Premium Essay

Argument

In: English and Literature

Submitted By termppr
Words 14232
Pages 57
UNIT 1

Special Note:
The argumentative essay is a very useful test of a student’s ability to think logically.

Argue: v. 1. to persuade someone to do or not do something. 2. to give the reasons for your opinion, idea, belief, etc. Argumentative: adj. someone who is argumentative often argues or like arguing. Argument: n. a set of reasons that show that something is true or untrue, right or wrong etc.

When you have an opinion and try to convince your listener or reader to accept your opinion, you are agreeing with or disagreeing with something. For example: In an everyday situation, you may try to convince a friend to go somewhere or in a composition or speech class, the instructor may make an assignment in which you must support or oppose the use of nuclear energy to produce electricity. If you agree or disagree on an issue, you will want your reader or listener to accept your point of view. There are a few types of argumentative compositions such as: 1. Advantages and disadvantages 2. Expressing opinions/providing solutions to problems 3. Expressing arguments for and against a topic 4. Compare and contrast something or somebody

PURPOSE of ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYS * An argument follows when two groups disagree about something. * People can have different opinions and can offer reasons in support of their arguments. However, sometimes it might be difficult to convince the other group because the argument could be based on a matter of preference, or religious faith. * Therefore, arguments of preference, belief or faith are NOT the type of arguments. The kind of argument that can be argued logically is one based on an opinion that can be supported by evidence such as facts....

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Argument

...well it’s fitted for me for one thing, and second it’s a military suit coat… I can’t let you wear it. Besides its got rank sewn on it Guy looking for Sports Jacket: ahhh good point, good point thanks anyways Me: no problem *shuts door Guy looking for Sports Jacket: Dude nobody has a damn jacket I can borrow… Someone: mhmrmh htahj kfj mrmrm? Guy looking for Sports Jacket: yeah I already asked all these guys down the hall So this wasn’t the most interesting conversation. I definitely didn’t expect to be a part of it either. But now that I have that part complete I want to talk about this entire conversation and about this guy’s argument on trying to borrow someone’s suit coat. First off I find it hard to even call this an argument. Since I’m a firm believer in using logic to sway arguments in my favor, I have to say his particular argument fell way short. In other words, he used no logic. His...

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Argument

...Classic Model for an Argument No one structure fits all written arguments. However, most college courses require arguments that consist of the following elements. Below is a basic outline for an argumentative or persuasive essay. This is only one possible outline or organization. Always refer to your handbook for specifics. I. Introductory Paragraph o Your introductory paragraph sets the stage or the context for the position you are arguing for. o This introduction should end with a thesis statement that provides your claim (what you are arguing for) and the reasons for your position on an issue. A. Your thesis: o states what your position on an issue is o usually appears at the end of the introduction in a short essay o should be clearly stated and often contains emphatic language (should, ought, must) B. Sample Argumentative Thesis o The production, sale, and possession of assault weapons for private citizens should be banned in the U.S. II. Body of your Argument A. Background Information o This section of your paper gives the reader the basic information he or she needs to understand your position. This could be part of the introduction, but may work as its own section. B. Reasons or Evidence to Support your Claim o All evidence you present in this section should support your position. This is the heart of your essay. Generally, you begin with a general statement that you back up with specific details or examples. Depending on how long your argument is, you will need to......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Examining Arguments

...Examining Different Arguments Pamela C Purvis HUM/111 July 29, 2012 Jennifer L. Bingham, JD Examining Different Arguments Title | Examining Different Arguments Related to the Choice of a Career | Assessment Part A: Critically Evaluating an Argument | Build your mindmap. | Arts and Sciences (Advantage): Lots of flexibility in career choices: Logically Sound | Arts and Sciences (Disadvantage): Leads to a career in food service - 'Do you want fries with that?': Irrational Appeal | Education (Advantage): The best way to make a difference in the world: Either/Or Thinking | Education (Disadvantage): Guaranteed low paying job: Overgeneralization | Nursing (Advantage): People always will need nurses: Logically Sound | Nursing (Disadvantage): Too much schooling (according to Theo, the Law student): Overgeneralization | Information Systems and Technology (Advantage): No other degree concentration is as innovative (according to Grace): Either/Or Thinking | Information Systems and Technology (Disadvantage): Too limited in scope for much advancement in business situation (according to Ritesh): Shifting the Burden of Proof | Business (Advantage): Infinite career options (according to Ritesh): Overgeneralization | Business (Disadvantage): Boring work, stuck behind a desk all day: Overgeneralization | Health and Human Services (Advantage): All the benefits of Arts and Sciences, but vastly more focused and......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Arguments Everywhere

...I am more of an adversarial style because I am very direct and I’m not scared of saying what I feel even if I hurt someone. I have always preferred complete honesty and directness. I recently had an argument with my husband about picking up the plates from the table when everyone was done. In my house, everyone picks up their plate and puts it away. I wash the dishes myself but I like to have the table clean when we are done eating. We all do it together as a family, but lately my husband just stands up and leave everything in the table for my daughter and me to pick up. My daughter started telling me that it was not fair that we picked up while her daddy sat on the couch to watch T.V. The following day, my daughter and me left the table without cleaning it and went to the couch to see TV. and my husband had the audacity to tell us that we were lazy. I told him that I was just doing what he does and that I’m not going to pick anything up unless he picks up his plate because the only lazy individual at home is him. I told him that in our house we all follow rules and if you don’t listen or do your chores, he has to pick up the entire table by himself. He got mad and said that he wouldn’t do it, so I left the table as it was. By dinner time the table was the same and I still kept it firm that I was not going to bend the rules for him. I did not care if we had to eat standing with our plates in our hands because we are here to teach our kids manners. I told my husband that he......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Visual Argument

...1). What background information do you need to know in order to read this image intelligibly? You do not need any background information to read this visual argument. This photo is self-explanatory. 2). What do you see? I see a man verbally abusing a lady. What are the key details or features here that stand out? The man’s face, fist punching the lady from his mouth, and the pain on the ladies face all stand out to support my theory. What images? The image is self-explanatory. What text? There was no text to support this visual argument. What supporting details? Every aspect of this photo supports my argument. 3). Identify the issue(s): Based on the picture it presents, what issue does this visual seem to be referencing? This visual seem to be referencing verbal abuse. This is a great picture to really explain how words can be painful. What debate is it part of? The visual debates the seriousness of verbal abuse and the effects. 4). Defining the Perspective: What side in this debate is this visual taking? The visual is taking the side of women, showing how men verbally abuse women. What perspective on this issue does this visual seem to take? This visual seem to support the seriousness of verbal abuse. It shows how people’s words can really be as painful as a punch in the face. 5). Defining the Argument: How do we know what side of this debate the visual is taking? This visual is taking the side of women. It is showing how men can verbally abuse a......

Words: 911 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Purpose of Argument

...Purpose of Arguments Joseph Barrow ENG/215 CA October 3, 2013 Dr. Edward Rodine Abstract Purpose of Arguments Purpose of Arguments is an attempt to persuade someone of something, by giving reasons for accepting a particular conclusion as evident. Also to try and manipulate true statement against false statement. Key focus on Arguments is evidence stating the true statement or false statement on the situation. Stating the situation on the first essay its argument deals with the lifestyle on which we live in. “The argument on which cars will be an uproar to our communities, disrupting sleep, terrifying animals, destroying public and private property, and placing members of our emergency services in life threatening situations”. Fairfax, M. (2005, Nov 11). Everybody has their opinions on different situations that evolve around the world, some may be true statements, some may be false statements regardless which is the right statement. We will make an argument to prove who is right are who is wrong. The second essay talks about woman with cancer who died in 1989. The woman named was Bronwen Wallace who went to Queen’s University and Marxist politics. The essay talks about how Wallace who died at the age of 44 wrote a book about knowing your damage about anything wrong with your body.” The power of feminism is the power of the victim who has recognized a way to use her damage.” “When you get in touch with your damage, recognized it and care for it, you also discover...

Words: 926 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Mapping an Argument

...Mapping an Argument Steven Montesano CRT/205 11/17/12 Ann Armstrong The first article chosen was Abortion Is a Form of Genocide by Meredith Eugene Hunt. The issue in this article is “abortion as a form of genocide is accurate by historical and accepted standards of the word’s definition” (Abortion, 2010). I highlighted this as the issue because it includes everything the author is trying to prove to the reader. Hunt wants to make it known that she believes abortion is a form of genocide even though the parameters fit loosely. She also points to the fact that history has shown evidence of genocide, and she uses that history to show the similarities between genocide and abortion. Hunt is making an argument that is both deductive and inductive. In some cases she gives proof in her accusations of the terms abortion and genocide. On the other hand, at times she offers supporting information intended to sway the reader to her side of the argument. The first conclusion in the article is “abortion does not fit in perfectly with the original use” with the premise being “Hunt identifies the origin of the term “genocide” (Abortion, 2010). This is a valid deductive argument because the term genocide is factual and therefore abortion not fitting exactly into that definition can only be true. The next conclusion found was “abortion could have genocidal characteristics, but would not qualify as genocide legally”, and the premise is “unwanted preborn children as a group......

Words: 870 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Evaluating an Argument

...arrangement but voiced concern that investigative speed may be lost in the interest of privacy protection (Washington Post, 2013) The article argued that for the NSA to make a strong case, it must demonstrate the national security benefit to the program. It further did mentioned of the U.S. District Judge Richard J. Leon who issued an injunction to prevent the bulk collection of the data. His actions gives the government a chance to appeal and he ruled that the NSA phone-records database collection is likely in violation of the Constitution’s Fourth Amendment restrictions on unreasonable searches (Washington Post, 2013). The judge also rejected the applicability of the 1979 ruling that offered no constitutional protection to metadata, with the argument that Americans’ “relationship with technology has changed drastically now that cellphones and...

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Reconstruction of Arguments

...RECONSTRUCTING ARGUMENTS Deductive and Inductive Here we are to learn the techniques for PART I, Making a Critique- i.e., argument reconstruction, by doing the following “steps”: 1. Read the discourse; 2. Number and Bracket arguments; 3. Write an Index of Claims; and 4. Tree-Diagram the arguments. What is critiquing? Benjamin Samuel Bloom (1913 – 1999) - the creator of Bloom’s Taxonomy (1956) following a framework for categorizing educational goals: Taxonomy of Educational Objectives; revised in 2001 by Anderson & Ktrathwohl) with collaborators Max Englehart, Edward Furst, Walter Hill, and David Krathwohl as A Taxonomy for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment. This taxonomy consists of six major categories: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation.  The categories after knowledge (containing subcategories) were presented as "skills and abilities," (manifested by a person’s intellectual abilities as well) with the understanding that knowledge was the necessary precondition for putting these skills and abilities into practice. As revised in 2001, these cognitive skills were rather treated more dynamically by using verbs and gerunds to label their categories and subcategories (rather than the nouns of the original taxonomy as knowledge objectives).  These "action words" describe the cognitive processes by which thinkers encounter and work with knowledge. They are (from the lowest thinking skill): Categories &...

Words: 18502 - Pages: 75

Premium Essay

Soundness of an Argument

...State each argument’s conclusion. The following are the conclusions for the arguments in Wk 6 – Logic Handout 1:  Therefore, the slaves were freed  Therefore, the slaves were freed  All seniors are ugly (F)  All ugly people are insightful (T)  All talented people are insightful (T) For each argument, state the premises (i.e., reasons) that supposedly support each separate conclusion. Premiss 1: If the North won the Civil War, then he slaves were freed Premiss 2: The North won the Civil War Premiss 1: If the South won the Civil War, then he slaves were freed Premiss 2: The South won the Civil War Premiss 1: All seniors are talented (F) Premiss 2: All talented people are ugly (F) Premiss 1: All ugly people are seniors (F) Premiss 2: All seniors are insightful (F) Premiss 1: All ugly people are insightful (T) Premiss 2: All talented people are ugly (F) Symbolize each argument (Remember: a universal statement is a statement that makes a claim about all members of its group. The key to translating All ugly people are seniors in the exercise above, for example, is to interpret the universal statement as the conditional statement If it is a ugly person, then it is a senior [for every member of its subject class: ugly people]).  If people were free, then they were a slave  If people were free, then they were a slave  If it is an ugly person, then it is a senior.  If it is an insightful person, then they are ugly.  If it is an......

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

2 Arguments

...ECON220- GP Below, I will give two arguments in reference to the AT&T and T-Mobile merger. The first argument will be in favor of the merger and the second being opposed to the merger. Argument in favor: The merger will benefit workers and consumers for a few different reasons. T-Mobile, who is financially incapable of truly accessing the potential of their high speed network. The 39 billion dollar acquisition will ensure that the high speed network expands to ninety seven percent of the population. AT&T, who has a track record of poor reception and coverage will benefit from the merger, allowing them to maintain customers as well as acquire new ones. The workers with T-Mobile will suffer no involuntary job loss. The merger will maintain jobs as well as give opportunity for new ones. The merger will benefit current T-Mobile subscribers, giving them access to more services such as broadband internet connection as well as paid television services. Argument opposed: The disadvantage to this merger means possible price increases for their wireless service. T-Mobile who is known for low priced plans and phones would be adopted into a company that does not offer economically sound plans. The merger has the potential to create a saturated market, giving the majority of stake in the wireless provider market to AT&T. The merger could take a long amount of time, having to gain approval from the FCC and the Department Of Justice. In my personal opinion,...

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Argument and Logic

...Argument and Logic Axia Campus of University of Phoenix Parmenide’s most famous disciple, Zeno has devised a series of ingenious arguments to support Parmenide’s theory. The theory is reality is one. Zeno took a basic approach to demonstrate motion is impossible. His example was a rabbit moving from one hole to another, and must first reach the quarter point before reaching the next hole. The point needing to be reached is one-eighth the distance. Whether it is a rabbit or another creature it must reach a point of infinite number of points to get anywhere they wish to go. By the requirement of needing to move an infinite number of times anywhere would rule out motion. Second theory states for a rabbit to move from one hole to another, at each moment of its travel will occupy space meaning it is at rest. Since the rabbit occupies space each moment it is at rest each moment so it cannot move. Zeno’s argument is that motion is not possible. Basically stating when a rabbit moves from one place to another the rabbit moves infinite times ruling out motion. When anything is attempting to reach a certain spot or location whether it is an animal or human we at any point can all stop. Zeno is saying motion does not exist at all because we all stop at some point. I believe him stating motion does not exist is Ludacris, because as we are moving we are in motion and then we stop and then we are back in motion once we began to move again. I believe for the most part his logics......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Visual Argument

...1) When I first started read the chapter and encountered argument I really didn’t know what to think except that most people argue about one thing or another (happens a lot with my brother and myself), but that I’ve read the chapter I have I a new respect for what it takes to put together an argument to make people understand your side of an issue. 2) Argument is everywhere. This statement true do to the fact with all the things happen now a days people are arguing about just about everything from the government passing a law that allows them to spy on people, or that people believe that all states should follow Washington and Colorado in legalizing marijuana. 3) A traditional argument is based off the ideal of winning the argument, for example when there is a presidental debate in which both side try to prove the other one wrong. An example of consensual argument is when a group looks at all side of an arugment and trys to come up with a consenus on whos ideal help/benefits most or all people involved. 4) The conditions in which an argument works best is when there are the following, 1. An issue (a central focus point), 2. An arguer (someone who knows about the issue and is motivated to initiate an argument), 3. An audience ( people that are willing to listen to the argument weather they be friendly or hostile), 4. Common ground ( an effective argument nust have some kind of common ground between the audience and arguer that is relevant to the issue), 5. A forum......

Words: 350 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Yingling Academic Argument

...authorities on the application of force to achieve the aims of policy. The argument he presented in this article is weak, and I will argue this under two premises. First, LTC(R) Yingling utilized fallacies throughout his argument to support claims of generalship failures. Second, he excludes the other points of possible failure to focus on one set of rank within the officer corps. LTC(R) Yingling’s utilization of fallacies throughout his argument serves to create confusion, bias, and diversions for the reader of this article. He distracts the audience by the introduction of a red herring in his argument. The summation of his first two paragraphs discuss war as “a social activity that involves entire nations,” and “passion of the people is necessary to endure the sacrifices inherent in war.” These ideas raise a side issue separate from the focus of the first element of discussion, responsibilities of generalship. LTC(R) Yingling exhibits circular reasoning when he states, “the general must visualize the conditions of future combat,” and goes on to state, “not even the most skilled general can visualize precisely how future wars will be fought.” If a general’s responsibility is to visualize what he is unable to visualize, this begs the question of how much culpability a general is truly responsible for, assuming the general provided an estimation of strategic probabilities. Weak analogies riddle the argument through comparisons of World War I, World War II, the......

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Arguments of Crito and Socrates

...In Pluto’s Crito, Crito try’s to persuade Socrates to escape from jail to prevent them from killing him. However, Socrates provides a counter argument to his pleas. Crito presents seven different arguments for Socrates escape from prison. Crito argued that if Socrates does not escape, he would hurt Crito. First, Crito will loose Socrates friendship if he dies. If Socrates dies, people will think that Crito didn’t do anything to help Socrates therefore, the people will look down at Crito because they would be unaware that Socrates chose to stay in jail. They will think that Crito didn’t get him out of jail because he wasn’t willing to spend the money to do it. If this is the case, Crito’s reputation will suffer because everyone will think Crito cares more about the money that is spent for the escape rather than Socrates himself. In Crito’s second argument, he wonders why Socrates would rather stay than face the death penalty. Crito feels that if Socrates fears that his friends will be arrested if he escapes, but he should not have this fear. Socrates friends would risk everything by paying off guards or others that would tell on them, therefore, there won’t be any risk at all. Crito also explains that there are many places for Socrates to go, such as Thebes or Thessaly, where he would be protected. In Crito’s third argument, Crito tells Socrates that he has a responsibility to his sons. Crito goes on to say that Socrates has a responsibility to make sure his......

Words: 888 - Pages: 4