Free Essay

Art History

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Aizhamal
Words 1959
Pages 8
History of Art
Dr Raymond-Josef Hoffmann

Description: This course is an introduction to art as the embodiment of cultural, social, and political values, ranging from ancient civilizations to the modern period. The class examines painting, sculpture, and architecture , and both domestic and ornamental artifacts of Near Eastern, Mediterranean and Western civilisations. Various historical periods will be considered through an examination of creative practices, themes, and visual forms. Examples of the work of representative artists and movements, from Praxiteles in ancient Greece to recent artists will be explored. The course will also consider cultural and artistic exchanges between societies of Europe, the Americas, Asia (including central Asia), and Africa, when appropriate.

Human beings have been culture-makers and illustrators from the beginning: the history of our species on earth can be traced from early cave drawings and implements for eating and hunting to decorative arts, gothic cathedrals, skyscrapers to non-cognitive forms of expression that defy interpretation. This course is an exploration of an essential aspect of our attempts to shape the world and to create an environment in which self-expression, pleasure, ideology and aspiration can thrive.

1. Structure: The course comprises two 80 minute discussion/seminars based on specific works of art each week. The topics and readings are given in the schedule below.

2. Required Reading: All readings for this course are available online. Students will also be able to view all artistic materials, slides and reproductions on line. PPTs of the materials will be uploaded to the e-courses website. The following are the required links to the e-material:

This online reader provides basic information about periods, styles, key works and artists b. SMART-HISTORY: This is a rich resource for images, explations, chronology, artists, themes, and almost everything having to do with art history. Students should treat it like a shopping mall and browse and learn freely.
c. Practice of Art: A Berkeley (UC) MOOC that can be viewed as a separate course:,s,All,17E8512F6565AC39
d. The Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History (Metropolitan Museum of Art): This will givce you a basic overview of the way art and architecture, as well as applied art, has changed over the centuries and by region:

e. Other Timelines for exploring art history (mainly for fun):

• Art History Timeline for Dummies: • Artists and Movements: • (Mainly post-1100 CE) • AboutEducation: Art History:

The following books are also useful, available only in hardcopy/text:

• Hugh Honour and John F. Fleming, The Visual Arts: A History. Prentice Hall, 2005. • Sylvan Barnet, A Short Guide to Writing About Art. Prentice Hall, 2007.

4. Assessment: (a) Two exams (25% each) given at the mid-term and end of the semester. You will be expected to know – (i) the images presented for identification, and (ii) the discussion surrounding these images (for example, why they are considered significant, innovative, or culturally importnt as presented in the readings and the class lectures and discussions. (b) Three Short Papers: To encourage visual analysis and critical thinking, there are three short (1 ½ page) graded paper assignments that will require extended personal interaction with a work of art. These papers are your opportunity to show how you’ve absorbed and understood the various analytical methods introduced in class. (10% each: 30%) • Papers must be typed, double-spaced, and checked for grammar and spelling errors. • Papers are subject to revision. • Quality of writing and command of the English language counts toward your grade. See the short guide at NOTE: Papers are due in class by the due date. They must be submitted in hard (printed) copy. As this class corresponds to similar classes at AUCA that encourage critical thinking, your essays should reflect careful assessment not just of the “text” of the art-work but of its context.

(c) Participation and Note-taking: Your attendance is key to success in this class. Repeated absences will adversely affect your grade as the substance of this course is introduced in lectures and discussion sessions rather than in the textbooks. It is your responsibility to plan your schedule so that you can attend the lecture and the seminars regularly. Taking notes is perhaps the single most important thing you can do to prepare for this course. Everyone’s style of note-taking is different, but students who are attentive during lectures and take detailed notes will have an easier time when preparing for exams or essays. (20%) [pic]


Week 1: The Elements of Art: Image and Context.

• Read: “What is Art?” • View: “Why Look at Art?” • View: “Duchamp’s Shovel”: Art as Concept” • What Does Art Do?

Question: What is the difference between art and everything else around you—a chair, a tabler, a doorway?

Week 2: Art in Prehistory • Read: Prehistoric Art: • View: Ancient Cultures: • View: First part of Heilbrunn Timeline:
Note: On the timeline, click first on the period (dates) and then navigate into the squares to see what developments were taking place in those regions.

Unit 3: Art of the Ancient Near East and Egypt
Read: • Read: Passage from Gilgamesh: • View: (all topics in the sidebar!) • View: Heilbrunn Timeline:

Unit 4: Early (Archaic) and Classical Greek (Paper 1 due)
Ancient Greece and Rome: • The Four Orders: • How to make a vase: • Heilbrunn:®ion=eusb • The Kritios Boy:

Unit 5: Hellenistic and Roman Civilization • View and Read: The Barbarebni Faum: • The Dying Gaul: • Read: Ancient Rome: • Hadrian’s Villa: • The Colosseum:

Unit 6: Early Christian and Byzantine Art (Medieval and Eastern Christian)

Read: The Dark Ages?
Brief entry in the WIKI:
Santa Sabina:

Byzantine Art
The Theotokos:

The Gothic Mode:
Basilica of St Denis (Paros) 1140:
View (at least) Chartres Part 1:

Unit 7: Islamic Art, Architecture and Design (Paper 2 Due)
Discussion: Art and iconoclasm in world religions

Read: Early and Medieval Islamic Art The Mosque at Cordova:
Two Royal Figures:
The Alhambra:
The Mughals and Central Aian Islamic Art:


Unit 8: The Early or Pre-Renaissance in Italy
The Renaissance is unusually varied, combining a revival of classical form, a discovery of new technologies, an emphasis on the human form, and craftsmanship that sometimes defies imagination. It is usually divided into pre- or proto-Renaissance, Renaissance and High renaissance periods. • View: The Pre-Renaissance: • Read: Florence • View: Giotto: • Read: The Black Death:


Unit 10: The Northern or High Renaissance

• View: The Renaissance in Italy: • View: Bruneleschi: The Sacrifice of Isaac: • View: Donatello’s David and the study of huan anatomy: • Flanders: and • Read and view: The Ghent Altarpiece:
LEONARDO DA VINCI • • • View: The Mona Lisa: • View: The Last Supper:
• Read: • View: The Pieta:

Unit 11: Art and the Enlightenment (Baroque) • Read: The Baroque, Art Politics and Relugion • Read: Francis Bacon and the Scientific Revolution: • View: Bernini, St Peter’s Square • View: Caravaggio’s Crucifixion of St Peter: • View: Ecstasy of St Theresa (Bernini)

Half-Unit 12: Neo-Classicism • View: The Death of Marat

Unit 12: The Nineteenth Century (Revolution and Industrial Revolution)
• Read and view: • Romanticism • Delacroix’s “Liberty Leading the People”: • Goya: “The Sleep that Produces Monsters” • View: Thomas Cole, “Expulsion from Eden”:

Unit 13: The Early Twentieth Century • Modern Art: Read, Becoming Modern, • Early Photography: • The Pre-Raphaelites:

UNIT 14: Impressionism and Post Impressionism

[pic] • Read: “What is impressionism?” • View: Monet, St Lazare Staion: • View: Renoir, Moulin de la Gallette • View: Seurat La Grande Jatte • Read: Van Gogh’s Starry Night: • View: Rodin, The Gates of Hell

Unit 15: Other Movements in Contemporary Art • Expressionism: View Kandinsky, Composition VII: • Picasso: Guernica: • Surrealism: • Dali: The Persistence of Memory:


Similar Documents

Free Essay

Art History

...Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art history Art......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Culpeper Art History

...Art 100 – Art Appreciation Museum of Culpeper Many artists throughout time have captured the rich history of Culpeper. These artists depicted the evolution of times, with the wars Culpeper was involved in and the beauty of the architecture of this city. These work of arts are now on display at the Museum of Culpeper and during a visit on the fifteenth of November, I was able to witness this history that was captured by these artist throughout the life of Culpeper. The Parting by John Paul Strain depicts both the militant history and the architecture of its time but the main focus of this picture is of General Hill and his wife. The focus on General Hill and his wife is delineated by the space used by John Paul Strain. He places the loving couple at the front and center of the painting pulling the eye of the viewer straight to them. With the use of oil on canvas, Strain was able to capture this moment of love at the romantic time of day, sunset as he heads off to the Battle of Fredericksburg and his wife is getting a final goodbye. With General and Mrs. Hill embraced in a sign of love, this leads one to believe it was based in Romanticism. The Parting was painted circa 1862-1862, could easily be seen as John Paul Strain following in the wake of the Romanticism style that occurred between 1820 and 1850 in Europe. Along with the timing of this painting, Romanticism celebrates nature, rural life and the common people. The Parting shows a house in the woods of a General of......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Art History

...Art history From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the academic discipline of art history. For an overview of the history of art worldwide, see History of art. For other uses, see Art history (disambiguation). This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2011) Venus de Milo on display at the Louvre Art history has historically been understood as the academic study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i.e. genre, design, format, and style.[1] This includes the "major" arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture as well as the "minor" arts of ceramics, furniture, and other decorative objects. As a term, art history (also history of art) encompasses several methods of studying the visual arts; in common usage referring to works of art and architecture. Aspects of the discipline worms. As the art historian Ernst Gombrich once observed, "the field of art history [is] much like Caesar's Gaul, divided in three parts inhabited by three different, though not necessarily hostile tribes: (i) the connoisseurs, (ii) the critics, and (iii) the academic art historians".[2] As a discipline, art history is distinguished from art criticism, which is concerned with establishing a relative artistic value upon individual works with respect to others......

Words: 6080 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

Art History Modern Art Dr. Dwight Smith What I’ve Learned in Renaissance to Modern Art I’ve learned so much information in the class titled “Renaissance to Modern Art” and I want to start off with my new found knowledge of Art History. According to Wikipedia, the history of art is “the history of any activity or product made by humans in a visual form for aesthetical or communicative purposes, expressing ideas, emotions or, in general, a worldview.” This field of "art history" was developed in the Western world, and originally was focused solely on European art history. Gradually, over the course of the 20th century, a wider vision of art history has developed. Thus, art history is now viewed to encompass all visual art, from the sculptures in Western Europe to the paintings in China. Also according to this source, the history of art is often told as a chronology of masterpieces created in each civilization. It is said that the Wonders of the World are the epitome of high culture through the stories that are conveyed. Art history spans the entire history of humankind, from prehistoric times to the twenty-first century. No matter what you choose to observe, you can find visual arts that challenge someone’s creative side and inspire them to find beauty in the things manmade. In modern times, art history has emerged as a discipline that specializes in teaching people how to evaluate and interpret works of art based on their own perspective. Art history has......

Words: 1761 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Art History

...Art Analysis Paper Art plays a significant role in our lives. It is the center of the American culture and many others around the world. It has been part of my life for as long as I can remember. Throughout this semester, we have talked many different kinds of art forms and styles and for this analysis paper, I will discuss the Panorama of the City of New York and how it serves as an art piece. I choose to discuss this because it is one of the artwork that stands out as a giant figure among all the exhibits that can be found in the Queens Museum. The Panorama of the City of New York is an unbroken view of what our city looks like within its boundary. It is the jewel in crown of collection of the Queens Museum. It was first built in 1964 by Raymond Lester and Associates team of architects as a special exhibition to feature in the 1964 World’s Fair by New York’s master planner, Robert Moses who conceived the idea of this art piece to be modelled and to serve as a tool for education and tourist attraction from across the nation and around the globe. It attracted many viewers because it is a display of what the city looks in its entirety. The project took over a course of three years and by a hand full of architects. It was one of the most successful exhibits at the 1964 World’s Fair with millions of people enjoying the model. However, over the years many changes have been made to update the......

Words: 924 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Art History

...Museum Extra Credit Art is the product or process of deliberately arranging symbolic elements in a way that influences and affects the senses, emotions, and/or intellect. Many types of art, even if from different eras, can be not only different but also very similar. By going to a museum and learning about all the different types of art, you realize how different pieces of art can have a lot in common. I decided to visit both the Getty Villa and the Getty center museums to learn more about the artwork that we learned about in class. I went to the Getty Villa to find my work of art during the Neolithic era and I went to the Getty Center to find art from the Roman Imperial era. Both museums were very interesting and it was hard for me to pick just one piece of artwork, one from both eras. I found the pottery and pots the most interesting so I decided to learn about the beautiful pots in more detail. They were so similar and different in so many ways. One vessel that I found to be very interesting is from the Heliolithic era and is titled “Flask Shaped as the Head of Bacchus”. It is a very beautiful vessel. The flask is made of glass and had a very detailed design on it. It had a crown of ivy leaves, which identifies the head of Bacchus. Bacchus is also referred to Dionysus, the god of wine and intoxication. The god and his followers were often depicted with ivy, alluding to the deity’s close association with wine and fertility. This flask was created by molten......

Words: 1032 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The History of Art

...reach with Physical Science, Social Science, or any of the Humanities. The arts allow us to be as specific or as abstract as we please. It helps us become closer to ourselves and to others around us. Though there has been a lot of confusion as to what the true definition of ?good art? is, how we show others what is going on in our minds and inner souls cannot be judged, graded, criticized or revised by anyone other than ourselves. The arts play a valued role in creating cultures and developing and documenting civilizations. The arts teach us how to communicate through creative expression. Show us how to understand human experiences, past and present. Prepare us to adapt to and respect the ways others think, work, and express themselves. Music, singing, dancing, poetry, and sketching are just a few of the different forms of art that I use to express myself in a way that I enjoy. Because each art discipline appeals to different senses and expresses itself through different media, each adds a special richness to the learning environment. Arts help people Learn to identify, appreciate, and participate in the traditional and non-traditional art forms of their own communities and the communities of others. Art teaches us how to be imaginative, creative, and reflective. Different art forms help us develop the verbal and nonverbal abilities necessary for lifelong learning. The intellectual demands of the arts help us develop problem-solving abilities and such powerful thinking......

Words: 468 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Art History at Hunter

...THE HISTORY OF ART HISTORY AT HUNTER COLLEGE Hunter College was founded in 1870 in order to provide a liberal education to young women who wished to become teachers. It was first known as the Normal College of the City of New York, "normal" as in école normale, a school for the training of teachers. The founding of the College was part of a master plan for free higher education for all the citizens of New York City. This system eventually became the largest municipal system of higher education in the United States. It led to the establishment, in 1961, of the City University of New York, of which Hunter College was a founding member. The Normal College was intended to provide specialized teacher training but it gradually developed and expanded its curriculum until it became a fully accredited liberal arts college for women. In 1914, its name was changed to Hunter College of the City of New York to honor Thomas Hunter, its first president. Male students were admitted to the previously exclusively female student body beginning in 1964, but its importance to the education of women accounted for its national reputation. By 1970 more American women who had earned Ph.D.'s had received their undergraduate education at Hunter College than at any other institution in the United States. It is no exaggeration to say that in its first century of existence no college in the United States contributed more to the education of women than Hunter College. As the College grew the...

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

History of Art

...[pic] “Did the development of a middle-class ‘public sphere’ significantly alter artistic practice during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries?” In The Structural transformation of the Public Sphere[1], Jürgen Habermas describes how this area in social life, both separated from the “private sphere” and the “sphere of public authority”, where people can get together and freely discuss and identify societal problems and trough that even influence political action, has not always existed. Its creation was part of a long process that had its peak at the turn of the eighteenth century. He also explains how, although this phenomenon concerns the whole of the European society, the British case stands out. The genesis of the public sphere is first of all associated to an economical factor. As a result from the modernization of the economy, based upon a systematic use of public credit and the free circulation of goods and capital, it is especially the city of London that expanded at a remarkable speed with the sudden and fast development of merchant banking and insurance, as well as warehousing and trading. This new horizon of possibilities on terms of wealth and independence unfolds simultaneously to important shifts in the political arena. After years of blood spill trough civil war, which ended with the execution of King Charles I, a constitutional monarchy was finally established. The idea of a freer, more horizontal conception of social relations......

Words: 2469 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Art History

...AP History of Art; Dr. Schiller, April 15, 2011 Realism through and including first half of 20th century Art Note Packet Realism Paintings and Photography (mid 1800s): Define this art movement: Gardner plate 29-3 1. Artist: 2. Name: 3. Date: 4. Medium: 5. What period of art: 6. Was there a patron: 7. Subject of the work: 8. Describe its form, color, and composition:: 9. How does it reflect the period in which it was made: 10.Anything else unusual or that we should know about this work: Gardner plate 29-5 1. Artist: 2. Name: 3. Date: 4. Medium: 5. What period of art: 6. Was there a patron: 7. Subject of the work: 8. Describe its form, color, and composition:: 9. How does it reflect the period in which it was made: 10.Anything else unusual or that we should know about this work: Gardner plate 29-8 1. Artist: 2. Name: 3. Date: 4. Medium: 5. What period of art: 6. Was there a patron: 7. Subject of the work: 8. Describe its form, color, and composition:: 9. How does it reflect the period in which it was made: 10.Anything else unusual or that we should know about this work: Gardner plate 29-12 1. Artist: 2. Name: 3. Date: 4. Medium: 5. What period of art: 6. Was there a patron: 7. Subject......

Words: 3417 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Art History

...AP Art History - SnapShot Summer Trees - Song Su Nam 1983 CE Ink on Paper Funky(Focus): The viewers eye lands on a variety of ink brushstrokes. Each brushstroke is relatively broad and lie parallel to each other. Some are darker than the others revealing the time of application, as some were applied when the paper was dry and some when the paper was wet. These brushstrokes can be identified as trees by the tiny extension of a line under each one. The brushstrokes suggest a mastery of control over the use of ink to paint. Caravaggio(content) : The subject of this work is the abstract, formal qualities of the work. The artwork isn't a realistic depiction of trees but the brushstrokes stand for trees. Song Su Nam addresses modern art, but focuses on the traditional aspect of his artwork. The work fits under the themes of the individual and society as well as knowledge and belief, as Su Nam is addressing art in the modern world by making reference to strong traditional cultural value. Flips(Function): Summer trees is an abstract modern work that explores the modern art world through its roots in traditional Korean culture. The material used is traditional ink on paper, and the artist created this work in Korea but it has become an example of modern contemporary art in todays day. To(Tradition): There are no rituals affiliated with the artwork, however the artwork is deeply rooted in tradition. Ink painting is an old Korean tradition that Su Nam......

Words: 473 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Art History

...Art History 1 June 3, 2013 Art and the Consciousness of Early Man The paintings carried out on rock surfaces, which constitute parietal art, caused the curiosity of lots of scientists. These paintings are present in many places of the world; the oldest can have more than 40,000 years. The dating of the prehistoric traces was difficult, as well the interpretation and reasons of the paintings, from anthropomorphic figures to abstract forms of signs. These paintings on the caves represent a universal artistic expression because it was found at various periods on our five continents. They used many techniques to express art, but one of them was painting with the brush. The brush could be manufactured with the hair of animals and even of vegetable materials. Paintings were monochromatic or polychromatic (Cave of Lascaux). Another technique was painting with the finger, which were made with the finger coated painting (Cave of Covalanas). At that time, when the first arts were created, they already made use of some technique to trace contours (punctuated horses of the Cave of Pech Merle), to fill a surface (Cave of Lascaux), or to make prints of negative hands (Caves of Gargas) by puffing up on paintings. Beyond the techniques of analysis and study, parietal art poses to the researcher the insoluble enigma of understanding. Prints of hands with mutilated fingers (or deformed by the disease?) found in” Cueva de Las Manos” in Argentina, is an example of problematic......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Art and History

...83-98 83 Abstracts/Résumés pp. xv-xxi We Practice What We Preach: A Local History of a Community-Based, Student/Faculty Art Exhibition (2002-09) Elizabeth Auger Ashworth Nipissing University Daniel H. Jarvis Nipissing University Purpose of the Exhibitions Student-organized exhibitions hold the potential to greatly enhance the visual arts school curriculum. Burton (2004, 2001), for example, contends that there are a number of multi-faceted benefits for art students, art teachers, and for the art education program in general through the implementation of student-organized exhibitions. In Exhibiting Student Art (2004), he concludes: The key to successful student art exhibitions rests in the knowledge and skills students learn from doing it firsthand. . . . They need to immerse themselves in various aspects of art exhibition, from preparing and presenting art to other people to exploring alternatives of scale, venue, theme, and purpose. . . . When exhibitions of student art are presented well, parents, teachers, and administrators recognize and appreciate the value and meaning of art in the school curriculum. Exhibitions of student art convey a continuous message that the quality of ideas, the depth of issues, and the magnitude of expression are © 2009 CRAE - RCÉA & AUTHORS/AUTEURS 84 Elizabeth Auger Ashworth & Daniel H. Jarvis displayed along with and through art. (p. 46) Student art exhibition events can address socio-economic issues (Russell-Bowie,......

Words: 4629 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Art and History

...A History of Human Art and Body Painting If the impulse to create art is a defining sign of humanity, the body may well have been the first canvas. Alongside paintings on cave walls visited by early people over 30,000 years ago, we find handprints, ochre deposits, and ornaments. And because the dead were often buried with valuable possessions and provisions for the afterlife, ancient burials reveal that people have been tattooing, piercing, painting, and shaping their bodies for millennia. All of the major forms of body art known today appear in the ancient world, and there is no evidence indicating a single place of origin for particular techniques. Like people today, ancient peoples used body art to express identification with certain people and distinction from others. Through body art, members of a group could define the ideal person and highlight differences between individuals and groups. In the past, as today, body art may have been a way of communicating ideas about the afterlife and about the place of the individual in the universe. A variety of objects demonstrate the use of body art in ancient times including an Egyptian fish-shaped make-up palette from 3650 BC to 3300 BC; a painted Greek vase from the fifth century BC depicting tattooed Thracian women; a ceramic spout bottle depicting the pierced face of a Moche warrior of Peru from AD 100-700; and ceramics of painted Nayarit women from 300 BC to 300 AD. As people from one culture encounter people from...

Words: 400 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Art History

...Cubism Cubism was one of the most influential visual art styles of the early twentieth century. It was created by Pablo Picasso between 1907 and 1914with some credit given to Brague. Vauxcelles called the geometric forms in the highly abstracted works "cubes.". The stylization and distortion of Picasso's ground-breaking Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (Museum of Modern Art, New York), painted in 1907, came from African art which Picasso had first seen when he visited the ethnographic museum in the Palais du Trocadéro in Paris in 1907. Cubist painters wanted to emphasize the two-dimensionality of the canvas instead of adhering to the ideas that art should copy nature or adopt the traditional techniques of perspective, modeling, and foreshortening. So they reduced and fractured objects into geometric forms, and then realigned these within a shallow, relief-like space. They also used multiple or opposing vantage points. Cubism wielded a profound influence on twentieth-century sculpture and architecture even though it was associated with painting. The major Cubist sculptors were Alexander Archipenko, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, and Jacques Lipchitz. Rewald, Sabine. "Cubism". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. (October 2004) Fauve Fauvism was the first of the avant-garde movements that flourished in France in the early years of the twentieth century. The Fauve painters......

Words: 556 - Pages: 3