Free Essay

Aristole

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ChuckNorris00
Words 775
Pages 4
Spencer Eckert
Ethics
November 13, 2009
Aristotle
“All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reason, passion, and desire.” (Aristotle), this quote has great meaning to me because this is the true reasoning behind human actions. This quote helps show that Aristotle was one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. It was Aristotle who was the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy and in this philosophy he encompassed morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. Aristotle accomplished much throughout his life Aristotle was born 384 BC in Stagira in northern Greece, about 34 miles east of modern-day Thessaloniki. Aristotle father, Nicomachus and he was a court physician to the king of Macedon. Aristotle was trained and educated as a aristocracy. When Aristotle was at the young age of 18, he traveled to Athens to study under his future teacher, Plato at Plato’s academy. There is much information about Aristotle while he was working with Plato even though Aristotle stayed and studied with Plato for a full 20 years. But shortly after Plato’s death Aristotle left Athens to conduct philosophical and biological research with Xenocrates and to court of his friend Mermias of Atarneus. While in Asia, Aristotle traveled with Theophrastus to the island of Lesbos, where together they researched the botany and zoology of the island. Soon after their exhibition Aristotle married Hermias's adoptive daughter, Pythias. Pythias and Aristotle had a daughter, whom they named Pythias. After Hermia’s death Aristotle was then invited by King Philip II of Macedon to tutor his young son, Alexander the Great. Aristotle was appointed by King Philip as the head of the royal academy of Macedon. While he was heading the royal academy he gave lessons not only to Alexander, but also to two other future kings: Ptolemy and Cassander. In one of Aristotle’s most famous books, Politics, he states that there was only one thing could truly justify a monarchy. That was that if the virtue of the king and his family were greater than the virtue of the rest of the citizens put together. Aristotle of course, included the young prince and his father in that category for purposeful reasons. Through his teaching Aristotle encouraged Alexander to look toward eastern conquest, and his attitude towards Persia was unabashedly ethnocentric. By 335 BC Aristotle had returned to Athens and he immediately established his own school in Athens, The Lyceum. At his school Aristotle conducted courses for the next twelve years. Unfortunately, while Aristotle was in Athens, his wife Pythias died. Not too long after he had become romantically involved with Herpyllis of Stageira, who bore him a son whom he named after his father, Nicomachus. But there are other researchers that state according to the Suda, Aristotle had also an eromenos, Palaephatus of Abydus. It is during was during 335 to 323 BC, in Athens that Aristotle is believed to have composed many of his most famous works. During his life time Aristotle wrote countless dialogues, but unfortunately only fragments of these dialogs have survived to this day. Some of his most famous treatise that Aristotle wrote were not meant for wide spread publication. That is because they were thought of as lecture aids for Aristotle’s students. Aristotle’s most famous treatises include his works such as Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, Politics, De Anima and Poetics. Throughout Aristotle’s full life he studied nearly every subject that was available to him at the time. He studied most all of the physical sciences, education, and philosophy. It can also be stated that Aristotle was the last person to know everything there was to know at his current time. Near the end of Alexander the Great’s life he started to suspect Aristotle of conspiracy. But upon Alexander's death, anti-Macedonian sentiment in Athens once again flared. Eurymedon, the hierophant denounced Aristotle for not holding the gods in honor and so Aristotle was forced to flee to his mother’s estate in Chalcis. He stated "I will not allow the Athenians to sin twice against philosophy," this was a direct reference to Athen’s execution of Socrates. Aristotle died in Euboea of natural causes in the year 322 BC and he named chief executor to his school, his student Antipater. And in his will he asked to be buried next to his wife. Aristotle with the Prior Analytics is credited with the earliest study of formal logic, and his formation of the dominant form of Western logic. Kant stated in the Critique of Pure Reason that Aristotle's theory of logic completely accounted for the core of deductive inference.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Aristole

...Ethics in Aristotle’s Philosophy Ruth Geter AC 504 Ethical Issues in Business and Accounting Unit 2 Assignment July 19, 2016 Aristotle Philosophy Introduction I have chosen Aristotle as my philosopher. “He was the first to argue that equals should be treated equally, and unequal’s should be treated unequally in proportion to their relevant differences” (Brooks and Dunn, 2014). In today’s society people sometimes lose sight of being ethical and often know what is right but chooses to not do the right thing. Most of the time it is out of greed or selfish reasons. His ethical theory is about being happy. “Of all the classical theories considered here, his is the farthest from an ethics of self-interest” (P.I.E,2006). Included in this paper will be philosophy, history of Aristotle, his theories, ethical practices in accounting and business in general and the connection between me and Aristotle. Philosophy “Philosophy is the fundamental study of ideas about knowledge, truth, reality, and the meaning of life” (free dictionary, 2015). According to the dictionary a philosopher is someone who offers theories or opinions in relation to profound questions in terms of ethics, logic, metaphysics, and other related fields” (free dictionary, 2015). Ethics help society in everyday situation whether personal or business related. Ethics help guide us to solutions where the answer is not right or wrong. It is important to weigh the decision based on who may benefit from the......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Aristole

...Karl Marx states capitalism distorts human’s relationships with the environment. Over two centuries later, such a situation is apparent in the Green Revolution in Amazon. In fact, capitalism distorts human nature and welfare (Rizer 2011). Marx theory on capitalism effects on the environment explains the environmental crisis of the Green Revolution. Aristotle is a materialist (Rist 1996). Aristotle theory on science separates into two categories which are functional developmental essentialism and property essentialist (Rist 1997). The two parts of the essentialism is known as the Natural Slate Model. For essentialism, diversity is unimportant only the ideal is important (McLaughlin 2015). Aristotle theory of progress states an interfering force cause deviation from the linear view of time. Christians explanation for deviation was effect of God and interbreeding (Greenwood 1984). The Enlightenment cause people to believe the ideology of progress was not definite and based on God or any super nature force. The enlightenment produced a great thinker Hegel, and most importantly Hegel heavily influence Marx’s view on history. Hegel believe that history is composed of clash of ideas called called the thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. The thesis and antithesis leads to a synthesis. Marx views the whole of history as class struggle. Marx theory of human nature was based on critique of Hegel, which states changes in human life are beyond human control and humans are abstract......

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Communist Manefesto Cp 1 and 2

...commodity s used to get another commodity. This is in terms as an exchange like if a person where to sell a shirt for $20 dollars, and then use that money to buy bread. M-C-M stands for buying in order to sell meaning that a commodity turns into money. The difference is that the end money has “surplus value (332)”. Marxis states that the final M in M-C-M' is “M'= M+Δ= the orignal sum advanced, plus increment”(332). M-C-M represent modern capitalism because the end result is money. Meaning in the end of M-C-M we exchange money for money. There is a constant cycle but the the beginning point is money, therefore in reality the M-C-M is the general formula for capital. Aristole says states that there is an opposition between this cycle. He calls the conflict between this cycle Oeconomic to Chrematistic. As stated by Aristole Oeconomic is “True wealth consist as such values in use; for the quantity of possessions of this kind, capable of making life pleasant, is not unlimited”(333). The opposition is Chrematistic where it states that that there is no limits to riches and possessions. He states that Chremastic can only be possible if there is resources, which in this case that resource is money. This allows for the capitalistic goal of boundless enrichment. In chapter six Marx writes about how money is created into capital. Marx states “Labor-power or capacity for labour is to be understood the aggregate of...

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

His 275 Week 5

...University of Phoenix Material Islamic and Byzantine Civilizations Worksheet Part I: Timeline Create a timeline of the Islamic and Byzantine civilizations, listing any major events in each civilization’s history. Islamic Civilization • ca. 570- Birth of Muhammad • 622- Beginning of the Muslim calendar • 632- Death of Muhammad • 644-656- Rapid conquests in Egypt and Iran • 656-661- Contested Caliphate of Ali • 680- Second civil war begins with the death of al-Husayn Byzantine Civilization • 313- Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan • 410- Rome invaded by Visigoths under Alaric • 451-453- Europe invaded by the Huns under Attila • 488- Theodoric establishes kingdom of Ostrogoths in Italy • 732- Charles Martel defeats Arabs at Tours You may create your own timeline using Microsoft® Word or you may use any of the timeline creators online. However, if you use an online resource, you must provide a web link to the completed timelines or a screenshot of your timelines. You may also use the University of Phoenix Timeline Builder. Part II: Cultural Contributions Complete the following matrix with at least one element for each category. |Civilization |Intellectual |Artistic Forms or |Architecture |Religious Beliefs |Traditions | | |Contributions |Contributions | | | ...

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Psych

...Greek physician Hippocrates rejected these beliefs. He suggested that such problems are caused by abnormalities in the brain and had a rational explanation. This idea that biological factors can affect our thoughts, feelings, and behavior influenced thinking about psychology for more than 2,000 years. Socrates – A student of the philosopher Socrates in ancient Greece, recorded his teachers advice. “Know thy self” This phrase has remained an important motto of psychological study ever since. Socrates suggested that we can learn much about ourselves by carefully examining our own thoughts & feelings. Psychologists call this method of learning introspection, which means “looking within” Aristole (384-322 B.C.) Raised many questions about human behavior that are still discussed. Aristole outlined the laws of associationism. Kenneth Clark – Dealt with gender, culture, prejudice, & stereo types. In 1946 the Clarks founded the Northside center for child development. The white & black doll. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) The school of thought that he founded, called psychoanalysis, emphasizes the importance of unconscious motives & internal conflicts in determining & understanding human behavior. John Locke – building on principles of...

Words: 1607 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Policemen of the World Thesis Andoutline

...Running Head: Biology Article 05/14th/2015 Experimental Biology SCI 115 Pamela Anderson Professor: Maria E. Monzon-Medina DUE 05/14th/2015 BIOLOGY ARTICLE Introduction Several lines of evidence support the claims surrounding the knowledge of biology. To begin I will discuss experimenting of drugs and other forms of biology linking to different topic on experiment. Then to discuss the history that link with the 17th century thinker. After that I will explain the three basic assumptions or principles of biology. BIOLOGY ARTICLE Experimental Biology This claim surrounding the knowledge of biology, is to begin with experimenting on different form of living things using drugs and other ways to test, our ideas, according to scientific principle on one occasion people have been engaging in experiment for as long as we are learning to eat and develop life saving drugs and medical treatment. Identifying the toxic chemical in our environment and food supply lab works is made evident to support research of modern lives (extracted from biology article 2013 ) this article relate to this course in many form. E.G. Biology dealt with plant, animals and human which is the component of biology it also dealt with research and experiment. In biology today book there is a subtopic evolution of diseases it explain how micro organism existed for many years it also explain the deference between pathogen and armless. (Star 2013). BIOLOGY ARTICLE History......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

George Tenet and the Last Days of the Cia

...George Tenet and the Last Days of the CIA Nadine Collins Strayer University Dr. Aristole Mante PAD500 Modern Public Administrations October 11, 2013 George Tenet and the Last Days of the CIA George Tenet served as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency from 1997 to 2004, under the administration of Bill Clinton and George W Bush. An intense period covering the terrorist attacks on September 11 and the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq. (Stillman, 2010) This outline describes the ethical obligations of Tenets’ career. The Concept of Ethical Obligations is concerned with the process by which we clarify what is right and wrong and by which we act on what we take to be right; ethics involves the use of reasons in determining a proper course of action. Ethics is also the search for moral standards (Denhardt/Denhardt, 2010) or rules that determine the way a person behave. (?) In this case study, George Tenet and the Last Great Days of the CIA. The CIA Director, George Tenet was challenged with major cross-coded ethical dilemmas in his agency, which impact his leadership abilities. First, ethical dilemma that impact his leadership skills was during the Wye Oak negotiations, Tenet was serving as the go-between for Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu (White, 2008) Members within the government did not think it was right for Tenet to play a significant role as it cause doubts in his cabinet and administration.......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Nursing

...when compared to other moral philosophies. Some strength include promoting happiness, flourishing, and harmony, while weaknesses entail issues when dealing with laws, various conflicting virtues, as well as religious objections. All moral philosophies that have been discussed thus far have included arguments for and against the said philosophy and virtue ethics is no different. Strengths included in virtue ethics include promoting happiness. By practicing moral virtues we can attain a state of eudaimonia (Pojman). Moral virtues usually lie between vices of two corresponding vices, on of excess and one of deficiency. Eudaimonia is considered a balance of these two. By following virtues we can achieve a better happier life according to Aristole (Pojman). Another strength of virtue ethics is that it promotes human flourishing. “Maslow’s hierarchy of needs puts self actualization at the top, where the fulfillment of our potential is our ultimate goal. This ties in with Aristotle’s...

Words: 584 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Focus on Cosmetic Surgery on Teenagers

...Focus on cosmetic surgery for teenagers We do all know from the international marked, that things which are difficult to achieve or very rarely seen, always have been valuable to humanity. It’s exactly the same when it comes to the ideal body. In this cultural society where teens are constantly bombarded with images of beautiful people which is bad for the teens mentalities. This has caused a huge pressure on the young people, who want to be considered as attractive. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons estimates that more than 330, 000 adolescents-most of all female-underwent cosmetic procedures in 2007. Some adolescents use cosmetic surgeries to achieve their goals. The sort of surgeries that are frequently used to altering the body is nose jobs, breast augmentation, ear reshaping and liposuction. All those encroachments to change the human nature, takes the nonprofit organization National Research Center for Women and Families an interest in, as a way to improve the health of women and children. As a representative for the organization Diana Zuckerman blames the decision about what beauty should look like as one of the factors that affects the teens during their high-emotional and self-realization period where they only want “to fit in”. Some surgeons argue that the surgeries can increase the teenagers’ self-esteem. This statement is debated all over the world, but there’s no data to suggest that cosmetic surgeries can improve the self-esteem. Dr. John Canedy......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Oedipus

...A plot is an author’s selection and arrangement of incidents in a story to shape the actions and give the story a particular focus. This makes the plot a very important thing to a story. There are three main parts that a plot addresses. The first is the rising action. This tells us the type of problem the character is facing. The second part is the climax. This is when we see a turning point in a story. The last is the falling action. This is when we see what happens after the resolution of the plots conflict. Oedipus is about a man that leaves his city of Corinth after he is told he is going to kill his father and have sex with his mother. Scared he leaves for another city called Thebes. At the cross roads he meet an old man and five of his servants. They were picking on him so enraged he killed the old man and four of the servants. The one servant that lived went back went back and told Queen Jocasta that her husband was killed by a bunch of thieves. Oedipus still on his way to Thebes he meets and defects a Sphix. Now seen as a hero the people of Thebes worship him. Jocasta still needing a new king decided to make Oedipus it. Oedipus ashamed of his past decided it was best not to tell anyone. Little did we know that he wasn’t the only one keeping secrets but queen Jocasta also had secrets from her past. Jocasts secret was that she was pregnant once before but was told that her child was going to kill his father, scared she decided to get rid of the baby. After......

Words: 788 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Biology Article

...Running Head: Biology Article 05/14th/2015 Experimental Biology SCI 115 Pamela Anderson Professor: Maria E. Monzon-Medina DUE 05/14th/2015 BIOLOGY ARTICLE Introduction Several lines of evidence support the claims surrounding the knowledge of biology. To begin I will discuss experimenting of drugs and other forms of biology linking to different topic on experiment. Then to discuss the history that link with the 17th century thinker. After that I will explain the three basic assumptions or principles of biology. BIOLOGY ARTICLE Experimental Biology This claim surrounding the knowledge of biology, is to begin with experimenting on different form of living things using drugs and other ways to test, our ideas, according to scientific principle on one occasion people have been engaging in experiment for as long as we are learning to eat and develop life saving drugs and medical treatment. Identifying the toxic chemical in our environment and food supply lab works is made evident to support research of modern lives (extracted from biology article 2013 ) this article relate to this course in many form. E.G. Biology dealt with plant, animals and human which is the component of biology it also dealt with research and experiment. In biology today book there is a subtopic evolution of diseases it explain how micro organism existed for many years it also explain the deference between pathogen and armless. (Star 2013). BIOLOGY ARTICLE History......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

We Did It Wow

...Ethics week 2 Team E Week 3 Issue: Team presentation Should tolerance of homosexuality be taught in our schools without parent consent? Does this violate the fundament social responsibility of parents? Week 5 issue: Why should illegal immigrants be entitled to free education, heath care services, food stamps and an assortment of other social service benefits? Does it make sense to reward those who break the law? Individual assignment 1. 5 primary barriers and obstacles that cause us to breach our moral & ethical values 2. How do they cause you to breach your moral and ethical values - Things that cause us to do the wrong things (temptations) ex: how does self interest cause us to do the wrong things 3. What needs be done to over come those obstacles 4. Do this for each of the primary barriers Week 3 presentation: 10 points 1. Provide background on issue- extent of it taught in schools MARCELA Ex: polls, legislature, historical value 2. ID and discuss all arguments on either side of the question (broad implications of this issue) Do schools have the rights where do their rights begin and end JAMES What are the rights of the parents where do their rights begin and end JOE 3. Team conclusion- 4. Justify conclusion, why was one side more compelling than the other MIKE 20 min presentation * Construction (4 out of 10 points) * accuracy * COPY OF PPP 3 slides to each page NOTES Metaethics: understanding where do our...

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Civic Life and Ethics

...course is introduce now in the educational system because of the importance of moral values. Teachers at training would understand moral standard and how they affect conduct. 3. What is the relationship between democratic citizenship and education? * Democratic citizenship and education both involved equal right and opportunity, gaining knowledge to implement various strategies to undertake issues in the society. 4. Define ethics and Meta ethics. * Ethics is the study of moral standards and how they affect conduct. * Meta ethics is seeking to clarify the meaning and use of our ethical expressions and their origin. 5. List four (4) philosophers who dealt with morals. * Socrates * Plato * David Hume * Aristole 6. Differentiate between moral realism and moral relativism. * Moral realism is that moral values are spirit like realms, absolute abstract truths while moral relativism is the opposite point of view which denies that moral values exist a spirit like object as divine command. 7. Values and ethical issues should be emphasized in school, family, work place and community. * Schools—its promotes pro-social thoughts, values and behaviours and having students acts as good citizens in schools. * Family—reunification of traditional family structures. It is assumed that this will return the ethical issues and values to the good old day. * Work place—it helps to keep order, ensuring that a company runs smoothly and......

Words: 1294 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Celestial Seasonings

...Celestial Seasonings is a company and brand that has, through thick and thin, remained loyal to in its dedication to tradition and the roots in the ground to achieve success in the herbal market. This company has had to create and adapt to a new market, promote new products, survive a corporate takeover and remain strong against the competition. Celestial Seasonings has grown into a large international herbal company all while respecting their heritage and beliefs. Celestial Seasonings believes strongly in Aristotle’s famous quote: “In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous.” Before becoming the founder of Celestial Seasonings, Mo Siegel was a hiker that treaded on dried grass. In 1968, Siegel and his friends realized the versatility of herbs and began to pick the herbs in the mountains near Aspen, Colorado. With these herbs, Siegel and his friends wanted to rediscover what their ancestors knew of the multifunctional aspects of these plants. By drying the plants, they planned to blend the herbs for nurturing. By 1969, “10,000 muslin bags of Mo’s 36 Herb Tea were sewn, filled and sold to The Grainery, a health food store in Boulder,” beginning the journey as they molded this cottage industry into a prosperous company (Studer 1). Siegel first set up shop in a barn and founded Celestial Seasonings in Boulder, Colorado. With the mission of making herbal tea that was both tasty and healthy, Celestial Seasonings started down the road to becoming the largest......

Words: 2399 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Reflections of Life’s Existence

...Jennifer Cooper The Reflections of Life’s Existence PHIL201 –Introduction to Philosophy July 31, 2014 Abstract The discussion of life’s questions is not easy. Philosophers use many points to prove their arguments. The debates of how and why we make our decisions will go on as long as we are around to research ourselves. Philosophers use metaphysics to study the world around us using science and knowledge. Epistemology is the study of how we gather knowledge and how it is trusted. Ethics is the framework by which people make decisions of right and wrong. Ethics also deals with individual, social, and cultural moralities. The Reflections of Life’s Existence Introduction Why do we care about the meaning of life? Do we need to ponder questions about our existence in order to be happy? Scientists and philosophers have pondered these questions and tried to find answers to concerns about free will and do we have a soul. They also have deliberated about how reason effects our decisions and if ethics plays a role in how humans interact. Do people with higher morals make for happier people? Metaphysics: What is real and how do we know the correct reality? Metaphysics is the study of reality and how we understand the world around us explained using science and reason. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) explains (n.d.) Aristotle believed that we perceive our world around us with our eyes. We are visual creatures. That is why sight is so important......

Words: 3222 - Pages: 13