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Assess the Relationship Between Globalisation, Human Rights, State and Green Crime

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Assess the relationship between globalisation, human rights, state and green crime

Globalisation refers to the increasing interconnectedness of societies in a way that things that happen in one part of the world affect another. It refers to the widening, deepening and speeding up of world wide interconnectedness in all aspects of life. Among the things that globalisation has brought is Transnational companies, deregulation of the financial markets and free flowing capital through international border and the increase of global intergovernmentalism.

To a certain degree, globalisation has had implications on human rights, state and green crime. Human rights refers to rights people inherit simply by merit of being a human, this idea encompasses a broad range of things which can be categorized in to civic-political, socio-economic and solidarity rights.
Green criminology is a radical approach t crime that looks at the notion of harm. Certain things may not be considered as a crime in certain states, but it has profound harm on the physical environment and/or human and non human animals within the state.

The case study of the Ogoni nine is a prime example that links globalisation with human rights and state and green crimes.

Royal Dutch Shell, plc (Shell) began oil production in the Niger delta region of Nigeria in 1958. This region was home to the Ogoni people. For them, shell brought with them poverty and destruction of their natural land. The Ogoni is home to several environmental treasures including the third largest mangrove forest in the world and one of the largest surviving rainforests in Nigeria. Oil drilling by shell and other oil drilling companies had devastating impact on the regions environment leading to oil spills, gas flaring and deforestation stripping the eland of its environmental resources, destroying the farming and fishing economy of the Ogoni.
The movement for the survival of the Ogoni people (MOSOP) was a human rights group founded in 1990 to commit to the use of non violence to stop the repression of the exploitation of the Ogoni and their resources by shell and the Nigerian government. Shell had a long history of working closely with the Nigerian government to quell popular opposition to its presence in the region and even assisting in financing Nigerian soldiers. The soldiers in turn used deadly force and massive, brutal raids against the Ogoni people throughout the 1990s to repress the growing movement against the oil company. The MOSOP was led by Ken Saro-wiwa a journalist and human rights activist. As support for the MOSOS grew, the hard angle of the Nigerian and shell repression tightened and eventually, Ken Saro-wiwa and 8 others were wrongly detained, tortured and executed by th state. The Centre for Constitutional Rights (CCR), EarthRights International (ERI) and other human rights attorneys sued Shell for human rights violations against the Ogoni in New York 2009. Shell eventually paid out $15.5m over the killing of the Ogoni 9.
Globalisation that has fuelled transnational companies and free trade has allowed companies like Shell to exploit people like the Ogoni, and the money they had led to the sever state crimes and human rights abuses inflicted upon the Ogoni as well as the damage they did to the environment.

Traditional Marxists focused on corporate crime, the crime of the powerful on the oppressed. The story of the Ogoni 9 is a clear example of how the bourgeoisie not only exploited workers, but the environment and took lives of the natives for the means of capitalism. The law of Nigeria, like the law of any place anywhere in the world according to Marxist, is made in the interests of people. Nigeria allowed and perpetrated this state crime and human rights abuse for their own interests. However one should mention the implications of a similar case and the greater implications it has to the understanding of green criminology. In 2010, a Bp oil spill off the Gulf of Mexico which was washed up on the shores of USA and resulted in 11 deaths. This when taken to courts, eventually led to BP agreeing to pay out a maximum of $18billion. The fine shell paid out was not a hard felt pay out, where as the BP payout to America was so hefty that it has had serious implications for the future of BP. One must ask why there was such a grave difference between the pay outs of these two oil companies. Power and global capitalist power is in America.

Thus, in conclusion it is very clear from the example of the Ogoni 9 that there is a relationship between globalisation, human rights and state and green crime. As a Marxist would argue, globalisation is the sharing of the capitalist ideology legitimating capitalism and exploitation worldwide so such things are bound to happen. Globalisation led to the emergence of TNCs like Shell in the Niger Delta, and all the destruction and turmoil that followed later.

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