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Autonomy And Euthanasia Essay-Assisted Suicide

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Euthanasia is an assisted suicide, also known as mercy killing. In other words, it is the act of killing someone who has a painful incurable disease. Actually, euthanasia is a very controversial issue. Some people claim that it is a solution for patients who are terminally ill. However, I totally disagree with this kind of solution.
3.1 Autonomy
People's autonomy or self-determination is an important concept in the debate on legalizing euthanasia. Proponents argue that the ban on euthanasia imposes too great a limit on the individual's scope for controlling the end of his or her life and what shape death will take. Opponents, on the other hand, argue that self-determination would be false autonomy with respect to euthanasia, or
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The word autonomy is a compound made up of the ancient Greek words for `self' (autos) and `law' (nomos). In one sense of the word, then, autonomy is about the person who is autonomous granting himself his own determination. Underlying the idea of autonomy, therefore, is the notion that the individual himself should have the freedom to define the parameters that determine his life and choose his ideals regarding the way life ought to be lived. That does not necessarily mean that everything is perceived as being equally good and equally acceptable, as long as it is the individual himself who has made that determination, because regard for the individual's autonomy does not exclude the relevance of observing other considerations too, such as regard for others' lives and lifestyles and regard for the values of the community. But if it is felt that the individual ought basically to be treated as an autonomous being, it is because relatively great weight is attached to humankind's ability and responsibility to choose how to determine or plan its own life conduct.[7] It should be noted that this concept of autonomy does not rule out an autonomous person continually choosing throughout life to base his life conduct on a set of values and standards from a religious persuasion, a political party or suchlike. Anyone who does advocate autonomy simply needs to recognize the value …show more content…
Promoting the individual's scope for self-determination, in this sense, means extending the field of actions that others may carry out on one's behalf if so asked. If the possibility of being self-determining is associated primarily with the extent of legal options, there will not be the same degree of focus on the independent value of autonomy as above, but rather on the value of the course of action under review. In other words, one can argue from the baseline that personal autonomy per se is something to be aspired to, or one can imply that autonomy chiefly signifies freedom of choice and is thus a tool for achieving a goal worthy of aspiring to, which in the case of euthanasia is to

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