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Approach to Care

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Cancer is the leading cause of deaths in United States (CDC, 2012) even though there are significant improvements and increased treatment options available in today’s world. There are over a million new cases reported each year. Around 1,500 deaths reported each day due to cancer (CDC, 2012). Cancer is considered a group of disease that is described as uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. The result of uncontrolled growth of these abnormal cell leads to a death of a person. There are several contributing factors that fall into two broader categories such as External and Internal. External are related to tobacco, chemicals, radiations and infectious organism where internal category relates to inherited mutations, immune conditions and hormones that happens from metabolism. Further, the gender, ethnicity and overall lifestyle behavior also relates to cancer. Lack of physical activity, obesity and exposure to hazardous environmental also lead to this disease. These factors may act together or in sequence that initiate or promote the development of cancer. Several types of cancer are preventable such as cancer caused by cigarette smoking and heavy usage of alcohol. American cancer society estimated around 173, 200 cancer deaths due to tobacco use (CDC 2012).
In general, cancer patients are often having mood disorders like anxiety and depression. According to National Cancer Institute (NCI), many patients experience sadness, grief and anxiety, therefore it is very important for health care professional to understand the patient physical, emotional and psychological stresses. Nurses would be able to deliver holistic care while addressing individual needs and promoting healing process. Health care provider would be really helpful and beneficial to patient when providing information related to understanding of disease and it treatment options with side...

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