Premium Essay

Assignment 1 Pentium

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By Edwinc1
Words 318
Pages 2
“Pentium microprocessor flaw”
There was a Pentium microprocessor flaw identified as the FDIV bug. The bug is a flaw in the point unit. The bug causes the processor to return incorrect results (errors) for many calculations in math and science. Intel claims that it was a problem on a few missing entries in the lookup table used by the company. The flaw was hardly faced by users.

It was discovered by Professor Thomas Nicely, a professor of mathematics at Lynchburg College. He noticed the bug when a code was written and observed some irregularities in calculations once he added the Pentium system to his computers.

He discovered this issue in June of 1994 but was unable to eliminate other factors until October of 1994. He reported the problem to Intel and they admitted that they were aware of the bug since May of 1994.
Intel acknowledges the flaw, but demanded it was not serious and would not affect other users. They offered to replace the processors to all customer affected by the flaw. This flaw made a lot unhappy users (people). It turned out that only a fraction of the Pentium processor owners bothered to get their chips replaced.

My opinion Intel Corporation handle this issue in a professional manner and gave the people reasonable options to get their chips replaced. Fortunately the chip did not affect most people and had little or no effect to the common user. If there was a major problem, more people would have had problems and more chips would have been replaced. Intel did everything possible to satisfy all customers.

If this kind of flaw would happen again today, it would be a catastrophe than it was in 1994. More users are familiar with computers and finding information on the WEB internet than ever before. There are millions of more computers and processors that would be impacted in today’s…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology

...Garrett Jones Unit 1 Assignment 1 Date: 3/20/14 Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology Intel Transistor Table Year | Processor | Transistor Count | 1971 | Intel 4004 | 2,300 | 1972 | Intel 8008 | 3,500 | 1974 | Intel 8080 | 4,500 | 1976 | Intel 8085 | 6,500 | 1978 | Intel 8086 | 29,000 | 1979 | Intel 8088 | 29,000 | 1982 | Intel 80186 | 55,000 | 1982 | Intel 80286 | 134,000 | 1985 | Intel 80386 | 275,000 | 1988 | Intel i960 | 250,000 | 1989 | Intel 80486 | 1,180,235 | 1993 | Pentium | 3,100,000 | 1995 | Pentium Pro | 5,500,000 | 1997 | Pentium II Klamath | 7,500,000 | 1998 | Pentium II Deschutes | 7,500,000 | 1999 | Pentium III Katmai | 9,500,000 | 2000 | Pentium III Coppermine | 21,000,000 | 2000 | Pentium 4 Willamette | 42,000,000 | 2001 | Pentium III Tualatin | 45,000,000 | 2002 | Pentium 4 Northwood | 55,000,000 | 2002 | Itanium 2 McKinley | 220,000,000 | 2003 | Itanium 2 Madison 6M | 410,000,000 | 2004 | Pentium 4 Prescott | 112,000,000 | 2004 | Itanium 2 9MB Cache | 592,000,000 | 2005 | Pentium 4 Prescott-2M | 169,000,000 | 2006 | Dual-Core Itanium 2 | 1,700,000,000 | 2006 | Pentium 4 Cedar Mill | 184,000,000 | 2006 | Core 2 Duo Conroe | 291,000,000 | 2007 | Core 2 Duo Allendale | 169,000,000 | 2007 | Core 2 Duo Wolfdale | 411,000,000 | 2008 | Atom | 47,000,000 | 2008 | Core 2 Duo Wolfdale 3M | 230,000,000 | 2008 | Core i7 Quad Core | 731,000,000 | 2008 | Xeon 7400 Six......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

1310 Unit 1 Assignment 1

...Unit 1 Assignment: Integrated Circuit Technology 2) Processor | Transistor count | Date of introduction | Manufacturer | Intel 4004 | 2,300 | 1971 | Intel | Intel 8008 | 3,500 | 1972 | Intel | Intel 8080 | 4,500 | 1974 | Intel | Intel 8085 | 6,500 | 1976 | Intel | Intel 8086 | 29,000 | 1978 | Intel | Intel 8088 | 29,000 | 1979 | Intel | Intel 80286 | 134,000 | 1982 | Intel | Intel 80186 | 55,000 | 1982 | Intel | Intel 80386 | 275,000 | 1985 | Intel | Intel i960 | 250,000 | 1988 | Intel | Intel 80486 | 1,180,235 | 1989 | Intel | Pentium | 3,100,000 | 1993 | Intel | Pentium Pro | 5,500,000 | 1995 | Intel | Pentium II Klamath | 7,500,000 | 1997 | Intel | Pentium II Deschutes | 7,500,000 | 1998 | Intel | Pentium III Katmai | 9,500,000 | 1999 | Intel | Pentium II Mobile Dixon | 27,400,000 | 1999 | Intel | Pentium III Coppermine | 21,000,000 | 2000 | Intel | Pentium 4 Willamette | 42,000,000 | 2000 | Intel | Pentium III Tualatin | 45,000,000 | 2001 | Intel | Pentium 4 Northwood | 55,000,000 | 2002 | Intel | Itanium 2 McKinley | 220,000,000 | 2002 | Intel | Itanium 2 Madison 6M | 410,000,000 | 2003 | Intel | Pentium 4 Prescott | 112,000,000 | 2004 | Intel | Itanium 2 with 9 MB cache | 592,000,000 | 2004 | Intel | Pentium 4 Prescott-2M | 169,000,000 | 2005 | Intel | Pentium 4 Cedar Mill | 184,000,000 | 2006 | Intel | Dual-core Itanium 2 | 1,700,000,000 | 2006 | Intel | Core 2 Duo Conroe | 291,000,000 | 2006 | Intel | Core...

Words: 535 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Models and Transistors

...History and Transistor Count 1. Search the Internet using keywords such as “Intel Processor Transistor Count.” 2. Create a table that presents the processor model, year and transistor count for Intel processors from 1971 to the present. 1982 Intel 286 Processor 134K Transistors 1982 Intel 286 Processor 134K Transistors 1978 Intel 8086 Processor 29K Transistors 1978 Intel 8086 Processor 29K Transistors 1974 Intel 8080 Processor 4500 Transistors 1974 Intel 8080 Processor 4500 Transistors 1972 Intel 8008 Processor 3500 Transistors 1972 Intel 8008 Processor 3500 Transistors 1971 Intel 4004 Processor 2300 Transistors 1971 Intel 4004 Processor 2300 Transistors 2003 Intel Pentium M Processor 55 Million Transistors 2003 Intel Pentium M Processor 55 Million Transistors 2001 Intel Xeon Processor 42 Million Transistors 2001 Intel Xeon Processor 42 Million Transistors 2000 Intel Pentium 4 Processor 42 Million Transistors 2000 Intel Pentium 4 Processor 42 Million Transistors 1999 Intel Pentium III Processor 9.5 Million Transistors 1999 Intel Pentium III Processor 9.5 Million Transistors 1998 Intel Celeron Processor 7.5 Million Transistors 1998 Intel Celeron Processor 7.5 Million Transistors 1995 Intel Pentium Pro Processor 5.5 Million Transistors 1995 Intel Pentium Pro Processor 5.5 Million Transistors 1997 Intel Pentium II Processor 7.5 Million Transistors 1997 Intel Pentium II Processor 7.5......

Words: 391 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 1 Assignment 1

...Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology Processor | Transistor count | Date of introduction | Manufacturer | Process | Intel 4004 | 2,300 | 1971 | Intel | 10 µm | Intel 8008 | 3,500 | 1972 | Intel | 10 µm | Intel 8080 | 4,500 | 1974 | Intel | 6 μm | Intel 8085 | 6,500 | 1976 | Intel | 3 μm | Intel 8086 | 29,000 | 1978 | Intel | 3 μm | Intel 8088 | 29,000 | 1979 | Intel | 3 μm | Intel 80186 | 55,000 | 1982 | Intel | 3 μm | Intel 80286 | 134,000 | 1982 | Intel | 1.5 µm | Intel 80386 | 275,000 | 1985 | Intel | 1.5 µm | Intel i960 | 250,000 | 1988 | Intel | 0.6 µm | Intel 80486 | 1,180,235 | 1989 | Intel | 1 µm | Pentium | 3,100,000 | 1993 | Intel | 0.8 µm | Pentium Pro | 5,500,000 | 1995 | Intel | 0.5 µm | Pentium II Klamath | 7,500,000 | 1997 | Intel | 0.35 µm | Pentium II Deschutes | 7,500,000 | 1998 | Intel | 0.25 µm | Pentium III Katmai | 9,500,000 | 1999 | Intel | 0.25 µm | Pentium III Coppermine | 21,000,000 | 2000 | Intel | 180 nm | Pentium III Tualatin | 45,000,000 | 2001 | Intel | 130 nm | Pentium 4 Willamette | 42,000,000 | 2000 | Intel | 180 nm | Pentium 4 Northwood | 55,000,000 | 2002 | Intel | 130 nm | Pentium 4 Prescott | 112,000,000 | 2004 | Intel | 90 nm | Pentium 4 Prescott-2M | 169,000,000 | 2005 | Intel | 90 nm | Pentium 4 Cedar Mill | 184,000,000 | 2006 | Intel | 65 nm | Atom | 47,000,000 | 2008 | Intel | 45 nm | Itanium 2 McKinley | 220,000,000 | 2002 | Intel | 180 nm | Core 2 Duo Conroe |......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Pentium Flaw

...Pentium Flaw Assignment Requirements 1. Search the Internet for information about the Pentium microprocessor flaw, using keywords such as “Pentium microprocessor flaw.” 2. Determine the nature of the Pentium flaw, how it was discovered, when it was discovered, and Intel’s response to the flaw. * How it was discovered: Thomas Nicely, a math professor, was computing the sum of the reciprocals of a large collection of prime numbers on his Pentium-based computer. * When it was discovered: Summer/Fall 1994 * Intel’s response to the flaw: Statement “an error is only likely to occur once in nine billion random floating point divides”, and that “an average spreadsheet user could not encounter this subtle flaw once in every 27,000 years of use.” 3. Write several paragraphs explaining what you think of Intel’s response to the Pentium flaw. Be sure to include answers to the following questions: * Did Intel handle the problem correctly? No, because of instead of fixing the problem, they gave excuses of why it was an error and how often that error would occur. * What did Intel do to satisfy customers concerned about the flaw? Since Intel got a lot of heat from the media and customers, they announced a free replacement Pentium for any owner who asked for one. * What would happen if the same type of flaw were found in a new CPU today? They wouldn’t ask to explain why you need a replacement. It’s a defect in the manufacture and they have to......

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Integrated Circuit Technology

...Computer Structure and Logic NT1110 Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology Table 1 Processor Model | Year | Transistor Count | | | | 4004 | 1971 | 2,300 | 8008 | 1972 | 2,500 | 8080 | 1974 | 4,500 | Intel 8085 | 1976 | 6500 | Intel8086 | 1978 | 29,000 | Intel 8088 | 1979 | 29,000 | Intel 286 | 1982 | 134,000 | Intel 386 Processor | 1985 | 275,000 | Intel   486 Processor | 1989 | 1,200,000 | Intel Pentium Processor | 1993 | 3,100,000 | Pentium Pro | 1995 | 5,500,000 | Intel Pentium II Processor | 1997 | 7,500,000 | Pentium III | 1999 | 9,500,000 | Pentium 4 | 2000 | 42,000,000 | Itanium 2 McKinley | 2002 | 220,000,000 | Itanium 2 Madison 6M | 2003 | 410,000,000 | Core 2 Duo | 2006 | 291,000,000 | Atom | 2008 | 47,000,000 | Core i7 (Quad) | 2008 | 731,000,000 | Quad-Core + GPU Core i7 | 2011 | 1,160,000,000 | Intel 9300 Tukwila Processor | 2010 | 2,000,000,000 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Comment on the growth of the number of transistors used in integrated circuits over the years.  The growth of transistors used in integrated circuits has nearly doubled every 18 months give or take a little. This growth falls in line with Moore’s Law.   Gordon Moore a founder of Intel noticed the trends in computer memory and made an observation of the trends.   Moore stated that the amount of transistors on a chip would double every 18 months to 2 years. This has held true for the......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Quad Core Tukwilia

...Unit 1 Assignment 1 Processor Transistor count Year Intel 4004 2,300 1971 Intel 8008 2,500 1972 Intel 8080 4,500 1974 Intel 8085 8,500 1976 Intel 8086 29,000 1978 Intel 8088 29,000 1979 Intel 80186 55,000 1982 Intel 80286 134,000 1982 Intel 80386 275,000 1985 Intel 80486 1,200,000 1989 Pentium 3,100,000 1993 Pentium Pro 5,500,000 1995 Pentium II 7,500,000 1997 Pentium III 9,500,000 1999 Pentium 4 42,000,000 2000 Intel Itanium 2 220,000,000 2003 Intel Itanium 2 Madison 6m 410,000,000 2003 Intel Itanium 2 with 9MB Cache 592,000,000 2004 Core 2 Duo 291,000,000 2006 Core i7 731,000,000 2008 Quad- Core Itanium 2,000,000,000 2010 Six-Core Itanium 2,270,000,000 2011 8-core Itanium 3,100,000,000 2012 62-Core Xeon Phi 5,000,000,000 2012 Tukwila features four cores, eight threads, 24MB of L3 cache, Turbo Boost, QuickPath interconnects, second-gen hardware virtualization tech, and some new reliability features, all laid out on a massive, two-billion-transistor die. Intel claims the new Itanium 9300 series more than doubles performance over previous-gen dual-core Itaniums, bringing eight times the interconnect bandwidth, five times the memory bandwidth, and seven times the memory capacity with "industry standard DDR3 components."Interestingly, Intel says these processors share a number of platform features with upcoming eight-core Nehalem EX processors, including "the Intel® QuickPath Interconnect, the Intel Scalable Memory Interconnect, the Intel®......

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Intergrated Circuit Technology

...Nt1110 Integrated Circuit Technology Jerick San Gabriel NT1110 Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology 2.) Processor Model | Year | Transistor Count | Intel 4004 | 1971 | 2,300 | Intel 8008 | 1972 | 3,500 | Intel 8080 | 1974 | 4,500 | Intel 8085 | 1976 | 6,500 | Intel 8086 | 1978 | 29,000 | Intel 8088 | 1979 | 29,000 | Intel 80186 | 1982 | 55,000 | Intel 80286 | 1982 | 134,000 | Intel 80386 | 1985 | 275,000 | Intel 80486 | 1989 | 1,180,235 | Pentium | 1993 | 3,100,000 | Pentium Pro | 1995 | 5,500,000 | Pentium II | 1997 | 7,500,000 | Pentium III | 1999 | 9,500,000 | Pentium 4 | 2000 | 42,000,000 | Atom | 2008 | 47,000,000 | Itanium 2 McKinley | 2002 | 220,000,000 | Core 2 Duo | 2006 | 291,000,000 | Itanium 2 Madison 6M | 2003 | 410,000,000 | Itanium 2 with 9MB cache | 2004 | 592,000,000 | Core i7 (Quad) | 2008 | 731,000,000 | Quad-Core + GPU Core i7 | 2011 | 1,160,000,000 | Six-Core Core i7 (Gulf town) | 2010 | 1,170,000,000 | Quad-Core + GPU Core i7 | 2012 | 1,400,000,000 | Dual-Core Itanium 2 | 2006 | 1,700,000,000 | Six-Core Xeon 7400 | 2008 | 1,900,000,000 | Quad-Core Itanium Tukwila | 2010 | 2,000,000,000 | Six-Core Core i7/8- Core Xeon E5 | 2011 | 2,270,000,000 | 8-Core Xeon Nehalem-EX | 2010 | 2,300,000,000 | 10-Core Xeon West mere-EX | 2011 | 2,600,000,000 | 8-Core Itanium Poulson | 2012 | 3,100,000,000 | 62-Core Xeon Phi | 2012 | 5,000,000,000 | 3.) Quad-Core Itanium Tukwila, 2010, 2,000,000,000 4.) Anonymous....

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Assignment 1

...Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology https://www.google.com/fusiontables/DataSource?docid=1hRaR4o4z9nITGpAQDDoHRWa3fbmxuteHl6RPEhQ#rows:id=1 Processor Transistor count Date of introduction Manufacturer Intel 4004 2,300 1971 Intel Intel 8008 3,500 1972 Intel Intel 8080 4,500 1974 Intel Intel 8085 6,500 1976 Intel Intel 8086 29,000 1978 Intel Intel 8088 29,000 1979 Intel Intel 80186 55,000 1982 Intel Intel 80286 134,000 1982 Intel Intel 80386 275,000 1985 Intel Intel 80486 1,180,235 1989 Intel Pentium 3,100,000 1993 Intel Pentium Pro 5,500,000 1995 Intel Pentium II 7,500,000 1997 Intel Pentium III 9,500,000 1999 Intel Pentium 4 42,000,000 2000 Intel Atom 47,000,000 2008 Intel Itanium 2 McKinley 220,000,000 2002 Intel Core 2 Duo 291,000,000 2006 Intel Itanium 2 Madison 6M 410,000,000 2003 Intel Itanium 2 with 9MB cache 592,000,000 2004 Intel Core i7 731,000,000 2008 Intel Quad-Core + GPU Core i7 1,160,000,000 2011 Intel Six-Core Core i7 1,170,000,000 2010 Intel Quad-Core + GPU Core i7 1,400,000,000 2012 Intel Dual-Core Itanium 2 1,700,000,000 2006 Intel Six-Core Xeon 7400 1,900,000,000 2008 Intel Quad-Core Itanium Tukwila 2,000,000,000 2010 Intel Six-Core Core i7/8-Core Xeon E5 2,270,000,000 2011 Intel 8-Core Xeon Nehalem-EX 2,300,000,000 2010 Intel 10-Core Xeon Westmere-EX 2,600,000,000 2011 Intel 8-Core Itanium Poulson 3,100,000,000 2012 Intel 62-Core Xeon Phi 5,000,000,000 2012 Intel The first processor Intel placed......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Unit 1 Assignment 1

...Unit 1 Assignment 1 Integrated Circuit Technology A motherboard is the backbone of the personal computer, it transfers information and power to all the other components. The motherboard is the largest board inside of the computer that contains the basic input and output system that allows every component to communicate with one another. Attached to the motherboard is a chip comprised with dozens of pins called the central processing unit. Along with the CPU attached to the motherboard is the dual-inline memory modules a part of the random access memory. RAM is the most common type of memory used another type is ROM, read only memory, which stores data onto metal disc within the device. The operating system manages the hardware resources and provides a place to run programs. The last components of the personal computer are the tower and the human interface devices. The tower holds all the components that make up the computer except for the HID which are located outside of the computers tower. The main purpose of the HID’s are to help us interact with the computer, a few examples are the keyboard, mouse, monitor, video camera and speakers. You put together the Motherboard, CPU, RAM, ROM, OS, Tower, HID’s add a power supply and you have a basic personal computer. PROCESSOR TRANSISTOR YEAR Intel 4004 | 2,300 | 1971 | Intel 8008 | 3,500 | 1972 | Intel 8080 | 4,500 | 1974 | Intel 8085 | 6,500 | 1976 | ......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 1 Assignment

...Unit 1 Assignment – Integrated Circuit Technology. Requirement # 1: N/A Requirement # 2: Create a table that presents the processor model, year, and transistor count for Intel processors from 1971 to the present. Intel Processor Transistor Size Trends (Table) Year | Model | Transistor count | 1971 | Intel 4004 | 2,300 | 1972 | Intel 8008 | 3,500 | 1974 | Intel 8080 | 4,500 | 1978 | Intel 8086 | 29,000 | 1982 | Intel 286 Processor | 134,000 | 1985 | Intel 386 Processor | 275,000 | 1989 | Intel 486 Processor | 1.2 million | 1993 | Intel Pentium Processor | 3.1 million | 1995 | Intel Pentium Pro Processor | 5.5 million | 1997 | Intel Pentium II Processor | 7.5 million | 1998 | Intel Celeron Processor | 7.5 million | 1999 | Intel Pentium III Processor | 9.5 million | 2000 | Intel Pentium 4 Processor | 42 million | 2001 | Intel Xeon Processor | 42 million | 2003 | Intel Pentium M Processor | 55 million | 2006 | Intel Core 2 Due Processor | 291 million | 2008 | Intel Core 2 Due Processor | 410 million | 2008 | Intel Atom Processor | 47 million | 2010 | 2nd Generation Intel Core Processor | 1.16 billion | 2012 | 3rd Generation Intel Core Processor | 1.4 billion | Requirement # 3: Identify the processor model and year when two billion transistors were placed on a single . Processor chip. Intel 1st place 2 billion......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Unit 1 Assignment 1

...Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology Year | Transistor Count | Processor Model | 1971 | 2,300 | Intel 4004 | 1972 | 3,500 | Intel 8008 | 1974 | 4,500 | Intel 8080 | 1976 | 6,500 | Intel 8085 | 1978 | 29,000 | Intel 8086 | 1979 | 29,000 | Intel 8088 | 1982 | 55,000 | Intel 80186 | 1982 | 134,000 | Intel 80286 | 1985 | 275,000 | Intel 80386 | 1989 | 1,180,235 | Intel 80486 | 1993 | 3,100,000 | Pentium | 1995 | 5,500,000 | Pentium Pro | 1997 | 7,500,000 | Pentium II | 1999 | 9,500,000 | Pentium III | 2000 | 42,000,000 | Pentium 4 | 2008 | 47,000,000 | Atom | 2002 | 220,000,000 | Itanium 2 McKinley | 2006 | 291,000,000 | Core 2 Duo | 2003 | 410,000,000 | Itanium 2 Madison 6M | 2004 | 592,000,000 | Itanium 2 with 9MB cache | 2008 | 731,000,000 | Core i7 (Quad) | 2011 | 1,160,000,000 | Quad-Core + GPU Core i7 | 2010 | 1,170,000,000 | Six-Core Core i7 (Gulftown) | 2012 | 1,400,000,000 | Quad-Core + GPU Core i7 | 2006 | 1,700,000,000 | Dual-Core Itanium 2 | 2008 | 1,900,000,000 | Six-Core Xeon 7400 | 2010 | 2,000,000,000 | Quad-Core Itanium Tukwila | 2011 | 2,270,000,000 | Six-Core Core i7/8 Core Xeon E5 | 2010 | 2,300,000,000 | 8-Core Xeon Nehalem-EX | 2011 | 2,600,000,000 | 10-Core Xeon Westmere-EX | 2012 | 3,100,000,000 | 8-Core Itanium Poulson | 2012 | 5,000,000,000 | 62-Core Xeon Phi | In 2010, the processor model that was the first to have two billion transistors on its chip was known as the......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Unit 1 Assignment 1 Integrated Circuit Technology

...Unit 1 Assignment 1 Year Processor Model Transistor Count 1971 4004 2300 1972 8008 2500 1974 8080 4500 1978 8086 29000 1982 Intel286 134000 1985 Intel386 Processor 275000 1989 Intel486 Processor 1200000 1993 Intel Pentium Processor 3100000 1997 Intel Pentium II Processor 7500000 1999 Intel Pentium III Processor 9500000 2000 Intel Pentium 4 Processor 42000000 2001 Intel Itanium Processor 25000000 2003 Intel Itanium 2 Processor 220000000 2004 Intel Itanium 2 Processor (9MB cache) 592000000 The first processor with more than 2 billion transistors on it was the Intel Itanium 9300 series, codenamed Tukwila, in 2010 (Takahasi, 2010). The growth of transistors in integrated circuits over the years is right on track with what was predicted in Moore’s Law. Gordon Moore predicted that the number of transistors on integrated circuits would double every two years. Sometimes the number of transistors has doubled in less than two years. I think the growth is reasonable based on what Gordon Moore predicted. If Moore’s Law continues to be the truth then I estimate that around 2022 is when 100 billion transistors will fit on a single chip and around 2028 is when one trillion transistors will fit on a single chip. References: Moore’s Law 40th Anniversary. Intel. Retrieved from http://www.intel.com/pressroom/kits/events/moores_law_40th/ Takahasi, D. (2010, February 8). Intel’s monster of a chip: an Itanium microprocessor with 2 billion transistors. Venture Beat...

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Computer Processors

...Andoni Harrison Intro to Computer Hardware SHJC Assignment # 8 1) State how many Generation of Processor there are. There are six generations of Processor. 2) Explain each of the Generation of Processor. P1 (086) Processor - Intel introduced the 8086 back in June 1978. The 8086 was one of the first 16-bit processor chips on the market; at the time, virtually all other processors were 8-bit designs. The 8086 had 16-bit internal registers and could run a new class of software using 16- bit instructions. [pic][pic] P2 (286) Processor - In 1982, Intel introduced the Intel 80286 processor, normally abbreviated as 286. The first CPU behind the original IBM PC AT (Advanced Technology), it did not suffer from the compatibility problems that damned the 80186 and 80188. [pic][pic] P3 (386) Processor - The third generation represents perhaps the most significant change in processors since the first PC. The big deal was the migration from processors that handled 16- bit operations to true 32-bit chips. [pic] [pic] P4 (486) Processor - Although fourth-generation processors were more about refinement than redesign, the Intel 80486 was another major leap forward in the race for speed. The additional power available in the 486 fueled tremendous growths in the software industry. [pic][pic] P5 (586) Processor - After the fourth-generation chips such as the 486, Intel and other chip......

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology

...Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology Processor Model | Year | Transistor Count | Intel 4004 | 1971 | 2,300 | Intel 8008 | 1972 | 3,500 | Intel 8080 | 1974 | 4,500 | Intel 8085 | 1976 | 6,500 | Intel 8086 | 1978 | 29,000 | Intel 8088 | 1979 | 29,000 | Intel 80186 | 1982 | 55,000 | Intel 80286 | 1982 | 134,000 | Intel 80386 | 1985 | 275,000 | Intel 80486 | 1989 | 1,180,000 | Pentium | 1993 | 3,100,000 | Pentium II | 1997 | 7,500,000 | Pentium III | 1999 | 9,500,000 | Pentium 4 | 2000 | 42,000,000 | Itanium 2 | 2003 | 220,000,000 | Itanium 2 with 9MB cache | 2004 | 592,000,000 | Core 2 Duo | 2006 | 291,000,000 | Dual-Core Itanium 2 | 2006 | 1,700,000,000 | Atom | 2008 | 47,000,000 | Core i7 (Quad) | 2008 | 731,000,000 | Six-Core Xeon 7400 | 2008 | 1,900,000,000 | Six- Core i7 (Gulftown) | 2010 | 1,170,000,000 | 8-Core Xeon Nehalem-EX | 2010 | 2,300,000,000 | Quad-Core Itanium Tukwila | 2010 | 2,000,000,000 | Six- Core Core i7 (Sandy-Bridge-E) | 2011 | 2,270,000,000 | 10-Core Xeon Westmere-EX | 2011 | 2,600,000,000 | 8-Core Itanium Poulson 2012 3,100,000,000 62-Core Xeon Phi 2012 5,000,000,000 Haswell 2013 1,400,000,000 Moore’s Law- Overall processing power will double every two years. Following Moore’s Law we should see a transistor count of over a hundred billion by the year 2022 and a trillion......

Words: 384 - Pages: 2