Premium Essay

Assessment

In: Social Issues

Submitted By twyla
Words 278
Pages 2
3. Comparison between summative and formative assessments
Formative assessment gives feedback and information during the instructional process- during the learning that occurs. This type of assessment measures the learner's progress and also that of the instructor. The main focus of formative assessment is to identify areas that need help or improvement. These check the learning progress and the effectiveness of the teaching methods and activities. Types of formative assessments include observations, homework exercises, question and answer sessions, and student. Formative assessment occurs during a course or programme of study which the teacher implements. It is often informal. This shows effective learning and the need for modifications. Formative assessment is assessment for learning.
Uses for formative assessment:
•facilitates learning
•determine whether learning has occurred
•provide feedback on learners' progression, signs for improvement
•diagnose needs/barriers of learning and changes needed to change the course/programme •current strategies and methods can be adapted and accommodating
•monitors the learning process
Summative assessment occurs after learning and provides information and feedback that summarises and concludes the teaching and learning process. Rubrics are designed with set standards and are communicated to learners before the task so they know what is expected of them. Grades are an example of the outcome of summative assessment to determine whether students have gained an acceptable level of knowledge. Summative assessment is product oriented and looks at the final product. Types of summative assessment are exams, projects, student evaluations and portfolios. Summative assessment is assessment of learning. Summative is more formal and provides an overall picture of performance.
Uses for summative assessment:
•records achievement...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Assessments

...NUR 111 Physical Assessment ID Patient:Verify name on band | Patient in 304 identified and identity confirmed. | Orientation:Name, Date, Place | Patient is A&O x0 | Vital Signs:Temp, pulse, resp, blood pressure, saturation, pain level | Temp: 98.1P: 79RR: 17BP: 147/106 – Nurse and instructor were both notifiedSAT: 96 on 2L of oxygen via nasal cannula Pain: unable to determine since patient was A & O x0 and non verbal | Head:Mental status (calm, cooperative) eyes, (pupil response), mouth, tubes (oxygen) | Calm, allowed me to complete assessment. Pupils were PERRLA. Mouth was dry and pink with clear mucous. On 2L of oxygen via nasal cannula | Neck:JVD, masses, swollen lymph nodes | JVD non visible, not distended. No masses or swollen lymph nodes. | Arms:Radial pulses, symmetry of grip, cap refill, temp, color, IV site check | Radial pulses are +2 and equal bilaterally.Strength was 3/5 and equal bilaterally. Capillary refill was 3 seconds.Skin temperature was warm to the touch and appropriate for race. IV site was clean, no inflammation, infection or drainage. | Chest:Resp status, breath sounds (anterior, posterior, bases) | Patient had trouble breathing, coughing with each breath.Breathing treatment was administered. Breath sounds were raspy with auditory wheezing. | Heart:Sounds, rhythm, Apical rate, telemetry | Heart tones were clear, no murmurs noted with an even rhythm.Apical pulse: 79Telemetry: not able to obtain reading. | Back:Curvature,......

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assessment

...Enterprise Performance Assessment -- The Performance Assessment Systems of Lenovo Abstract In recent years, the global economic has rapidly development, and it influences the enterprises and their employees. For a company, its structure had fundamentally change. At the same time, employees have more opportunity to develop and wider development space. They can look for better company constantly, in order to realize personal value. Although companies could do survival of the fittest to their employees, loyal and conscientious employees are great wealth to the company undoubtedly. The core issue of sustainable development for a company is how to achieve the balance between company goal and personal development. And the key to solve this problem is have an effective management system and management method. Performance management is the effective management method which we are looking for. This paper will go into Lenovo's performance assessment system and analyze its advantages and disadvantages. Enterprise Performance Assessment -- The Performance Assessment Systems of Lenovo Performance assessment is the assessors follow by job objective or performance standard and use scientific method to assess employees' task progress, responsibilities-fulfilled degrees, and development situation, then give the feedback to employees. Meanwhile, performance assessment is......

Words: 2931 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Assessments

...Assessment is a valuable tool to measure students learning and achievement. It is an essential element for teacher to reflect on what and how they teach. To assess students is to collect evidence of their learning. Teachers use the information to modify their lesson plans and adjust their instructional methods; students need feedback on their performance to concentrate on their vulnerable areas. Assessment is necessary for parents to reinforce their children strength and assist them where extra attention is required. The data collected will inform school administration the parts of improvement that both teachers and students needed and for the state and federal levels, as is important to determine if additional funding is necessary to assist students in their learning and achievement. To provide the suitable service and achieve optimal result, teachers and administrators must identify their ELL students and place them in classroom that best fit with their abilities. In an interview conducted with Miss Fabiaschi, an academic dean at a charter school in my district, she said that at her school parents are providing information on home language on the application. Then they use the CELDT (California English Language Development Test) to determine which level of English proficiency for their students. She added, there are two types of ELLs, the new enrollments, which are kindergartens who enroll in school for the first time or students of higher grade levels who transferred......

Words: 1424 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Assessments

...systems to use, healthcare committees require feedback from all staff in what’s needed in the facilities to better care for patients. According to the Handbook of Informatics, the purpose for needs assessment is to see where the organization is presently at and what the organization needs to do for them to grow. Before an organization can setup an EHR they have to make evaluations of strengths and weaknesses within the organization. They evaluate the needs of the patients, how easy or difficult a patient can access their information, or what the organization can do to make it more convenient for the patients, in regards to treatments or facility visits. Needs assessment is the first phase of developing a more efficient way of making the organization stronger. It starts with the development of the steering committee, needs assessment are then developed, they identify systems requirements, and then the systems are weighed out to see which ones are in need and demand. “In the process of conducting a needs assessment, the nurse planner collects and analyzes data to determine where learner are now in relation to the desired outcome, where they need to be, and what educational approaches would be effective in bridging that gap”(Dickerson, 2013, p.104). When a needs assessment is determined it means being able to look into all areas of operation in the organization to analyze deficiencies, and how these gaps can be bridged. The factors that need to be evaluated are......

Words: 744 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Psychological Assessment

...Assignment number: 739624 Name: Tanja Bohler Student Number: 30440351 Address: PO Box 17139 Dubai United Arab Emirates A Discussion on Psychological Assessment in Early Childhood. ASSIGNMENT 03 – PYC4807 – STUDENT NUMBER 30440351 Table of Contents Page 1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. Reasons for Assessing Young Children……………………………………………………….. 3. Tests for Infants and Preschoolers……………………………………………………………… 3 4 5 4. Factors of Childhood Assessment……………………………………………………………….. 6 4.1 Characteristics of the Child……………………………………………………….. 4.2 Social Context of Assessment……………………………………………………. 6 8 4.3 The Examination Context of Assessment…………..………………………. 12 4.4 The Test as a Method of Assessment….……………………………………… 14 5. Principles of Assessment……………………………………………………………………………… 15 6. Predictive Validity of Early Childhood Assessment………………………………………. 19 7. Ethical Considerations of Assessing Young Children……………………………………. 20 8. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21 9. Maya’s Assessment……………………………………………………………………………………… 23 10. References………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 28 2|Page ASSIGNMENT 03 – PYC4807 – STUDENT NUMBER 30440351 1. Introduction Children develop at different rates and in different ways. Parents and caregivers who are concerned about a child's development would seek developmental assessment and intervention from a health professional in order to support that child to reach his/her maximum potential. Young children are......

Words: 5480 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Self-Assessment

...Self-Assessment Tasks Plan MBA6004 Foundational Skills for Business Leaders Unit 1 Assignment 1 Introduction This report is a self-assessment of the written and Excel skills evaluation that is required by Capella. Based on the results from the assessment, the student is required to create an action plan for improving those skills in this course and future courses. The self-evaluation consists of three components. The first assessment consists of 20 multiple-choice questions. The second assessment instructs the student to write an essay on a given topic. The final assessment consists of 20 multiple-choice questions to determine the student proficiency and competency with Microsoft Excel. Once the self-assessment has been completed, the outcome of each assessment is made available to the student. This paper will discuss the steps that will be taken while pursuing my MBA degree. Learner Action Plan The Action Plan tab is designed to help students organize and manage key academic courses, structure professional and life tasks to support the students through the program to ensure overall academic success. The Skill Enhancement tab provides an extensive list of tutorial and self-paced courses to improve both your writing skills and Excel skills. Figure 1: Skills Enhancement Based on my assessment results, an action plan was developed that involved improving my writing and enhancing skills in Excel. My action plan does show that the dates that have been set to......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Assessment Centers

...International Journal of Selection and Assessment Volume 17 Number 3 September 2009 Guidelines and Ethical Considerations for Assessment Center Operations1 International Task Force on Assessment Center Guidelines2 This document is an update of several prior editions of guidelines and ethical considerations for assessment center operations dating back to 1975. Each set of guidelines was developed and endorsed by specialists in the research, development, and implementation of assessment centers. The guidelines are a statement of the considerations believed to be most important for all users of the assessment center method. For instance, the use of job-related simulations is a core concept when using the method. Job simulation exercises allow individuals to demonstrate their abilities in situations that are important on the job. As stressed in these guidelines, a procedure should not be represented as an assessment center unless it includes at least one, and usually several, job-related simulations that require the assessee to demonstrate a constructed behavioral response. Other important areas include assessor selection and training, using ‘competencies’ as dimensions to be assessed, validation, participants’ rights, and the incorporation of technology into assessment center programs. The current guidelines discuss a number of considerations in developing and using assessment centers in diverse cultural settings. 1. Purpose staff of an assessment center; and (4)......

Words: 8192 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Curriculum and Assessment

...This essay will aim to look at how curriculum and assessment are being operated in two different early years settings. The settings under examination are 3-5 year olds and 5-8 year olds. We will start with the definitions of curriculum and assessment and the relationships between them. After that, I will explore similarities and differences between approaches to curriculum and assessment in the two settings. Curriculum is an integrated system drawing together every element for learning and teaching, including learning outcomes, learning areas, teaching strategies, evaluation and assessment to help with children’s learning progression (MacLachlan, Fleer& Edwards, 2010). Curriculum refers to “all the experiences, activities and events, whether direct or indirect, which occur within an environment designed to foster children’s learning and development” (Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations [DEEWR], 1996). Early childhood educators regard ‘the curriculum’ as a guidance of learning instructions and assessment (Baxter, 2012). A good curriculum can offer the expert guidance, evidence of effectiveness and flexibility. It enables early childhood educators to draw upon a comprehensive view of early years education linked to their own observations and experiences; therefore educators set up and modify learning programs accordingly and timely (Early Childhood Australia, 2013). Assessment can be described as the process of finding out what children know,......

Words: 2338 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Maria Assessment

...MARIA’S ASSESSMENT 1 Maria’s Assessment Ethical or Multicultural Assessment Errors Introduction Please include an introduction to describe for the reader what you will be including in your paper. It is a great way to outline the key requirements and expectations for the assignment. In scholarly writing it is important to include the introduction to provide the reader with a lens for understanding what will be presented in your application paper. The three errors the teacher made with Maria was electing to conduct no informal or formal assessment, opting to conduct assessments in English only, and not taking into consideration the environmental and cultural difference (e.g. worldview) hindering Maria’s emotional and academic development. According to Whiston (2013, pg. 323), “Knowledge of using appropriate appraisal techniques with diverse population is crucial,” the teacher’s inability to do so indicates restricted and potentially unsuitable methods and actions in acknowledging Maria’s culture (e.g. worldview) and the significance it plays in her education and emotional anxiety at school. Counselor’s Perspective on Errors The practice of assessment entails the collection of information in order to analyze, identify, evaluate, and address the issues, difficulties, and circumstances of the client in the counseling relationship. Not assessing a client either by informal, formal, or both types of assessments......

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Assessment of Learning

...Alternative Assessment An assessment in which students create an original response to answer a certain question. Students respond to a question using their own ideas, in their own words. Examples of alternative assessment are short-answer questions, essays, oral presentations, demonstrations, performance assessment, and portfolios. Other activities included in this type are teacher observation and student self-assessment. * Components of Alternative Assessment a) Assessment is based on authentic task that demonstrate students’ ability to accomplish communication goals. b) The teacher and students focus on communication, not on right and wrong answers. c) Students help the teacher to set the criteria for successful completion of communication tasks. d) Students have opportunities to assess themselves and their peers. Performance-based Assessment Performance assessment ( Mueller, 2010) is an assessment in which students are asked to perform real world tasks that demonstrate meaningful application of essential knowledge and skills. It is a direct measure of student performance because the tasks are designed to incorporate context, problems and solution strategies that students would use in real life. It focus on processes abd rationales. There is no single correct answer; instead students are led to craft polished, thorough and justifiable responses, performances and products. It also involved long-range projects, exhibits, and performances...

Words: 988 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assessment of Reading

...RUNNGHEAD: ASSESSMENT OF READING Assessment of Reading Alma J. Bosket Curriculum, Methods and Assessment: Literacy and Language Arts-EED-470 Professor Katie G. Troub September 23, 2012 Assessment of Reading Chart |Assessments |Characteristics |Compare and | | | |Contrast | | | | | |Developmental Reading |A set of individually administered criterion |Modeled after an informal reading inventory that is | |Assessment |referenced reading assessments for students |intended to be administered, scored, and interpreted by | |(DRA) |in Kindergarten through 8th Grade. |classroom teachers. | | | |In addition, its purposes include identifying students’ | | | |reading strengths and weaknesses, planning instruction, | | | |monitoring......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ell Assessments

...Assessments are a very valuable tool in measuring a student’s learning abilities and achievements. They are a crucial in that they are used for teachers to look back on how and what they are teaching. Assessing a student means to prove that they are in fact learning. Teachers use this evidence to determine whether they need to change their lesson plans or the manner in which they are instructing, and the students use this feedback to find out their weak areas so that they can concentrate more on them, which is much the same use for the parents. The parents take the information provided by these assessments so that they can pursue their child’s strengths and help them with the weaknesses. The data that these assessments provide is also used by the school administrators. It shows them the improvement of not only the students but also the teachers that is needed for state and federal levels, which determine if more funding is needed to aide students with their learning and achievements. The majority of students born and raised in the United States can easily understand the English language. However, there are the select few that do not speak English because it is not their dominate language that they use at home, so these students require assessments that will enable them to pick up the English language. Getting these students to pick up the language can be an extremely hard task for teachers. In 2001 the No Child Left Behind Act states that students should be......

Words: 1053 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Assessment and Evaluation

...continuing education have use the terms assessment and evaluation interchangeably”; however, assessment and evaluation are two separate concepts. According to Angelo, Cross-, and Moran assessment within the classroom, refers specifically to the collection of information to measure learning gains, which indicate learners’ individual levels of achievement; whereas; Queeney referred to assessment from a programmatic perspective as more comprehensive measurement of achievement of the program itself. Assessment refers to the collection of information, and it measures levels of achievement without comparisons to a set of standards, however, I feel assessment is a process used to improve a result. Some of the functions of assessment used in the assessment process is screening, phase like, and continually measure student levels of skill or knowledge. The screening process helps determine what area the learner is suited for and will help determine the learner’s weakness (if they need other assistance to help improve where they are). Baselines in the function process of the assessment are for evaluating and designing learning interventions, teaching method, program standards and policies, furthermore, assessment have various methodologies to select the method that would be most appropriate for their need. Although there are several definitions of evaluation, Stufflebeam and Shinkfield gives an extended definition of evaluation, it is the systematic assessment of an object’s......

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Needs Assessment

...Needs Assessment HRM326 June 16, 2014 Needs Assessment Training is an important part for a company and/or an organization. The importance of education is not just with new workers but with managers and supervisors also. Upper management training is just as important for workplace productivity, safety, and satisfaction. Some of the skills that can be improved upper management within a company or organization can be manager communication, employee recognition, and employee motivation. The company or organization must understand that it is not just about conducting training but making sure the training is effective and it works. If the training is not effective and it does not work, then the company or organization needs to make an assessment at the different levels. After the completion of the assessment, the company or organization needs to conduct the proper training. Below are the assessments for Wal-Mart. Needs Assessment for an Organization When a company or organization is not on pace to achieve their goals, (being that of short, medium, or long term) they must take a closer look at the type of training they are conducting. The company or organization should conduct a needs assessment on the company or organization as a whole. Since Wal-Mart is not on pace to achieve their goals, we will discuss the needs assessment process that will be used. According to "Needs = Gaps In Results", Needs Assessments are used to identify strategic priorities,......

Words: 1751 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Student Assessment

...EDUC-6705R-2 Foundations of Reading & Lit December 8, 2013 Student assessment of cognitive and Non-cognitive affects for literacy development Abstract Assessments are a very valuable tool for teachers. In the past, I have only given cognitive tests and used that data. Using a non-cognitive assessment opened up the door to a new pathway for me. I can use this data to assist me in motivating struggling students to read. Utilizing the data from both types of assessments, conferencing with students, and learning about their home life will allow me to use appropriate strategies for them to be successful. . Student assessment of cognitive and non-cognitive affects for literacy development What influences a child to become a successful learner? How can I motivate my students? What approaches should I take? What are the attitudes students have towards learning? Assessments help me identify these answers to these questions and help me understand students academically, as well as, socially. I also have to consider the students home life. How involved are the parents and siblings with this student. The answers to these questions will help me determine the direction I will need to go in order for my......

Words: 1445 - Pages: 6