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Aratilis Ointment

In: Business and Management

Submitted By ramnel
Words 2654
Pages 11
The Problem and Its Setting This chapter presents the introduction, background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives, significance, scope and delimitations of the study, definition of terms, review of related literature and study, research method, instruments and techniques used, sampling procedure, statistical treatment for the study and presentation of data gathered.

Introduction The study is about ‘Aratilis Ointment’. The raw material is the herbal plant, Aratilis which will become a form of ointment after processing. Aratilis (Muntingia Calabura known in the Philippines as “aratilis”, “aratiles” or “saresa”) is a widely cultivated fruit-bearing tree which is abundant in tropical countries such as the Philippines. It strives in soil despite of acidity rates that most plants can’t survive on and normally grows in roadsides, open grasslands, mountains, and backyards- almost anywhere in every province in the archipelago. It is a small tree 7–12 meters tall with tiered and slightly drooping branches. It has serrated leaves 2.5–15 cm long and 1–6.5 cm wide. The flowers are small, white and slightly malodorous. It gives rise to 1–1.5 cm light red fruit. The fruit is edible, sweet and juicy, and contains a large number of tiny (0.5 mm) yellow seeds. It is a pioneer species that thrives in poor soil, able to tolerate acidic and alkaline conditions and drought. Its seeds are dispersed by birds and fruit bats. It is cultivated for its edible fruit, and has become naturalized in some other parts of the tropics, including southeastern Asia. As a pioneer plant, it could help condition the soil and make it habitable to other plants. However, it might also be considered as an invasive species since it might out-compete indigenous plants.1
ARATILES Muntingia Calabura is the one of herbal medicine...

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Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Bacterial Efficacy of Aratiles Leaves (Muntingia Calabura Linn) Against Staphylococcus Aureaus

...Muntingia calabura Linn against Staphylococcus aureaus. This study is done to provide people with an inexpensive, natural and safe anti inflammatory agent. In addition, it may ease the pain of arthritis. The output of this study will help to make anti inflammatory products out of aratilis (Muntingia calabura linn) flowers and leaves. This study might also provide new knowledge about the properties of aratilis (Muntingia calabura Linn). Extracts of aratilis leaves are subjected to several solutions of oil, water and ethanol at 1:1 ratio. Antibacterial efficacy is done using cup cylinder assay by measuring the diameter (mm) of the clear zone around the cup. The results showed that the oil solution showed an average value of 9.03mm, the ethanol solution showed an average value of 18.27 mm and the water solution with an average of 20.10 mm. The negative controls – oil, ethanol and water – exhibited an average of inhibition with values, 8.87 mm, 14.67 mm, and 12.10 mm, respectively. The positive control, Streptomycin sulfate, exhibited a wide range of inhibition with a 24.53 mm clearing. The ointment has no range of inhibition that may due to dilution to the petroleum jelly. When concentrated with the Aratilis leaves extract, different active compounds may exhibit a synergistic effect to effectively control bacterial...

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