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Art & Culture

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Dymia98
Words 420
Pages 2

Support -

Linear drawings vs. tonal drawings

Three categories (reasons for making drawings) 1. Sketches to record ideas or sights, 2. Plans or studies, 3. Self-sufficient works of art

Dry media:
Metalpoint -
Ground -
Pigment -
Cross-hatching -
Pencil -
Graphite -
Charcoal -
Binder –
Crayon –
Chalk -
Pastel -
Oil Stick -
Conte crayon -
Fluid media:
Pen and ink
Brush and ink
Quill = feather
Nib and stylus - type of pen. Stylus is the stick that holds the nib. Nib carries the ink.
Brush and ink -
Wash – II. Paint:

Components of paint:
1. pigment -
2. vehicle - binder

Types of painting :
Fresco -
Buon fresco -
Fresco Secco -
Encaustic -
Tempera -
Gesso - a ground made of powdered chalk or plaster and animal glue.
Oil paint -
Glazing -
Impasto -
Acrylic -
Watercolor -
Gouache -

III. Printmaking:

Advantage over drawing and painting ?

Matrix -

Four categoriesof print: 1. Relief, 2. Intaglio, 3.Lithography, 4. Serigraphy

Woodcut -
Linocut -
Engraving - (burin?)
Drypoint -
Etching -


IV. Photography:
Greek roots - to write with light.
Photosensitive -
Lens -
Print -
Camera -
Aperture -
Shutter -
Stop -
Two things that determine the amount of light that reaches the film: 1. Size of aperture (stop) 2. Shutter speed

Telephoto -
Wide angle -
Film -
Film negative -
Camera obscura -
Daguerreotype - Daguerre and Niepce, early 1800?s
Talbot - photogenic drawing and calotype (first to use a negative)
Contact print -

V. Craft: Old English, craeft meaning "strength."
Three main types of ceramics? glaze - kiln - potter's wheel terracotta- Wood: intarsia -
Fiber: warp and weft -
Made from?
Two ways of shaping glass in liquid form? VI. Sculpture:
The art of carving, casting, modeling, or assembling materials into three-dimensional forms.

Relief sculpture -
Bas-relief or Low-relief -
Haut-relief or High-relief -
Free-standing -

Three types of sculptural processes:
1. Subtractive -
2. Additive -
3. Replacement -

Casting -
Lost-wax technique - (see book)
Constructed sculpture -
Assemblage -
Mixed media -

Kinetic sculpture - movement
Earthworks -
Installations -

VII. Architecture:
Art and science of designing buildings, bridges and other structures to help us meet our personal and communal needs.
Definition of three-dimensional habitable space?

Some factors that influence design:
1. Topography, 2. Technology, 3. Economy 4. Aesthetics 5. Convention 6. Function

Shell system vs. skeleton-and-skin system
Building Forms:
Post-and-lintel -
Dry masonry ? no mortar
Arch -
Voussoir -
Keystone -
Vault -
Barrel vault -
Ribbed vault -
Flying buttress -
Domes - hemispherical
Piers - rectangular, vertical support vs. Columns - cylindrical , vertical support

Tensile strength - Parts of a Greek Temple:

Parts of a Medieval Church:

Materials and Methods:
Trusses -
Cast Iron - e.g. Eiffel Tower
Steel-cage -
Reinforced concrete or Ferroconcrete - steel increases tensile strength.

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