Free Essay

Art History

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Mzermen1
Words 1149
Pages 5
Art History Paper

MENIL COLLECTION & MFA-H

This paper compares and contrast Virgin and Child. Northern France, 2nd quarter of the 14th century A.D., wood, (1) and Ennatum, Prince of Lagash, 2450 B.C., Sumeria (Sourthern Iraq) , composite materials (alabaster, lapis lazuli, mother of pearl). (2) Both works are from the Menil Collection in Houston. The second set of works this paper compares and contrasts is the Head of Poseidon, 227 - 221 B.C., bronze,(3) and The Pharaoh Ramesses II., 1279 -1212 B.C., granodiorite (4) at the Museum of Fine Art - Houston.

The Virgin and Child is around 3 feet tall; she is wearing a gown that drapes around her and covers her head like a veil. The gown has the look of gathering and draping over her body, and her abdomen bulges out slightly from under it. Her face has a slight smile, her eyes are uneven but gentle, and she is missing her right hand. She is holding a child with her left arm cradling the bottom of the child and her left hand comes from under and over the front of the child. She holds him on her left side almost at shoulder level. The child is missing his head and left hand , his right hand is held up towards the virgin's face with two of the child's fingers pointed up . The Ennatum, Prince of Lagash is around one foot tall. The work is a light sand colored statue of a small man with no hair standing with his blue eyes open; his one eyebrow comes over both eyes and merges in the center, and he has a very subtle smile on his face. He stands with no shirt, and his hands are folded together over his chest , just below his blue nipples. He wears a skirt that hangs to the knees. The sculpture appears smooth except for the cracks around his knees. The Greek-Hellenistic Head of Poseidon is the size of an average human head. His color is green and he is smooth and shiny. The face has details of drooping and puffing around his eyes, wrinkles across his forehead with full eyebrows sitting above his eyes which are hollow and empty. His full lips are surrounded by a full mustache and beard that has curls and waves . His hair is of mid length and, like his beard , has curls and waves that frame his face and is full in the back of his head. He wears a ring over his head. The Egyptian monumental Statue of Pharaoh Ramesses II is to human scale and dark in color. It is a man sitting on a throne with both arms coming down either side of his body with the forearms resting over his thighs. There has been a lot of stone lost around the area where hands would be , but hands are only slightly visible here with palms down. He wears a skirt that comes just above the knees with straight lines coming down the skirt on either side from top to bottom and across from left to right in between the knees.There are no feet; the sculpture ends at the ankle. He does not have a shirt so the viewer is able to see the detail in his pectorals and his belly button. The sculpture has no head but the tail ends of a headdress still rest over both shoulders. The stone appears as if it has pours. There are markings in sunken relief that cover the throne; Images of birds, circles, hooks, and figures that look like a little man.

The first two items are alike in the following ways : First by directional force, a principle of design; paths for the eyes to follow. Both works bring the viewers attention to the face of the sculptures. The Vigin's smile upon her face and the wide blue eyes with a subtle smile on the Prince of Lagash attract the viewer. Second is scale, which is a principle of design; the size relationship between items. Both works are small in scale compared to actual life size , with the first sculpture around three feet in size and the second around twelve inches. The second two items are alike, first by color, a formal element, and second by form. The color is dark for both the Head of Poseidon and The Pharaoh Ramesses II. The form in these three dimensional sculptures is lifelike. This shows in the detail of the first sculpture's hair and face and the second sculpture's arms, legs, and throne.

The two items from the Menile Collection, Virgin and Child and Prince of Lagash , are different in the following two ways: First by texture, a formal element; tactile qualities, real or implied. The texture of the wood in the first differs from the texture of smooth stone in the second. The second way they are not alike is their shape, a formal element, which is area/space created by boundary markers. Two types of shape are organic and geometric. The first item is organic in shape, the way the gown drapes around her and the sculpture is shifted slightly while holding the child. The second item is more geometric in shape: this can be seen in the straight angle of the skirt and angles in both arms. The two items from the Museum of Fine Arts - Houston, Head of Poseidon and Statue of Pharaoh Ramesses II, are different in the following two ways: First by line which is a formal element , an extension of a point. The first item has organic line. The organic line shows in the first in the beard and curls and waves of the hair. The second sculpture has more of a geometric, angular line with the straight arms, back, and sharp bent knees. Geometric line can also be found in the skirt of the second sculpture and straight edges of throne. Secondly they differ in texture. The texture of the first sculpture is smooth bronze , shiny in appearance, and the second sculpture is a porous stone with a matte appearance.

This paper has presented comparison and contrast of Virgin and Child and Ennatum, Prince of Lagash from the Menil Collection in Houston, Tx, and Head of Poseidon and Statue of Pharaoh Ramesses II from the Museum of Fine Arts-Houston. The first two items are alike in the following ways: first by directional force and second by their small scale, and they differ by texture and shape. The second two art items are alike in the following ways : first by the dark color and second by form. They are not alike : first by line and second by texture.

(1) Museum label from the Menile Collection in Houston ,Texas (2) Museum label from the Menile Collection in Houston, Texas (3) Museum label from the MFA - Houston, Texas (4) Museum label from the MFA - Houston, Texas

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Art History

...Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Culpeper Art History

...Art 100 – Art Appreciation Museum of Culpeper Many artists throughout time have captured the rich history of Culpeper. These artists depicted the evolution of times, with the wars Culpeper was involved in and the beauty of the architecture of this city. These work of arts are now on display at the Museum of Culpeper and during a visit on the fifteenth of November, I was able to witness this history that was captured by these artist throughout the life of Culpeper. The Parting by John Paul Strain depicts both the militant history and the architecture of its time but the main focus of this picture is of General Hill and his wife. The focus on General Hill and his wife is delineated by the space used by John Paul Strain. He places the loving couple at the front and center of the painting pulling the eye of the viewer straight to them. With the use of oil on canvas, Strain was able to capture this moment of love at the romantic time of day, sunset as he heads off to the Battle of Fredericksburg and his wife is getting a final goodbye. With General and Mrs. Hill embraced in a sign of love, this leads one to believe it was based in Romanticism. The Parting was painted circa 1862-1862, could easily be seen as John Paul Strain following in the wake of the Romanticism style that occurred between 1820 and 1850 in Europe. Along with the timing of this painting, Romanticism celebrates nature, rural life and the common people. The Parting shows a house in the woods of a General of......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Art History

...Art history From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the academic discipline of art history. For an overview of the history of art worldwide, see History of art. For other uses, see Art history (disambiguation). This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2011) Venus de Milo on display at the Louvre Art history has historically been understood as the academic study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i.e. genre, design, format, and style.[1] This includes the "major" arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture as well as the "minor" arts of ceramics, furniture, and other decorative objects. As a term, art history (also history of art) encompasses several methods of studying the visual arts; in common usage referring to works of art and architecture. Aspects of the discipline worms. As the art historian Ernst Gombrich once observed, "the field of art history [is] much like Caesar's Gaul, divided in three parts inhabited by three different, though not necessarily hostile tribes: (i) the connoisseurs, (ii) the critics, and (iii) the academic art historians".[2] As a discipline, art history is distinguished from art criticism, which is concerned with establishing a relative artistic value upon individual works with respect to others......

Words: 6080 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

Art History

...to Modern Art Dr. Dwight Smith What I’ve Learned in Renaissance to Modern Art I’ve learned so much information in the class titled “Renaissance to Modern Art” and I want to start off with my new found knowledge of Art History. According to Wikipedia, the history of art is “the history of any activity or product made by humans in a visual form for aesthetical or communicative purposes, expressing ideas, emotions or, in general, a worldview.” This field of "art history" was developed in the Western world, and originally was focused solely on European art history. Gradually, over the course of the 20th century, a wider vision of art history has developed. Thus, art history is now viewed to encompass all visual art, from the sculptures in Western Europe to the paintings in China. Also according to this source, the history of art is often told as a chronology of masterpieces created in each civilization. It is said that the Wonders of the World are the epitome of high culture through the stories that are conveyed. Art history spans the entire history of humankind, from prehistoric times to the twenty-first century. No matter what you choose to observe, you can find visual arts that challenge someone’s creative side and inspire them to find beauty in the things manmade. In modern times, art history has emerged as a discipline that specializes in teaching people how to evaluate and interpret works of art based on their own perspective. Art history has......

Words: 1761 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Art History

...Art Analysis Paper Art plays a significant role in our lives. It is the center of the American culture and many others around the world. It has been part of my life for as long as I can remember. Throughout this semester, we have talked many different kinds of art forms and styles and for this analysis paper, I will discuss the Panorama of the City of New York and how it serves as an art piece. I choose to discuss this because it is one of the artwork that stands out as a giant figure among all the exhibits that can be found in the Queens Museum. The Panorama of the City of New York is an unbroken view of what our city looks like within its boundary. It is the jewel in crown of collection of the Queens Museum. It was first built in 1964 by Raymond Lester and Associates team of architects as a special exhibition to feature in the 1964 World’s Fair by New York’s master planner, Robert Moses who conceived the idea of this art piece to be modelled and to serve as a tool for education and tourist attraction from across the nation and around the globe. It attracted many viewers because it is a display of what the city looks in its entirety. The project took over a course of three years and by a hand full of architects. It was one of the most successful exhibits at the 1964 World’s Fair with millions of people enjoying the model. However, over the years many changes have been made to update the......

Words: 924 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Art History

...Museum Extra Credit Art is the product or process of deliberately arranging symbolic elements in a way that influences and affects the senses, emotions, and/or intellect. Many types of art, even if from different eras, can be not only different but also very similar. By going to a museum and learning about all the different types of art, you realize how different pieces of art can have a lot in common. I decided to visit both the Getty Villa and the Getty center museums to learn more about the artwork that we learned about in class. I went to the Getty Villa to find my work of art during the Neolithic era and I went to the Getty Center to find art from the Roman Imperial era. Both museums were very interesting and it was hard for me to pick just one piece of artwork, one from both eras. I found the pottery and pots the most interesting so I decided to learn about the beautiful pots in more detail. They were so similar and different in so many ways. One vessel that I found to be very interesting is from the Heliolithic era and is titled “Flask Shaped as the Head of Bacchus”. It is a very beautiful vessel. The flask is made of glass and had a very detailed design on it. It had a crown of ivy leaves, which identifies the head of Bacchus. Bacchus is also referred to Dionysus, the god of wine and intoxication. The god and his followers were often depicted with ivy, alluding to the deity’s close association with wine and fertility. This flask was created by molten......

Words: 1032 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Art History at Hunter

...THE HISTORY OF ART HISTORY AT HUNTER COLLEGE Hunter College was founded in 1870 in order to provide a liberal education to young women who wished to become teachers. It was first known as the Normal College of the City of New York, "normal" as in école normale, a school for the training of teachers. The founding of the College was part of a master plan for free higher education for all the citizens of New York City. This system eventually became the largest municipal system of higher education in the United States. It led to the establishment, in 1961, of the City University of New York, of which Hunter College was a founding member. The Normal College was intended to provide specialized teacher training but it gradually developed and expanded its curriculum until it became a fully accredited liberal arts college for women. In 1914, its name was changed to Hunter College of the City of New York to honor Thomas Hunter, its first president. Male students were admitted to the previously exclusively female student body beginning in 1964, but its importance to the education of women accounted for its national reputation. By 1970 more American women who had earned Ph.D.'s had received their undergraduate education at Hunter College than at any other institution in the United States. It is no exaggeration to say that in its first century of existence no college in the United States contributed more to the education of women than Hunter College. As the College grew the...

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The History of Art

...reach with Physical Science, Social Science, or any of the Humanities. The arts allow us to be as specific or as abstract as we please. It helps us become closer to ourselves and to others around us. Though there has been a lot of confusion as to what the true definition of ?good art? is, how we show others what is going on in our minds and inner souls cannot be judged, graded, criticized or revised by anyone other than ourselves. The arts play a valued role in creating cultures and developing and documenting civilizations. The arts teach us how to communicate through creative expression. Show us how to understand human experiences, past and present. Prepare us to adapt to and respect the ways others think, work, and express themselves. Music, singing, dancing, poetry, and sketching are just a few of the different forms of art that I use to express myself in a way that I enjoy. Because each art discipline appeals to different senses and expresses itself through different media, each adds a special richness to the learning environment. Arts help people Learn to identify, appreciate, and participate in the traditional and non-traditional art forms of their own communities and the communities of others. Art teaches us how to be imaginative, creative, and reflective. Different art forms help us develop the verbal and nonverbal abilities necessary for lifelong learning. The intellectual demands of the arts help us develop problem-solving abilities and such powerful thinking......

Words: 468 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Art History

...AMERICAN UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL ASIA FALL SEMESTER 2014 History of Art Dr Raymond-Josef Hoffmann Description: This course is an introduction to art as the embodiment of cultural, social, and political values, ranging from ancient civilizations to the modern period. The class examines painting, sculpture, and architecture , and both domestic and ornamental artifacts of Near Eastern, Mediterranean and Western civilisations. Various historical periods will be considered through an examination of creative practices, themes, and visual forms. Examples of the work of representative artists and movements, from Praxiteles in ancient Greece to recent artists will be explored. The course will also consider cultural and artistic exchanges between societies of Europe, the Americas, Asia (including central Asia), and Africa, when appropriate. Human beings have been culture-makers and illustrators from the beginning: the history of our species on earth can be traced from early cave drawings and implements for eating and hunting to decorative arts, gothic cathedrals, skyscrapers to non-cognitive forms of expression that defy interpretation. This course is an exploration of an essential aspect of our attempts to shape the world and to create an environment in which self-expression, pleasure, ideology and aspiration can thrive. 1. Structure: The course comprises two 80 minute discussion/seminars based on specific works of art each week. The topics and readings are given in......

Words: 1959 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

History of Art

...[pic] “Did the development of a middle-class ‘public sphere’ significantly alter artistic practice during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries?” In The Structural transformation of the Public Sphere[1], Jürgen Habermas describes how this area in social life, both separated from the “private sphere” and the “sphere of public authority”, where people can get together and freely discuss and identify societal problems and trough that even influence political action, has not always existed. Its creation was part of a long process that had its peak at the turn of the eighteenth century. He also explains how, although this phenomenon concerns the whole of the European society, the British case stands out. The genesis of the public sphere is first of all associated to an economical factor. As a result from the modernization of the economy, based upon a systematic use of public credit and the free circulation of goods and capital, it is especially the city of London that expanded at a remarkable speed with the sudden and fast development of merchant banking and insurance, as well as warehousing and trading. This new horizon of possibilities on terms of wealth and independence unfolds simultaneously to important shifts in the political arena. After years of blood spill trough civil war, which ended with the execution of King Charles I, a constitutional monarchy was finally established. The idea of a freer, more horizontal conception of social relations......

Words: 2469 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Art History

...AP History of Art; Dr. Schiller, April 15, 2011 Realism through and including first half of 20th century Art Note Packet Realism Paintings and Photography (mid 1800s): Define this art movement: Gardner plate 29-3 1. Artist: 2. Name: 3. Date: 4. Medium: 5. What period of art: 6. Was there a patron: 7. Subject of the work: 8. Describe its form, color, and composition:: 9. How does it reflect the period in which it was made: 10.Anything else unusual or that we should know about this work: Gardner plate 29-5 1. Artist: 2. Name: 3. Date: 4. Medium: 5. What period of art: 6. Was there a patron: 7. Subject of the work: 8. Describe its form, color, and composition:: 9. How does it reflect the period in which it was made: 10.Anything else unusual or that we should know about this work: Gardner plate 29-8 1. Artist: 2. Name: 3. Date: 4. Medium: 5. What period of art: 6. Was there a patron: 7. Subject of the work: 8. Describe its form, color, and composition:: 9. How does it reflect the period in which it was made: 10.Anything else unusual or that we should know about this work: Gardner plate 29-12 1. Artist: 2. Name: 3. Date: 4. Medium: 5. What period of art: 6. Was there a patron: 7. Subject......

Words: 3417 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Art History

...AP Art History - SnapShot Summer Trees - Song Su Nam 1983 CE Ink on Paper Funky(Focus): The viewers eye lands on a variety of ink brushstrokes. Each brushstroke is relatively broad and lie parallel to each other. Some are darker than the others revealing the time of application, as some were applied when the paper was dry and some when the paper was wet. These brushstrokes can be identified as trees by the tiny extension of a line under each one. The brushstrokes suggest a mastery of control over the use of ink to paint. Caravaggio(content) : The subject of this work is the abstract, formal qualities of the work. The artwork isn't a realistic depiction of trees but the brushstrokes stand for trees. Song Su Nam addresses modern art, but focuses on the traditional aspect of his artwork. The work fits under the themes of the individual and society as well as knowledge and belief, as Su Nam is addressing art in the modern world by making reference to strong traditional cultural value. Flips(Function): Summer trees is an abstract modern work that explores the modern art world through its roots in traditional Korean culture. The material used is traditional ink on paper, and the artist created this work in Korea but it has become an example of modern contemporary art in todays day. To(Tradition): There are no rituals affiliated with the artwork, however the artwork is deeply rooted in tradition. Ink painting is an old Korean tradition that Su Nam......

Words: 473 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Art History

...Art History 1 June 3, 2013 Art and the Consciousness of Early Man The paintings carried out on rock surfaces, which constitute parietal art, caused the curiosity of lots of scientists. These paintings are present in many places of the world; the oldest can have more than 40,000 years. The dating of the prehistoric traces was difficult, as well the interpretation and reasons of the paintings, from anthropomorphic figures to abstract forms of signs. These paintings on the caves represent a universal artistic expression because it was found at various periods on our five continents. They used many techniques to express art, but one of them was painting with the brush. The brush could be manufactured with the hair of animals and even of vegetable materials. Paintings were monochromatic or polychromatic (Cave of Lascaux). Another technique was painting with the finger, which were made with the finger coated painting (Cave of Covalanas). At that time, when the first arts were created, they already made use of some technique to trace contours (punctuated horses of the Cave of Pech Merle), to fill a surface (Cave of Lascaux), or to make prints of negative hands (Caves of Gargas) by puffing up on paintings. Beyond the techniques of analysis and study, parietal art poses to the researcher the insoluble enigma of understanding. Prints of hands with mutilated fingers (or deformed by the disease?) found in” Cueva de Las Manos” in Argentina, is an example of problematic......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Art and History

...83-98 83 Abstracts/Résumés pp. xv-xxi We Practice What We Preach: A Local History of a Community-Based, Student/Faculty Art Exhibition (2002-09) Elizabeth Auger Ashworth Nipissing University Daniel H. Jarvis Nipissing University Purpose of the Exhibitions Student-organized exhibitions hold the potential to greatly enhance the visual arts school curriculum. Burton (2004, 2001), for example, contends that there are a number of multi-faceted benefits for art students, art teachers, and for the art education program in general through the implementation of student-organized exhibitions. In Exhibiting Student Art (2004), he concludes: The key to successful student art exhibitions rests in the knowledge and skills students learn from doing it firsthand. . . . They need to immerse themselves in various aspects of art exhibition, from preparing and presenting art to other people to exploring alternatives of scale, venue, theme, and purpose. . . . When exhibitions of student art are presented well, parents, teachers, and administrators recognize and appreciate the value and meaning of art in the school curriculum. Exhibitions of student art convey a continuous message that the quality of ideas, the depth of issues, and the magnitude of expression are © 2009 CRAE - RCÉA & AUTHORS/AUTEURS 84 Elizabeth Auger Ashworth & Daniel H. Jarvis displayed along with and through art. (p. 46) Student art exhibition events can address socio-economic issues (Russell-Bowie,......

Words: 4629 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Art and History

...A History of Human Art and Body Painting If the impulse to create art is a defining sign of humanity, the body may well have been the first canvas. Alongside paintings on cave walls visited by early people over 30,000 years ago, we find handprints, ochre deposits, and ornaments. And because the dead were often buried with valuable possessions and provisions for the afterlife, ancient burials reveal that people have been tattooing, piercing, painting, and shaping their bodies for millennia. All of the major forms of body art known today appear in the ancient world, and there is no evidence indicating a single place of origin for particular techniques. Like people today, ancient peoples used body art to express identification with certain people and distinction from others. Through body art, members of a group could define the ideal person and highlight differences between individuals and groups. In the past, as today, body art may have been a way of communicating ideas about the afterlife and about the place of the individual in the universe. A variety of objects demonstrate the use of body art in ancient times including an Egyptian fish-shaped make-up palette from 3650 BC to 3300 BC; a painted Greek vase from the fifth century BC depicting tattooed Thracian women; a ceramic spout bottle depicting the pierced face of a Moche warrior of Peru from AD 100-700; and ceramics of painted Nayarit women from 300 BC to 300 AD. As people from one culture encounter people from...

Words: 400 - Pages: 2