and her whole demeanor changed.
Humanity today is looking for something to hold on to and is looking for answers. The world has nothing to give except a quick fix that will only last for the moment. What we have to offer as Christians is just what the world needs, however, “You can't reason people into the Kingdom of Heaven, but you can make it unreasonable for them to stay in the Kingdom of the world,” (Marino, bibliology 1.2.3.2.).

Bibliography:
Works Cited
Higgins, John R. “God’s Inspired Word.” Systematic Theology. Stanley M. Horton. Gospel Publishing House. Springfield, Missouri, 1995.
Horton, Stanley M. Systematic Theology. Gospel Publishing House. Springfield, Missouri, 1995.
Marino, Bruce R. “Theology Enchiridia.” Phoenixville, PA: Valley Forge Christian College, 2001
Railey, James H. Jr. and Benny C. Aker. “Theological Foundations.” Systematic Theology. Stanley M. Horton. Gospel Publishing House. Springfield, Missouri, 1995.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Apologetics

...E Leo Whitworth Jr. Dr. C Fred Smith Apologetics 500-D01-LUO April 1, 2015 * What do you think is the best apologetic method and defend your view. * The relationship between faith and reason * A comparison between the evidentialist, presuppositionalist, and experimentalist strategies. In my view, the best argument in apologetics is the evidentialist method. This method argues that the most significant historical events in Christianity- particular the resurrection of Jesus are matters that can be established through proper historical argumentation, even apart from any prior arguments for the existence of God. Instead of trying to prove the existence of God through some form of rational proof, the evidentialist attempts to prove the existence of God through the truth of scripture and then using that truth to prove the existence and nature of God. To do this the evidentialist has to successfully defend his understanding of past events and his interpretation of texts and historical theories and ideology. The evidentialist also assumes a shared view of experiences, scientific theories, and the general rules of logic when engaging a skeptic, and there has to be some shared study and common ground of the nature and philosophy with the unbeliever to have a meaningful discussion. One of the advantages of being an evidentialist you can argue both for theism and for Christian theism at the same time without recourse to an elaborate natural theology. For......

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Apologetics

...Apologetics Application Paper: Part 1 Submission Form APOL 500 November 5, 2014 1. Target Audience: Atheist 2. Summary of Significant Elements of the Worldview of the Target Audience: Douglas Groothuis stated in his writings that “ Our worldview shapes who we are and what we do. We are driven by our deepest beliefs, and interpret the world according to them, often almost automatically.” (pg.75) Atheist do not believe that God exist, they believe a lot in matter. I think that you must know something about the Bible before you can have a Christian worldview. One of the residents that I work with is an atheist, and he has no explanation for being an atheist, except, because he wants to. It is the way he was taught as a child that is the problem. 3. Ideas of How Christianity Can Address the Worldview: The Christian worldview summons people to follow Christ, to recognize, and obey the truth that sets them free. The atheist are very committed in what they believe, and a Christian is very committed in what they believe. There are different parts of beliefs. There is deism, naturalism and the New Age way of thinking. (Groothuis, pg.75) 4. Preliminary List of Issues to Be Addressed in the Final Paper: * The Atheistic Arguments, Errors, and Insights. * What is the causes of Atheism? * How new is the New Age Atheism? 5. Preliminary Bibliography Craig, William Lane. “Classical Apologetics.” In Five Views on Apologetics, edited by......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

What Is Apologetics

...University Apologetics An apology, as the term is used here, is not saying "I'm sorry." Rather, it means a ready defense; "offered in defense or vindication, especially of the divine origin and authority of Christianity." Thus an apology is a defense of what you believe to be true. An apologist is a person who makes the defense. And apologetics is a "systematic argumentative discourse in defense." (All quotes in this paragraph taken from Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. The reason I should defend my faith as First Peter 3:15 says, "Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have." When non-Christians ask tough questions about the Christian faith, I will be able to give a solid and logical response. If not, there is an opportunity lost to spread God's Word. Worse, the Christian who has a weak foundation for his faith can be easily shaken by the doubts of non-believers. Though not everything in the Bible can be proven beyond a shadow of a doubt, there is far more proof than most people Christian or non-Christian are aware of. As apologists for my faith, it is my job to line up the available evidence, base my decisions upon it, and present the evidence to others to help give them an intelligent foundation for their decisions. "An intelligent Christian ought to be able to point up the flaws in a non-Christian position and to present facts and arguments which tell in favor of the gospel. If our......

Words: 3503 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Apologetics in Theology

...Apologetics in Christian Theology Part One: A world view is a fundamental cognitive orientation of a society or an individual that encompasses the entire breadth of the society or individual's knowledge and point-of-view. This can include natural philosophy, theories of fundamental, existential or normative philosophy or an elaboration of the themes, emotions, values and ethics of that person or society (" Secularism," 2004). Part Two: Articulate the biblical/Christian Worldview (what is believed) First of all, we must define which Christian world view we have. Christianity is a combination of different sects. However, the particular evangelical world view of this author is best represented by the tradition that we have received through the aegis of Martin Luther who advocated a personal relationship with Jesus Christ and an emphasis upon salvation history to elaborate upon this (MacKenzie). In the personal experience of this author, this evangelical viewpoint was chosen due to its connection with Jesus as a man and his place in history. This history is our salvation history, which stretches back in the eons into our sister faith of Judaism back to Genesis. Due to the failure of the Roman Catholic Church and the scholastic movement under Thomas Aquinas and other Christian greats of the Middle Ages, more was needed than simply an argument from the beauty and order of the cosmos for a first cause or God ("Scholasticism," 2009) . Rather, faith had to be based upon......

Words: 911 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Conversion and Apologetics

...serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” (Mk 10.44-45). In the Earley and Wheeler text it is stated, “In the end Christians must understand that unbelievers will not accept what we say about Christ until they first see the truth manifested in our lives. We are implored by the biblical example to wrap our faith in the flesh of daily living.”Being a servant not only exhibits care for the unbeliever, it also shows a genuine faith. All too often in our society, Christians can be viewed as hypocritical in that they are perceived as not being really concerned with their fellow man. This leads to misconceptions about the Savior we serve. In being a servant and willing to get my hands dirty, I can be what’s described as a “sensory apologetic” or a real life example for truth about God. People will get a glimpse that the good news is there is a Savior who can meet them at their greatest needs. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Will McRaney, The Art of Personal Evangelism: Sharing Jesus in a Changing Culture (Nashville: B & H, 2003), 46. [ 2 ]. Ibid. [ 3 ]. Dave Earley and David A. Wheeler, Evangelism Is--: How to Share Jesus with Passion and Confidence (Nashville: B & H Academic, 2010), 150. [ 4 ]. Ibid., 152....

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Apologetic Method

...APOLOGETIC METHODS Growing up in a large African American Baptist Church over the past 40 plus years with the past 30 plus years proactively engaged in the attempt of pastors & ministers trying to bridge and mesh this gap that has long existed in our places of worship for various reasons. This gap is the intellectual knowledge of the reasoning and faith. Being that faith and reason are two modes of belief, to explain the relationship of the two one must first explain exactly what reason and faith are. Reason is generally a methodical belief that is gained by utilization of intellectual, moral, or religious principles or evidence. Faith, on the other hand, is belief that is generally a willed attitude of trust motivated by inspiration by a divine authority or revelation. Hence, Reason is more so a demonstrated belief, whereas faith is more so a do-able belief. In our ancestry past, due to lack of access (opportunity) to the faith experience was more of a heart ( do- able ) belief instead of a head ( demonstrated) belief, which was not all wrong , but was not all right neither. Groothuis states ,”Biblically understood, conversion is a radical turn away from sin, selfishness and Satan, and a turn toward God and his kingdom. This incorporates the whole person, not merely the intellect….. Therefore, conversion is necessarily intellectual and involves cognitive assent to propositions taken to be objectively true. “ ( Groothuis, 2011). Basically speaking there is much......

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Evidential Apologetics

...EVIDENTIAL APOLOGETICS Michael V. Galarneau Jr. Introduction to Apologetics APOL 500 September 9, 2012 Contents Introduction 1 Summary of Evidential Apologetics 1 Critique of Evidential Apologetics 2 Proponents of Evidential Apologetics 3 Conclusion 3 Bibliography 4 Introduction Apologetics has a long history within Christianity. The term, itself, comes from the Greek word apologia which is found in 1 Peter 3:15 giving apologetics a biblical origin. Peter’s call for believers to “make a defense (apologia)” is the heart of Christian Apologetics. The idea is that, in the face of unbelief and persecution, Christians need to be ready to defend or argue for their belief in Christ. Put a little more plainly, apologetics is “defending Christianity in the context of an unbelieving and skeptical world.” Apologetics comes in many forms or styles that can by generally categorized as one of two differing styles: positive apologetics (“presents the truth of Christ”) or polemics (“proclaims the errors of all other systems”). Within the two styles of apologetics, there are many different approaches to or uses of them. This paper will focus on just one of the many Apologetic Methods: Evidentialism, with the purpose of providing an analysis of the evidential approach to apologetics. Summary of Evidential Apologetics Evidential Apologetics is a form of positive apologetics that is actually a sub-genre of the......

Words: 945 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Apologetic Methods

...According to Groothuis, various apologetic systems have proved useful, even though the best apologetic method must squarely face its limits. Even though a thorough and wide ranging apologetic is surely needed today, apologetics is bounded by at least three realities. [1] First, the Bible is a long, ancient and sometimes perplexing book for contemporary people. Defending what the Bible teaches is not a simple task and it certainly does not admit of a formula. We should realize that all our intellectual endeavors, especially those dealing with the broadest and deepest questions of life’s meaning, will be dogged to some degree by misunderstand, ignorance and intellectual disappointment. To hold that the Christian worldview is the best rational explanation for the things that matter most does not imply that we have a lock on all the best arguments or have attained all the truths we need. [2] Second, apologetics is limited not only by the difficulty of the subject itself, but by the weaknesses of the subjects who practice it which is us. We commend and defend Christianity through our speech, our writing and our demeanor. If we fall short as apologists, this does not mean that Christianity is untrue or irrational, or that all our efforts are vain. Our job is to faithfully give the best arguments possible from the purest heart possible. [3] Then lastly, apologetics must be understood within the framework of God’s secret councils. God often does not tell us how or why......

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Apologetics Tests

...Quiz 1 Question 1 0 out of 3 points The following cannot be said of the Bible. Selected Answer: All of the above Question 2 3 out of 3 points Paul speaking on Mars Hill, as found in Acts 17, is an example of cultural apologetics. Selected Answer: True Question 3 3 out of 3 points In the 20th century most evangelicals spoke of culture from a “Christ above culture” perspective. Selected Answer: False Question 4 0 out of 3 points When Jesus healed the crazed man who lived in a graveyard near Decapolis the people of the city: Selected Answer: Refused to believe and did not go out to meet Him Question 5 3 out of 3 points Christianity is unique in its belief that humanity is hopeless and spiritual dead unable to save themselves through human effort. Selected Answer: True Question 6 3 out of 3 points Selected Answer: True All copies of the biblical manuscript are inspired just like the original manuscripts. Selected Answer: False Question 7 3 out of 3 points Because of the respect that people had for the Apostle Paul his message of Jesus Christ was accepted by almost everyone who heard him. Selected Answer: False Question......

Words: 4066 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Apologetic Terms

...1. Apologetics- Being able to defend the faith. 1 Peter 3:15 Apologia-Greek word “defense’ 2. Atheism-The lack of belief in a god and/or the belief that there is no god.  The position held by a person or persons that 'lack belief' in god(s) and/or deny that god(s) exist. 3. Circular argument- argument in which the conclusion of an argument is one of its premises; argument assuming something that would ordinarily not be assumed by someone who didn’t believe the conclusion 4. Coventalism- or Covenant theology; is an interpretive framework for understanding the overall flow of the Bible, focusing on the covenants God made. 5. Deduction-A system of logic, inference, and conclusion drawn from examination of 6. Dispensationalism-a method of interpreting the Bible that divides history into periods of time called “dispensations.” 7. Empiricism-The belief that real knowledge is only acquired through sense experience. 8. Epistemological Dualism-Knowledge consists of a mind that knows and ideas that are known. 9. Epistemology--The branch of philosophy that deals with knowing and the methods of obtaining knowledge. 10. Ethics-Study of right and wrong, good and bad, moral judgment, etc. 11. Evidential Apologetics-An apologetic approach emphasizing individual facts and arguments, including: archaeology, effects on society, historical evidences, miracles, prophecy, and the uniqueness of Christianity and/or Scripture. 12. Faith-Acceptance of......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Apologetics Application Paper

...Apologetics Application Paper: Part 2 Submission Form Kristina Pickett APOL 500 November 15, 2014 Instructions for submitting the Apologetics Application Paper: Part 2 • Complete your introduction as it will appear in the final paper. • Include an outline of each major element of the final paper. • Include your full bibliography. • Follow the template / submission form provided. Submit the Apologetics Application Paper: Part 2 by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 4. Add as much space as necessary to each section below. 1. Introduction Paragraph for Final Paper: As a Christian born and raised I have created for myself a sheltered little world where only Christians exist. My entire family is Christian, I grew up in a predominately Christian neighborhood, of course, I only associated with the Christian neighbors, I attended a small Christian college and I married a Christian. My husband and I decided to raise our little Christian family in a middle upper class community with the mindset that we would provide for our children a more affluent environment, provide a better public education and give them opportunities for a more successful future. We also wanted diversity for our children so that they would have the advantage of experiencing different cultures and having a broader general worldview of humanity. Good idea, yet, unexpected results. We found it very difficult to raise...

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Secularism and Christian Apologetics

...Secularism and Christian Apologetics When I consider the reasons I returned to school and the chain of events that precipitated this dramatic life altering change, I know in my heart it is God guiding my steps. I am only a student, a late in life student, but I hope in some way I can be of some help perhaps through education a chance in some unknown infinitesimal way of helping to restore our country to some semblance of the moral clarity this nation was founded on. The Secular left is arguably responsible for the loss of our moral compass, today’s society is devoid of character, strength of integrity, honesty, piety, and respect for fellow man. While I am just a student, for me to be able to learn about a way (Apologetics) to help defend Christianity and as a result of my studies perhaps defend my country and my God, it is quite an honor that I hold dearly. I think this is summed up best by one of history’s early recognitions of our nation when described by the French Ambassador, Alexis de Tocqueville, as observed in Democracy in America; I do not know whether all Americans have a sincere faith in their religion, for who can read the human heart? But I am certain that they hold it to be indispensible to the maintenance of republican institutions. This opinion is not peculiar to a class of citizens or to a party, but it belongs to the whole nation and to every rank of society (Tocqueville). I pray we can become closer to this ideal once again. Secularism it is commonly...

Words: 2794 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Apologetics Application Paper

...APOLOGETICS APPLICATION PAPER Glenda Campbell APOL 500 July 4, 2014 Outline Introduction 1. Summary of the Islamic worldview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Evaluating the Islamic Worldview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3. Correcting the Islamic Worldview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4. Defending the Christian Worldview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5. Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Apologetics Application Paper Introduction According to Brown, people everywhere filter what they read and hear through the grid of their own worldview. We all see the world different and the assumptions and prejudices that have about the world have an effect on how we regard the world. The Christian worldview and the Islamic worldview are similar, but they are different in many ways. But, what is a worldview? The ways a person views and understands the world have an effect on everyone. Sire defines a worldview as "a set of presuppositions (or assumptions) which we hold (consciously or......

Words: 2687 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Reformed Apologetics Ministries

...Reformed Apologetics Ministries Monday, March 17, 2014 Historical Examination of Roman Catholic Eucharist Theology Rome claims her view is historical. We will now examine if the early church writers taught transubstantiation of the bread and wine as well as the Mass being seen as an expiatory and propitiatory sacrifice. Rome has erroneously claimed her modern view has always been held by the historic church. At the Council of Trent Rome taught her belief was affirmed by “all our forefathers” (Thirteenth Session, Chapter 1, The Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, trans. H. J. Schroeder, [TAN Books and Publishers, 1978], p. 73), that is, church fathers. Trent also claimed, “because that Christ, our Redeemer, declared that which He offered under the species of bread to be truly His own body, therefore has it ever been a firm belief in the Church of God” (Thirteen Session, Chapter 4, The Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, trans. H. J. Schroeder, [TAN Books and Publishers, 1978], p. 75). We will therefore test Rome’s claims historically. Rome’s idea ahistorical & based on Aristotelian concepts adopted late by the church. Rome’s doctrine of transubstantiation is dependent on the pagan Aristotle’s philosophical idea of accidents and substance. Modern Rome’s specific view as espoused by the Fourth Lateran Council and the Council of Trent, as well as other papal documents, that the substance of the elements change into the body and blood of Christ, while the......

Words: 9876 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Apologetics Application Paper: Part 1 Submission Form

...Apologetics Application Paper: Part 1 Submission Form Curtisha Lawrence APOL 500 November 2, 2014 1. Target Audience: The target audience I have chosen is from the false theistic system. The world religion of Islam is a monotheistic world religion. Islam is an important religion that Christians should research in order to respond effectively and in a manner that does not appear to be condescending to the other. However, the Christian should develop a level of apologetics to defend the faith in a -knowledgeable and Christ-like fashion. 2. Summary of Significant Elements of the Worldview of the Target Audience: Muslims live in a monotheistic society devoting themselves to one god, Allah. Any gods or belief contrary to Allah is known to be blasphemous. In Islam, the Quaran is the source of ultimate authority. It goes into detail of who Allah is and highlights the humans are to treat others with dignity and with good deeds. Humans are to be believed as coming from clay and jinn created from smokeless flames. They also believe that there has been a succession of prophets with specifically identifying Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus preceding Muhammad. Muslims believe that Allah will return and resurrect the dead and every person will be judged in the Day of Judgment. At that time there will be a balance of good deeds verses bad deeds, and those who have good deeds overweighing the bad will live in paradise and those who have lived a life of bad choices...

Words: 488 - Pages: 2