Premium Essay

Athens Aropolis

In: Historical Events

Submitted By heaya
Words 1298
Pages 6
Acropolis,which located in central Athens acropolis hill, is the most outstanding ancient Greek buildings. Greek for “Acropolis” means “high city” or “Takaoka on the city-state.” As a representative work of ancient Greek architecture, Acropolis of Athens has reached the highest level of sacred buildings, temples, orders and sculptures in ancient Greece. These ancient buildings can be rated as the heritage of mankind and architectural masterpiece, and hold an important position in architecture history. Acropolis, including four greatest ancient Greek art masterpieces—Parthenon Temple, the Propylaea, the Erechtheum and Temple of Athena Nike, is considered to be a symbol of the world’s traditional concepts. Due to the history, there are many Parthenon marbles which they removed from the temple and transported to England in the British museum. Many people require England to return sculptures while others do not want to. It is a controversy topic and different people have very different opinions. In my point of view, returning is necessary because cultural treasures from ancient civilizations belong in the places they come from. Also, the cultural importance of the marbles are very strong, not only do they possess the power to almost unlock the past of ancient Greece but as well they have the power to unite the local Citizens of Greece to their true heritage. The Acropolis is used to prevent foreign invasion of the fortress, surrounded by the walled hilltop, site of the ancient Acropolis hill in the south. In 5th century BC, during the period of democratic politics ruled by Athens slave owners, the Acropolis became the religious center of the State. Since Greece defeated Persian’s invasion by joint efforts of several other city-states, it was viewed as a national symbol. Upon every religious festival or national celebration, citizens lined up the mountain for...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Classical Societies

...Classical Societies. Maria HUM/205 There is an incredible amount of artwork from the Classical societies, which inspired artists and artists today. Art can reveal an extensive amount of information regarding the culture and background of the society, which it was created. To examine artwork in relation to the culture of the each society, the artwork must be analyzed in variety of ways. The artwork that will be examined will be the Parthenon from the Classical Greece period, The Scraper from the Hellenistic Period, and the tombs from the Etruscan Civilization. The Parthenon is a great example of the Doric style of architecture from the Classical Greek period, as shown in Figure 1. The Parthenon was built by Perikles, the great Athenian leader. It was built on the highest point and was the largest building on the mainland. (Benton & DiYanni, 2008, pp. 66-121) The Parthenon was made of marble and was built in 447-432 BCE. Parthenon is a temple dedicated to the Goddess Athena. ("The Parthenon") An image of Athena made out of gold and ivory stands in the Parthenon. (Benton & DiYanni, 2008, pp. 66-121) The Greeks believed she helped them defeat the Persian Empire during the Persian Wars. The Parthenon is known to symbolize wealth and power of the Athenians. Tax money of the people was used to pay for the building. Ironically, the building was used as a state treasury, which held tax money that the Dalian League collected. The society was proud of its culture and......

Words: 866 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Athens and Sparta Essay

...Athens and Sparta existed from 2000 B.C. to 404 B.C. Sparta came around when the helots were conquered in a village that was named Sparta which became their capital. Athens were sea traders and were big on trade, which might have been a reason why their city-state came about. Sparta was located in a village down in a valley. They were a rigid and highly militarized society. Their location may have helped explain why Sparta developed different from Athens. Athens was an attic peninsula that was built inland. Their city-state was built around the rocky hill of Acropolis. Sparta was ruled by two kinds. One king led the army, while the other took care of the matters at home. The Council of Elders were made up of 28 male citizens over 60. They were usually wealthy and high in power. They proposed laws and served as a criminal court. An assembly consisted of all male citizens over 30 voted on those laws proposed by the Council of Elders to accept or reject them. The helots in Sparta hated the Spartans and what they did, because they had no say and were treated as a low class. Athens was a democracy ruled by Cleisthenes. What he first did was divide Athen’s citizens into 10 tribes. Then each tribe chose 50 men. And those men formed what we call the Council of Five Hundred. The members served for one year and couldn’t be chosen more than twice. They proposed laws to the assembly, but the assembly had the final word. The court became more democratic also. Jurors were citizens chosen......

Words: 1303 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ancient Greece

...own laws, government and money but they shared the same language and religion. The two most important city states were Athens and Sparta. Legacy of the Ancient Greeks - (How Ancient Greece influenced modern day culture.) The influence of the Ancient Greeks are still felt by us today. The major impact in our lives today are in the arts, in philosophy, and in science, math, literature and politics. How do we know about ancient Greece We know much about the Ancient Greeks from objects which have survived for thousands of years. Archaeologists have dug up Ancient Greek artifacts and buildings and marine archaeologists have found wrecks of Ancient Greek ships and their cargoes. Pottery has been the most useful find because it was often decorated with scenes of everyday life. We could work out what life was like by studying the pictures on the pots. The Romans liked the buildings, statues and paintings of the Ancient Greeks and copied them. Some of these have survived. Men Men had a much better life in Ancient Greece than women. Only men could be full citizens. Only men made the important decisions. Normally, only men fought in armies, took part in sports and met in public. Women Spartan women were taught reading and writing and skills to protect themselves in battle. They had more freedom than women and girls living in Athens. As well...

Words: 2012 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...Parthenon in Athens VS Pantheon in Rome The Parthenon and Pantheon are ancient temples found in Athenian Acropolis, Greece and Rome, Italy. While the Parthenon was built between 447-438 BC for the goddess Athena, Pantheon was built in 126 AD to celebrate Roman gods. The Parthenon was built by Iktinos and Kalikrates while Pantheon was built by Publius Aelius Hadrianus. Today, the Pantheon serves as a Roman catholic church while the Parthenon serves as a museum (Langmead, and Christine, 240). This paper identifies similarities and differences between the two structures in terms of design, style, history, and usage. Perhaps, one of the most remarkable and prominent works of architecture; the Parthenon was built under the rule of Pericles as a temple for the goddess Athena of the city of Athens. Today, the temple, which serves as a temple, stands astoundingly intact. This emanates from the fact that its Doric columns that were built in Greek style were formidable. Conversely, the construction of the Pantheon happened much later after the Parthenon for the Roman gods (MacDonald and Lloyd, 158). It contained several architectural designs of the Pantheon. The most conspicuous difference between the two structures lies in their architectural designs. The Pantheon has an immense 4,535 metric tons of concrete rotunda designed in a circular model with a porch held brickwork Corinthian columns. The structure is made from several materials that include concrete, brick, marble, and......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Greek Inventions

...The people of ancient Greece lived nearly 4,000 years ago. Yet even today, their culture impacts our lives! We received many gifts from the ancient Greeks. Ancient Greek Inventions are in fact the original concepts of some of our most well known products, to this day. Those original concepts have just taken on a more modern form. OLYMPICS: The first Olympics games are usually given the start year of 776 BCE, but they probably began even sooner. The ancient Greeks loved competitions of all sorts, especially sporting competitions. The Olympics were not the onlycompetition games held in ancient Greece, but they were the most popular. The Greeks took the Olympic games quite seriously. Nearly all the ancient Greek cities sent teams to participate in the ancient Greek Olympics. If two or more Greek city-states happen to be at war with each other when the game date arrived, war was halted for the duration of the games. Everyone wanted their city-state to win! Sciences Greece has importantly influenced the Western science in many ways. The Ancient Greeks especially contributed many things to the scientific world, from medicine to astronomy. The most famous ancient Greek scientists and their work are briefly described below. Thales of Miletus (640-610 to ca 548-545 BC) had travelled widely in quest of knowledge, visiting Crete, Phoenicia, and Egypt. Ηe brought Phoenician navigational techniques into Miletus. Thales is also said to have tried to revise the calendar. He also...

Words: 2283 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

English Communication

...depart to Eleftherios Venizelos(엘레프테리오스 베네젤로스) Airport in Athens. It totally takes about 15 hours. After arriving at Athens, we will move to the city by bus and subway. And we will rest at the Hotel on the first day. The second day, we will go to Santorini. So On this day, we gonna take public transportation, ferry and rental car. In the morning, we will check out the hotel and move to dock and depart to Santorini by Ferry. We can get to the ferry dock through subway line no.1. At Santorini, we go to these places. The first place is Kamari Beach. Kamari beach is the most popular beach at Santorini. The sand of the beach is black and there are many restaurants which sell traditional food of Greece. So we can enjoy the attractive atmosphere of Santorini at Kamari beach. The next place is pyrgos. Pyrgos is a castle in Santorini. The beautiful color of Pyrgos became symbol of Greece. We can see these beautiful sight at the top of the castle. There are also many stores on the way to go castle. The last place we will go at Santorini is the Oia village. The sunset at this village is very famous. When we go to the west of the village, we can see all the Santorini colored with red at sunset hour. The first place is Acropolis. This is the ancient place of Athens. We can see parthenon and other Greek ancient temples at here. The next place is Syntagma Square. Syntagma is the central place of Athens. We can look around National assembly building and......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Ancient Athens

...Ancient Athens In this paper, I will be discussing the two forms of conflict that rose within Ancient Athens. The paper will be divided into three parts. The first part will show the dispute between aristocrats and peasants between land ownership and slavery. It will begin by explaining the different types of land and the categorization of citizens in Athens. The second part will exhibit the conflict between aristocratic families over political power to keep tradition of loyalty within family. I will elaborate on the conflict and show how Solon tried to change that. The third part of the paper will analyze the political constitution that was created to make a balance of power. For my sources I will use the life of Solon in The Rise and Fall of Athens: Nine Greek Lives by Plutarch, and a class document analyzing the Athenian political constitution. I Athens’s had 3 main landowners, which were consist of the Hill Peasants, the Plains, and the Shore. The shore was not used much for farming. However, the others were. The Hill peasants had land filled with many small poor farms that didn’t produce much crops and had poor quality. The reason they were considered poor quality was because the hills were dry, which was not good for farming. Another reason was the slope of the hill allowed for rundown of water to bypass the top of the hill and immediately go down to the plains where the other farms were. The plains received the rundown from the hills and all proper nutrients.......

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Athen 2004 Olympic

...The case is about how Gianna Angelopoulous, the charismatic leader of Greece, led the bidding organization that secured the 2004 Olympics for Athens and then later the preparations for those Games. Considering the past failures of Greece to win the bid for the 1996 Summer Olympics, she changed the bidding strategy by implementing merit-based strategy instead of asking for Greece’s right being the root of Olympic. Gia nna and her team, finally, won the bid. After substantial planning problems threatened to cost Greece the Olympics, Angelopoulos was asked by the prime minister of Greece to take over the preparations, with only 4 of the 7 years remaining. A combination of her extraordinary leadership skills and hard-work enabled Greece to host the 2004 Athens Olympic Games and make a memory of it in the mind of the world’s citizens. In what ways are the bid processes and preparations for the Games similar or different leadership challenges? * Political issues and government bureaucracies was one of the challenges that Gianna had to deal with during the preparation stage while it wasn’t a challenge in the bid process. * In both processes, Gianna had a deadline but the difference was that in the preparation stage Gianna had to carry out the work load of 7 years plan in 4 years. * In the preparation process, Gianna had to deal with the main challenge which was the increase in the costs for most of the projects due to the delay. * In both, the bid......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Pantheon vs the Parthenon

...The Pantheon vs. The Parthenon The Pantheon and the Parthenon are both ancient temples. While the Pantheon was built in Rome to celebrate all the Roman gods, the Parthenon was built in Ancient Greece for the goddess Athena. The Parthenon pre-dates the Pantheon by about six centuries; it was built around 447-438 BCE, while the Pantheon was built in 126 CE. The Pantheon was originally built by Marcus Agrippa in 27 BC, during this time he was part of the senate for the third time. The entire Pantheon was destroyed except for the facade, then Emperor Hadrian rebuilt it on the same site in 126 AD. The Parthenon was built during the Classical period between 447 and 438 BC by Iktinos and Kallikrates as a temple to Athens to honor the patron goddess, Athena. Romans were particularly skilled at concrete construction, and the Pantheon is the first temple to combine this technique with Greek classical orders. The 142-foot-diameter rotunda is the focal point of the building and reigned for nearly 2 millennia (until 1960) as the largest dome ever built. Today's Pantheon ("Temple of All the Gods") is not the original. Marcus Agrippa's Pantheon burned down in 80 AD, was rebuilt by Domitian, and again burned down in 110 AD. Emperor Hadrian completely restored the building in 126 AD. The Pantheon is the first temple to combine concrete construction, a technique in which the Romans were especially innovative with the more conservative, if not decorative use of......

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

War and Love

...Women’s Power Thao Vo Monday 4:30-5:45 War, the word that has been and will always be the word that no one wants to hear or think about. Aristophanes, a writer of ancient Athens, wrote a comedy to discuss the serious topic of war and how it affected the Greeks. He is also the author of Lysistrata, a play where Aristophanes expressed his feeling and thought about the war during this period of time. “Aristophanes wrote to express his vision on life, his delight in life itself seen behind the warping screen of contemporary event.” In this play, we will get to see the importance and serious meaning of war toward the union, espectually the soldiers’ family. The play Lysistrata is about the war between Athens and Sparta. This play is about the story of “ an Athenian matron who convinces the women of Athens and Sparta to withhold sex from their husband until they sign a peace treaty.”The main character is Lysistrata, and she is one of the Athens’ women that willingly to stand up toward the men just to bring peace back. She does not want war between the cities in Greeks. Lysistrata wanted to save Greeks and she believed that if all the women agreed then they can achieve the tremendous goal. “So fine it comes to this--Greece saved by Woman!” She held a meeting with all the other women and told them about her plan to bring peace. There is only one way to save the union is to make all the women withhold sexual privileges with their husband. “sexually explicitly to a degree that......

Words: 1917 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Ancient Greek Festivals Bibliography

...Zeus. It consisted of physical competition between men and later the participants performed in the games nude. Woman, slaves, foreigners, and wrongdoers were barred from the competition (the woman held a similar games known as “Heraean”). It is said that being victorious games is a prouder achievement then winning battles. Champions were given numerous awards and were respected by everyone. The games consisted of many events and required participants to train for ten months. Some of the events consisted of running, spear throwing, chariot races and many other popular shows of strength. "PANATHENAIC FESTIVAL." Religious Life. Brooklyn College, n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2015. Panathenaea was the most popular of Athenian festivals and was held in Athens. The celebration was held on the 28th of the first Athenian month and was celebrated as the birthday of Athena. Panathenaea was known for its allowing of almost anyone to participate, even women and foreigners. Over time the festivity was believed to have grown in time length and took up to eight days. During those days there was much rejoicing, which took form in many different events, a few being sacrifices and competitions held for many different physical and artistic activities. The final day of the festival consisted of gift giving to the goddess Athena and rewards to victors in competition. The last day consisted of a large feast and general celebration. "Rituals_Dion.html." Rituals_Dion.html. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.......

Words: 439 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

How Did Ancient Greek Art Influence The Western World

...Things we see and hear today may have been around for thousands of years. Ancient Greek art has influenced the western world greatly. They left behind brilliant ideas for the future generations to admire. It’s amazing on how much the ancient Greeks accomplished in such a technology limited world at the time. Perhaps, that was the reason why they had their radar on the arts and imagination. The Greeks created classical construction masterpieces as their platforms of entertainment, such as the Panathenaic Stadium, which held several Greek festive events and athletic games. Before it was built, all the Olympic Games were held in Olympia, a sanctuary devoted to Zeus. It was a religious festival just as much as a sporting event. Lots of preparation...

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Spartan Women Research Paper

...Research Essay Question: 3.) To what extent were Spartan woman essential to the success of the Spartan state? Introduction Spartan woman out of all the Greeks were said to be the strongest mentally and physically for their time, there rules and responsibilities were flexible and they had more rights compared to any other Greek woman of that time and were treated equal and had the right to learn and be trained in self-defence and played many sports like Spartan man, which became essential to the success of the Spartan state. In 405 BC Sparta defeated and conquered the Athens and ruled for around 30 years in the ancient Greek society, with this the woman of the Spartan state helped achieve this goal with their skills and hardships which...

Words: 420 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...| Geography | The Theme of Place – Sacred Places | | | Greece is a country of beautiful and historical architecture and landscape. Some of the historic buildings date back from 2800 BC. The Acropolis in Greece is one of the world’s most significant monuments. The Parthenon, one of the structures within the Acropolis, has become a meaningful sacred place for the people of Greece. The temple is dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, who is the virgin patron of Athens [ (Gray) ]. Athena represents the gifts of intellect and understanding and is the symbol of the universal human aspiration for wisdom. The Parthenon has served as a Greek temple, a treasury, a fortress, a church and a mosque [ (Rhodes) ]. It also functioned to protect the statue of Athena, made of gold and ivory. The physical features of the monument allowed it to become a place of worship for many. The Acropolis is part of a limestone ridge that cuts through the Attica plateau in the northeast to the southwest and includes the hills of Likavitos, Philopappos, Nymphs and the Pnyx [ (Sakoulas) ]. It is located 156 meters above the valley of Ilissos and is essentially a flat-topped rock that measures 300 meters long by 150 meters wide. The construction of the Parthenon began in 447 BC and was only completed in 432 BC. Due to the numerous landfills that have been created to accommodate construction of the temples since the Mycenaean era, the top of the rock is flat [ (Sakoulas) ]. The Acropolis......

Words: 491 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ancient Greece Civilizations

...I think that ancient Greece is the most advanced because of all of there inventions, and how they did their daily life, also the Olympics. One thing that they made is what everybody uses. The shower! They would shower after completing athletics and sports. So every time you take a shower and use indoor plumbing be sure to thank the Greeks. Also gum! Who doesn’t like gum? Long before our time women used to chew mas-tee-ka. It was the resin from the bark of the mastic tree. Women would chew it to clean their teeth and sweeten there breath. Another important this that we do before we leave is lock the door. Yep that’s right the Greeks invented the door lock. Instead of using a board to block the door they invented the door lock, which is way more efficient and protective then a door. A very smart way to save space in a house is a spiral staircase. Which the Greek invented. It was a very smart tool for is you have a small house and need more space. The Greeks were very smart of inventing this and spiral staircases are very fun. In the Greeks daily life it was very different for man and women. The men were expected to take an active part in the public life or their city. The women on the other hand would do the duties of being a wife and mother. A big part of Greeks life was slaves. Families that were very wealthy would have slaves. The slaves had the responsibility of doing daily chores, going shopping, and sometimes helping out with the children.......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3