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Art Timeline

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Art Timeline

Axia College of University of Phoenix
Introduction to Art ART 101

Introduction Breaking free of the naturalism of Impressionism in the late 1880s, a group of painters sought independent artistic styles for expressing emotions rather than simply expressing visual impressions, concentrating on symbolic meaning. The term Post-Impressionism was coined by the English art critic Roger Fry for the work of such late nineteenth century painters as Paul Cézanne, Georges Seurat, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and others (The Art Industri Group, 2002). Although often consciously at odds with one another and quite different in style, these artists are grouped under this common label that propelled art into the modern era. Rejecting the limitations of Impressionism and its strict and rigid beliefs, Post-Impressionism artists abandoned traditional subject matter and defined form with short brush strokes of broken color, thick, dark outlines, and simplified colors. In this timeline of Post-Impressionism oil paintings, the artwork exhibited will show the early stages of this French movement in early modernism, and the different techniques and uses of shape, color, outline, and form these artists incorporated to convey symbolic meaning and personal emotion.


Fig. 1
Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Grapes
Paul Cézanne
Oil on canvas
Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia

Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Grapes by Paul Cézanne is an example of French post-impressionism painting that began the post-impressionism movement of the late nineteenth century. As one of the creators and purveyors of modern art, Cézanne creates space and depth of perspective by means of planes of color and the formal interrelationship between line, color, and plane. Cézanne believed that there was a hidden…...

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