Premium Essay

Arts in China

In: Other Topics

Submitted By AveryDanger
Words 519
Pages 3
Ana Hunter
Critical Analysis Herbert can tell immediately that the women in Degas’s little picture Woman on a Cafe Terrace, Evening, 1877, in the Musée d’Orsay, are prostitutes on the Boulevard Montparnasse, available to the crowd of male passersby in the background. Herbert conjectures that there is some sort of commerce between the woman who rises from her seat in the foreground and the silhouetted form of a man moving out of the picture to the right; the implied connection between them, he suggests, is echoed by the visual tension between the two figures, who move in opposite directions. He calls our attention to how frequently Degas depicted “the male pursuer” as a dark, partial presence, which makes us look again at the peripheral figures in other cafe and ballet scenes. Herbert comments: “Of course, we cannot insist on a knowing exchange between Degas’s two figures, but the presence of a male passer-by is an essential element of this pastel. Degas makes us into an investigator, seated on that terrace, sizing up various clues in order to understand what is going on around us . . . .”
Herbert can tell immediately that the women in Degas’s little picture Woman on a Cafe Terrace, Evening, 1877, in the Musée d’Orsay, are prostitutes on the Boulevard Montparnasse, available to the crowd of male passersby in the background. Herbert conjectures that there is some sort of commerce between the woman who rises from her seat in the foreground and the silhouetted form of a man moving out of the picture to the right; the implied connection between them, he suggests, is echoed by the visual tension between the two figures, who move in opposite directions. He calls our attention to how frequently Degas depicted “the male pursuer” as a dark, partial presence, which makes us look again at the...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Marketing American Western Art in China

...Marketing American Western Art in China Lewis Clark State College Business 482-7501 Introduction Specializing in American Western and wildlife art, the idea of penetrating the Chinese art market is very intriguing, and it has been on the mind of art dealers of all genres for years. The first section of this paper will analyze China and the business experience including GDP, etiquette, negotiating, business attire, and banquet dinners. The next section will discuss China's market structure and direct foreign investors. Third, discusses China's demographics followed by advertising regulations. Finally, the Chinese art market will be introduced and in section two, a marketing strategy will be proposed to enter China's art market, create demand for American Western and wildlife art, and discuss strategic partnerships and co-branding opportunities. China And The Business Experience For centuries, China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development...

Words: 3576 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Exhibition Review: Art of Change: New Directions from China and the Discourse of the Ridiculous and the Sublime.

...Art of Change: New Directions from China and The Discourse of the Ridiculous and the Sublime. Art of Change: New Directions from China, Hayward Gallery, London, UK, 7th September 2011 to 9th December 2012. While long regarded as two ends of the spectrum, the Sublime and the Ridiculous have never been seen as two aspects that are inherently irreconcilable. The Ridiculous, when utilized effectively, is able to assist in perpetuating the sublime despite their disparate natures. The Ridiculous in art has the ability to probe sublimities that deal with transcendence and venturing beyond liminal boundaries. However, the relationship between the Sublime and the Ridiculous must be one of careful consideration as when construed inappropriately, the ridiculous nature of an artwork can overblow and nullify the Sublime, rendering it as purely ridiculous in its entirety, displaying the precarious nature between the Sublime and the Ridiculous and how “one step above the sublime makes the ridiculous and one step above the ridiculous makes the sublime” The discourse on the relationship between the Ridiculous and the Sublime of this essay will start with the works of Chinese artist Duan Ying Mei that are located early in the exhibition, Art of Change: New Directions from China. Duan’s Sleeping, 2004/2012 (Fig.1), a performance installation of a live performer silently sleeping on a white shelf elevated high up on a gallery wall. Exhibiting in the same space is also Duan’s In......

Words: 3698 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Aboriginal Cultural Issues

...changed from “assimilation” to “self-determination” and social activists like Geoffrey Bardon and Peter Fannin started to promote Aboriginal arts and crafts, the sign meaning of Aboriginal arts gradually transformed. Aboriginal collectives such as Papunya Tula also spread arts and crafts to the mainstream (white) society. Artworks produced in one place were sold in another region and various exhibitions were held in white-dominated places like Melbourne and even outside Australia, in Europe or United States. The aesthetic dimension was increasingly valued. And later, as the associations such as the Aboriginal Arts Board and the Aboriginal Arts and Crafts became the main buyers of the Aboriginal arts and crafts, the Aboriginal arts and crafts market gradually matured. Aboriginal arts and crafts transformed into high-art commodities that gained popularity among Western art collectors (Myers, 2002). This indexicality, however, was largely constructed by outsiders. The original religious implications of Aboriginal arts and crafts were largely overlooked as Aboriginal arts and crafts were subsumed into the international high art market. Thus the “Aboriginality” sign transformed into a sign of “art” in the eye of...

Words: 1315 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

China Facts

...Arts/Entertainment The developments and introduction of Chinese Art dates back as far as 960 AD. Early forms of art in China were made from pottery and jade in the Neolithic period. The gist of Chinese art encompasses fine arts, folk arts, and performance arts. The most common types/forms of arts and entertainment in the Chinese culture and China are as follows: 1. Literature 2. Chinese Folk Art 3. Visual Art 4. Film 5. Chinese Music 6. Performing Arts 7. Gardening 8. Architecture The start era for Chinese literature was the Spring and Autumn period. Chinese culture contains various groups of literature, including: Early Chinese poetry, Han and Northern dynasties poetry, Golden Age of Chinese poetry, Li Bai and Du Fu, Late Tang and Five dynasties, Song, Ming and Qing literature, Western influence: the big three, and Modern. These are all forms of early and late poetry in the Chinese culture. The love poems are among the most appealing in the freshness and purity of the Chinese language. There are several famously recognized poets in the Chinese culture. In modern poetry, Xu Zhimo, a romantic poet who cherished the poetry of the English romantics like Keats and Shelley, was among the first Chinese authors that effectively naturalized western romantic forms into contemporary Chinese poetry. Early Chinese poetry, in the Golden age, contained notable poets like Bai Juyi, Luo Binwang, Jia Dao, Wang Wei, and etc. Another form of entertainment in China that is......

Words: 1923 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Classic Chinese Art Market

...The Classical Chinese Art Fund The Classical Chinese Art Fund FR3208 Arts and Antiques Market: Coursework 2 The Classical Chinese Art Fund Content Page 1. The Classical Chinese Art Fund 1.1. What is the Classical Chinese Art Fund? 1.2. Investment Profile of the Fund 1.3. Rationale: The China Factor 1.4. Investment Approach and Strategies 1.4.1. Growth Strategies 1.4.2. Risk Management Strategies 2. Market Analysis 2.1. Art Segmentation 2.1.1. Chinese Calligraphy 2.1.2. Chinese Paintings 2.2. Major Players 2.3. Demand and Supply Analysis 3. Role of Public Institutions and Regulatory Policies 4. The External Competitive Environment 4.1. Correlation between Chosen Sector and other forms of Investment 4.1.1. General Outlook of the Art Fund 4.1.2. Comparative Analysis of the Fund and Other Art Investment Funds 5. Prospective Investment Portfolio of Art Works 6. Conclusion • Appendix The Classical Chinese Art Fund FR3208 Arts and Antiques Market: Coursework 3 The Classical Chinese Art Fund 1. The Classical Chinese Art Fund 1.1.......

Words: 5169 - Pages: 21

Free Essay


...NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC READING EXPEDITIONS Civilizations Past to Present CHINA KEVIN SUPPLES INTRODUCTION I magine living in the oldest civilization in the world. You could have been the first person to walk along the Great Wall or to use paper money. You wouldn’t get lost if you had the latest invention, a compass. And for good luck, you would be wearing red. These are just some of the things that you could have done in ancient China. The Chinese created many wonderful works of art. They invented many things that we still use. Today, people have found art and writings that tell us about ancient China. They have even found a huge army that the Chinese made from clay. This clay army was buried underground for thousands of years! Let’s take a look at the Chinese people and their history. There is a lot to learn about them. CHINA: THEN AND NOW C hina is in East Asia. The Chinese word for China is Zhongguo. This name means “middle country.” In English, the country’s official name is the People’s Republic of China. China’s capital is Beijing. The official language of the country is Mandarin. People in different part of China speak different languages and dialects. Putonghua, the common speech of Chinese language, is the standard Chinese pronunciation. China has many kinds of landforms. In the west there are tall, snow-covered mountains. Among them is the tallest......

Words: 2842 - Pages: 12

Free Essay


...Factiva China auction house holds first sale in Hong Kong AFP(AFP) 481 字 2012 年 10 月 7 日 Times Of Oman TOMAN 英文 Copyright 2012 Times Of Oman. Provided by, an Company All Rights Reserved. Hong Kong: China s oldest auction house held its first sale in Hong Kong Sunday, underscoring an intensified competition between Chinese auctioneers and their foreign rivals in the booming art market. Over 300 collectors packed the auction hall at the one-day sale by China Guardian, which offered more than 300 Chinese paintings and calligraphy including works from renowned artists Zhang Daqian and Qi Baishi. The sale, expected to fetch nearly $24 million, was the firm s first auction outside of mainland China since it was set up in 1993. "This is our first step to go global. We want to be a part of the global art market," China Guardian marketing director Jay Sun told AFP. "We believe there is a huge room and enormous space for the Chinese art market to develop," he said at the sideline of the sale that drew fierce bidding from collectors in the room and by telephone. The star lot at the auction was a 1922 landscape series from Qi painted in colour inks titled "Album of Mountains and Rivers", which fetched HK$46 million ($5.9 million), nearly doubled its pre-sale estimates. Qi -- who is now ranked the world s second highest valued artist by auction revenue, ahead of Andy Warhol and Pablo Picasso......

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Chinese Culture

...Chinese Culture(中国传统文化) Ghulam Abbas Kan (3115999115) Email School of Electronic and information Xi’an Jiaotong University. INTRODUCTION: Culture itself is a relatively large concept. Generally speaking, culture is a kind of social phenomenon, and it is the product of people's long-term creation. At the same time, it is a historical accumulation of social history. The general culture is the sum of all the material and spiritual wealth created by human beings. Exactly speaking, culture refers to a country or a nation's history, geographical conditions, traditions, customs, way of life, literature, art, normative behavior, ways of thinking, values, and so on. According to the definition of British anthropologist Edward teller, culture "includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and as a member of the society the ability and habits that complex whole". Its core is as spiritual products of all kinds of knowledge, this matter is spread. Culture is a phenomenon peculiar to human beings. Culture is created by people, being unique.The culture is the product of human social practice. Chinese traditional culture is the civilization evolution and exchange integrated a reflect the national character and style of the national culture is nation in the history of all kinds of thoughts and ideology of the overall characterization, refers to the living in the area of Chinese nation and the ancestors created and inherited from generation to......

Words: 2632 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Chinese Bronze Age Research Paper

...The Chinese Bronze Age began in 1700 B.C along the banks of the Yellow River in China. Throughout time this region emerged as a center of advanced and literate cultures of the time. During the Neolithic age, people used tools made of stone. For the Bronze Age, this was a beginning of flourishing metals and developing techniques. It’s not clear where the producing and crafting of metals began in China. The idea of early bronze working developed freely out of outside influences. The era of the Shang and the Zhou dynasties was known as the Bronze Age of China, for bronze was used to craft weapon, parts of chariots, and ritual vessels, each played a role in the material culture. After the use of bronze, Iron came toward the end of the period, during the Eastern Zhou dynasty. Along with the many culture uses of bronze, there were also...

Words: 739 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Tea Art

...The origin and development of teaTea cultureThe spread of teaConclusion ReferenceAppendix | 2245678 | Introduction China has a history of tea culture for thousands of years, it could be called the hometown of tea. Now after a long history, tea has been prevalent in more than 50 countries around the world, tea has been become one of the three major non-alcoholic drinks. As a worldwide beverage, tea is becoming more and more get the welcome and attention of people. In recent years, people's preference to tea, resulting in tea consumption is constantly growing around the world. Many rumors said that tea was first discovered by the Chinese, it has been confirmed by banker. When viewing Chinese splendid tea culture, and can see the different historical period about tea art. Chinese drinking tea has a history of several thousand years, there are many kinds of tea, for example, green tea, black tea, oolong tea and scented tea, etc. Original Chinese tea is popular in Sichuan, then it spread to the east and south, the throughout the country. In emperor Shennong period, is the earliest discovered tea, but tea mainly flourished in the Tang dynasty. The formation of the Chinese tea culture, it is from the Tang dynasty. China’s contribution to the human in tea industry that is mainly depends on the first discovered and used tea this plant to develop into a unique tea art of the world. The origin and development of tea Tea was first discovered later, it’s just the custom form......

Words: 2094 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...China (traditional Chinese: 中國; simplified Chinese: 中国) is a cultural region, an ancient civilization, and a nation in East Asia. The last Chinese Civil War has resulted in two nations: The People's Republic of China (PRC), commonly known as China, has control over mainland China and the largely self-governing territories of Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999). The Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, has control over the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu. China has one of the world's oldest civilizations and has the oldest continuous civilization.[1] It has archaeological evidence over 5,000 years old. It also has one of the world's oldest writing systems, and is viewed as the source of many major inventions. The first recorded use of the word "China" is dated 1555.[nb 1][3] It is derived from Cin, a Persian name for China popularized in Europe by Marco Polo. History of China Ancient China was one of the first civilizations. Chinese civilization was also one of the few to invent writing,[2] the others being Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley civilization, the Maya civilization, the Minoan civilization of ancient Greece, and Ancient Egypt.[5] It reached its golden age during the Tang Dynasty (about A.D. 10th century). China is home to some of the oldest artwork in the world. Statues and pottery, as well as decorations made of jade, are some classic examples. China's economy and military weakened during the Qing Dynasty (around the......

Words: 1102 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...the best in the world and greatly influence on the development of music in other countries such as Korea and Japan. In general, there are five categories for Chinese music and each of the categories has various types, styles and forms which they are are song, ballad-singing music, Chinese Opera music, instrumental music and dancing-and-singing music. Song can also be divided into two categories which are ancient art songs and folk songs. Folk songs can be subdivided into mountain airs, labor songs, epic songs, songs with multiple sounds of voices, and ditties. In addition, due to the different regions with different national minorities, the mountain sough could be so different in style. There are many different types and styles in the musical cultural in China. Another good example is Chinese instruments. In the Zhou Dynasty (two thousand years ago), there were already more than seventy kinds of instruments and following the evolution and the changing of the cultural, there are more than two hundred kinds of instruments are in used in China. The instruments in China now can be categorized into four groups: bowed string instruments, plucked string instruments, percussion...

Words: 1161 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Etch-a-Sketch Ethics

...6/12/2013 1. Was it ethical of the Ohio Art Company to move production to China? What were the economic and social costs and benefits of this decision? What would have happened if production had not been moved? In my professional opinion, I believe the Ohio Art Company’s decision to move the production of their Etch-A-Sketch product to China was ethically sound. The Ohio Art Company was losing money while manufacturing in Bryan, Ohio. Even though outsourcing resulted in layoffs in Ohio, it also saved the jobs of many other employees by keeping the company profitable. Furthermore, even though outsourcing may result in lost jobs in the USA, it does provide employment for people in other countries. If the Ohio Art Company hadn’t moved production, it may have been forced out of business due to high manufacturing costs and immense pressure from distributors to keep prices low. 2. Assuming that the description of working conditions given in The New York Times article is correct, is it ethical for the Ohio Art Company to continue using Kin Ki to manufacture Etch-A-Sketch toys? Continuing to use Kin Ki would be highly unethical, assuming that the New York Times article is correct and that Kin Ki would not immediately resolve the issue. According to the case study, Kin Ki was misrepresenting numerous aspects of their operation. These aspects included wages, hours worked, work conditions, and living conditions. The Ohio Art Company would have to deal with bad......

Words: 787 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Persuasive Essay: Why Christians Should Use Martial Arts For Christians

...Martial Arts for Christians How many people ever wonder if martial arts is really effective? Can it really change a how a person see things What about Christians who face persecution? Can martial arts be proven useful to them as well? Christians should take martial arts because it is a form of self-defense that can be used in situations of persecution and teaches self-discipline. The history of martial arts is varied depending on the type. Kung Fu has its roots set in China. In 1372, Okinawa began an official relationship with China. This agreement allowed China to expand its trade with other countries, as well as to spread Kung Fu throughout the region. As an Imperial gift to Okinawa, a group of Chinese artisans and merchants were sent...

Words: 1303 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Tea Culture in China and Japan

...1. Introduction In China, there is a famous legend of “Shen Nong Tasting Hundred Plants”. Shen nong who is a famous botanist. He tasted various kinds of plants to test them as food or medicine. One day, after walking for a long time, he felt tired and thirsty, so he rested under a tree and started a fire to boil water in a pot. Suddenly some leaves fell into the pot from a nearby tree. He drunk the water and found it not only sweet and tasty, but refreshing as well. Shen Nong felt less tired, so he went on to drink all the water from the pot that was how tea is found (Liu, 2012). In Tang Dynasty, the Chinese tea and tea culture was spread to eastern countries, especially Japan. Though tea originated in China, but it was carried forward in Japan. Nowadays, tea has become a famous drink in the world. There are many types of tea in China and Japan. The main Japanese tea is Sencha, Genmaicha and so on. (Stevens, 2013). In China, the Green tea, Black tea, Oolong teas are very popular. There can be various mixtures of flowers with green tea, black tea and oolong tea (Liu, 2012). In China, tea can be used as a gift for business and etiquette. However in Japan, tea is a kind of art. Japanese tea art is famous all over the world. In my portfolio, I will compare and contrast the Chinese and Japanese tea types. The quality of tea and tea arts. As I am a tea lover, I would gain more tea knowledge about the two types of tea and its culture. 2. Background information At first,tea......

Words: 1572 - Pages: 7