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Autism

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Submitted By mmfoster
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English 2
Research essay
11/30/11

What Is Autism, What Can Cause It, and What Treatments Are There?

I remember the first time I watched my two year old niece Melody. It was the middle of July so I decided to take her to the local swimming pool. I thought we would have a blast but I was quickly met with the realization that the day was going to be very challenging. Melody was not at all entertained by the company of all the other children there. She was quite content in her own company. She also seemed to have trouble understanding me, which made it extremely hard for me to comfort her, or persuade her to stay in the pool area where we were set up, or pretty much anything that I wanted her to do. Melody was constantly walking away to the other end of swimming pool, when I tried to get her to come back she screamed, and not any old scream it was a horrific scream, like I was really hurting her. Since then I have been over to my brother’s house several times to see Melody but I am yet to take her on my own again. After observing Melody on those few occasions I decided to do some research on autism and other associated disorders. What is Autism? Autism is a disorder that affects brain development that impairs social interaction and communication (Autism-Help.Org, 2000-2010). Autism is not fully understood by doctors and scientist but is often referred to as one of the disorders listed under the autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Autism spectrum disorders have three main groups, and two rare, severe autistic like conditions; Asperger's syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder, autistic disorder, Rett's syndrome, and childhood disintegrative disorder (Web MD, 2010). There is no one type of autism, every individual case is unique. The type of behaviors and severity differ in every individual case. Autism affects the way that children behave,...

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