Free Essay

Assessment and Text Evaluation in the Content Area Classroom

In: Other Topics

Submitted By acham667
Words 486
Pages 2
Assessment and Text Evaluation in the Content Area Classroom

My content area text book that I chose was an Algebra 1 textbook. Algebra 1 is usually taken in either the 8th or 9th grade. To get estimated grade level I used Fry's Readability Formula. To get this estimation, I randomly selected three passages from the textbook of one hundred words each. For each section of one hundred words, I counted the number of sentences and the number of syllables. For the first one hundred word sample, the number of sentences was roughly 4.9 with 180 syllables, the second sample was roughly 3 sentences with 131 syllables, and the last sample was roughly 5.3 sentences with 156 syllables. This averages out to roughly 4.4 sentences with 155.67 syllables. According to the Fry's Readability Formula, this textbook was estimated to be between the 10th and 11th grade reading level, which is a little bit higher than it should be.

After determining the reading level of the Algebra 1 textbook, I then took another passage, from the same textbook, and performed a cloze procedure. To do this, I took another random one hundred word sample and deleted a random word from the second sentence and from there after deleted every five words. The test was then given to two different students. Here is the cloze test I created:

Cloze Test: The process of designing an experiment begins with determining what type of data is needed and how it should be obtained. The best way to test a _______ would be to collect _____ on the entire population _____ interest. This is what _____ done during the census _____ is conducted by the _____ States government every ten _____. This process is very _____ and expensive. This is _____ an option when performing _____ experiment. That is why _____ is needed. A sample _____ a portion of the ______. This sample must be _____ of the population in _____ for the analysis to _____ useful.

Students Score: 60%

Comparing these two results, I would say that they do not match up. The Algebra 1 textbook that I analyzed did not test to be at the grade level that the textbook is meant to be used for. According to the results of the Fry's Readability Formula, one would think that this textbook would be a little bit too difficult for the age group of its intended use. The cloze test, on the other hand, tested to be right on instructional level at 60%. From these test results, one can assume that the text is at appropriate grade level as the material in the textbook was not too easy or too hard, but just right. Because these two tests do not align together, I would not recommend this textbook be used in the classroom. Rather, I would recommend a textbook that has similar results between both tests.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Trade Area Evaluation

...THE TRADING AREA EVALUATION PROCESS The fundamental problem of any trading area evaluation is to answer twovery significant questions namely, (1) What is the total amount of business atrading area can generate now and in the future? and (2) What share of the total business can a retailer in a given location expect to attract? In fact, there is 'nostandardised trading area evaluation process. However, most of the evaluation procedures use the concepts of "trading area adequacy" and the "trading area potential" to predict the total trading area business and the share of business a particular retailer can expect. Trading-area Adequacy Trading area adequacy is the ability of a trading area to support proposed andthe existing retail operations. The support capability may be viewed in a GROSSas well as NET form. Here Gross adequacy is the ability of a trading area tosupport a retail operation without any consideration of retail competition. That is,the gross adequacy measures the total amount of business available to all thecompeting retailers within a defined trading area contrary to this, "net adequacy"is the ability of a trading area to provide support for a retailer after competitionhas been taken into account. Trading-area Potential Coming to trading area potential, it is something, which is predicted ability of a trading area to provide acceptable support levels for a retailer in future.  The Gross Adequacy of Trading Area Measurement of gross adequacy......

Words: 2233 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Standardized Test, Assessments, and Portfolios for Reading

...Running head: Standardized test, assessments, and portfolios for reading Standardized test, assessments, and portfolios for reading Students are constantly being “assessed” by their teachers. We examine their behavior patterns, learning styles, reading abilities, and even their happiness. The purpose of assessments is to educate the teacher on what our students know and how we can better serve them in learning the curriculum and more. State tests are administered yearly for students, and teachers give formative and summative assessments frequently in the classroom. There are benefits and downfalls to each type of assessment. Afflerbach (2005) discusses that the results from standardized reading assessments are “at best an approximation of the students’ actual achievement level” (p.158). Standardized test tell us if our student is above, at, or below proficient. They do not tell us what areas the student does well at or what skills they are lacking in. According to the work of Buly and Valencia (2002), “Students scoring below proficient on state assessments are usually placed in supplemental or remedial reading classes, which often focus on phonemic awareness and decoding skills at any grade level (Buly & Valencia, 2002). After being put in these “special help” reading classes, the student then goes back into content area classes (English, Math, Science) which all have difficult text where the student struggles with comprehension. The problem we are......

Words: 1178 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Classroom Management

...Classroom Management 1. Describe and critically discuss the major features of the main approaches to behaviour management the Porter (2007) describes in her text. 2. Critically review the appropriateness of each model to Australian Primary or Secondary School settings. INTRODUCTION Classroom management is a highly emotive and at times spurious phrase. It conjures up many images and experiences in which there are abundant publications bursting with competing theories, applications and never-ending analysis. Google the phrase and over 100,000 pages are listed with various approaches that range from common sense applications to profound theoretical dissertations on the subject (50 ways to handle the difficult class, 10 ways to deal with defiant students, Managing excessive talking successfully, etc...). However, disruptive behaviours in the classroom have real costs including: • distracting other students and the teacher in class • reducing student involvement in the learning process • lowering other students' motivation in or out of class for that particular subject • influencing fairness in assessment • using the teacher’s teaching time unproductively • teacher and students experience a lack of respect Porter (2007)[1] draws down on all the competing theories of classroom management and summarises five/six approaches which take in holistic, constructive, preventative and remedial strategies. These approaches......

Words: 3035 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Virtual Classroom

...TABLE OF CONTENTS Sr. Content Page no No 1. INTRODUCTION 6 1.1 Abstract 1.2 Problem Definition 1.3 Scope of Project 2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE 8 3. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT SPECIFICATION 18 4. EXISTING SYSTEM 22 5. PROPOSED SYSTEM 26 6. TIMELINE CHART OF PROJECT` 32 7. FUTURE SCOPE 33 8. CONCLUSION 34 9. REFERENCES 35 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Abstract Virtual Classroom represents an innovative shift in the field of learning, providing rapid access to specific knowledge and information. It represents an interface between the students and a professor and provides personalized learning materials to the users. It offers a possibility to the attendees to share different resources at once and work with them as if they were at the same place where (real) resources are. In the system design, we use agents as entities that work on different tasks in the system. A set of agents of the same type is responsible for handling different users and their requests. The cooperation among agents is established through the act of exchanging messages. A wide variety of classroom techniques are being advocated to increase learning: active learning, collaboration, integration of......

Words: 7999 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Assessment and Evaluation

...continuing education have use the terms assessment and evaluation interchangeably”; however, assessment and evaluation are two separate concepts. According to Angelo, Cross-, and Moran assessment within the classroom, refers specifically to the collection of information to measure learning gains, which indicate learners’ individual levels of achievement; whereas; Queeney referred to assessment from a programmatic perspective as more comprehensive measurement of achievement of the program itself. Assessment refers to the collection of information, and it measures levels of achievement without comparisons to a set of standards, however, I feel assessment is a process used to improve a result. Some of the functions of assessment used in the assessment process is screening, phase like, and continually measure student levels of skill or knowledge. The screening process helps determine what area the learner is suited for and will help determine the learner’s weakness (if they need other assistance to help improve where they are). Baselines in the function process of the assessment are for evaluating and designing learning interventions, teaching method, program standards and policies, furthermore, assessment have various methodologies to select the method that would be most appropriate for their need. Although there are several definitions of evaluation, Stufflebeam and Shinkfield gives an extended definition of evaluation, it is the systematic assessment of an object’s......

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Comprehensive Classroom Technology Plan

...As an educator my vision is to use a variety of technologies in my classroom to implement new teaching strategies that will provide access to information that will engage my students in the learning process and enrich their learning experience. Technologies used in my classroom will influence students learning process, build critical thinking skills, and creativity and literacy skills while meeting the curriculum standards and benchmarks. I will use technology to communication ideas and skills effectively with students, administrators, and parents. “Students will use digital media and environment to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others” (ISTE, 2007, standard #2). Training and hands on experience with technology will assist with the integration of technology into my classroom and will be used to support and enhance teaching strategies already in place. Weinburgh, Collier, and Rivera (2003) believes that teachers should have a personal working knowledge of technology and an understanding of how to integrate technology into their lesson in order to create a meaningful learning experience for students. “Teachers will use their knowledge of subject matter, teaching and learning, and technology to facilitate experiences that advance student learning, creativity, and innovation in both face-to-face and virtual environments” (ISTE 2007, standard #1) My mission for my students is that...

Words: 4281 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Classroom Assessment Techniques

...Classroom Assessment Techniques-One Minute Paper Kendra Strenth Samford University Classroom Assessment Techniques-One Minute Paper Classroom assessment techniques (CAT’s) are assessments conducted in the classroom to assess student learning. This type of assessment helps identify progress of the student and also identify areas that may need improvement. All types of CAT’s are to help facilitate the learning environment (Rowles, 2009). CAT’s are a formative type of assessment which involves immediate interaction between the instructor and student. They are used to assess students’ learning, attitudes, study habits, response to classroom teaching strategies and to help the instructor plan for future teaching strategies and concepts (Rowles, 2009). There are three phases to developing and using CAT’s. The first phase involves the planning phase: determining what setting it will be used in, what information will be obtained and what CAT will be used. The second phase is the actual implementation of the CAT. The final stage involves the results and responding to the CAT. The instructor should review the results and report the finding to the class and reflect on the CAT to identify if it accomplished the goal of the first phase (Rowles, 2009). I chose to evaluate the One-Minute Paper CAT. The One-Minute-Paper has been used the most and is a quick and easy way to assess classroom teaching and learning (Angelo & Cross, 1993). To use the One-Minute Paper,...

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Enhancing Efl College Students' Speed Reading and Content Comprehension of Computerized Texts

...Enhancing EFL College Students' Speed Reading and Content Comprehension of Computerized Texts ‫ Osama Hassanein Sayed, PhD Community College in Bisha, King Khalid University, KSA, Faculty of Education in the New Valley, Assiut University, Egypt (2009) Paper puplished in CDELT Occasional Papers, Vol. 50, August, 2009. Abstract This study attempted to investigate the effect of training EFL college students in reading computerized texts on their reading speed and content comprehension. The study had a pre-post control group design. Thirty EFL students at the community college in Bisha, king Khalid university, Saudi Arabia, participated in this study. An online speed reading test was used to measure students' speed reading rate and content comprehension. Experimentation lasted eight weeks; three 50-minute sessions per week. A “t” test for small samples was used to analyze the difference between means of scores of the study subjects in the pre-post-measurements. Findings revealed a significant improvement in the experimental group students' speed reading rates and their reading comprehension of computerized texts. Introduction: With the explosion of information we live in nowadays, with the growing emphasis and on the importance concepts of information as and communication with such globalization,informatization, and intercultural communication, strong reading skills, as Kasper (2003) states, are essential not only for students' academic success, but also for their......

Words: 6851 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

The Assessment of Performance Evaluation of Cable Industry in Bangladesh

...Profitability Ratio III. Solvency Ratio IV. Efficiency / Activity Ratio V. Common-size Statements VI. Trend Analysis VII. Multivariate Model of Distress Prediction. Scope of the Study: Eastern Cables Ltd. is the holding Cables organization carrying operation in Bangladesh. This Study is limited to only Eastern Cables Ltd. This Study could not cover other private business operating in Bangladesh mainly because of difference in objectives and management structure. The empirical analysis of the Study covered 5 years ranging from 2000 to 2005 Methodology of the Study: The key areas of performance evaluation can be identified as financial performance, managerial performance, operational performance, marketing performance or the overall performance. A proper evaluation of the financial performance of any company can be done through the techniques of financial analysis of the accounting data presented in the financial statements which includes mainly – I. Balance Sheet II. Profit & Loss AIC and III. Cash / Fund flow statement IV. Value Addition & Application V. Production-Sales-Profit Such analysis would offer the management a better scope for detailed investigation into the financial operations of the enterprise and to assess the position of liquidity, solvency, activity / efficiency and profitability of the......

Words: 6960 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Content Quality Assessment Related Frameworks for Social Media

...Content Quality Assessment Related Frameworks for Social Media Kevin Chai, Vidyasagar Potdar, and Tharam Dillon Digital Ecosystems and Business Intelligence Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia kevin.chai@postgrad.curtin.edu.au, {v.potdar,t.dillon}@curtin.edu.au Abstract. The assessment of content quality (CQ) in social media adds a layer of complexity over traditional information quality assessment frameworks. Challenges arise in accurately evaluating the quality of content that has been created by users from different backgrounds, for different domains and consumed by users with different requirements. This paper presents a comprehensive review of 19 existing CQ assessment related frameworks for social media in addition to proposing directions for framework improvements. Keywords: content quality assessment, social media, discussion forums, wikis, weblogs. 1 Introduction Information quality (IQ) has been widely defined in literature by its fitness for use. Existing research in the field of assessing IQ within traditional information systems is relatively mature and has led to the discovery and validation of numerous quality dimensions and metrics [2, 15, 17, 29, 35]. Knight & Burn (2005) have presented a comprehensive review of literature in the realm of assessing IQ frameworks. Common IQ dimensions that were identified from their review are presented in Table 1. The definitions of these dimensions have been included from Wang & Strong......

Words: 6799 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Contents

...(8) WeeksPrerequisite(s): None |   Table of Contents |   | Evaluation Procedures | Course Description | Grading Scale | Course Scope | Course Outline | Course Objectives | Policies | Course Delivery Method | Academic Services | Course Materials | Selected Bibliography |                                                                                                                                                                                Table of Contents Course Description (Catalog) |   This course examines a diverse sample of social problems facing the United States today, and it identifies how these problems affect and are affected by our institutions and culture. The sociological perspective and key theories will be used to understand the beginnings of the civil society, how problems develop and are defined, and the role of social change (particularly contemporary technological innovation). Key social problems covered will include social stratification/inequality, crime, drug abuse, prostitution, aging, infectious disease, family violence, health care, racial/ethnic conflict, terrorism, etc. Sociological research on social problems will be explored, and social policies to remedy the negative consequences of these issues on society will be discussed.                                                                                                                                  Table of Contents   Course Scope |   This 8-week......

Words: 5821 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Content Area Literacy

...CONTENT AREA LITERACY IMPORTANCE Tracey Turner EDUC 525A Instructor: Craig Carter December 7, 2014 CONTENT AREA LITERACY IMPORTANCE Literacy is an important aspect for success in life in general. An individual’s success in the classroom, in their career, and in their quality of life is directly related to how literate that individual may be. Literacy is more than the ability to read, but how an individual uses written information to function in life. Literacy was traditionally thought of as just the ability to read and understand what has been read. Now, the term literacy is being thought of in terms as a much wider range of skills related to subjects such as science and math. Changes in society and advancements in technology have brought about rising skill requirement in every aspect in life. To be successful in every area, one must be literate in every subject being taught. The success of the school will also be related to how well the school is equipping the students to have strong literacy skills. Regardless of the subject being taught, literacy is an important aspect for success in that subject. In order for a student to fully comprehend in every subject, they must have strong literacy skills in that subject, not just in reading. “The ultimate goal of literacy instruction is to build a student's comprehension, writing skills, and overall skills in communication.”(Alber, 2014). The incorporation of reading instruction and strategies into content......

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Content Evaluation of Field Trips

...affects my choice of track. | | | | | 14 | My preferred track is my “childhood dream” work. | | | | | 15 | My preference track is connected to my favorite subject. | | | | | 16 | My preference of track is related to my talent. | | | | | 17 | My friend’s preference affects my decision in choosing a track. | | | | | 18 | My friend’s choice of school affects my decision in choosing a track. | | | | | 19 | Our family business is a factor in my choice of track in Senior High School. | | | | | 20 | The dominant profession in my family is my preferred track. | | | | | 21 | The practicality of track is one of my concerns. | | | | | 22 | I consider existing and emerging industries in my area and nearby areas in mu choice of track. | | | | | 23 | I consider employment opportunities in choosing my track. | | | | | 24 | Other family members have been the greatest influence in my track choice. | | | | | 25 | Track prestige influences my choice of track. | | | | | 26 | School advertisements have great influence in my track choice. | | | | | 27 | My preferred track is based on my skills. | | | | | 28 | Tuition fee influences my career choice. | | | | | 29 | I have spiritual considerations in choosing my track. | | | | | 30 | Aptitude is a factor in my choice of track in Senior High School. | | | | |...

Words: 389 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Assessing Classroom Management

... Assessment and classroom learning By Black, Paul, Wiliam, Dylan, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice Mar1998, Vol. 5, Issue 1 ABSTRACT This article is a review of the literature on classroom formative assessment. Several studies show firm evidence that innovations designed to strengthen the frequent feedback that students receive about their learning yield substantial learning gains. The perceptions of students and their role in self-assessment are considered alongside analysis of' the strategies used by teachers and the formative strategies incorporated in such systemic approaches as mastery learning. There follows a more detailed and theoretical analysis of the nature of feedback, which provides a basis for a discussion of the development of theoretical models for formative assessment and of the prospects for the improvement of practice. Introduction One of the outstanding features of studies of assessment in recent years has been the shift in the focus of attention, towards greater interest in the interactions between assessment and classroom learning and away from concentration on the properties of restricted forms of test which are only weakly linked to the learning experiences of" students. This shift has been coupled with many expressions of hope that improvement in classroom assessment will make a strong contribution to the improvement of learning. So one main purpose of this review is to survey the evidence which might show whether...

Words: 35394 - Pages: 142

Premium Essay

Spiritual Assessment Evaluation

...SPIRITUAL ASSESSMENT EVALUATION Spiritual Assessment Evaluation Steven Atilano Grand Canyon University August 18, 2012 Spiritual Assessment Evaluation Spirituality has been part of nursing from its’ infancy. Initially, nursing care of the sick, was provided by monks as part of a religious order. Florence Nightingale who is credited with revolutionizing modern nursing was said to have chose the profession, because God called her to serve (Nursing-Theory.org, n.d.). Nightingale was the first to revolutionize this thought process, as she realized that healing was holistic, and even involved the patient’s environment. As a result, our profession now recognizes the need to treat the patient holistically, to include the patient’s spirituality. Two examples of assessment tools that assess spirituality are the HOPE assessment tool and the FICA spiritual assessment tool. The HOPE assessment tool uses the acronym to remember all elements of the assessment. H stands for hope, O stands for the patient’s organized religion. P stands for personal spirituality, and E stands for end of life decisions (LaRocca-Pitts, 2009). The FICA spiritual tool acronym stands for Faith or belief, Importance of the patient’s spirituality, their individual spiritual community, and Addressing spirituality (Borneman, Ferrell, & Puchalski, 2010). The author believes that patient spirituality should be assessed immediately in order to ensure holistic care, so a new spiritual assessment......

Words: 1193 - Pages: 5