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Aversion Therapy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By anserplouis
Words 759
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There are many types of alcohol abuse treatment programs ranging from behaviorally based programs such as inpatient treatment and therapeutic support, or outpatient non-methadone alcohol abuse treatment to biologically based alcohol abuse treatment such as pharmacotherapeutic treatment, hypnotism, or acupuncture.Each form of alcohol abuse treatment has focused ideas about addiction and the best method to treat it. One such form of biologically based alcohol abuse treatment is aversive conditioning in which the patient is conditioned to associate the addiction to a negative outcome. Alcohol addiction stems from many factors and cannot, generally, be attributed to one cause.Alcohol dependence often follows a chronic, relapsing course (2) similar to other medical disorders, such as diabetes.Despite its psychological and social antecedents, alcohol dependence, once established, is essentially a brain disorder. Without a pharmacological adjunct to psychosocial therapy, the clinical outcome is poor, with up to 70% of patients resuming drinking within 1 year (3, 4)
Whenever the person has a drink, he or she will be reminded of those unpleasant images and sensations.

The person develops an aversion to drinking, which means that the taste and even the thought of alcohol become unpleasant.

Eventually the person loses the desire for alcohol and drinks less.During aversion Therapy, method, drinking is paired with unpleasant images and experiences.For example, the taste of alcohol may be paired with foul odors or with unpleasant experiences in the person's imagination.

When the addictive act is repeated, it creates memories causing the brain to associate the addictive substance with false good memories that can be triggered by stimuli.Addiction is often psychologically based causing the brain to associate the addictive substance to false feelings of wellbeing.Aversion...

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