Free Essay

Asdas

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By ASDASDAS
Words 3598
Pages 15
Asian Institute of Maritime Studies
Pasay City, Philippines

INTERNATIONAL SHIP AND PORT FACILITY SECURTIY CODE

In partial fulfillment of the Case Study and presentation for:
Issues and problems in the Maritime Industry being addressed by ISPS
Sunken Ships

Submitted to:
ENS. GRACIANO C. CONSORIO PCG (Ret)
Instructor
Submitted by: Group Number 2 I. Introduction
The sea is a large body of salt water that is surrounded in whole or in part by land. More broadly, the sea is the interconnected system of Earth's salty, oceanic waters—considered as one global ocean or as several principal oceanic divisions. Moreover, it has served as a home for marine and aquatic environment and also as defined roads for marine transportation in the conduct of trade and civilization. In spite of the glorious facts accounted, the sea was also the venue and sole witness of such tragedies, catastrophes known as maritime incidents.
By definition, maritime incident means any occurrence, other than an accident, that is associated with the operation of a ship and effects or could affect the safety of operation. From the initiation of transport at sea up to the present, tremendous accounts of maritime incidents can be noted and such incidents lead to countless loss of lives, property, and the environment. With these adverse effects at hand, major approaches can further explain the importance of such incidents.
From a historical approach, the first transport at sea was accounted as trade using small wooden boats which later grew to ships and other vessels. Constructively, wood and other low grade materials were used to build such ships and vessels which traveled beyond the defined borders of the world. Due to lack of further studies, analyses, and technology, such materials grew old faster with time and lead to such unfortunate mishaps into maritime incidents recorded such as the Galleon Trade and the Titanic which took large numbers of innocent lives.
From a theoretical approach, maritime incidents and other catastrophes at sea conceived the various technological innovations, conventions, regulations, and rules which govern the maritime world today. Relatively, the hostile existences resulted to optimistic and regulative approaches to preserve the safety of life, property and environment. In the present, all efforts have been continually made to propagate such innovations, regulations, codes, and rules which constitute as pillars of the maritime industry. Hence, maritime incidents gave birth to numerous conventions, codes, and regulations such as SOLAS 1974, STCW 1978, and MLC 2006 among many others and also to the innovation of navigational and mechanical equipment.
Conclusively, maritime incidents may account to equilibrium between principles of thoughts. Through these inimical cases recorded the human element learned, conceived, and implemented different resolutions to accommodate various kinds. For this reason, safety of life, property, and environment is continually molded and ensured as the maritime industry continue to learn from mistakes and promulgate that history itself shall not be repeated but therefore enhanced as nothing in this world is infallible.

II. Scope of Research and Presentation A. Background of the Study Maritime incidents come in various forms depending on the nature of distress encountered by the ship at sea itself. It includes piracy, bombing, smuggling, stowaway, oil spill, collision, and fire onboard, aground, and sunken, capsize, abandon ship, steering casualty and many others. But among all of those mentioned above, sunken ships are the most striking as they leave definite evidences on how intense the distress they have run into leaving the premise of once seaworthy vessels into a wreck lying beneath the seabed. According to research and records, more than 16.5 sunken ship incidents occur each year on the average from year 2000 to 2014. Distinctively, these incidents of vessels lying on the seabed accounted to countless losses in life, property, and the environment. With the adverse effects already taken into account, the causes of such definite distress still lies in the elements involved in the conduct of maritime transportation and operation. From a natural standpoint, the hostile nature of the marine environment can be opted out as a major cause to most of sunken ship cases. Unlikely, adverse weather brought by storms and other calamities at sea devours ships and vessels along its wake. Remarkably, such losses and damages from this clause are said to be force majeure or an act of God that there is nothing man can do to avoid such events. As a saying of mariners goes, “A smooth sea never made a skilled sailor.” From an instrumental standpoint, nothing in this world is made perfect or infallible. Maritime operations and routines are highly dependent on vital equipment on both deck and engine to perform their vigorous functions. Relatively, the ship itself is an instrument for the maritime profession and industry and is subject to errors and failures. Reasonably, some sunken ship incidents can be accounted to equipment failure which leads to enormous, adverse effects in all aspects known to man. Evidently, the human element has contributed the largest percentage to most sunken ship cases. By definition human error means that something has been done that was "not intended by the actor; not desired by a set of rules or an external observer; or that led the task or system outside its acceptable limits". In short, it is a deviation from intention, expectation or desirability. Despite the efforts made to minimize human error among the maritime profession and industry, such efforts that were even turned to regulations such as Standard Marine Communication Phrases in the STCW Code and many others were easily violated by negligence among ignorant crew and personnel leading to occurrence of such maritime incidents especially sunken ships.
Convincingly maritime incidents, especially sunken ships, are accounted to the elements and components acting as prerequisites to the maritime operation. Among these elements, root causes can be easily opted, analyzed, and therefore resolved to minimize the frequency, avoid such incidents, and promulgate the safety of life, property, and the environment as to be preserved in their natural order.
B. Objectives This study focuses sunken ships as maritime incidents which have been a real culprit of damages and calamities that cost countless losses in life, property, and of the marine environment. Basically, the basis of this study are the maritime incidents which account from year 2000 to 2014 which were gathered and further analyzed for the purpose of this study. Furthermore, the said study will be greatly in accordance in obtaining the following objectives: a. To gain knowledge about maritime incidents which are present risks related with the maritime profession and industry. b. To gather sufficient relevant data from the year 2000 to 2014 to serve as basis for the said study. c. To opt out causes through vigorous analysis of the said data and raise awareness from the detrimental effects from the incidents. d. To conduct discussions on why the occurrence of incidents become high and low in the inclusive span of time. e. To identify and point out the root cause of all such incidents within the inclusive years; and f. To draw inferences and recommend measures that will help resolve such incidents by identification, prevention, and further analysis on the causes of such incidents.

C. Maritime Incident with Photographs of such Incidents
Ship sunk year 2000
6 June ( Mexican Navy): The Minesweeper was sunk off the island of Cozumel for use as an artificial reef. The Auk class displaced 890 tons on average, and had an approximate length of 220-225 feet. They could reach a maximum speed of about 18.1 knots (33.5 km/h). Auks were equipped with a single 3 inch gun, two 40 mm Bofors guns, and eight20 mm Oerlikon guns.
Thirty-two minesweepers were ordered by the US (as BAM-1 to -32), intending them to be supplied to the Royal Navy under Lend; 12 were retained for USN use and given names and the "AM" hull classification prefix. Those transferred to the RN were named as the Catherine class receiving "J" pennant number prefixes.
Eleven minesweepers of the Auk class were lost in World War II, six to direct enemy action including USS Skill, torpedoed byU-593.

Ship sunk year 2002
26 September * Le Joola ( Senegal): The passenger ferry capsized and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Gambia with the loss of at least 1,863 of the over 2,000 people on board. 64 survivors. It is thought to be the second-worst non-military disaster in maritime history. * The ship was plying the route from Ziguinchor in the Casamance region to the Senegalese capital, Dakar, when it ran into a violent storm, farther out to sea than it was licensed to sail. The estimated 2000 passengers on-board amounted to at least three times as many as the ship was designed to hold, and only about half of them had tickets. The large numbers sleeping on deck added further instability. Rescue operations did not start for several hours. *

Ship sunk year 2003
31 May * Fu Shan Hai ( China): The bulk carrier collided with Gdynia ( Cyprus) off Bornholm, Denmark and sank. Fu Shan Hai was a Chinese bulk carrier which on 31 May 2003 was involved in a collision with the Polish container ship Gdynia north-west of the Danish island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea. Later the same day Fu Shan Haisank in 69 metres (226 ft) of water. At that moment, she was the biggest ship to be sunk in the Baltic Sea.

Ship sunk year 2004
27 March * HMS Scylla ( Royal Navy): She came into to the public limelight in 1973 when she collided with the Torpoint ferry in fog during her very first movement * HMS Scylla was a Leander-class frigate of the Royal Navy. She was built at Devonport Royal Dockyard and was the last RN frigate to be built at the Dockyard so far. Scylla was launched in August 1968 and commissioned in 1970. It was the start of a long and eventful career that ended with her sinking as an artificial reef in 2004.

Ship sunk year 2006
23 March
Pong Su ( Tuvalu): The Pong Su incident began in April 2003 when Australian military personnel from Special Operations Command intercepted the Pong Su, a North Korean ocean freighter in Australian territorial waters. The ship was suspected of being involved in smuggling almost 150 kg (330 pounds) of heroin into Australia.
The Pong Su was a 349-foot (106 m), 3,743-tonne ocean freighter registered in Tuvalu and North Korean owned. The ship was flying the flag of Tuvalu, a flag of convenience. Four men arrested on shore were convicted of importing heroin, the crew were all acquitted and deported, and the ship was destroyed in 2006. *

Ship sunk year 2007
23 November * Explorer ( Canada): The cruise ship struck an iceberg and sank close to the South Shetland Islands in the Antarctic Ocean. One hundred passengers and fifty-four crew were evacuated from the ship and took to the liferafts. (The two people that remained and attempted to stabilize the ship gave up and evacuated as well). The Antarctic Dream was reported to be assisting in the rescue.

Ship sunk year 2008
21 June

Princess of the Stars ( Philippines) was a ferry owned by Filipino shipping company Sulpicio Lines. It capsized on June 21, 2008, off the coast of San Fernando, Romblon, at the height of Typhoon Fengshen (PAGASA name: Frank), which passed directly over Romblon as a Category 2 storm.
Built in 1984 by Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. Aio, Japan, the 23,824-ton ferry MV Princess of the Stars, formerly MV Ferry Lilac of Shin Nihonkai Ferry, had a total passenger capacity of 1,992 people.

Ship sunk year 2010
22 April * Oil rig Deepwater Horizon ( Marshall Islands) Deepwater Horizon was an ultra-deep water, dynamically positioned, semi-submersible offshore oil drilling rig owned by Transocean. Built in 2001 in South Korea by Hyundai Heavy Industries,] the rig was commissioned by R&B Falcon, which later became part of Transocean, registered in Majuro, Marshall Islands, and leased to BP from 2001 until September 2013. In September 2009, the rig drilled the deepest oil well in history at a vertical depth of 35,050 ft (10,683 m) and measured depth of 35,055 ft (10,685 m) in the Tiber Oil Field at Keathley Canyon block 102, approximately 250 miles (400 km) southeast of Houston, in 4,132 feet (1,259 m) of water. On 20 April 2010, while drilling at the Macondo Prospect, an explosion on the rig caused by a blowout killed 11 crewmen and ignited a fireball visible from 40 miles (64 km) away. The resulting fire could not be extinguished and, on 22 April 2010, Deepwater Horizon sank, leaving the well gushing at the seabed and causing the largest oil spill in U.S. waters.

D. Chart of said Maritime Incidents from 2000 - 2014

E. Discussion
According to the data gathered for the purpose of this study, sunken ship incidents rose from a minimal average of 10.33 incidents from year 2000 – 2008 to a towering average of 34.5 from year 2009 – 2015. From this statistical observation, the minimal average is still not negligible due to the reason that it causes such detrimental effects to life, property, and the environment. Adversely, such losses due to the larger incidental average from the year 2009 – 2015, induced much destruction to all such accounted deleterious effects.
Nominally, the number of incidents grew to almost triple the number throughout the span of time recorded for this study. With this observation, it can be noted that the inclusive years where the number of incidents piled up to be tripled, were the years were further technological developments were implemented on the maritime industry. With such developments that took place in the industry, various innovative techniques and equipment were implemented thru regulations and amendments to incumbent laws governing the maritime sector. Positively as a result of such valuable innovations, the enhancement for the safety of the maritime industry, particularly shipping, became the valiant objective. Distinctively, the safety of navigation was further improved with the addition and operation of high technology equipment came to force. Due to this reason, bridge and engine operations, functions, and routines came to be at ease.

On the other hand, the negative effects still struck the maritime industry and thus far were never eliminated. From the valuable enhancements and ratifications for innovations which subject ship operations, functions, and routines to a lighter load, came a relaxed state on the human element which can be opted out as the sole clause for human error. Specifically, this sole clause accounted for 52.05%, the largest percentage among principal causes of sunken ship incidents recorded. Mathematically, it accounted more than half of the percentage taken by the other principal causes such as equipment error (27.40%) and Force Majeure (20.55%).
Therefore, based on the data gathered for this study, the incident became higher due to innovations to the maritime sector which objectives were for the enhancement of the safety of life at sea. Distinctively, these innovations took place on the inclusive years where the incidents rose from minimal to more than thrice the number. Reasonably, all such things introduce positive and negative effects to all such prerequisites. As for the maritime industry, particularly shipping, it induced valuable enhancements but also the clause of human error, which accounted considerable amounts for a principal cause for maritime incidents.

F. Root Cause
For the purpose of this study which is based on record of the International Maritime Organization, sunken ship incidents which causes tremendous countless losses in life, property, and the environment are due to three principal causes. These three principal causes are identified for the purpose of this study only and are not limited to Human Error, Equipment Error, and Force Majeure.
Furthermore, the root cause of sunken ship incidents is therefore identified as human error which accounted to 52.05% of all such incidents. Human error, as a reasonable cause for sunken ship incidents, implies more than half in number compared to other principal causes such as force majeure which accounted only 20.55% and equipment error with 27.40%.
By definition, human error means that something has been done that was "not intended by the actor; not desired by a set of rules or an external observer; or that led the task or system outside its acceptable limits". In short, it is a deviation from intention, expectation or desirability. It is inscribed and originated solely to the human element depending on the physical, physiological, and psychological factors within.
As the root cause of the majority of sunken ship incidents, human error can thus be related and compared to the other principal causes for further distinction. In comparison to the equipment failure and force majeure, human error is the only principal cause that can be corrected. Convincingly, force majeure as natural phenomena, area undesirable, unintentional, and unknown. It comes when it is least expected as it is an act of God. In addition to, equipment error cannot also be corrected as all such equipment and instruments are subjected to such errors and malfunctions. Relatively, only such care and safety procedures can be applied to equipment to rectify avoid such turmoil.
Conclusively, human error is the root cause of such maritime incidents not only limited to sunken ships but also to others such known incidents. In comparison with the other such principal causes, it is the only cause where correction can be applied for it is dependent on the human element. Relatively, physical, physiological, and psychological factors shall be taken into reckon for the human element subjected to human error as the radical reason.

III. RECOMMENDATION
Based on the research we made, the following recommendations are offered for consideration. The Coast Guard has already made progress toward implementing them.
Human error
The most frequently identified human errors across all vessel and casualty types Inadequate Communications, Inadequate General Technical Knowledge, Inadequate Knowledge of Own Ship Systems, and Poor Design of Automation and poor decision making of the Master and Officer. As a result of information received from research it was possible to determine how these errors were addressed. Data provided was part of a safety management system (SMS), where “lessons learned”. Managers used the lessons learned to refine policies and procedures in order to reduce human errors in their operations. This systematic, high-level approach to process improvement clearly contributed to the dramatic reduction of sunken of ships. Given the success within the shipping industry, it is recommended that the SMS provisions of the recently published proposed rule for inspection of vessels emphasize SMS implementation to the fullest extent possible.
We have seen that human error (and usually multiple errors made by multiple people) contributes to the vast majority (52%) of marine casualties, making the prevention of human error of paramount importance if we wish to reduce the number and severity of maritime accidents. Many types of human errors were described, the majority of which were shown not to be the “fault” of the human operator.
Material Failures or Equipment Error
While the focus of this study was human factors, the data show that more than (27%) of accident were the result of material failure. Vessel casualty graph have shown that the combination of material failure and loss of vessel control led to some of the largest sunken of ships from 2000 through 2013. Material failure was identified as a significant factor for propulsion and steering problems. When such failures occur on large vessels, such as tank ships and freight ships, the potential for damage due to allision, collision, or grounding is significant. According to industry feedback, material failures were also a significant factor in near-miss incidents. It is recommended that the Coast Guard continues to study incidents that result in loss of vessel control and modify the vessel inspection procedures for large U.S- and foreign-flag vessels marine casualties.
Rather, most of these errors tend to occur as a result of technologies, work environments, and organizational factors which do not sufficiently consider the abilities and limitations of the people who must interact with them, thus “setting up” the human operator for failure. Human errors can be reduced significantly. Other industries have shown that human error can be controlled through human-centered design. By keeping the human operator uppermost in our minds, we can design technologies, work environments, and organizations which support the human operator and foster improved performance and fewer accidents.
Force majeure
Based on the study we have conducted perils of the sea are an act of God that is unpredictable, dangerous and one of the factors that cause major sunken of the ships in maritime industry. As recommendation about the study, seaworthiness is needed to less the tragedy that might happen.
The term 'seaworthiness' refers not to a fixed standard, but to a relative standard which varies according to the ship and the exigencies of the voyage. A seaworthy vessel must have a competent master and a sufficient number of competent crew members.
In general conclusion about the force majeure, it is better to be ready in case of such unpredictable situation that might happen, also being updated always on the news and importantly becoming a faithful seafarer that always seek help to our God. Keeping always on track and course was the mission of every vessel but in case of unpredictable act that might encounter it’s better to alter course and be on a safe way to save the life, vessel, and environment.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Asda

...| ASDA Case StudyOrganizational Behavior | Lina Ley | 4/5/14 | Aviles Santa Franklin | | | ASDA Case StudyOrganizational Behavior | Lina Ley | 4/5/14 | Aviles Santa Franklin | | THE CASE OF ASDA STORES LIMITED Introduction ASDA Stores Limited is a merchandise and grocery retailer operating in the United Kingdom. The company formerly known as Associated Diaries and Farm Stores was founded in 1949 but changed its name to ASDA Stores Limited in 1965 (Matusitz & Leanza, 2011). Its headquarters is based in Leeds, UK. In 1999, Asda was acquired by Wal-Mart and is currently part of the largest retailer in the world. Asda employs approximately 178,000 people who work in its more than 500 stores in the UK. Currently, Asda is the second largest retailer chain store in the UK (Data Monitor, 2012). Organizational Behavior Organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how individuals, people and groups act in organizations. It is concerned with what people do in an organization and how their behavior affects the performance of the organization (Harvey, Millett & Smith, 1998). Organizational behavior is an interdisciplinary field that draws on the ideas and research of many disciplines that are concerned with human behavior and interaction. These fields include sociology, psychology, social psychology, communications and anthropology (Robbins, 2003)....

Words: 2331 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Asda

...Ad;la m이 dasdk asda sdjkfsa fjlk sfjklas dfkl adfj asfd ads asd asd asd asd asd a asd asd asd asd asd Das fkla sfds djf asd as asd asd asd asda asd asd asd ads asd ads asd asd as asd asd a s d asd as sd asd asd as dasd asd asd asd asd ad asd asda adasd asd asd asdad asd asda adasdadad sad asd asda dasd asda dasd adasd asda dasd asdasd ada asda sd asda asda da dasda sda dasd as dada dasd asdas dasdasd asda dasd asda dasdas dasda asd asd adas dasd asdasd asd asda sd asdasd asdasd asda sdasd asdasd asd Sd fjkas df asdasd asd asda dasd asd asdasd asd adasd asda sd asdas dasd asd asdasd asd asda dad asd asdasd asd asda da dasd adad asd asd asdas asd asd adas asd asd asdas asd asd asd asd asd asdas asd adasdas dasd asdas dasd asda sasd asd asd asda sd asd asd asd asd asda ad asd adada dasd asda asd adasd Ad;la m이 dasdk asda sdjkfsa fjlk sfjklas dfkl adfj asfd ads asd asd asd asd asd a asd asd asd asd asd Das fkla sfds djf asd as asd asd asd asda asd asd asd ads asd ads asd asd as asd asd a s d asd as sd asd asd as dasd asd asd asd asd ad asd asda adasd asd asd asdad asd asda adasdadad sad asd asda dasd asda dasd adasd asda dasd asdasd ada asda sd asda asda da dasda sda dasd as dada dasd asdas dasdasd asda dasd asda dasdas dasda asd asd adas dasd asdasd asd asda sd asdasd asdasd asda sdasd asdasd asd Sd fjkas df asdasd asd asda dasd asd asdasd asd adasd asda sd asdas dasd asd asdasd asd asda dad asd asdasd asd asda da dasd adad asd asd asdas asd asd adas asd asd......

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Asda

...This defines how colleagues behave at Asda. It ranges from how colleagues treat customers and other external stakeholders to how they treat each other. Asda’s culture of trust pervades all that happens within all elements of Asda’s operations. Asda is a company with a conscience, dedicated to doing the right thing for its customers, colleagues and communities. Andy Clarke, President and CEO states: ‘Building trust with each other is the most important step to winning the absolute trust of our customers.’ Asda’s beliefs are behind every decision that every colleague within the company makes and help influence the organisation’s culture. These are: to provide excellent service to our customers to show respect for the individual to strive for excellence to act with integrity. In 2009 Asda ran a survey to discover what its customers thought about the company. From the results of this survey Asda created its ‘customer pledges’ outlining what customers should expect to experience from Asda. The success of these pledges led Asda to replicate this with ‘colleague pledges’. These were covered in the annual colleague survey in 2013, ‘Your Voice’, which surveyed every colleague across the business in stores, Home Offices and Distribution. The four colleague pledges demonstrate what Asda is committed to providing for its workforce. These are: Fairness at work. Opportunity for all. Respect for each other. Pride in Asda....

Words: 556 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Asda

...Asda, the grocery store chain that Archie Norman had just been hired to lead, teetered on the edge on bankruptcy and ruin. While Asda had enjoyed a long run of success in the United Kingdom, upscale competitors and down-market deep dis-counters had sharply eroded its customer base. Norman, an outsider to Asda who had never run any retailing operation, believed that Asda could not afford the luxury of piecemeal or incremental improvement. Everything about the organization - from the way they purchased and displayed products to the way store managers interact-ed with shop-floor employees - would have to change. Everything. Company Background With 65,000 employees in 205 Asda stores and another 2,000 at corporate headquarters, Asda was the fourth largest grocery store chain in its home country. Asda enjoyed annual sales of $6 billion,1 and claimed 8 percent of the supermarket business, ranking fourth in market share. Starting in the late 1960s, Asda pioneered within the country the concept of large supermarkets located outside of downtown areas with expansive parking lots and low prices. Flourishing particularly in working class areas, Asda became known as a blue-collar store, specializing in low prices in a warehouse-like atmosphere (“Pile it high and sell it cheap” was a phrase commonly associated with this type of opera-tion). The demographics of their customer base was decidedly “down market.”...

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Asda

...1.What problem of motivation did Archie Norman discover at ASDA? ASDA was one of the most successful retail businesses in the United Kingdom. It had a competitive advantage due to its unique superstore structure and its low price leadership in the market. Everything changed all of a sudden as ASDA found itself with demoralized employees, slow growth in sales, and declining profits in 1991 due to many years of lack of interest from previous managers. It had been a 1 billion pounds cash surplus supermarket chain in 1987, and by 1991 it had a debt of over 1 billion pounds. This was the situation that Archie Norman encountered at ASDA when appointed Chief Executive Officer (CEO). The main reasons of the problems that ASDA and Archie Norman had to face were due to complex organizational inefficiencies. The employees had lost the ability to act independently and got used to be told what to do after many years of controlling management. ASDA had become a bureaucratic and hierarchical institution and as a direct result of this rigid functioning structure in the company any kind of innovation was stopped from being encouraged or implemented. Without any innovation ASDA was unable to keep its competitive advantages in the retail market in the United Kingdom. So ASDA and Archie Norman had to face the challenge of transforming the superstore in relation to its management style of doing things as well as implementing a sense of culture based on the core values of ASDA....

Words: 1331 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Asda

...Miami Heat If you like sports, you would like basketball. If you like basketball, you would enjoy watching NBA games. If you enjoy watching NBA games, then you must know the Miami Heat. The Miami Heat is a professional basketball team belonging to the beautiful city of Miami, Florida, United States. It is a member of the Southeast Division in the Eastern Conference of the National Basketball Association(NBA). The Miami Heat, along with the Charlotte Hornets, was established in 1988 when it was an expansion period of NBA. It is one of the two NBA teams (the other branch is the Orlando Magic) representing Florida. Because the team is located in the south beach, where it is warm and hot throughout the year, so the name of "Heat" was selected among the name lists, showing not only the local climate conditions but also the hope that they were seeking a thriving and booming future. The Heat's home is at American Airlines Arena in downtown Miami. Its current owner is Micky Arison, an Israeli-American businessman who is the CEO of Carnival Corporation, the world's largest cruise operator. Its current head coach is Erik Spoelstra, a Filipino-American who is the first Asian American head coach in the history of the four major American sports leagues. And its current general manager is Pat Riley, who is named one of the 10 greatest coaches in the NBA history. Since entering the league in 1988, the Heat has made the playoffs 16 out of 24 seasons, winning nine division titles,......

Words: 463 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Asdas as

...Your Excellencies, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, good afternoon. At Saudi Aramco, we are committed to powering global economic development with adequate and affordable energy and a low carbon future. Better yet, we firmly believe that these era-defining objectives are not mutually exclusive. We employ a multi-pronged strategy that addresses both the production of petroleum and its consumption: through an unwavering commitment to environmental stewardship beyond mere compliance; by instilling operational excellence all along the petroleum value chain; and, most critically, by leveraging innovation and technology. When it comes to the production side of the equation, at Saudi Aramco we’ve already come a long way. Over the past four decades, we’ve reduced our CO2 footprint six-fold, despite rising activity levels; and we’ve reduced gas flaring to well below 1% of annual gas production today. Our multi-faceted efforts continue, as we are about to start a sizeable demonstration project for CO2 from one of our large industrial plants. Looking at the consumption side, great progress has been made. Although the transport sector is responsible for only 13% of global greenhouse gas emissions, innovation and technology could make this even smaller. For example, hybrid vehicles are able to double the average miles per gallon. This is on top of ongoing efforts to increase the efficiency of conventional internal combustion and diesel engines. For example, at Saudi......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Asdas

...Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad sadsadasdasdasdasdas Sdasdsadasdasdas dsad sad......

Words: 316 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Asdas

...Báo cáo thăm doanh nghiệp VIT & CVT Ngành Vật liệu xây dựng Tiềm năng tăng trưởng từ các dự án đầu tư mở rộng công suất Báo cáo thăm doanh nghiệp 24 tháng 11, 2015 Sự phục hồi của thị trường BĐS giúp triển vọng ngành vật liệu xây dựng nói Chuyên viên phân tích chung và gạch ốp lát nói riêng đang tương đối thuận lợi. Cùng trong xu hướng đó, xu thế sử dụng gạch granite chất lượng cao thay thế cho gạch ceramic đang Dương Đức Hiếu ngày càng trở nên rõ ràng và trở thành phân khúc tiềm năng. (84 4) 3928 8080 ext 622 duongduchieu@baoviet.com.vn Tổng quan về các sản phẩm gạch ốp lát Hiện trên thị trường có 4 loại gạch ốp lát chính: gạch cotto, gạch ceramic, gạch porcelain và gạch granite. Trong đó, gạch cotto là một loại gốm không phủ men, nguyên liệu chính là đất sét và được nung với nhiệt độ cao 1160~1200oC. Gạch có màu đỏ đất nung, thường được sử dụng để lát sân vườn, lát sàn cho những công trình kiến trúc giả cổ. Do ứng dụng không thật rộng rãi, nhu cầu gạch cotto là thấp nhất trong số các loại gạch ốp lát. Ba loại gạch ốp lát phổ biến thường được sử dụng trong các công trình xây dựng hiện này là gạch ceramic, gạch porcelain và gạch granite.  Gạch men ceramic là loại gạch lát truyền thống, đã được sử dụng tại Việt Nam từ hàng chục năm nay.  Gạch granite mới bắt đầu xuất hiện trên 10 năm trở lại đây. Được coi là một loại đá nhân tạo, gạch granite có độ bền vượt trội so với gạch ceramic.  Gạch porcelain (xương bán sứ) là......

Words: 3962 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Asdas

...Aloe Vera Extract as hair grower and Sampaguita as fragrant Abstract: Hair loss is a problem that faces millions of people, including men, women and even children. Aloe Vera has been used by many different cultures to stimulate hair growth, and it is safe, natural and affordable. It’s no secret that Aloe Vera is good for your hair and scalp. If you are suffering from excessive hair loss, reducing the amount of chemicals you put in your hair is an important first step. Use aloe Vera gel to treat the areas of the scalp that are going bald. Aloe Vera contains an enzyme that helps promote new hair growth for some people. The gel can be applied directly to the scalp, as aloe Vera typically has no side effects. Sampaguita, the national flower of the Philippines, It’s fragrance can be a bit cloying in a small space like an automobile, hanging from the rear-view mirror… but out in a natural setting like a garden, an occasional whiff of sweet scent drifting over from a large flowering bush is most pleasant, the researcher will use the Sampaguita extract as a fragrant to Aloe Vera extract. Introduction: Long before modern medicines and Western curative methods herbal medicines had been widely used in the Philippines. The use of herbal supplements for medicinal purposes has increased dramatically over the past years. If used correctly, many herbs are considered safer than conventional medications. During this time......

Words: 2315 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Asdas

...In 1984, Congress passed the National Minimum Drinking Age Act, which changed the national legal alcohol purchase and consumption age to 21. Though states were not required to comply, those which did not change the drinking age to 21 were threatened with losing 10 percent of their federal highway money. Though the act successfully reduced traffic fatalities related to drunk driving accidents, underage drinking has not stopped. According to the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, underage drinking accounts for 17.5 percent ($22.5 billion) of consumer spending for alcohol in the U.S. Lowering the drinking age to 18 would allow 18-to-20-year-olds to consume alcohol safely in regulated environments, with supervision. Since the drinking age is 21, underage college students often consume alcohol in unsupervised spaces, such as house parties, where binge drinking and other drug use occurs. Lowering the drinking age would also reduce the number of alcohol-related accidents among underage drinkers. Many underage drinkers will not seek medical attention, no matter how severe injuries may be, because they fear the legal consequences of their actions. At age 18, citizens are allowed to vote, purchase tobacco, be prosecuted as adults and serve the country, so why can they not be allowed to purchase and consume alcohol? If the drinking age was lowered, alcohol consumption could be less taboo for adults between ages 18 and 20. Alcohol could become a more......

Words: 424 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Asdas

...CHY1002 Environmental Sciences L T P J 2 0 0 4 C 3 1.00 Version No. None Course Prerequisites Objectives: 1. To make students understand and appreciate the unity of life in all its forms, the implications of life style on the environment. 2. To understand the various causes for environmental degradation. 3. To understand individuals contribution in the environmental pollution. 4. To understand the impact of pollution at the global level and also in the local environment Expected Outcomes: Students will be able to 1. Understand the need for eco-balance. 2. Acquire basic knowledge about global climate change with a particular reference to the Indian context. 3. Find ways to protect the environment and play pro-active roles Title Hours SLO Module-1 Environment and Ecosystem 5 1, 5, 12,14 Key environmental problems and their basic causes; Ecosystem, earth – life support system and ecosystem components; Energy flow in ecosystem; Ecological succession; Nutrient, water, carbon, nitrogen, cycles; Effect of human activities on these cycles. Module-2 Biodiversity 5 1,5,11, Importance, types, mega-biodiversity; Species 12,15 interaction - Extinct, endemic, endangered and rare species; Hot-spots; GM crops; Threats to biodiversity: Natural and anthropogenic activities; Conservation: Terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity. Module-3 Sustaining 5 Natural Resources and 1,2,3,5,8,12,13, Environmental Quality Environmental hazards:......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Asdas

...Asian Institute of Maritime Studies Roxas Boulevard, Pasay City Effects of Behavioral Trauma Selected Third Year Marine Transportation Students A Research Paper presented to The Faculty of Marine Transportation Department Asian Institute of Maritime Studies In partial Fulfillment Of requirements for the Course Research and Report Writing (English 313) By: Cruz, Jamille G. Faustino, John Dave T. Doctor, Prince Henry N. Miole, Annie Marie L. Castillo, Precious Joy R. March 2016 CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION According to Judith Lewis Herman said, “After a traumatic experience, the human system of self-preservation seems to go onto permanent alert, as if the danger might return at any moment.” This study helps us to understand the situation of the particular seafarer that has an unconditional experience onboard that marks as a traumatic incident on their life. Basic preparation towards this kind of situation or incidents can be learned from school and it might be a guide for the student so that if they go onboard the ship, they must be physically, mentally, and emotionally prepared. A person may experience trauma onboard ship for many reasons: they might have been experience such as fire onboard ship, piracy, and collision. Piracy is one of the most dangerous and life-threatening incident that causes a larger......

Words: 1006 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Asdas

...National Disaster Management Committee & Department of Disaster Management [pic] [pic] Training Manual Table of Contents Introduction: The Importance of Communication 4 Emergency Communications and Warning Systems 5 Technologies behind Warning Systems 7 WARNING FLOW DIAGRAM 8 Principles of Emergency Communications 9 The Motorola Pro 5150 Handset Radio 12 Methods of communication 13 HF Radio. 19 VHF Radio. 19 UHF – Mobile / Fixed Trunk. 21 Satellite Communications. 21 POTS or Plain Old Telephone System. 21 Cellular Telephone. 22 Internet. 22 Broadcast Services. 22 Cable. 22 Pager. 23 Civil Communications. 23 Military Communications. 23 Amateur Radios. 23 Private/Commercial Communications. 23 Marine and Aeronautical Communications. 23 Citizens Band (CB) 24 THE ICOM 718 High Frequency (HF) general coverage radio 25 The Main Components of a Typical HF Radio Station: 26 Operating Modes 27 SIMPLEX OPERATION 27 DUPLEX OPERATION VIA REPEATER 27 Radio Relay/Rebroadcast 28 Extending Range 28 Linked Repeater System 29 Proper Use of Repeaters. 30 Radio checks, Signal strength and Readability 31 Preliminary Calls 31 OPERATIONAL INFORMATION 33 INCOMING RADIO MESSAGES 33 INCOMING TELEPHONE MESSAGES 34 OUTGOING MESSAGES 34 RECEPTION OF DISTRESS, URGENCY AND SAFETY MESSAGES 35 Sample Message Form 36 Calling Procedures 37 Collective calls and Radio check...

Words: 9300 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Asda

...‘‘CONSUMER PERCEPTION & BRAND POSITIONING OF O’POTATO CHIPS In particular reference to AKIJ FOOD & BEVERAGE’’   Akij Food & Beverage Ltd. Submitted to: 1st Supervisor Kohinur Akter 2nd Supervisor Sumon Paul Chowdhury Lecturer’s BRAC BUSINESS SCHOOL Submitted by:   Shariful Hasanul Huque ID:02104051   Page | 1     Letter of Transmittal May 10 ,2010    Ms.Kohinur Akter   Lecturer  BRAC Business School  BRAC University.     Subject: Submission of Internship Report.    Dear Madam,    Here  is  my  report  on  “Consumer  perception  &  Brand  positioning  of  O’POTATO  chips  in  particular reference to AKIJ FOOD & BEVERAGE.”    It has been a pleasure as well as a challenge on my part to work on this report that has enabled me to  know about Consumer perception & Brand positioning of O’POTATO chips.    I wish you would be to kind to accept my Intern report and help me to complete my degree.      Sincerely,    Shariful Hasanul Huque    Page | 2           Acknowledgement    First of all I would like to thank the All Mighty for helping and supporting us to solve the assignment in  time.  I  would  also  like  to  thank  Mr.  Shafiqul  Islam  Tushar  (  AGM  Brand  ),Maidul  hossain  (Brand  Executive),Mainul  huq  (Brand  officer),Tuhin  Sultana  (Brand  officer),Shamol  Halder(B.O),Tazul  Islam(Event Head),Sanaul Sikder(E.M.O), and Sumit Chakrabarty (AMO) & zahidul islam(research officer) ......

Words: 4799 - Pages: 20