Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

In: Science

Submitted By KAND0041
Words 1295
Pages 6
The Supreme Court Ruling on Physician-Assisted Death
By The Canadian Nurses Protective Society
May 2015
The Carter decision presents a profound change to Canadian law. What does the decision mean for nurses?

It is a crime in Canada to assist another person in ending his or her own life. However, the Supreme Court of Canada created an exception, after analyzing Canadian constitutional law in the case of Carter v. Canada (Attorney General), released at the beginning of February 2015. The Supreme Court declared that the prohibition in section 241(b) of the Criminal Code on assisting with suicide is unconstitutional to the extent that it prevents physician-assisted death for “a competent adult person who (1) clearly consents to the termination of life and (2) has a grievous and irremediable medical condition (including an illness, disease or disability) that causes enduring suffering that is intolerable to the individual in the circumstances of his or her condition.”
In creating this exception, the Carter decision represents a profound change to Canadian law. Nurses may now expect to receive more questions from patients and their families related to end-of-life care. It is important for nurses to understand the law and professional nursing standards relating to end-of-life care as they currently exist and as they may develop.
The Carter ruling will take effect on Feb. 6, 2016. The Supreme Court suspended the operation of its ruling to allow the federal government time to consider its response to the judgment. The federal government has several options: invoke the Charter section 33 “notwithstanding clause” to suspend the operation of the Carter ruling for five years; amend the Criminal Code, section 241(b), to align with the Carter ruling; or do nothing. If the federal government chooses the latter, the Carter ruling will be the law in Canada. Provincial and...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Shanette Anfield PHI200: Mind and Machine Troy Epps July 31, 2012 Assisted Suicide Assisted suicide is an ethical issue that not only has an effect on the individual, but it also reflects on the society where the individual lives. Euthanasia is an act of someone else ending someone’s life. Assisted suicide is the act of the individual having help in ending their own life. “Physician-assisted suicide (PAS), is slightly different than euthanasia; in using PAS, the patient is provided the means for terminating his or her life, but the patient, not the doctor, ends the life in question” (Mosser, 2010, Chp. 2.3, para. 31). However, not all assisted suicides may involve a doctor. In the United States, Oregon was the first state to pass an assisted-suicide law. Washington is a state that has as recently as 2008 adopted an act that allows residents that have less than six months to live to request a legal dose of medication. Eleven states, including Alabama, Idaho and North Carolina ‘have no enactments which criminalize aiding, abetting, assisting, or counseling suicide” (“Assisted Suicide,” 2010, para. 1-7). Several other states such as Alaska, California and Florida “criminalize aiding, abetting, and/or assisting suicide” (“Assisted Suicide,” 2010, para. 8). I am a Georgian and our law states that any involvement in an assisted suicide is a felony....

Words: 2279 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Letithia Terry PHI103: Informal Logic Kurt Mosser June 6, 2011 Assisted Suicide Assisted Suicide is when the physician provides the necessary means or information and the patient performs the act. Euthanasia is where the physician performs the intervention defined as the “act of bringing about the death of a hopelessly ill and suffering person in a relatively quick and painless way for reason of mercy (as cited in Mosser 2010). Physician Assisted Suicide has grown to be a controversial issue and one of the major disputes is; can an incurable ill patient be able to choose Physician assisted suicide? This phenomenal dilemma has risen debates on rather to legalize PAS or keep it illegal because of the different issues concerning the different religion, moral and ethical views people have on the topic. In this essay I will discuss issues of why many people and I believe assisted suicide should be legalized. There are different laws around the world concerning physician assisted suicide and only a few states that has legalized the procedure....

Words: 1850 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted suicide 1) The issues presented in text 1 and 2 are concerning the same subject, though they have a different view on the matter. Should we as a society, be able to bend the current laws in a way that it would be legal for a terminal ill patient, to commit voluntarily suicide? This is a common debate in the modern society we live in, as the progression of healthcare and medicine now makes people live longer - whether they like it or not. In these two texts, pros and cons for legalising medical suicide for some patients are discussed, with a touch of personal involvement, and therefor the texts are also subjective. The author of text 1, Nina Lakhani, is presenting some of the positive sides of assisted suicide. She uses quotes from Tony Nicklinson, a man suffering from locked-in syndrome due to a severe stroke, who is fighting for his right to a “dignified death”. When reading this, it seems perfectly logical, and ethical appropriate for this man to be able to end his live when he wants to. But this case raises a larger ethical debate on this matter. Do we really have the right to die? This is the question raised in text two, written by Allison Pearson, who does not think that we have the right to....

Words: 983 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...I am to be left alone for my own suicide. My husband will have to swear in his vows to not let me suffer. I agree with Wolf’s decision, her father needed to know...

Words: 922 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted suicide Assisted suicide generally refers to a practice in which the physician provides a patient with a lethal dose of medication, upon the patient's request, which the patient intends to use to end his or her own life (Somerville 47). Assisted suicide has been a highly controversial issue nowadays. In some countries it is legalized. Some people hold the opinion that assisted suicide is not considerable due to the fact that life is valuable than any substances, but I think assisted suicide should be legalized and put into practice because it will benefits all people involved. In the next paragraphs, I will talk about what are the advantages about assisted suicide. First, assisted suicide can release the pain of the dying patient who suffers terribly from the incurable disease. The most well-known method of assisted suicide is Euthanasia. The word “Euthanasia” comes from Greek words, means dying with happiness. In China, Euthanasia means, when the incurable patient nearly dying, suffering with extremely pain for both spiritual and physical, if the patient and his or her families ask for Euthanasia and the doctors allowed, the patient could get Euthanasia in a humanistic way. So we can safely conclude that Euthanasia or assisted suicide is not killing people, but helping them getting rid of the intolerable suffering....

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...In assisted suicide the doctor consults with the patient and provides them with the necessary means to carry out the act, however it is the patient who performs the act. Whereas in euthanasia the physician performs the act (endlink.lurie.northwestern.ed). It is important to realize that in assisted suicide, the patient holds all the choices, including; when to do...

Words: 877 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide is the common term for the actions which an individual helps another person end their life. Physician-assisted suicide should be an allowed medical option for competent, terminally ill adults with terminal illnesses, who are in uncontrollable pain, because it is a compassionate response to relieve dying people. If a person becomes extremely ill and they are of sound mind they should have the right to die if there is no hope of a cure and if they have arrived at that decision with the total understanding of their condition and its prognosis. People should be able to make the decision on when the length of their lives becomes less important than the quality of their lives. When a person has become so sick and does not want to continue suffering, should they be forced to stay alive? Shouldn’t they be able to make their own decisions? Whose life is it anyways? It is about a person’s suffering that cannot be relieved and not turning away from them when they ask for help. Between 1994 and 2006, there were 75 legislative bills to legalize Physician Assisted Suicide in 21 states and all of them failed. Currently it is legal in Oregon, Washington and Montana. When patients in Oregon were asked the reasons behind their decision to end their lives, 86% reported a decreasing ability to participate in activities, 100% reported loss of autonomy and 86 % reported loss of dignity....

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...I think that she would have seen the big picture in slower motion and realized that assisted suicide would have been a good decision. The fact that her father was going to die was inevitable. Short term all there was to do is too make him comfortable. Not to sound selfish, but I think that this can take a lot out of the family...

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Arizona is one of 34 states that have explicitly criminalized assisted suicide; only the states of Oregon and Washington permit physician assisted suicide with the remaining fourteen states somewhere in between. In my research paper, I will contact Compassionate Choices of Arizona, previously known as the Hemlock Society and The Final Exit Network for additional information about assisted suicide and to provide relevant opinions and motives. I will obtain support information and instructions on how to ensure a patient’s final wishes can...

Words: 544 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Teresa Grass PHI200: Mind and Machine Instructor: David Tredinnick June 25, 2012 My point of view on assisted suicide I believe it a sin. In the Holy Bible the “Ten Commandments” it is written “thou shalt not kill.” I stand on the concept that dismissing a person life before it’s his/her time is truly not right. I believe that no matter whom you or what position you may hold doesn’t give you the right to play God. Due to the obvious extent of self-interest that an individual have in their own personal choices; in this day in our culture people as usual try to seek out assured circumstances in such an upright and surprising ways. It was once said that for the ones that are extremely disabled this type of reaction bring forth a common sense of expectation. I do believe that this not right at all because even when a person is suffering under countless circumstances, they desire for this person to go through life-threating operations along with the pain and suffering. It should be that person owns choice for Euthanasia but only during those cases that are so extreme. Suicide has become a vital part of our everyday lives, but through assisted suicide from doctors we have the aptitude to keep suicide to a lessor level to the families that are involved. Assisted suicide is wrong. It is stated in the Ten Commandments “thou shalt not kill”, so with this said I believe that Assisted Suicide is definitely wrong....

Words: 2871 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted  suicide  for  terminally  ill  patients   The  issue  of  assisted  suicide  for  terminally  ill  patients  is  heavily  debated  and  relevant   nowadays  with  the  medical  technics  that  has  come  so  fare  making  it  almost  impossible  for   terminally  ill  patients  to  die  ‘by  choice’.  I  will  present  three  different  people’s  view  on  the   subject.       An  account  of  the  issue   In  2012  the  British  newspaper  The  Independent  brought  to  articles  with  two  different  views   on  assisted  suicide  on  their  website.  The  article  Tony  Nicklinson:  “Perhaps  I’ll  say  goodbye  on   Twitter”  written  by  former  nurse  Nina  Lakhani  concerning  the  patient  Tony  Nicklinson’s  wish   to  die  since  he  suffers  with  locked-­‐in  syndrome.  Nicklinson  sees  it  as  a  violation  of  his  human   rights  that  he  is  not  allowed  assisted  suicide.  ‘The  government  is  in  breach  of  Mr.  ...

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Aided suicide is really a dilemma that various people today in America have confronted within their life span. Do you find it appropriate or perhaps do you find it inappropriate? It really is a subject left up to that individual. You will find not one but two features to just about every scenario and naturally you will find a couple facets to this particular one. The meaning regarding suicide stands out as “the action involving eliminating yourself deliberately with the aid of another person, sometimes a physician (Dictionary, 2012).” For you to merely use this description then one may possibly declare the fact that it’s improper. Subsequently to alternatively state that it ended up being more beneficial to stop someone’s struggling then one might possibly suggest the fact that it’s acceptable. Assisted suicide continues to be one of the more questionable matters plaguing contemporary society these days (Conwell & Caine, 1991). The individuals which have been looking for ways to have assisted suicide legalized are convinced that absolutely everyone should pass away having self-respect as well as without the need of enduring fatal health problems and this needs to be the patients rightful option (Pretzer, 2000)....

Words: 1659 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...The entire film is focused on the ethical dilemma on physician assisted suicide; and how a patients decision affects the people surrounding them. It is no surprise there is a major ethical debate regarding the idea and action of euthanasia. Although, this is not a black and white issue, there is not precise right and wrong, mainly because each patient, doctor, and family situation is unique on a case by case basis. The most compelling and emotionally charged case in the film is Cody’s story. Cody is suffering from a countless amount of complications in her battle of terminal cancer. Cody acknowledges she doesn't want to die, but since she knows she will, she states “With death with dignity you do have some control over whats going to happen, you can offer that to your family. So it means you can have some good times…and have things be as normal as possible without being focused on when she is going to die because you know that.” It seems that control is a common theme throughout the patients feelings in the film. Cody states that struggling, being in pain, and loosing control of her bodily functions was humiliating. Bodily autonomy seems to be Cody’s main feeling in defending her choice, she says its comforting knowing the pills are there, and its her choice when she takes them and when she decides to take them. Cody’s son doesn’t deal well with his...

Words: 871 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide 1. Explain how the Patient Bill of Rights applies to this case. Nurse Nancy is violating the Patient Bill of Rights because Mrs. Jones did not make her own decision to end her life as a form of treatment. Mrs. Jones has the right to be involved in every aspect of treatment and can refuse treatment at any time. The patient is expecting reasonable continuity of care even though she might die. The patient’s doctor is supposed to inform Mrs. Jones if her condition is worsening and if she needs to seek different treatment options. Nurse Nancy did not ask the patient if she wanted to die, she just assumed because the patient is very ill that she may want to end her life. 2. Identify and explain at least three ethical considerations. Ethically it is a nurse’s job to help the doctor preserve a patient’s life. However, Nurse Nancy is the one that is with Mrs. Jones more and sees the drastic effect that the cancer has taken on her. Nurse Nancy has compassion for Mrs. Jones and knows that she is suffering from cancer, so to alleviate the pain she wants to help her end her life. Nurse Nancy needs to ask Mrs. Jones if she wants to die early because of her status as a single mom. In the event that Mrs. Jones does want Nurse Nancy to help her end her life she will need to make preparations for the care of child. Secondly, is it right for nurse Nancy to try and play God and end Mrs. Jones life? How does she know that she won’t get better?...

Words: 1340 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Abstract This paper identifies and explains how the Patient Bill of Rights applies to Nancy giving Mrs. Jones an extra dose of narcotic. It also discusses three ethical and three legal considerations. It also identifies and explains three business considerations. Finally it explains what the manager should do in this situation and why. Improving the end of life and advocating for a “good death” has become the mission of many dedicated individuals and organizations, and is also a frequent subject of research and focus for policy improvements (Jennings, Runder, and D’Onofrio, 2003). Assisted Suicide Effective health care requires collaboration between patients and physicians and other health care professionals. Open and honest communication, respect for personal and professional values, and sensitivity to differences are integral to optimal patient care. As the setting for the provision of health services, hospitals must provide a foundation for understanding and respecting the rights and responsibilities of patients, their families, physicians, and other caregivers. Hospitals must ensure a health care ethic that respects the role of patients in decision making about treatment choices and other aspects of their care. Hospitals must be sensitive to cultural, racial, linguistic, religious, age, gender, and other differences as well as the needs of persons with disabilities (A patient’s bill of rights, 1992)....

Words: 788 - Pages: 4