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Aviation Crashes

In: Historical Events

Submitted By krazynavybiker
Words 2765
Pages 12
8.5 - Term Paper Assignment Submission
Historic Air Disasters
Richard DeWayne Gwinn
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
My paper will cover some of the most horrific air disasters in aviation history. I will be using information from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and news media to draw my conclusion of the events. I will then explain how these air disasters changed aviation, what rules were put in place, what changes to aircraft design were made or what training was needed to prevent a repeat of the incident. I believe this topic is important to the history of aviation in America because we learn from our mistakes and with every aircraft incident new regulations were developed to increase the safety of flight.

In this paper, we will be revisiting three airline crashes that changed aviation. 1956 Grand Canyon mid-air collision, 1977 Tenerife Airport Disaster, and 1992 El Al Flight 1862. I believe that these three flights had a significant impact on aviation in terms of safety, design and procedures that are in place today.
1956 Grand Canyon mid-air collision
The midair collision between these two airliners led to the birth of the modern air traffic control system. (, 2015) On June 30, 1956 a United Airlines Douglas DC-7 (United Airlines Flight UA 718) struck a Trans World Airlines Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation (Trans World Airlines Flight TWA 2) over the Grand Canyon, causing both aircraft to crash and 128 passengers to perish. This accident took place during a time when air traffic control (ATC) did not use radar and tracked aircraft via reporting points after a pilot made a report to his company dispatcher. Because ATC did not have radar and was not in direct communication with the pilots it was not possible to know an aircraft's exact location or...

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