Assess the Claim That Ethnic Differences in Educational Achievement Are Primarily the Result of School Factors.

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Assess the claim that ethnic differences in educational achievement are primarily the result of school factors.

It is important to start by recognising that it is hard to measure the education achievement in different ethnic groups, as there are other factors apart from school factors that affect the achievement in pupils from different ethnic groups.

Sociologists have identified several factors that could suggest that school factors are a big part of ethnic differences in educational achievement. An example of this is schools being blamed for coming across as ‘racist’ due to the ethnocentric curriculum that appears in the Curriculum within secondary schools. David conducted a research into the Ethnocentric Curriculum, whereby; he found that the history curriculum revolved around the history of white British people and their ‘glorious past’, with no recognition to any other ethnic groups and their history. However, the school would argue that this isn’t strong enough evidence to suggest that this is a factor that wouldn’t have any impact on educational achievement.

Another factor that sociologists have suggested that affect educational achievement among different ethnic groups within schools is institutional racism. This is when a school is organised in such an ethnocentric way that every day school life discriminates ethnic minorities, with dress codes of the school policy, food supplied assemblies and school holidays could all be seen as institutional racism. School holidays is seen as institutional racism as the British secondary school calendar is based around Christian (Christianity being a traditionally white religion) holidays with the likes of Easter and Christmas, with religious celebrations from other ethnic groups being ignored and not fitted into the secondary school calendar. This is a big example of institutional racism and points to the…...

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