Premium Essay

Art As A Form Of Expression In Ancient Art

Submitted By
Words 873
Pages 4
Art is an almost limitless vehicle for expression. It takes a wide variety of forms and is always evolving into new avenues of expression over the centuries. People have used art since the beginning. In prehistoric times cave art was used as a form of storytelling using pictograms. For example, cave people used charcoal to draw onto the roofs of caves. To this day, these drawings depict the hunting of animals and record part of the lives of people long ago. This is an example of one of the first purposes of art as a historical record. Throughout time various cultures would use drawings on tablets, walls, and buildings to depict important events and everyday occurrences. Over time, gradually art took on other roles and forms. For example, in ancient Rome villas would depict pleasant scenery. These murals can still be viewed today in the ruins of Pompeii. In addition, both Rome and Greece used sculptures to celebrate and memorialize the human form. Thus, in ancient times art took a big leap by providing an outlet for self expression and pleasure to its admirers. …show more content…
It is interesting to observe that art has been universal in almost every culture in the world. The ancient Chinese had paintings, elaborate buildings, and in fact an entire army made of Terra Cotta figures to resemble various people in the life of the emperor. In Mayan culture the people carved pictures on walls and built elaborate temples. Likewise, in the Egyptian times drawings depicted the lives of the pharaohs. In fact, the Great Sphinx to this day is one of the greatest sculptures in history. The purpose of these sculptures demonstrate that art was used to proclaim the success and superiority of the ruling

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Architecture & Society

...being able to display them in their works, which not only was a clear representation of the time but as well helped mold and solidify the society’s thoughts through expression. By taking examples from ancient to modern times I will examine how the architecture of these eras clearly displays the thoughts and ideas of the culture in which it was built upon and as well the society in which it is placed. As well I will be examining how several major key architects played a dynamic role in these critical showcases that represented their time. I will be taking architectural examples from; the ancient Egyptian time period, the gothic and medieval time period, the renaissance & pre-modern period and the now contemporary period. Each one of these unique periods of time in architectural design were clear representation of the dynamic time period in our history. Here, looking back at these time periods we can see the most incredible works in architectural design that still to this day help us understand the culture at the time. As well I will be using several renowned architects throughout these time periods who were able to portray the culture, and society in their designs. These architects include, Michelangelo, Filippo Brunelleschi, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Louis Henri Sullivan, and of course Frank Gehry. Ancient Period Architecture: The most incredible display of the rapid development of civilizations through architecture can...

Words: 2807 - Pages: 12

Free Essay


...Classical and Renaissance art periods are two of the most important and celebrated art periods in our history. The two periods were alike in many ways with only a few differences setting them apart. In the end, the Renaissance was a “rebirth” of the Classical art style, architecture and beliefs. The Classical period was a time of spectacular architecture, philosophical pondering, and human development; taking place between 500 – 323 BC, Ancient Greece enjoyed wealth and power. The arts, literature, and drama thrived. The Classical Period made world changing discoveries in medicine, mathematics, physics, and astronomy. The city of Athens, one of the most powerful and influential cities in the Classical period introduced the world to Democracy and has shaped today’s western governments. Some of the philosophers of the Classical Period have become the most well known philosophers know to man today and have had influence on Western thought and civilization. To this day the teachings of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle are still pondered today. Classical art focused mainly on five forms: architecture, sculpture, pottery, painting, and music. Ancient Greece was dominated by religion. This resulted in the temples being big and beautiful. The Classical period brought change in the style of sculptures. The Greeks believed in humanism and their art displayed this. The Greeks took great pride in the importance of the individual in society in the forms of art, philosophy and government...

Words: 1628 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...and having a significant historical element,[1] as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences.[1] The humanities include ancient and modern languages, literature, philosophy, religion, and visual and performing arts such as music and theatre. The humanities that are also sometimes regarded as social sciences include history, anthropology, area studies, communication studies, cultural studies, law and linguistics. 2. What is the scope of humanities? 1. History, Anthropology, and Archaeology study human social, political, and cultural development. 2. Literature, Languages, and Linguistics explore how we communicate with each other, and how our ideas and thoughts on the human experience are expressed and interpreted. 3. Philosophy, Ethics, and Comparative Religion consider ideas about the meaning of life and the reasons for our thoughts and actions. 4. Jurisprudence examines the values and principles which inform our laws. These are: Arts, Music, Dance, Drama and Literature. 3. What is the different between the humanities and the sciences? Both the sciences and the humanities seek understanding; both offer explanations of various bits of the world. At a very abstract level, though, the kind of things each tries to explain is different. Science and the humanities are both ancient and great traditions and I doubt if there is anyone who would set them up in an antagonistic zero-sum confrontation the way people tend to do in the case...

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ancient Greek Art Research Paper

...Throughout the history of the world, art has its own history as well. The Ancient art period started before 500 B.C with its characteristics were about God, Goddess and Heroes. Women, in ancient Greek and Roman societies, did not have high status and they were considered as properties of men. During that time, woman was just being a wife and being a mother and stayed at home to take care of the house for her man. Women did not have any role in politics therefore they could not vote and they did not have any right for themselves. The roles of women could be learned by reviewing how female figures were created through the ancient Greek and Roman art works. Most of the female figures, in any art work during this period, were either goddess; such as statue of Athena goddess of wisdom,warfare and women's craft, or monsters; such as Sphixn in Greek mythology. Therefore, during the ancient...

Words: 839 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Japanes Culture and Its Influences

...territory. One of the important aspects of this culture is the Japanese food. Japan has a rich culture of arts, architecture, literature, music, etc. Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture, ink painting and calligraphy on silk and paper. Japanese ceramics are among the finest in the world and include the earliest known artifacts of their culture. In architecture, Japanese preferences for natural materials and an interaction of interior and exterior space are clearly expressed. Since Japan is very far away from Maldives, collecting information was mainly from the internet and library. Introduction Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it borders China, North Korea, South Korea, Russia, Taiwan, the Sea of Japan, the Sea of Okhotsk, and the East China Sea. It is an archipelago of 6,852 islands, most of which are mountainous and many are volcanic. Figure 1: Japan The government system is a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy. The chief of state is the Emperor and the head of government is the Prime Minister. Japan has a market economy in which the prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system. Japan is a member of the Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery,...

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Ancient Art

...Ancient Art is more than one type of Art. Such art was produced by advanced cultures of ancient societies, with some type of writing. These societies were China, Persia, Israel, Egypt, Greece, Rome, and etc. Ancient Art has been part of our world history for thousands of years. It represented the development of the human artistic mind, in telling stories or expressing the facts that where happening on that period of time. These Art work have been protected and displayed in museums so the going generations can explore it and learn the history of Art. Ancient Art I am writing about two different Ancient Arts. The Ancient Art I picket, are the Egyptian Art, and the Greek Art. These nations provided the world with the most amazing Art from B.C.E.-C.E. period of time. Their Art though the world plenty of their history culturally, and what where the happenings of that period of time. The Egyptian Art is in two- dimensional form of work, but also had a few three-dimensional Art. The Greek art work is in three- dimensional form of art work, but also had some two-dimensional art. The Egyptians artists used vertical and horizontal reference lines to maintain the correct proportions in their work. The Greek artist worked on pottery, sculpture as well as architecture. The Egyptian paintings were prepared by whitewash or a layer of coarse mud plaster. The pigments mostly were mineral, chosen to withstand strong sunlight without fading, after painting a varnish or resin......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The History of Tattoos

...The History of Tattoos Rebecca Tanner Axia College of University of Phoenix What is all the hype revolving around tattoos truly about? There are so many answers to this question yet it can only truly be answered by the individuals who get them. For many it is simply a form of expression but history shows that there are reasons that some may have never considered, such as the medical purposes for getting tattoos. Although they are becoming more and more popular, tattoos have been a form of artistic, spiritual, and medical expression for centuries. Tattoos have been a form of expression for centuries Tattoos date back for centuries. Over the course of time, archaeologists have found evidence of the existence of tattoos on mummified remains as well as other artifacts. According to Lineberry (2007), it was believed that the first evidence of tattoos existed in ancient Egypt where tattoos date back to 2000 B.C. and were found only on female remains. This has since been disputed with the discovery of Iceman in 1991. This frozen mummy had markings on his spine, knees, and ankles. Historians have also found clay figurines depicting Japanese individuals adorned with elaborate body art dating back to 5000 B.C. It was once thought that these were merely artifacts but later revealed to be depictions of actual individuals (Vanishing Tattoo, 2008). Tattoos have also been very prominent in Celtic history, with records indicating the existence of tattoos as far back as......

Words: 1841 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Art and Experience in Classical Greece

...Arts and Experience in Classical Greece Classical Greek art held a prestigious manner in the Ancient Greece especially within the hierarchy of the society. The art of Ancient Greece not only showed class and beauty but also showed the high esteem of an individual of the time. Throughout Pollitt’s book Art and Experience in Classical Greece the author attempts to show various forms of art throughout the Ancient Greece, he also attempts to explain why the art was monumental in Greek society. Artists in ancient Greece would design numerous forms of art that included designing coins, mosaics, gem engravings, architecture, pottery and sculptures. The Greek style of art has influenced many cultures and societies after it. Learning of one’s culture and background is a very important aspect of studying a civilizations history. Art is a great example of how to grasp what times could have been like in Ancient Greece or when studying any ancient civilization. In Pollitt’s chapter “Consciousness and Conscience” the author describes many forms of art that offer unique elemental qualities. The author explains different reasons and types of art through the early classical period in Greece. For example, Pollitt discusses that in the early classical period of Greek art, there was a shift to using movement and pictorial space within the art. This element of art was a new technique used by the artists in an attempt to make the artwork look and seem more real. Figures in art......

Words: 845 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The History of Theatre

...27, 2012 Michael Macbride The History of Theatre Theatre is a fantastic, entertaining, and very old art form. An evolution of storytelling, theatre is an expression of life. The history of theatre can be traced all the way back to the time of Ancient Greece. The art of theatre has survived many years and has evolved greatly during those years. A performance you would have seen in Ancient Greece is not at all what you would see in a performance today. Many things in theatre have changed, from the dialogue and costumes, to the sets, themes, and the playwrights themselves. Just as the human race has had to adapt to changes in order to survive over the years, theatre has done the same. There is one thing that has not changed all that much and that is that people still use theatre as an escape. While theatre was originally used as a form of worship to the Greek god Dionysus, the art of theatre has greatly evolved over the years and is now mainly used as a source of entertainment. There is not much history pertaining to the origin of theatre. Most research comes from wall paintings and hieroglyphics. One of the first dramas was performed in Egypt and is said to be the beginning of theatre. This drama was the Abydos passion play, involving the story of Osiris (Robinson, 2002). Most of the first recorded examples of theatre come to us from Ancient Greece. Ancient Grecians had four festivals honoring gods, which were scheduled around the seasons. City Dionysia, a......

Words: 1607 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Art and CultureArt in ancient GreeceThe Charioteer of Delphi, Delphi Archaeological Museum. One of the greatest surviving works of Greek sculpture, dating from about 470 B.C. Source:WikipediaThe art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in Greco-Buddhist art, with ramifications as far as Japan. Following the Renaissance in Europe, the humanist aesthetic and the high technical standards of Greek art inspired generations of European artists. Well into the 19th century, the classical tradition derived from Greece dominated the art of the western world.PeriodsThe art of Ancient Greece is usually divided stylistically into four periods: the Geometric, the Archaic, the Classical and the Hellenistic.As noted above, the Geometric age is usually dated from about 1000 BC, although in reality little is known about art in Greece during the preceding 200 years (traditionally known as the Dark Ages), the period of the 7th century BC witnessed the slow development of the Archaic style as exemplified by the black-figure style of vase painting. The onset of the Persian Wars (480 BC to 448 BC) is usually taken as the dividing......

Words: 4069 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Mr Oguzhan

...GREEK AND ROMAN ART Various Authors Edited By: R. A. Guisepi The art of the ancient Greeks and Romans is called classical art. This name is used also to describe later periods in which artists looked for their inspiration to this ancient style. The Romans learned sculpture and painting largely from the Greeks and helped to transmit Greek art to later ages. Classical art owes its lasting influence to its simplicity and reasonableness, its humanity, and its sheer beauty. The first and greatest period of classical art began in Greece about the middle of the 5th century BC. By that time Greek sculptors had solved many of the problems that faced artists in the early archaic period. They had learned to represent the human form naturally and easily, in action or at rest. They were interested chiefly in portraying gods, however. They thought of their gods as people, but grander and more beautiful than any human being. They tried, therefore, to portray ideal beauty rather than any particular person. Their best sculptures achieved almost godlike perfection in their calm, ordered beauty. The Greeks had plenty of beautiful marble and used it freely for temples as well as for their sculpture (see Marble). They were not satisfied with its cold whiteness, however, and painted both their statues and their buildings. Some statues have been found with their bright colors still preserved, but most of them lost their paint through weathering. The works of the great Greek painters have......

Words: 2174 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Art History

...UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL ASIA FALL SEMESTER 2014 History of Art Dr Raymond-Josef Hoffmann Description: This course is an introduction to art as the embodiment of cultural, social, and political values, ranging from ancient civilizations to the modern period. The class examines painting, sculpture, and architecture , and both domestic and ornamental artifacts of Near Eastern, Mediterranean and Western civilisations. Various historical periods will be considered through an examination of creative practices, themes, and visual forms. Examples of the work of representative artists and movements, from Praxiteles in ancient Greece to recent artists will be explored. The course will also consider cultural and artistic exchanges between societies of Europe, the Americas, Asia (including central Asia), and Africa, when appropriate. Human beings have been culture-makers and illustrators from the beginning: the history of our species on earth can be traced from early cave drawings and implements for eating and hunting to decorative arts, gothic cathedrals, skyscrapers to non-cognitive forms of expression that defy interpretation. This course is an exploration of an essential aspect of our attempts to shape the world and to create an environment in which self-expression, pleasure, ideology and aspiration can thrive. 1. Structure: The course comprises two 80 minute discussion/seminars based on specific works of art each week. The topics and readings are given in the......

Words: 1959 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Beliefs of Ancient Egyptians with Medieval Christians

...Beliefs of Ancient Egyptians with Medieval Christians This paper compares and contrasts the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians with those of the medieval Christians, particularly as those beliefs found expression in the art of each time. The ritual mysticism of Egypt's worship of the sun gave way to a more egalitarian view of the present world and a less literal conception of the next. Christianity offered a broad vision of life after death, promising the possibility of salvation to commoners as well as to the kings, who could expect it as their right in Egypt. The art of this newer religion also allowed for individual expression and interpretation, giving a glimpse of the sweeping historic changes that would eventually transform the world of antiquity into a more complex dialogue between humanity and its gods. The religion of the ancient Egyptians grew out of their connection with the earth and their surroundings. Early beliefs followed those of other peoples whose lives were dictated by the elements and the seasons; Joseph Lindon Smith (1956) describes Egypt's early religion as a "simple agricultural pantheon of earth, rain, and sky" (p. 316). More than any other developing culture of antiquity, however, the Egyptians began to concentrate their attentions on the single most prominent feature of their landscape, the sun. The religion of the builders of the pyramids became the most striking example ever seen of sun worship. Ra, the personification of the sun, was identified...

Words: 1685 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

. Give Examples of the 15 Areas of Risk Management

...Classical Art Essay Art has a unique way to express the spirit of nature in humans and in their culture. It does represent a specific time in history and a story in life. Every piece of art whether it is a painting, sculpture, photography, and music it creates a significant concept of self- consciousness in its Art. However, in the perception of classical art it provides the values of beauty, positive, and the negatives aesthetics of art. The painting below is a picture of Johann Joachim Winkelmann, and the artist of the paintiing is Anton Raphael Mengs. This essay will provide information of the painting and the artist, it will explain the reason this piece of art is a form of classical art, and the significant lessen it represents in a moral sense during this ancient time of Greek art. Who is Anton R. Mengs and where was he from? Anton Mengs was a German painter who lived in Rome and was known as the master painter. He possessed a great talent in creating paintings in Greek art and died 1779 in Rome. This particular painting of Joachim J. Winkemann who was painted in the mid 1700’s, and was an ancient writer in Greek and died 1768 (Chisholm,1911) . This specific piece of art represents attributes of classical aesthetics of art. It shows the beauty and good of Greek art. According to this painting it is evident a story lives and represents balance and reason. Joachim J. Winkemann facial expressions expresses that he has a purpose in life and shows little......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Greece vs Rome

...differences by far outweigh such. The Greeks were prominent well before the Roman empire, and it shows in their art. While their roles have changed with respect to the rest of the world, their contributions to art still remain. One notable difference between the two styles of making sculptures is that the Greek ones are free-standing, meaning they are capable of standing without any extra help or support. Their Roman counterparts, however, almost always need some form of support as the statues they produced had problems standing upright. The most common method used by Romans to support their statues involved implementing a post. Inspiration Another key difference lies in what the artists of the respective cultures depicted. The Greeks were fond of making statues of the various gods. Beyond that, creatures of mythology---such as centaurs and hydras---were popular. Heroes were also a favorite to mold into a statue. The Romans, on the other hand, preferred to make statues of real people and events. The various emperors throughout Rome's history were often an inspiration for art. Real-life events such as great battles and catalysts for change also were represented in art. The Statues By and large, Roman sculptures aren't considered on the same level as their Greek predecessors. The Greeks are credited with pioneering the craft, and the Romans picked up the know-how and took the art forward. While the Greeks focused on durability and the beauty of the images, the Romans......

Words: 871 - Pages: 4