Free Essay

Are Wee Too Dependent on Computers

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By jitendra123
Words 1829
Pages 8
Arguments about Computer dependency
Since their invention, people far and wide have become increasingly dependent on computers. Computers have found their way into just about every aspect of our lives, and in most cases, they make things easier for us [4] . They allow us to work from home, socialize with our friends and family who live too far away to visit, and they provide an ever-welcome stress relief when we come home from school or work and just want to have some fun. But as we increasingly rely on computers to get through the day, the question begs to be asked: have we become too dependent on computers?

Despite the many benefits of computers, there are also a number of arguments against them, one of which is the negative effect some believe they are having on children's education.

Illiteracy is a growing issue, and many say that computers are to blame. In the past few years, many teachers have taken to shuffling their students off to a computer to type out short, quick assignments that could easily be written out by hand. While this isn't much of an issue for older students, it is an issue for the younger students who are just learning to read and write.

Regardless of how much we're coming to rely on computers, printing and handwriting are a necessary skill to have. But typing out assignments has an effect on more than just the ability to print4. It can also negatively impact their spelling and grammar. While most programs now have spell- and grammar-check, they are not infallible; they cannot differentiate between homonyms and will often times suggest corrections that are not, in fact, correct.

Furthermore, information is often more easily and accurately remembered when children have to spend a little time writing it out by hand, rather than a few quick minutes typing away at a keyboard. Because of these factors, computers in school should be reserved for older students, longer assignments, or classes which specifically teach how to use a computer.

Another case against computers crops up when a person's interest in computers goes too far and becomes an obsession. Computers make our lives easier and give us new ways to learn about the things we're interested in. They make it possible to do many things from the comfort of our own home. We can shop online, keep in touch with our friends online, even go to school online. They make it easier to record and organize information and entertain us with a nearly endless variety of games.

However, it's still important to maintain a life outside of the cyber world; a life spent attached to a computer screen isn't a real life. When a computer becomes the central point of a person's life, they undergo a change in behavior; they become lazy and develop anti-social tendencies, and, in some severe cases, simply cannot function without a computer.

It's a common thing to see with children who have been allowed to spend too much time on the computer, watching TV, or playing video games: when it comes time to walk away, they throw temper tantrums. But it's not just a matter of behavioral changes, when a person can't tear themselves away from the screen long enough to take part in any other activity, it can take a toll on their comfort and health. They may experience weight gain, strained eyes, and headaches, among other unpleasant side-effects. However, it can also be argued that this is not the fault of the computer, but rather the fault of the person [5] .

Perhaps the most convincing argument, however, is the issue of safety. Aside from the issue of sharing personal information such as full names and addresses, there is also the bigger issue of stolen personal information. As our dependence on computers grows, so does our comfort level with them, and we are more likely to save personal information to our computer. While it would be nice to think that it is always perfectly safe to do so, the fact is that there are people who have any number of ways to gain access to your personal files, and therefore, any personal information stored on your computer. Even if you don't knowingly keep any personal information on your computer, if you bank or shop online at all, it's possible for someone who knows what they're doing to gain access to delicate financial information.

This essay is an example of a student's work
Disclaimer

This essay has been submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Essay Writing Service
Essay Marking Service
Example Essays
Who wrote this essay
Place an Order
Get a Quote
But these are just examples of issues with household computers. What of the rest of the world? Instead of writing a cheque, we whip out our cards to pay for things when we're short on cash. What happens when the internet goes down and you're stuck in the checkout line with $200 worth in groceries, and no way to pay for them because you don't have a blank cheque? What happens when everyone is driving their fancy, futuristic cars that run on a computer chip and something goes wrong? In a few hundred years, will anyone know how to drive the cars that we know today? Why are we really relying so much on computers? People put their computers through a lot of grief because they don't quite know what they're doing when they decide to fix a problem or clean up their hard drive, but there are also errors in programming, bugs that need to be fixed long after the product is out on the market, and there are always people trying to ruin a perfectly good thing with viruses and the like.

Survey Results
We have asked the same question “Are we dependent on computers?” to our friends and fellow students and we gather these responses:

Yes, because many everyday skills have been lost due to the use of computers and other technology. I have had this argument many times with people. Because of computers and smart phones, too many people can't think for themselves. They can't decide what restaurant they want to go to without pulling up a search engine. They can't add 2 + 2 because they always have their handy computer calculator to do the work for them. They can't manage their own time, because their computer schedule is what keeps them in order.

In today's society, we are too dependent on computers. People are losing their ability to function without a computer. Memorization is a thing of the past, we now depend on our cell phones to have the phone number of everyone we know and we no longer can even remember the phone number of our parents or children. We no longer worry about what we are writing or typing because we all use a word processing program that has spellchecker and checks for grammar mistakes. So as you can see we depend on computers too much and are losing our ability to memorize, type, spell, or even write a grammatical correct sentence.

We are way too dependent on computers today; most businesses are not able to run without a computer anymore. My belief that everybody somewhere somehow has to use a computer for what they are doing. Most businesses are run on computers or even by computers. Banking is now done on computers along with credit apps and even car and movie rentals. If we lost the use of computers at this point in time, our world would come to a screeching halt. Stocks would crash; gas pumps and credit card machines would go down. The dependency on computers is also an extreme risk to the way that businesses and lives are run. Some people are even addicted, having to be on the computer all the time. These reasons are why I think that we are too dependent on computers.

If we lose computers we end up in chaos. It is important to properly understand what being too dependent is. If we say that too dependent means that if we lose it in an instant then we are completely screwed and end up in chaos, then sure, we're too dependent on computers. However, does the concept of too dependent even exist? Is it even possible to be too dependent on something? But the way I see dependence, we are too dependent.

Too many tasks are done using computers. At some point in a person's day, a computer is involved - whether that is driving, writing, communicating, or even ordering food. Too many important aspects of our lives depend on computers and one of the crucial aspects is communication. For myself, I talk to more people per day via digital communication than in real life.

We are not too dependent on computers, because they allow us to perform better and produce more. Computers are tools, and you can never be too dependent on tools. Tools allow us to perform better and produce more. When I was in high school, research meant a trip to the library, finding the right book, and then taking notes with pencil and paper. Today, research is going online and cutting and pasting.

This essay is an example of a student's work
Disclaimer

This essay has been submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Essay Writing Service
Essay Marking Service
Example Essays
Who wrote this essay
Place an Order
Get a Quote
We are not too dependent on computers, because that would be the same as saying that we are too dependent on tools. Computers are only tools which help us to perform better.

Is the survival of the human race dependent on computers? No. However, if you asked, if modern society & developed nations are heavily dependent on computers? Then yes, to the extent that if you were able to destroy all computers overnight, then we would be in a terrible mess indeed, most forms of public transport, logistics, stock trading, banks, economy of the internet and modern life as we know it would come to a crashing halt and many of us would be too stunned to know how to deal with it.

Conclusion
In our opinion, computers and other developments of technology are useful and there is no possibility to live without them nowadays, as we got too much used to them. However, we should also work to find the ways of making our dependence on technology less dangerous for us. New developments should appear only when really important and helpful for people.

Find out more from UK Essays here: http://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/are-we-too-overdependent-on-computers-philosophy-essay.php#ixzz3Gy9AuIeN

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Thesis

...The Impact of Social Networking Sites In The Identity Formation CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION       During the old days when teens spent hours alone in their rooms or with close friends dancing in front of the mirror, playing outside their houses, trying different outfits and modeling around the corner; trying on different personas in person is out, the web deletes the middle man. Now, there are a variety of online social media applications to enable communication between adolescents. Due to the ego-centric nature of these applications, social networking sites allow adolescents to extend their true personalities to the online world while also adding onto them. The impersonal nature of communicating from behind a computer screen can allow adolescents to create a completely new and unrestrained personality that they would never show in real life. Personal web pages give teens the control to present themselves in whatever way they choose to an actual audience that’s also controllable and far less intimidating than showing up in person to try out a new possible identity (Schmitt et al., 2008).       The Internet has quickly become the most expeditious, central means of communication and access to information so it makes perfect sense that this trend in media would trickle down to impact the lives of youth everywhere. There are numerous reasons why the internet has become the chosen means by which adolescents discover their identity. Adolescents find that the internet and......

Words: 3711 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Watch

...Regarding the product, there are several related factors, including brand name, scarcity, country of origin, quality and price. Dornoff and Tatham (1972) observed that original product brand image was the main driver of the purchase of fakes (Penz and Stottinger, 2005). And while fakes are inferior to the originals, they preserve the general form of the original branded product. Another important factor is the price difference between fake and original products, with larger difference being associated with stronger purchasing intention (Huang, Lee, and Ho, 2004; Albers-Miller, 1999). Ang, et al (2001) concluded that consumers consider prices charged for originals to be too high despite their good quality. Price is the main moderator of attitudes towards counterfeit purchasing intention (Penz and Stottinger, 2005). Wee, Tan, and Cheok (1995) demonstrated that where counterfeits serve the same purpose as or have comparable quality to originals; this is a crucial factor in customer decisions to purchase counterfeits, because the consumers get the same functions from the counterfeits but just need to pay cheaper price. The above context provides the background to this study. It is important to understand consumer behavior by understanding and forecasting consumer decisions to purchase counterfeit products during periods of rapid economic and lifestyle change. Consequently, this study develops a modified model, based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991), which......

Words: 3473 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Perceptions of Grade Vii Pupils - Tablet Pc as a Replacement for Mathematics Textbook

...VII pupils. This study assessed their perception on its use as a replacement for the mathematics textbook. Forty-eight pupils answered a 25-item Likert-scaled questionnaire adapted from several related researches. Eight factors were generated namely: Time-saving (loading=0.66, mean= 5.16); Instructional tool for learning mathematics (loading= 0.61, mean= 5.04); Interactive technological tool (loading= 0.65, mean= 5.53); More interesting way to learn mathematics (loading= 0.76, mean= 5.10); Minimal school bag load (loading= 0.73, mean= 5.85); Extended tablet usage (loading= 0.60 mean= 5.08); Visual learning of mathematics (loading= 0.72,mean= 5.95); Usability in higher mathematics (loading= 0.89, mean= 5.5). Cronbach alpha= 0.75 and 73% dependent variable variance is explained by independent variable variance. T-test in the final grades revealed no significant difference between all sections and between 2 best sections that used and did not use the tablet. Significance was indicated between 2 regular sections that used and did not use the tablet. Overall mean (5.30) indicated a moderately agreeable response that the tablet is a viable replacement for the mathematics textbook. Keywords: information technology, perceptions, Tablet PC. Introduction There is now the ongoing conviction that learning needs to be fun. With technology reverberating around every object people used in accomplishing any task, educational institution has not been spared into adapting a trend or even maybe......

Words: 5193 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Immoduletext

...needs and requirements of customers over time (Yang et al., 2001). In Internet banking, continuous improvement is important with regard to product enhancement and customer relations (Jun&Cai, 2001). Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), introduced by Davis (1989). Among the many variables that may influence system use, previous research suggests two determinants that are especially important. First, people tend to use or not use an application to the extent they believe it will help them perform their job better. Davis (1989) refers to this first variable as perceived usefulness. Second, even if potential users believe that a given application is useful, at the same time they may also believe that the systems is too hard to use and that the performance benefits of usage are outweighed by the effort of using the application. Perceived usefulness is defined as "the degree to which a person believes that using a particular system would enhance his or her job performance." Perceived ease of use, in contrast, refers to "the degree to which a person believes that using a particular system would be free of effort." THE EXTENT OF INTERNET BANKING SERVICES USAGE Perceived Usefulness Attitude Perceived Ease of Use Figure 1: Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) (Source: Davis et al, 1989) Intention to Use Usage Behavior JURNAL APLIKASI BISNIS Vol. 1 No. 2, April 2011 [84] In January 2000, the Institute for Scientific Information’s Social......

Words: 4292 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Retail Location Analysis - Mc Donald's vs Burger King

...been to analyze market characteristics such as consumer demand, geodemographics, traffic flow, competitor locations, etc. and to search for an optimal location for a new retail outlet or to close retail outlets in over crowded markets. Knowing the geographical distributions of retail demand and supply is important in conducting marketing analysis using GIS analytical tools. GIS can overlay different data sets onto one another in an integrated environment. GIS analytical tools have been widely applied for exploring the relationships between demand and supply in many types of business practices, including operations of fast food restaurants. However, perhaps due to relatively low real estate costs and flexible rentals or perhaps due to the all too often time lag in adopting newly emerging technology, many retailers do not make use of sophisticated location analysis methods that are now available. Many a times, retailers follow the location decisions previously made by anchor retailers. The choice of a store location has a profound effect on the entire 3 business of a retail operation. For picking an optimal store-site, it is necessary to utilize data of the demographics of that area (income, family size, age, ethnic composition, etc of the population), traffic patterns, and similar kind of retail outlets or competition in the area. These factors are basic to all retail location analysis. GIS tools can help to find the right site along with market penetration, market......

Words: 27776 - Pages: 112

Premium Essay

Production Planning with Load Dependent Lead Times and

...Production Planning with Load Dependent Lead Times and Sustainability Aspects Institute of Information Systems Department of Business Sciences University of Hamburg In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doktor der Wirtschaftswissenschaften (Dr. rer. pol.) Cumulative Dissertation submitted by Julia Pahl Head of board of examiners: Prof. Dr. Knut Haase First examiner: Prof. Dr. Stefan Voß Second examiner: Prof. Dr. Hartmut Stadtler Date of thesis discussion: 18. May 2012 Contents Table of Contents 1 I Framework of the Thesis 2 1 Production Planning with Load-Dependent Lead Times and Sustainability Aspects 1.1 List of Related Research Articles and Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Course of Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Conclusions and Research Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4 5 7 9 2 Cumulative Doctoral Thesis 2.1 Three Thematically Related Research Articles and Reports . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Co-Authors and Substantial Contribution of Candidate . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Publication of Research Articles and Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 10 11 12 3 Curriculum Vitae 13 II Literature 21 1 Part I Framework of the Thesis 2 Chapter 1 Production Planning with Load-Dependent Lead Times......

Words: 148849 - Pages: 596

Free Essay

Business Plan - Super Dog's Gym and Training Center

...Deshedding: P80 Dematting: P180 Stripping: P185 Tear Stain Remover: P300 Eye Cleaning: P300 Ear Cleaning: P300 Pedicure Nail Cup Remover: P50 Potty Training Spray: P280 Potty Training Dispenser: P700 Wee-wee Pad: P80 Nail Grinder: P100 Nail Clipper: P150 Nail Polish: P20 Toothbrush: P15 Toothpaste: P200 Mouthwash: P200 XS: P420 S: P420 M: P420 L: P420 S: P500 M: P600 L: P700 Cage XS: P900 S: P1,100 M: P1,300 L: P1,500 Dogsy Man: P60 Mini-Stix: P60 Brush: P115 Comb: P55 Deshedding: P120 Dematting: P230 Stripping: P205 Tear Stain Remover: P380 Eye Cleaning: P380 Ear Cleaning: P380 Pedicure Nail Cup Remover: P80 Potty Training Spray: P300 Potty Training Dispenser: P780 Wee-wee Pad: P100 Nail Grinder: P150 Nail Clipper: P200 Nail Polish: P50 Toothbrush: P25 Toothpaste: P280 Mouthwash: P280 XS: P490 S: P490 M: P490 L: P490 S: P800 M: P900 L: P1,100 Cage XS: P1,300 S: P1,500 M: P1,800 L: P2,000 Carrier XS: P1,500 S: P1,800 M: P2,000 Carrier XS: P1,800 S: P2,100 M: P2,300 Dogsy Man: 7 Mini-Stix: 7 Brush: 5 Comb: 5 Deshedding: 2 Dematting: 2 Stripping: 2 Tear Stain Remover: 2 Eye Cleaning: 2 Ear Cleaning: 2 Pedicure Nail Cup Remover: 5 Potty Training Spray: 2 Potty Training Dispenser: 2 Wee-wee Pad: 5 Nail Grinder: 5 Nail Clipper: 5 Nail Polish: 7 Toothbrush: 10 Toothpaste: 5 Mouthwash: 5 XS: 2 S: 2 M: 2 L: 2 S: 2 M: 2 L: 2 Cage XS: 3 S: 3 M: 2 L: 2 Carrier XS:......

Words: 13819 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

Strategic Management

...the process of strategic management. 10. Top management and key managers feel that there is no need to plan because they are fine as they stand, but success today does not guarantee success tomorrow. Table 1.2 Problems of strategic management Activity 1.2 Why has strategic management become so important to today’s corporations? UNIT 1 9 Overview of strategic management Strategic competitiveness, competitive advantage and above-average returns Strategy competitiveness is achieved when an organisation successfully formulates and implements a value-creating strategy (Ireland et al. 2011). A value-creating strategy refers to actions or tactics that current and potential competitors are unable to duplicate or find too costly to imitate. In this situation, this organisation is said to have a competitive advantage. Competitive advantage comes from the ability to meet customer needs more effectively, with products or services that customers value more greatly, or are more efficient and of course at lower cost (Thompson et al. 2012). It means that the organisation is able to come up with something that the competitors cannot do or own. Therefore, how should the organisation formulate and choose a value-creating strategy? When formulating and choosing a strategy, the organisation usually makes choices among competing alternatives and the chosen strategy would indicate what the organisation wants to achieve and what it tries to avoid. For instance,......

Words: 23866 - Pages: 96

Premium Essay

Resource

................................................ 11 II. Transformations in Everyday Life .......................................................... 13 Turning on the lights ................................................................................. 13 Picking up the telephone ......................................................................... 15 Radio and television .................................................................................. 17 What #1 and #2 Have in Common........................................................ 20 This Section is Microwave Safe .............................................................. 21 III. Toward a Wonderful and Magical World ...........................................23 “Hello, Computer?” ...................................................................................23 Email and the Internet ............................................................................. 24 Impact on education ............................................................................ 25 Impact on the workplace .................................................................... 26 Smartphones and Tablets ....................................................................... 26 Facebook and Social Media .................................................................... 28 GPS ............................................................................................................... 29 IV. A World Untransformed ..................

Words: 22263 - Pages: 90

Premium Essay

Impact of Fast Food on Society

...several effects on a person’s body. The first is an obvious weight gain. Obesity also increases the bad cholesterol in the body. It causes both an increase in the risk of heart disease and the risk of diabetes. Diabetes has been proven to take 17 to 27 years off an individual’s life. Some of the decreases it causes are a person’s energy and their sex drive. The second effect is on our nation’s wallet, causing mass amount of money to be spent on obesity issues. 117 billion dollars was spent on healthcare for the obese last year. US Healthcare spent 61 billion dollars trying to diagnose, care, and prevent obesity. America spent 115 billion dollars on fast food last year, which is more than what we spent on higher education, cars, or computers. Compared to our nation only spending 33 billion dollars on weight loss aids, it seems our weight loss problem is not going to get fixed soon. There have been a couple recent studies on obesity. The first study was done over a 15 year span which is the first long-term study done on fast food. The study was done to compare what happens to people when they eat fast food more than twice a week compared to eating fast food less than twice a week. They found a correlation between fast food, weight gain, and insulin resistance. For the people who ate fast food more than twice a week, they had an 86 percent chance more likely of becoming obese and having Type 2 Diabetes. Those same people also averaged gaining ten more pounds of......

Words: 10684 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

History of Cimb Bank

...But, in marketing of services, there are three new Ps have been proposed in chapter 4 which is people, processes and physical evidence. Then, do these financial services marketing mix can satisfy customer needs and reach its marketing objectives? Since in this assignment we focused more in online banking services, we will disclose the function of 7P’s which we have learned in chapter 4. Either the marketing strategies is applied and functions well in the online banking or not. 1)COMPANY BACKGROUND CIMB BANK BERHAD CIMB Bank Berhad is a commercial banking arm of CIMB Group, which offers retail banking services to more than 5.3 million customers in Malaysia. CIMB began in 1924 with Bian Chiang Bank. It was established in Kuching, Sarawak by Wee Kheng Chiang. Bian Chiang Bank was renamed Bank Of Commerce (BOC) in 1979 when it was purchased by Bank Bumiputera Malaysia (BBMB), a Malaysian government-owned bank. On 17 September 1935, Ban Hin Lee Bank Berhad (BHLB) established in Georgetown, Penang by Yeap Chor Ee, which is officially incorporated as a private limited company. In 1965, Southern Bank Berhad (SBB) was established as Southern Banking Ltd in Georgetown, Penang. In the same year, Bank Bumiputera Malaysia (BBMB) was established in line with government initiatives to increase Bumiputera participation in the Malaysian economy. By 1980 it had become the largest Malaysian bank in terms of assets. In 1974, Pertanian Baring Sanwa (PBS) was formed as a joint venture between......

Words: 8436 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

The Drive by Burger My Decisive Moment

...began on the Rockies’ side, on the western edge of the gulch. By the time the firefighters arrived at the gulch, the blaze had grown out of control. The surrounding hills had all been burned; the landscape was littered with the skeletons of pine trees. Dodge moved his men over to the grassy side of the gulch and told them to head downhill, toward the placid Missouri River. Dodge didn’t trust this blaze. He wanted to be near water; he knew this fire could crown. Crowns occur when flames get so high they reach into the top branches of trees. Once that happens, the fire has too much fuel. Hot embers begin to swirl in the air, spreading the fire across the prairie. The smokejumpers used to joke that the only way to control a crown fire was to pray like hell for rain. Norman Maclean, in his seminal history Young Men and Fire, described what it was like to be close to such a fire: It sounds like a train coming too fast around a curve and may get so high-keyed that the crew cannot understand what their foreman is trying to do to save them. Sometimes, when the timber thins out, it sounds as if the train were clicking across a bridge, sometimes it hits an open clearing and becomes hushed as if going through a tunnel, but when the burning cones swirl through the air and fall on the other side of the clearing, the new fire sounds as if it were the train coming out of the tunnel, belching black unburned smoke. The unburned smoke boils up until it reaches oxygen, then bursts into gigantic...

Words: 12084 - Pages: 49

Premium Essay

Corporate Social Responsibility

...by championing transparency, fighting against corruption, education and the welfare of the poor’. (Zain, 2010). At zain, it aims at conducting business in a responsible manner that has the society, environment and stakeholders at heart by positively impacting them. (Zain, 2010). An example of this CSR can be seen through Zain’s construction of a new state-of the-art basic school for the Odumase-Krobo Presbyterian Primary and Junior High Schools which had its buildings in a very dilapidated and collapsed state due to deadly rainstorms that hit the Odumase-Krobo township. As part of the project to furnish the Odumase-Krobo Presbyterian Primary and Junior High schools, a new and fully stacked library was built, a computer lab fully equipped with 30 flat screen computers with internet access and a Teacher’s common library. 1.3 Problem Statement In relation to arguments against CSR, it is assumed that Zain Ghana engages in CSR not for the benefit of the society but for their personal hidden benefits. This assumption is argued by Milton Friedman when he strongly expresses the view that “Few evolutions could undermine the very foundations of our society so thoroughly than the fact that managers would accept another social responsibility than making as much money as possible for their shareholders (Fonteneau, 2003, p. 4).” If the role of organizations is to maximize and increase money for shareholders, then Corporate Social Responsibility is nothing more than ‘a wolf in......

Words: 13052 - Pages: 53

Free Essay

An Investigation Into the Adoption of Digital Tv

...advertising while 2% comes from government. This model is different from the BBC which is also a public broadcaster. BBC derives over 95% of its revenue from TV license fees while the SABC generates only 20%. According to Mkhwanazi, S (2009), the SABC’s funding model is skewed and is not sustainable. [pic] • Figure 1.4 – The SABC’s revenue source 1.1.8 International Public Broadcasters Channel 4 in the UK and TVNZ in New Zealand has the business model similar to the SABC’s one. Both of them derive more than 75% of their revenues from advertising while most of the European countries public broadcasters generate their revenues from TV licenses. There are also broadcasters that do not advertise at all and are solely dependent on government subsidies and TV licenses, e.g. ABC (Australia), BBC (UK), NKH (Japan) and NRK (Norway). See figure 1.6 [pic] Figure 1.6 – Advertising and sponsorship revenues by individual public broadcasters Source – Ofcom media report, 2009 2 Historical development and current state of the industry South Africa falls under region 1 of the ITU as shown in the map below and is therefore bound by the Geneva 06 agreement. In 2005 before the Geneva 06 agreement, South African established the Digital Migration Working Group (DMWG) which was made up of all the stakeholders in the broadcasting industry. The primary task of this group was to advice the Minister of Communications on the digital......

Words: 9146 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

The Effect of Plagiarism

...Ownership involves the extent to which you hold yourself responsible for improving a situation. High AQ® s, as you would imagine, hold themselves accountable for dealing with situations regardless of the cause, while lower AQ® s lapse into victimization and helplessness. Reach involves putting setbacks into their place, and not letting them undermine the healthy areas of work and the rest of one's life. For example, a low AQ® worker does poorly on a project and starts thinking he or she is stupid and will be a failure. A high AQ® worker tries to learn from the mistake and believes the next project will be better. Endurance is the ability to see beyond even enormous difficulties and maintain hope. Higher AQ® people have the ability to feel "this too shall pass," and go on. Lower AQ® s see adversity as dragging on indefinitely. Stoltz believes that most people are "Campers," the 80 percent of the population who have middle-range AQ® s. They aren't what he calls Quitters, who give up, catastrophize and blow up even minor difficulties. Campers have some capacity for challenge and change, but they tend to get overwhelmed when adversity piles up and resort to blame when tired or tense. Stoltz calls high AQ® types Climbers, and he believes we can mold ourselves into having their successful outlook by carefully analyzing our internal dialogs and editing what we tell ourselves. Low AQ® s, Stoltz observes, have negative, usually irrational, dialogs going on in their heads that......

Words: 12182 - Pages: 49