Free Essay

Argumentive Essay

In: English and Literature

Submitted By djess
Words 665
Pages 3
Essay Plan


Thesis: Wikipedia is not a creditable source of information for tertiary-level writing.

Paragraph 1: * Meaning of Wikipedia * Misleading readers * Vandalism * Reference Gorman

Paragraph 2:

* Academics publishing work * Editing * Reference Lu and Askin

Paragraph 3:

* Counter argument * Credibility * Reference Lu and Askin AND Crovitz and Smoot

Convenient but not accurate!

The purpose of this essay is to provide insight as to why Wikipedia is not a creditable source of information for tertiary-level writing. Tertiary-level writing involves the use of valid reference sources to show supporting evidence. Anyone can contribute anonymously and edit pages in the non-profit internet encyclopaedia, Wikipedia, automatically reducing the credibility of the popular website.

Wikipedia is known as the free encyclopaedia, an encyclopaedia in Gorman’s opinion (2007, p. 273) is ‘created by experts and monitored by professional editors who themselves are often subject experts’ and believes that Wikipedia should be recognised for what it is, ‘opinions untested by experts’. Wikipedia has a large amount of worldwide anonymous volunteers that monitor, and then clean up articles. Professionals may not want to give out their knowledge for free and therefore posts that are incorrect will never be corrected by the appropriate person. On the other hand, people who claim that they have a degree and specialise in a particular subject and post material on Wikipedia are subject to criticism and possible vandalism from anonymous people. The original author may be a professional in the field, but this doesn't stop a deluge of questions and disagreements.
Wikipedia is home to an extensive array of articles and characteristics consist of running a widely read, low cost and fast information website. This may seem appealing for academics to publish their work, however there are doubts and concerns about the sites credibility and impact in academia state Lu and Askin (2012, p. 359). Publishing work on the world’s largest encyclopaedia includes the risk of an anonymous person editing their article making the article null and void of any correct information therefore, if a tertiary-level student references that source, the student has a great possibility of being misled and consequently being marked down or possibly failing.

Some may dispute that Wikipedia is helpful with regards to reliability as inaccuracies can instantly be corrected, whereas errors in journal papers are slowly corrected, if at all. Lu & Askin (2012, p. 359) state that increasing the amount of anonymous contributors helps make the article more reliable, diverse opinions are introduced for discussion hence making the article less biased. However, Crovitz and Smoot (2009, p. 91) pose the question ‘how can a site that allows anyone to add, change, or remove information be credible?’ Wikipedia’s universal editorial access is its biggest flaw; there is no tool to prevent false postings, either through ignorance or intentionally posting misleading information. Wikipedia’s reliability is definitely questioned as a credible source of information.

In conclusion, while Wikipedia may be convenient, students need to source quality information and it is clear that Wikipedia is not a reliable source for tertiary-level writing due to the open based community edited site. Wikipedia should be used with caution and as a stepping stone into deeper research for tertiary-level writing.

Reference Listing

Gorman, G.E. 2007, "A tale of information ethics and encyclopædias; or, is Wikipedia just another internet scam?", Online Information Review, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 273-273. <>

Lu, X. & Askin, N. 2012, "Wikipedia for academic publishing: advantages and challenges", Online Information Review, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 359-373. <>

Crovitz, D. & Smoot, W, S. 2009, “Wikipedia: Friend, Not Foe”, English Journal, vol. 98, no. 3, pp. 91-97. <>

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Argumentive Essay

...Sergeants Major academy Class SGM March 28, 2011 Abstract Studying military history is essential for our military professions. Military history tells us a great deal about our countries past conflicts and gives us a better understanding of how we operated in them. It tells us what Soldiers had to face in the different wars and conflicts our forces have been engaged in. From the Soldier’s on the beaches of World War II, to the foot patrol in the streets of Mosul, Iraq. Military history enables us to understand how the military used a tactics, techniques and procedure (TTP’s) to fight in the past conflicts. Military history has a strong heritage that should be studied by our soldiers in our professional development courses. ARGUMENTIVE ESSAY SGM Ricky A. Nottingham Class 37 Today’s Non Commission Officer and Officers alike should take time out of their schedule to study military history. Through the studies of military history all should learn way the past could apply to the battle fields of today. Conflicts have been won and lost throughout military history. The tactics, techniques and procedure (TTP’s) applied in today battle field have been developed from lessons learned from the past. Today’s leadership must have a board knowledge of tactics and understanding of the environments they are in. they must have a understanding of the culture they are going against. We must know what has succeeded and what failed in order to see what worked and what......

Words: 1494 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Argumentive Essay

...Thesis statement: I have chosen for my essay to talk about Education in the inner city schools system. More and more we are faced with the news of another school closing in my area and the children possibly having to attend schools out of their neighborhood. It’s unfair that the children have to be inconvenienced in order to have a chance at getting a quality education. Most of the schools in the area received low scores because the children are not able to pass the standardized tests that are required. However I feel that if the school system reevaluate their current curriculum, reduce class sizes and require a more rigid screening process of their potential educators I strongly believe we can create an environment that is conducive to learning. The Meaning of Highly-Qualified and a Clear Road Map to Accomplishment, Jennifer A. Gelman, Patricia L. Pullen and James M. Kauffman. This article high-lighted one of my sub-points and that’s the quality of teachers that in the classrooms today. It speaks about the alternative training programs and how they are not benefiting the teachers or the students. I quote them saying “Due to the lack of standards in alternative programs, teachers from these programs are entering the field of education with little or no experience in the classroom, poor skills in content areas, and inadequate self-confidence.” Because the classroom is made of a more diverse group of young people, teachers need to have just as many different......

Words: 1479 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Argumentive Essay

...How can a Masters of Business Administration (MBA) degree take potential business men/women to the next level? An MBA is a broad degree that prepares students for high level management positions. Pursing an MBA helps gain knowledge in the business industry and further educates students in a field that they are highly passionate about. Even though an MBA is not always needed to succeed in the business industry, pursing an MBA can be very valuable because I am pursing an MBA to further my career, enhance my education, and achieve personal goals. The first important reason of why an MBA should be pursued is because it furthers careers. Pursing an MBA is something that should be taken highly. Having an MBA can open the door to a great deal of opportunities. Everyone wants to advance in his/her preferred profession. No one wants to linger in the same position creating a glass ceiling, but not many people truly know how to make their own advancement happen. Gaining an MBA can help further ones career and may increase salary. In some instances, employers may support more education and compensate for tuition costs. An MBA can also increase job security with your current job, if your employer is handling all the expenses. Joining an MBA program is a good networking opportunity and a good way to meet people and learn about other job opportunities. At the same rate, it is possible to succeed in the business industry without an MBA, but an MBA is a much broader view of the business......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Argumentive Essay

...Cigarette smoking There is a major concern about banning cigarette smokers in the U.S. the mortality among both males and females smokers in the USA is more than three times higher than that among non-smokers. I agree that smoking should be prevented because it leads to many types of cancer and heart disease; secondly health affects exposure of secondhand smoke, thirdly it affects the health of the youth smoking tobacco, and fourthly the cost of treatment associated with cigarette smoking (healthcare). Cigarette smoking increases the risk of dying from cancer of the lungs, esophagus, larynx and oral cavity (as we studied in biology). The harmful effect of cigarettes is the chemical makeup of cigarette. According to Cigarettes contain over 4,000 chemicals , some of those chemicals are the heavy metals, humectants, casting agents ,pesticide, insecticides and nicotine which is an addictive substance added into a cigarette; that is why it is very hard for smokers to stop smoking right away . A friend’s mother who smoked up to 3 packs of cigarette per day for more than 25 years. She looked healthy and often cited that cigarette kills those who were already predisposed to suffer from those diseases. Years later she died, suffered from ventricular arrhythmia which means heart did not beat properly as a result it pumped little or no blood to the body organs; usually caused by nicotine in cigarette. According to Medical News Today (MNT), cigarette smoking...

Words: 1360 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Argumentive Essay

...“Nothing in the collegiate sporting world is guaranteed, and many players thrive on that uncertainty” (Cassavaugh). Athletes can lose scholarship money because of an injury, poor play or misconduct. There has been controversy that student athletes should be paid. How does one determine who should be paid, how much and where does this money come from? Athletes are amateurs who should concentrate on their education. How does one determine if an athlete is an amateur or a professional? An amateur is one who cannot receive money in the form of salaries or endorsements. They play a sport for the love and desire of it. A professional on the other hand gets paid a salary or money for endorsements. Professionals are also more skilled and concentrate one hundred percent on their sport. Amateurs do not have the time to only commit to a sport since they have to attend classes or work to support themselves. If student Athletes did get paid, college sports would lose their competitive hype. Let’s look at football on a college level compared to the pros. Athletes playing on a college level (amateur) give every play their all trying to do whatever it takes to win with hopes of someday be picked to go pro. Pro football players on the other hand, do not give every play one hundred percent. They are afraid of being hurt and know regardless of the game’s outcome they will still get paid. What if the athlete does not make it to the professional level? These student athletes need to make......

Words: 1155 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Argumentive Essay

...Running Header: The Right Age to Permit a Tattoo THE LAW SHOULD RISE THE ALLOWABLE AGE BEFORE A PERSON CAN CONSENT TO A TATTOO Introduction Some of the human ethical issues directly relate the laws governing a state or country. Issues such as the legal age for permitting acquisition of a tattoo also apply to the same scenario. Some of the aspects one ought to consider before undertaking the act even when permitted by law may include the health risks or body reactions among others. Some questions need proper answers before considering the age bracket for allowing freedom to acquire a tattoo especially among the hyperactive teens, since they move by the fashion trends or pressure. First is whether the parents are involved. In most case scenarios, the parent does not know and probably will never recognize that such a decision was undertaken. This is one reason why it is important to raise the age limit, because in majority of the cases it seems to be a personal decision. It is not a control issue but a waiting issue for better, mature choices. The teen life is full of trial and error acts since one may be trying to find an identity of fit into a group, therefore the decisions are almost certainly regrettable in future or generally immature. Secondly, who is legally old enough for a tattoo? The age limit is diverse among states or countries. Today most parents seem closer and more interactive with their children that before. For this reason, the teenagers think that...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Argumentive Essay on Education

...The American School System in the 21st Century- What is Wrong With It. Tamesha Brown Strayer University Research and Writing ENG 215 Professor Gierczyk The American School System in the 21st Century- What is Wrong With It. The American School System of this day and age put the children’s education secondary to politics. Although, one would get very little argument about how important it is for a child to receive an excellent education. Unfortunately it seems as if politics, greed, and the school system as a whole, puts the child education on the back burner. An article in the New Yorker put it best when it described the American school system of today as “Being like a democracy itself. It is loose, shaggy, and inefficient, full of redundancies and conflicting goals.”(Lemann,2010). Especially when a little over 40 years ago it was understood that the school system was intended “to enable kids to learn how to learn.” That is no longer the fact. Actually immediately after President George W. Bush, took office he proposed a bill that was passed by Congress on May 23, 2001 called the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). (Johnson,1998).This bill is based upon the belief that setting high standards and establishing measurable goals can improve individual outcomes in education, which does just the opposite of what the system’s original goal was. With these present rules and regulations of the NCLB in place the only way that......

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Bilingual Education Argumentive Essay

...Bilingual Education In 2012, Psychology Today reported that in 2007 the American Community Survey reported approximately 18 percent (ages 5 and up) of the United States population was bilingual. In 2013, the National Center for Education Statistics reported an increase from 1976 to 2012 in minority enrollment in college (Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, Black, American Indian/Alaska native). Bilingual education has been a highly controversial topic in America. Based on the report from the National Center for Education Statistics, you would think that this type of education would be widely supported. Has our nation actually thought about the impact of bilingual education? After all, it could be the reason for the peak in college enrollment of minorities. Bilingual education should continue to be an option in the United States because of the many benefits such as: aiding non-English speakers stay on track, giving natives the opportunity to learn other languages, and helping preserve the cultures of non-natives. Bilingual education is the key to increased high school graduation and college success rates. By offering non-natives the opportunity to learn another language while learning in their native language eliminates the pass or fail, sink or swim aspect of English. When students unfamiliar with the language are put into classes without assistance, both the teacher and student are being cheated. The teacher’s performance will be judged for not being able to teach a......

Words: 1024 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Concord Paper

...Search thousands of free essays... Search Type in your essay topic: ex. Vietnam War JOIN LOGIN CUSTOM ESSAYS HELP CONTACT Concord Book Paper Essay Below is a free essay on "Concord Book Paper" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Join Anti Essays to read full essay. Already a Member? Login Now Please upgrade your account to view this essay on Concord Book Paper. Running head: CONCORD BOOKSHOP PAPER Submitted by: jmb529 Concord Bookshop Paper Jonell Benson HCS/587 Ginger Weatherston University of Phoenix Concord Bookshop Paper This paper will discuss the organizational change process from the readings of, “Tales of Woe at Concord Bookshop.” The variety of change processes gives change leaders and administrators the ability to visualize the internal and external components of change that will go against the status quo and possibly cause a clash between the owners and the workers. The phases in the organizational change model are strategic responsiveness, behavioral change, employee participation and resistance to change. Also included, are the three faces of change and trigger events and change. I will describe two portions of the change process that were not completed or implemented at the Concord Bookshop, which caused failure of the change process. While attempting to implement change, the change leader must first assess the need for change. There was an increase in the amount of competition......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Annie Proulx Essay

...Academic essay on Annie Proulx's "Job Story" Choices are something we all make. Not necessarily important choices, but there will always be a time to make them. It's not always good choices, but they have to be made. There will always be consequences, whether it's bad or good. Throughout the story, Leeland Lee has to make a lot of choices. Where to live, where to work and when to work. All the different choices he made, put him in the position he is now. Leeland Lee is an awkward-looking young boy. His face is heavily boned, which he has gotten from his mom, his neck is quite thick and he has red-gold hair. His eyes are as pouchy as a middle-aged alcoholic. His nose is broad and lays close to his face. Lori Bovee is Leeland Lee's wife. She has an undistinguished oval face, and hair of medium length. Leeland Lee is the protagonist of the story, because he is the main character. I would say Leeland is a flat and static character as he is an endless optimist. He doesn't give up when it comes to finding a new job, and despite his wife dying he still gets a job at Unique Eats. The reason he is a static character is because he doesn't change at all. After getting several different jobs he doesn't change anything, after his mom and wife dies he doesn't change one single thing except the fact he isn't listening to the radio anymore, but since that have been an important factor of the story all along, it can also show a lot about how he has changed. The story starts......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Job History

...Essay on “Job History” written by Annie Proulx In the short story “Job History” written by Annie Proulx, we follow Leeland Lee from the time of his birth, until he is about fifty years old. In the short story we follow Leeland through his harsh life, with ups and downs, in the form of thoughts, feelings, incidents, etc. Leeland is born in a ranch in Wyoming, and lives there with his wife Lori. Leeland does not look particularly good, in fact he is a very unattractive man; (page 91, line 12)“Leeland’s face shows heavy bones from his mother’s side. His neck is thick and his red-gold hair plastered down in bangs. Even as a child his eyes are as pouchy as those of a middle-age alcoholic, the brows rod-straight above wandering out-of-line eyes. His nose lies broad and close to his face, his mouth seems to have been cut with a single chisel blow into easy flesh” And in the top of that, we see how Leeland through his life, tries to find a successful career, but fails consistently. He moves various times from place to place, too seek occupation and good business. But it is hard when you’re a high school dropout, without a career. Leeland have to changes his job constantly, because of his lack of luck, and since he can’t get along white his bosses. He is never able to stay at one job or place for long, which lead to problems in the family. He has a hard time supporting his wife, and their children financially. Throughout the story the author, Annie Proulx manages...

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Essay 1

...An essay is a piece of writing which is often written from an author's personal[->0] point of view[->1]. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism[->2], political manifestos[->3], learned arguments[->4], observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. The definition of an essay is vague, overlapping with those of an article[->5] and a short story[->6]. Almost all modern essays are written in prose[->7], but works in verse[->8] have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope[->9]'s An Essay on Criticism[->10] and An Essay on Man[->11]). While brevity usually defines an essay, voluminous works like John Locke[->12]'s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding[->13] and Thomas Malthus[->14]'s An Essay on the Principle of Population[->15] are counterexamples. In some countries (e.g., the United States and Canada), essays have become a major part of formal education[->16]. Secondary students are taught structured essay formats to improve their writing skills, and admission essays[->17] are often used by universities[->18] in selecting applicants and, in the humanities and social sciences, as a way of assessing the performance of students during final exams. The concept of an "essay" has been extended to other mediums beyond writing. A film essay is a movie that often incorporates documentary film making styles and which focuses more on the evolution of a theme or an idea. A photographic essay[->19] is an attempt to cover a topic...

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Liking Is for Cowards, Go for What Hurts

...We all know love. We have all loved in some kind of way. We love our parents, significant others and even our friends. But we can also love other things like animals or material things. But what is the difference between loving and liking? And is it better not to love and feel pain or to love and be hurt in the progress? Jonathan Franzen seeks to answer these questions in his essay “Liking Is for Cowards. Go for What Hurts”. The essay “Liking Is for Cowards. Go for What Hurts” is, as mentioned, written by Jonathan Franzen and published in The New York Times, May 28, 2011. Jonathan Franzen is born in 1959, and he is an acclaimed American novelist and essayist. The essay is based on the commencement speech he delivered at Kenyon College in Ohio, USA. “Our technology has become extremely adept in creating products that correspond to our fantasy ideal of an erotic relationship, in which the beloved object asks for nothing and gives everything, instantly. (…)” As Franzen claims in his essay, many people can feel like they love their technological object. It gives them a satisfaction, which human interaction maybe wouldn’t. Franzen however thinks, that people in general don’t love material things: they like them. There is a major difference between loving and liking – even though it might appear small. “Liking, in general, is commercial culture’s substitute for loving.” Products are made to be likeable, but if that concept in transferred to a person, you would instantly......

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Reaction - Salvation

...Reaction – “Salvation” The nonfiction short essay “Salvation” written by Langston Hughes in 1940, presents a theme on the literal and often manipulated perception of children. Hughes narrates the essay as he recounts his disappointing attempt at salvation. Hughes aunt told him that when she was saved by Jesus she saw a light, and felt something happen within herself. As children will do, Hughes took her story literally and was heartbroken as he sat in front of the church and watched other children “saved” while he was not. He believed that Jesus must not want him because he did not see or feel anything. In the end, Hughes is forced to lie about accepting Jesus and in turn rejects the Christian faith all together. I related to Hughes story on many accounts. I am a mother of three young children who perceive everything in life literally, and as a young girl I was raised in a very religious environment. I could visualize and almost feel Hughes devastation as he sat at the front of the church crushed by the thoughts of God not wanting him. “Still I kept waiting to see Jesus” (Barnet, Cain, & Burto, 2011, pp. 351). One of the churches that my family attended for a short time during my childhood practiced speaking in tongs. I specifically remember feeling just like Hughes during a service when other children were speaking in unnatural languages perceived to be sent from God himself. I could not understand why I was not chosen to talk for God and intern was hurt and...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Drug Addiction

...write an essay on drugs for this topic. Drugs are very harmful and keep the capability of dragging an individual towards death and destruction. People all over the world want to eradicate the adverse situation of drug addiction from this world and this is the reason why they are busy in writing essays on drugs. Essays on drugs are of many types such as war on drugs essay, essay on performance enhancing drugs in sports, essay on drug abuse, essay on illegal drugs, essay on drug addiction, essay on drug use, essay on drugs and alcohol and essay on drug testing, etc. The essays on drugs should be initiated by bringing in the information related to the topic of the essay on drug. You should know what drugs are. In an essay on drugs, you will have to write about drugs, their affects and the reasons due to which people use them, you have to include the information about why the drugs are so famous and how harmful are they. A persuasive essay on drugs will be one, which will be according to the topic of the essay on drugs. It should have a full-fledged introduction, which should introduce the topic completely. The introduction should also have a thesis statement that should be the main idea of the essay on drugs. A thesis statement should be based on the essay question to which your essay on drugs is an answer. A thesis statement of an essay on drugs can be one sentence or more than one sentence but it is suggested that it should be only one sentence. Essays on drug abuse or......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2