Free Essay

Asthma

In: Other Topics

Submitted By hlk2
Words 1039
Pages 5
Topic: The Life-threatening Disease Asthma
Organization: Topical
Specific Purpose: At the end of my presentation, I want my audience to be educated on the conditions of asthma, how to manage the disease, and how to help someone under an attack.

I. INTRODUCTION

A. Attention Getter: What illness do you think is the leading cause for children missing 14.4 school days and 14.2 million adults missing a workday? Well I personally thought the common cold or fever would be the leading cause, but in 2008 the American Lung Association deemed Asthma as the illness responsible (“Asthma”, 2010)

B. Relevance: Allergy season is here. Since allergies are a main contributing cause of asthma attacks, it is important to know the signs and symptoms which could save the lives of many and even your own.

C. Credibility: Having my first asthma attack at the age of 10 was a terrifying experience. My lungs began closing up and I did not know whether I was going to breath again. However, my coach knew exactly what was happening to me and helped me through every step of the attack, saving my life. Because of the impact of my coach being educated on this life-threatening disease, I feel it’s truly necessary for my community to be capable of the same actions on anyone who may have a potential attack.

D. Central Idea: Asthma is a disease that affects millions of people. If you or someone you know is affected by it, the importance to fully understand the condition is key to managing it.

E. Initial Preview: To fully understand Asthma and its conditions, it is vital to know the basics of the disease, the triggers of the disease, and potential treatments to prevent the disease.

Transition: First, let us look at what Asthma is.

II. BODY

A. Asthma is the inflammation or continuous swelling, redness, and narrowing of the airways to your lungs, which is a serious, and sometimes life-threatening through suffocation.

1. Inflammation is the body’s way of defending and repairing itself from bad environmental conditions.

2. The American Lung Association stated that people who have asthma have sensitive airways and can increase the continual swelling by inhaling specific substances that trigger an ‘attack’ or ‘episode’.

3. According to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, the airways react when it becomes narrow because of the muscles tightening around it, which causes swelling and increased mucus production. This reaction causes asthma symptoms, so treating them immediately can prevent a fatal attack.

4. The exact cause of asthma is unknown, but the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute concludes that genetics and inheritance are the main contributing causes, which include: a) An inherited tendency to develop allergies b) Direct contact with an allergen or viral infection in infancy c) Parents with asthma d) Specific respiratory infections during adolescence (bronchitis) ("Asthma and children," 2010).

Transition: Now that you know some of the basics of asthma, knowing the specific triggers and symptoms is the next step to better understand the disease.

A. Many things can trigger asthma symptoms. Some triggers include: 1. Animal’s hair, (cockroaches) 2. Mold, Pollen, Dust 3. Changes in Weather 4. Air Pollution- an environmental exposure such as ground level ozone produced by cars causing a major problem in big cities. People can also develop asthma from this who were previously healthy 5. Tobacco Smoke 6. Aspirin (anti-inflammatory drugs) 7. Sulfites in foods 8. The common cold or respiratory infection 9. Exercise
3. Some common signs of asthma are: a) Coughing- especially at night or early in the morning, making it hard to sleep. b) Wheezing when you breathe. ("Asthma," 2011) c) Your chest tightening or squeezing together usually with chest pains d) And shortness of breath, out of breath (worsens with physical activity) ("Asthma," 2011) Abnormal breathing pattern
4. Emergency symptoms include: a) Bluish lips ("Asthma," 2011) b) Severe drowsiness, confusion, and level of alertness c) Breathing extremely difficult ("Asthma," 2011). d) Rapid pulse e) Severe anxiety f) Sweating

Transition: Now with a full understanding of the basics of asthma and what causes it, knowing how to treat and prevent it is the final step in the understanding process.

B. Although there is no known way to prevent asthma, one can treat and control the condition with these various methods: e) Avoid triggers as often as possible, with the exception of exercise f) Medications like inhalers decrease inflammation g) Track and record symptoms and attacks and go to EMS in a severe attack h) Use a Peak Flow Meter which show how well air moves out of your lungs. i) Get regular asthma checkups ("What is asthma?", 2011)

2. Assisting someone in an attack:

A. Stay calm. Watching someone having an asthma attack is frightening.
B. Ask them what must be done. Ask them if they have an inhaler and where they have kept it. If they don't have an inhaler, ask if anyone else around has an inhaler. Also ask the victim if they want you to call for help.
C. Find a written instruction card if they can’t speak.
D. Get into a sitting position.
E. Assist with inhaler.
F. If attack does not subside in 10 minutes, call for help.

III. CONCLUSION

A. Transition: So, now you should better understand what Asthma is all about.

B. Final Summary: After learning about what asthma is, what triggers it, and how to treat it, you can determine if you or anyone close to you is living with the condition.

C. Memorable Closing: So, having asthma for almost 9 years now, I feel like I can handle a bad air day. I hope that now you can too handle a bad air day yourself or help out with someone else’s.

References:

A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia. (2011). Asthma. Retrieved from A.D.A.M. Inc. website: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001196/.

Asthma. (2010, February). American Lung Association. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/asthma/.

Explore Asthma. (2011). National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/asthma/.

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