Free Essay

As a Set and/or Lighting Designer, What Effects Would You Want to Create for Your Audience in Act 1 and Act 2? Explain How Your Set Design/Lighting Design Would Change from Act 1 to Act 2.

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ElisEdhem
Words 2474
Pages 10
As a set and/or lighting designer, what effects would you want to create for your audience in Act 1 and Act 2? Explain how your set design/lighting design would change from Act 1 to Act 2.

A Doll’s House by Henrick Ibsen is an iconic play expressing harsh truths on social rules and etiquette in the late 1800’s. The play allows a simple yet symbolic set and lighting design – forcing the audience to think and question the play writes intentions as well as the interpretation of the director. The play is over a period of three days; Act 1 is on Christmas Eve and Act 2 being over Christmas day –the set changes over both acts in small but significant ways allowing the audience to understand the detrition of the perfect reality in which Nora lives by. As a set or lighting designer, I would want the audience to experience a tense, chilling and abrupt atmosphere that illuminates the distorted reality, which is being broken slowly. As women during the late 1800’s where not meant to become involved with the dealings of money and business – it was the man’s job. By doing this Nora has brought on a sense of shame and disgrace to her family, as Helmer is lead to believe by the influence of society that he can no longer control his wife.

In Act 1, Ibsen indicates to the set and lighting designers how he wishes the play to be set up. From the stage directions I am able to understand that the atmosphere within the opening scene of the play should be ‘comfortable and tasteful’ but ‘not expensively furnished’, allowing the audience to be welcomed to the play. By not ‘expensively’ furnishing the set, the audience understand the previous finical difficulties the family have been though, and can now see their gain in money by certain items. Backstage right a soft wooden oak door leads to a hallway, and backstage left another soft oak door with stairs leading up to Helmers study. The soft oak doors allows an ‘alpine feel’ to the set, indicating the plays context, with the stairs leading up to Helmers study showing the ‘power’ in which men held at the time. Helmer is the head of the family, therefore a ‘higher’ and ‘respected’ member of society. Between these two doors a large window with a typical view of Norway is show to the audience, snow softly falls onto the floor with only a gradual build up – the colour of the sky is light blue, inferring that the ‘perfect reality’ is still in place. As the sky is ‘perfectly’ blue with not a blemish of cloud in sight and the snow has not caused a storm or built up over the house – trapping the family. The window is furnished with brown curtains that reach the floor they are rugged, frayed and worn at the bottom, showing the families previous financial difficulties. This is then juxtaposed as a black shinny baby grand piano is placed in front of the window, the lid is up and music is placed on the stand and across the top of the piano in an organised fashion – indicating order within Nora’s life. The piano looks new, as there is no ‘scuffs’ or scratches along the side, inferring to the audience that this is a new object, suggesting an outburst of money has been received. In the middle of the left hand wall is soft oak door, with a window downstage of it – furnished with the same rugged brown curtains. On the right of the piano a tall Christmas tree is furnished with tinsel, pinecones, candles and homemade decorations – suggesting that the play is set during a festive period, indicating a happy and joyful atmosphere. Near the window, a round dark oak table with dark wooden chairs surround the table; a vase of flowers is in the centre of the table. A rugged leather sofa with button pleats is on the left of the table, in the centre of the stage a square brown fur rug is placed – indicating the county of the play, as well as showing the cold harsh climate outside, as fur keeps the house warm. On the right-hand wall slightly upstage is a another oak door – downstage of this, against the same wall a stove lined with red porcelain tiles surrounded by three dark brown rugged leather armchairs and a wooden rocking chair is placed in front of the fire. This set up allows a familiar yet comfortable, organised and family atmosphere, which is welcoming yet calm. Between the stove and the armchairs a small side table with a mug and knitting needles on the top is placed. On the left of the stove a small wooden bookcase filled with leather bound books. The overall set design allows a homely feel to the play, as the wood used is mainly ‘soft oak’ or warm and dark – creating a comfortable and homely atmosphere, inviting the audience into the Helmer household. There are various doors and windows around the set, creating an illusion that the set is larger than it is – symbolising the fake and distorted reality, as well as giving Nora freedom; she is free to go out side and not be worried or repressed by anyone.

As the play develops and the intensity increases due to secrets being unravelled I would use the set and lighting to symbolise the upcoming events. When Nora announces to Mrs Linde that “Papa didn't give is a penny. It was I who found the money” I would do the following; around the stage various candles would be ‘dotted ’around the place – each time an intense moment in which Nora’s reality crumbles a candle would go out. This symbolise the fading of not only Nora’s perfect reality but the dispersing of her childlike feature and naivety, as the ‘sparks’ within her would slowly fade away. Her bright happy façade would be replaced by a dark thought of leaving her family, and a fading of candle would represent this. Mrs Linde’s reaction too would affect the set and lighting design, “Well a wife can’t borrow money without a husbands consent” – she is shocked and appalled by Nora’s actions, as women where not meant to be involved with business it was not social acceptable at the time. Previously the lights created a warm and comforting atmosphere using three mellow yellow LED’s at a 45 degree angle with a medium light intensity across the stage, with candles flickering making the audience feel warm and welcomed. However as soon as Nora starts to bring up the topic of how she gained the money to ‘save Helmer’s life’, the warm yellow LED’s would slowly dim down to low light intensity and two white birdies would close in on Nora and Mrs Linde – making their faces look harsh and petrified like a ‘rabbit in front of the lights’, illuminating Nora’s vulnerability to towards Mrs Linde. Mrs Linde’s reaction would be heightened further as she stands up from her chair in a swift movement of shock – her armchair would move backwards creating a screeching noise. Nora trusts and relies on the furniture to be a stable comfort within her life, however as her friend loses faith within her, so does the stable comforts with her life – the furniture. By showing the loss of comfort in comparison to the warm and cosy open of the, Ibsen is highlighting the way in which set and lighting design helps the audience to understand the play. As the changing of the lights to intensified harsh brightness, the audience is able to see the cracks in Nora’s reality.

As the play moves on the drama and tension increases, for Nora’s reality is distorted further as Krogstad threatens to tell Helemer of her secret, which will ruin the family. “If I get thrown into the gutter for a second time, I shall take you with me” – Nora is effect by Krogstad’s words and does not know what to do with herself. The set and lighting design help the audience understand the situation and the grave effects of the future of Nora and her family. As Krogstad enters the apartment he instantly imposes his presences on the Helmers as he invites himself in; “I beg you pardon the front door was ajar. Someone must have forgotten to close it.” The ‘ajar door’ symbolises the loss of control within Nora’s life, as she has forgotten to ‘close it’; by doing this she has allowed the threat of interruption, Krogstad being the interruption. As Krogstad enters the room Nora becomes weary of his presence, and states that her husband is not in. The previous mellow yellow LED’s of medium light intensity at a 45-degree angle, dim slowly as cold blue wash is cast across the stage, the fire roars in excitement showing the audience that the intensity of the play has increased – illuminating the rugged leather of the armchairs. The piano lid shuts making a large noise, and music scores fall to the floor, while a candle blows out. By doing the above, I am able to make the audience fear the future of Nora and the play – as Krogstad presences has made the set crumble and deteriorate with fear. A chilling atmosphere is achieved, as the furniture has a ‘mind of its own’ when the piano lid drops – inferring that future joys during the festive period will no longer be celebrated. As a piano and music scores symbolise the previous blissful happiness of Nora and her family. Nora manipulates the set in warning to the audience of her fear for Krogstad, as she ‘hides’ behind chairs and makes herself look busy by cleaning the apartment, trying to make Krogstad feel uncomfortable. Ibsen is highlighting that the previous ‘comfortable’ set design is no longer wanted as, Nora herself is not comfortable in her own home. As the end of Act one reaches to a close, the typical scene of Norway outside the large square window behind the piano has dramatically changed. The snow longer softly falls to the ground, but is replaced by a harsh storm, with a build up of snow on the windows. This indicates to the audience that Nora is not only being mentally trapped via blackmail, but also physically trapped, as she does not have the freedom to look out of her window and see the rest of the world. To show the audience that Nora understands her physically and mental entrapment – she closes the brown rugged curtains, in attempt to regain control with her life. As the closing of the curtains suggests to the audience that she is taking control of her prison. By doing the above I am able as lighting and set designer to highlight the uncomfortable atmosphere that Ibsen wants to create, as we become ourselves weary of Krogstad as the set and lighting help to heighten our opinion of him. To create further drama within the play, as Krogstad leaves the previous roaring fire ‘blows out’ – suggesting to the audience that the tension has gone. However this is not the case, the set helps to betray the audience, in the same way that Nora betrays Helmer. The ‘blowing out’ of the fire lures the audience into a safe perception that Krogstad will not return, as the fire as gone away. This is wrong, as Krogstad returns to redeem his words and the fire will return to roar again in the stove.

The opening of Act 2 is very different in comparison to the opening of the play, the previous organised apartment with a warm family atmosphere has changed to symbolise Nora’s disgrace within the social etiquette and detrition of her reality. The curtains are closed, with only a fragment of light shining down the centre of the stage, creating a line. When Krogstad returns to the apartment he ‘cross the line’ of social rules. By closing the curtains Nora is fooling herself, as she believes she still has control of her life – as she is able to manipulate the set. The piano lid is now closed and the music scores are packed away in a box on the side – suggesting to the audience that this Christmas will not be as happy as expected, as music symbioses the joy and naivety of the previous Nora. The fur rug in the centre of the stage has two corners turned over with the books on the bookshelf falling. Food from yesterday is still on the table, while the flowers have wilted and the petals are dropping on the floor. The Christmas tree stands stripped and ‘dishevelled’, with the candles ‘burned to their sockets’. Nora’s outdoor clothes are spread across the sofa; while a button of the pleated sofa hangs lose. Picture frames hung against the wall, tilt to the left – while the previous unblemished sky now hold dark clouds and a furious storm is shown outside the side windows. The set shakes, as the storm rattles the apartment – enhancing the falling of Nora and her stability in materialistic objects. Only a few candles flicker, with the wax dripping of each candle dripping to the floor. The lights are dimmed, with three blue birdies at the front of the stage on a low light intensity. While two purple birdies on either side of the stage at 40-degree angle shine on the furniture – making them look gloomy and bleak, the rest of the stage is in darkness. By doing the above the set and lighting design effect the audience as the atmosphere is bleak, and uninspiring – they do not know what to expect, as they do not feel welcomed into the ‘family home’. They are not shocked, but in denial as they still have the image of the previous happy home from the start of Act 1. The overall atmosphere I want to achieve is a sense of rejects of truths from the audience, as the do not want to accept their own distorted reality of betrayal from the set and lighting design in the way they have changed. Not only that but a pity for Nora as the set resembles her failure, a cold harsh atmosphere should be prevalent through out Act 2.
To conclude together the lighting and the set help to show the breaking down of Nora’s reality through Act 1 and Act 2. As well as heightening the overall atmosphere of the play creating a chilling effect on the audience, as they do not believe the transformation of the set and lighting. By making a strong comparison of the start of the play and the end of act 2 the audience is able to see the falling of Nora’s reality, creating a sympathetic yet uncomfortable atmosphere, as the audience no longer feel welcome in the Helmer household.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Birthday Party

...On-line Resources Welcome to Part 1 of TAG’s on-line resources for our production of The Birthday Party by Harold Pinter. These resources are divided into 2 parts. Part 1 is intended to give an insight into Pinter, his style of writing and the play itself by looking at previous productions of The Birthday Party. Generally aimed at Higher Drama students, this pack complements units 1, 2 and 3 of the syllabus. However, these resources are also useful for the Knowledge and Understanding elements of Standard Grade as well as the Special Study for Advanced Higher Drama. I have collated information from various sources in order to provide material for use before your students see TAG’s production. In September 2003, Part 2 will be available to download from TAG’s website. This section of the resources will focus on the process of creating our production of The Birthday Party. It will include contributions from the Director, the Designer, the Performers and other members of the creative team. I hope that Part 2 will open up TAG’s working methods and provide a real insight into how a theatre company works. Please feel free to reproduce any section of the on-line resources for your use in the classroom. We are always aiming to provide the most effective and beneficial resources for teachers and so please do offer any comments you have regarding either part of this pack. We welcome and appreciate all feedback. I very much hope that you and your pupils find the resources useful and......

Words: 7552 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

English

...knowledge of the cinematographer’s job • Understand the difference between cinematography and mise en scène and recognize the importance of each • Understand the importance of color and lighting and how they affect the tone and feel of a film • Be familiar with different methods of photographing a film, and with terms such as panning, tilting, tracking shots, deep focus, and aspect ratios • Understand how different focal length lenses affect the look of a shot • Recognize what special effects can do for a movie—and what they can’t do 4.1 The “Look” of a Scene W hen we are first introduced to Don Vito Corleone in The Godfather, played by Marlon Brando, the Mafia boss is sitting in the study of his home. Along with his consigliore, or adviser, Tom Hagen (Robert Duvall), Corleone is listening to a line of people requesting favors on the day of his daughter’s wedding. Corleone is immensely powerful, as we learn by the scope of the favors he is asked to grant, which in one case includes the desire of a singer to be cast in a film to revive his musical career, and Corleone’s ability to grant them. However, it is not just what Corleone says in the scene, which introduces us to all that will follow, that makes us aware of his power. It is also how the scene looks, how it is shot, and how color and light are combined that give The Godfather such an immediately distinctive feel. The rich hues, the closed blinds, the placing of Corleone behind the desk, a......

Words: 13907 - Pages: 56

Free Essay

Organizational Behaviour

...University reserves the right to retain at its own discretion the copy of my thesis submitted for examination. I consent to the thesis being placed in the Faculty Library, to be consulted there and to part(s) of this thesis being quoted in manuscripts or typescripts for the purpose of scholarship or research, provided my authorship is acknowledged. In the light of the Copyright Act (1968) I declare that I wish to grant the University further permission for the following actions provided my authorship is acknowledged: • Copy or allow others to copy in any medium the whole of the thesis for the purpose of scholarship or research; or • Publish or allow others to publish, the whole of the thesis. Signature: ……………………………………………………………………… Witness: ……………………………………………………………………… Date: 23rd February 2007 ii Acknowledgements I would like to express my gratitude to all those who dedicated their valuable time to assist in furthering the ideas that form this thesis. A sincere thankyou to my supervisor, Associate Professor Susan Thompson, for her constructive criticism, suggestions and guidance. Also, thank you to George Vlamis who offered to read and comment on my thesis and who kindly put up with my daily enquiries at work. Most importantly, without the participation of the 186 anonymous built environment professionals across Sydney, Fairfield City Council’s...

Words: 24152 - Pages: 97

Premium Essay

Event Management

... Richa Jain, hereby certify that MEHUL DAK, of Thakur College of Science & Commerce, of TYBMS (SEM V) has completed the project on Event Management in the academic year 2008-09. The information submitted is true and original to the best of my knowledge. ________________________ ________________________ Signature of Project Co-ordinator Signature of the Principal of the college/ institution ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to express my deep and sincere gratitude to my project guide, Prof. Richa Jain, who not only motivated me to take up this distinctive topic for project study, but also provided timely help and information, despite her busy schedule and commitments. This project would not have been successful without her incredible help, genius guidance and cheerful encouragement. I would like to thank our Principal, Mrs C.T Chakravorty, for providing us with all the facilities that have made working on our projects much easier than what it would have been otherwise. The strenuousness of this work was eased by the whole hearted support of the BMS Faculty, the librarian and assistant librarian of our college and other members of the staff. My Parents have been major contributors...

Words: 13760 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

Marketing Behavior

...for Social Change Professionals William A. Smith and John Strand AED We believe in the power of social marketing to change behavior. Indeed, we began helping mothers to re-hydrate their children in 1978. The positive effects were remarkable, and we haven’t looked back since. For HIV victims, we fought stigma, delivering behavior change that combined treatment and prevention. For civil society advocates, we’re exploring the power of technology to build networks, and the subsequent power of networks to change the behavior of systems. Every day we partner with communities across the U.S. and throughout the world. Our work requires more than slick marketing materials and catchy slogans. Our results are a reflection of an unwavering commitment to the principles and philosophy of social marketing which we share here with you… ii Table of Contents About This Book Overview The Single Most Important Thing 1 2 3 The Basics Social Marketing Thinking Like a Marketer 1. Know exactly who your audience is and look at everything from that group’s  point of view. 2. Your bottom line: When all is said and done, the audience’s action is what counts. 3. Make it easy-to-irresistible for your audience to act. 4. Use the four Ps of marketing. 5. Base decisions on evidence and keep checking in. The BEHAVE Framework Working Toward a Strategy Determining the Kind of Change Problem You Face 5 6 9 9 10 10 11 12 14 16 17 Research What is......

Words: 23464 - Pages: 94

Free Essay

Miaws

...A TEACHER’S GUIDE TO THE SIGNET CLASSICS EDITION OF G EORG E B E R N A R D S HAW ’S PYGMALION By LAURA REIS MAYER BUNCOMBE COUNTY SCHOOLS, ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA S E R I E S E D I T O R S JEANNE M. MCGLINN, Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Asheville and W. GEIGER ELLIS, Ed.D., University of Georgia, Professor Emeritus 2 A Teacher’s Guide to the Signet Classics Edition of George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion TABLE OF CONTENTS An Introduction .......................................................................................3 Synopsis of the Play .................................................................................3 Prereading Activities .................................................................................6 During Reading Activities ......................................................................13 After Reading Activities .........................................................................21 About the Author of this Guide .............................................................29 About the Editors of this Guide .............................................................29 Full List of Free Teacher's Guides...........................................................30 Click on a Classic ..................................................................................31 Copyright © 2007 by Penguin Group (USA) For additional teacher’s manuals, catalogs, or descriptive brochures, please email academic@penguin.com or......

Words: 11837 - Pages: 48

Free Essay

Midterm 1 Notes

...CTCS 466 LECTURE NOTES 1/17: John Dies At the End * CTCS 466 * Former Professors * Arthur Knight * Charles Chaplin * Former Students * Ron Howard * Robert Zemeckis * 16 mm/35 mm * Brotherly Love (Popeye), Max Fleischer * Original song * Made for adults as well as children * Take place in cities * As opposed to the barnyard settings of early Disney * Classic cartoon * Postmodern cartoon (The Simpsons) * Digital Cinema Print (DCP) * Ted Mundor, Landmark Theatres * Career * Monsters Magazine Film Fan Monthly (13 y.o.) * Movies on TV & TV Movies (17 y.o.) * American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) * Gene Shalp, The Today Show * Bruce Cook, Entertainment Tonight * Theme: Great Moments from Movie Musicals * “Somewhere Over the Rainbow”, The Wizard of Oz * Only a few cuts * Simplicity requires confidence * Contrast with the circus of Les Miserables * Remains in character without melodrama * Impression that she actually is singing * She is very much still Dorothy Gale, not Judy Garland * John Dies At the End * Phantasm * Bubba Hotep * Horror + Fantasy + Comedy * Based on novel of the same name * Don Coscarelli (Director/Producer) *......

Words: 10501 - Pages: 43

Free Essay

Introduction to Multimedia Systems

...reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Requests for permission to make copies of any part of the work should be mailed to: Permissions Department, Harcourt Inc., 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, Florida 32887-6777 Explicit permission from Academic Press is not required to reproduce a maximum of two figures or tables from an Academic Press chapter in another scientific or research publication provided that the material has not been credited to another source and that full credit to the Academic Press chapter is given. Academic Press A division of Harcourt, Inc. 525 B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, Cahfomia 92101-4495, USA http://www.academicpress.com Academic Press Harcourt Place, 32 Jamestown Road, London NWl 7BY, UK http ://www. academicpress .com Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 2001092781 hitemational Standard Book Number: 0-12-500452-4 International Standard Book Number: 0-12-500453-2 (International edition) PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 01 02 03 04 05 06 MB 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Contents Preface vii Note to Students xi Prelude to Multimedia Sugata Mitra 1 Overview of...

Words: 60427 - Pages: 242

Premium Essay

Brand Management

...Brand guide Version 1.0 This book presents a new brand strategy for Samsung: — who we serve, — what we stand for, and — how we communicate our value. It begins by painting a clearer picture of our core consumer, then defines a new brand platform that will help us build a more powerful emotional connection with this target. Finally, it provides the visual and verbal elements we need to bring our brand story to life. Think of this book as a user’s manual for our brand. It will help all of us make Samsung a more powerful global icon. This document is intended for Samsung internal purposes only. The information contained herein is proprietary and confidential. Any use, copying, retention or disclosure by any person other than the intended recipient or the intended recipient’s designees is strictly prohibited. © 2008, Samsung Electronics Co. Table of contents 1 New brand platform 19 Bringing the brand to life 93 Applications 121 Appendix New brand platform 2 Global brand objective 3 Brand target 4 Target profiles 10 Brand equity pyramid 12 Brand equity 14 Interpretation of brand personalities Global brand objective The Samsung brand has come a long way in a short time. Our first focus was to build brand awareness worldwide. We succeeded by making Samsung one of the best known brands in any category. In the following years, our task was to build our premium quality, to help drive preference......

Words: 16177 - Pages: 65

Premium Essay

Presentation Secret of Steve Jobs

...The Presentation Secrets of Steve Jobs How to Be Insanely Great in Front of Any Audience Carmine Gallo Columnist, Businessweek.com New York Chicago San Francisco Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan New Delhi San Juan Seoul Singapore Sydney Toronto Copyright © 2010 by Carmine Gallo. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. ISBN: 978-0-07-163675-9 MHID: 0-07-163675-7 The material in this eBook also appears in the print version of this title: ISBN: 978-0-07-163608-7, MHID: 0-07-163608-0. All trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than put a trademark symbol after every occurrence of a trademarked name, we use names in an editorial fashion only, and to the benefit of the trademark owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark. Where such designations appear in this book, they have been printed with initial caps. McGraw-Hill eBooks are available at special quantity discounts to use as premiums and sales promotions, or for use in corporate training programs. To contact a representative please e-mail us at bulksales@mcgraw-hill.com. TERMS OF USE This is a copyrighted work and The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (“McGraw-Hill”) and its licensors reserve all rights in and to the work. Use of this work...

Words: 72152 - Pages: 289

Free Essay

Salesman

...DEATH OF A SALESMAN Study Guide for Teachers World-Class Theatre in the Heart of Vermont 703 Main Stre e t , W eston, V T 05161 www.westonplayhouse.o rg The Weston Playhouse Theatre Company The 2010 WPTC Teacher’s Workshop and the School Matinee and Touring Production is made possible in part by grants from: The Bay and Paul Foundations Mountain Room Foundation National Endowment for the Arts The Shubert Foundation The Vermont Country Store and The Orton Family Vermont Humanities Council and the National Endowment for the Humanities With additional contributions from: Black River Produce Berkshire Bank Clark’s Quality Foods Price Chopper’s Golub Foundation Ezra Jack Keats Foundation Okemo Mountain Resort Thrifty Attic …and an ever growing family of individuals who believe in the impact that the performing arts can have on its community. This Teachers Study Guide was compiled and edited by Rena Murman. Credit and thanks to the following theatres for materials used or referenced from study guides created for Death of a Salesman: Guthrie Theatre, Minneapolis, MN; Kennedy Center, Washington, DC; Lyric Theatre, London; Royal Lyceum Theatre Company, Edinburgh; Yale Repertory Theatre, New Haven, CT. © 2010 Weston Playhouse Theatre Company, a nonprofit 501(c)(3) educational and cultural institution. WPTC Performance Guides may be duplicated at no charge for educational purposes only. They may not be sold or used in other publications without the express written......

Words: 13575 - Pages: 55

Free Essay

Term Paper for Social Change

...Standard 1: A school administrator is an educational leader who promotes the success of all students by facilitating the development, articulation, implementation, and stewardship of a vision of learning that is shared and supported by the school community. The effective administrator: 1.1 Uses research about best professional practice. Cooperative Learning       "Cooperative learning is the instructional use of small groups so that students         work together to maximize their own and each other's learning." WHAT IS IT? Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Each member of a team is responsible not only for learning what is taught but also for helping teammates learn, thus creating an atmosphere of achievement. WHY USE IT? Documented results include improved academic achievement, improved behavior and attendance, increased self-confidence and motivation, and increased liking of school and classmates. Cooperative learning is also relatively easy to implement and is inexpensive. HOW DOES IT WORK? Here are some typical strategies that can be used with any subject, in almost any grade, and without a special curriculum: Group Investigations are structured to emphasize higher-order thinking skills such as analysis and evaluation. Students work to produce a group project, which they may have a......

Words: 52057 - Pages: 209

Premium Essay

Training & Development

...1. Introduction: Training can be introduced simply as a process of assisting a person for enhancing his efficiency and effectiveness to a particular work area by getting more knowledge and practices. Also training is important to establish specific skills, abilities and knowledge to an employee. For an organization, training and development are important as well as organizational growth, because the organizational growth and profit are also dependent on the training. But the training is not a core of organizational development. It is a function of the organizational development. Training is different form education; particularly formal education. The education is concerned mainly with enhancement of knowledge, but the aims of training are increasing knowledge while changing attitudes and competences in good manner. Basically the education is formulated within the framework and to syllabus, but the training is not formed in to the frame and as well as syllabus. It may differ from one employee to another, one group to another, even the group in the same class. The reason for that can be mentioned as difference of attitudes and skills from one person to another. Even the situation is that, after good training program, all different type skilled one group of employees can get in to similar capacity, similar skilled group. That is an advantage of the trainings. In the field of Human Resources Management, Training and Development is the field concern with...

Words: 9905 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

Training and Development

...A project report on training and development in reliance money — Document Transcript * 1. Projectsformba.blogspot.com A SUMMER TRAINING PROJECT ON “TRAINING AND DEVLOPMENT”Project Report Submitted By:-Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the award of the degree of PGDM POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN MANAGEMENT, AICTE, Ministry of HRD, Government Of India, New Delhi SAI BALAJI EDUCATION SOCIETYINTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT (W) (IIMHRD)Projectsformba.blogspot.com * 2. Projectsformba.blogspot.com DECLARATIONI the undersign hereby declare that the project report entitled “Training andDevelopment” written and submitted by me to IIMHRD, Pune in partialfulfillment of the requirement for the award of PGDM under the guidance ofmy mentor……………, my guide …………….. and ………………. is myoriginal work and the conclusion drawn there in are based on the materialcollected by myself. I hereby declare also this study has not been permittedby me to publish anywhere.Place:Date:Projectsformba.blogspot.com * 3. Projectsformba.blogspot.com CERTIFICATE BY THE INSTITUTEThis is to certify that Miss ………………………………., the student ofPGDM has worked on summer project titled “Training and Development”in Lucknow after semester II in partial fulfillment of the requirement for theProgram. This is her original work to the best of my knowledge.Date: Director’s Signature:Seal: ACKNOWLEDGEMENTProjectsformba.blogspot.com * 4. Projectsformba.blogspot.comI......

Words: 16791 - Pages: 68

Premium Essay

Buisness Ideas

...retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives or written sales materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. The publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services, and you should consult a professional where appropriate. Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial...

Words: 90587 - Pages: 363