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August Comte

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Submitted By syarmeynB
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Sharmaine T. Ballesteros
AC21KA1

August Comte (Auguste Comte)

Three stages in understanding society: 1. Theological stage
The Theological stage refers to explanation by personified deities. During the earlier stages, man believed that all three phenomena of nature are the creation of the divine or supernatural. Man and children failed to discover the natural causes of various phenomena and hence attributed them to supernatural or divine power. Comte broke this stage into 3 sub-stages:
1A. Fetishism- Fetishism was the primary stage of the theological stage of thinking. Throughout this stage, the primitive people had a belief that inanimate object had living spirit in it, also known as animism. People worshipped inanimate objects like tress, stones, a piece of wood, etc. Fetishism is present in all religions, but the use of the concept in the study of religion derives from studies of traditional West African religious beliefs, as well as from Voodoo, which in turn derives from those beliefs.
1B. Polytheism - The explanation of things through the use of many Gods. Primitive people believe that each natural force were controlled by different Gods; a few examples would be God of water, God of rain and God of fire, God of air, etc. Polytheists do not always worship all the gods equally, but can beHenotheists, specializing in the worship of one particular deity. Other polytheists can beKathenotheists, worshipping different deities at different times.
1C. Monotheism - Monotheism means believing in one God or God in one; attributing all to a single, supreme deity. Monotheism is characteristic of Atenism, Bahá'í, Faith, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Sabianism, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism. Ethical monotheism and the associated concept of absolute good and evil emerge in Zoroastrianism and Judaism, later culminating in the doctrines of Christology in…...

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