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Ayesha Jalal

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History 46 Fall 2014 MW 3:00-4:15 pm
Ayesha Jalal Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy

Bounded by the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean the vast South Asian subcontinent contains a teeming population that constitutes a fifth of humanity. Boasting one of the world's oldest civilizations it has had a tumultuous modern history. In the living museum of the subcontinent's history there are paradoxes galore. A common heritage and environment notwithstanding, South Asia presents a picture of social complexity, economic disparity, cultural diversity and political heterogeneity. This course will examine the formation and the shifting contours of the rich mosaic of modern South Asia.

A semester's study permits an analytical rather than a comprehensive survey of the society, economy and politics of the subcontinent. Beginning with a rapid overview of India's premodern and early modern history, the bulk of the course will concentrate on the changes and continuities during two centuries of British rule from the mideighteenth to the midtwentieth centuries. A short concluding segment will be devoted to postindependence developments.
Primarily a lecture course, time will be available at the end of each class for questions and discussion. It is important to read ahead in order to participate in some of the major debates in South Asian history and historiography. The following books have been ordered for purchase at the College Bookstore:

Required:
1) Sugata Bose and Ayesha Jalal, Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy
2) C.A.Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire
3) Sugata Bose and Ayesha Jalal (eds.), Nationalism, Democracy and Development: State and Politics in India

Recommended:
1) Saadat Hasan Manto, Black Milk
2) Salman Rushdie, Midnight's Children

3) Kalpana Bardhan (ed.), Of Women, Outcastes, Peasants, and Rebels

Equally important are the other required readings on reserve in the Tisch Library and posted on Trunk in the readings folder under the lecture headings. It is essential that you do the readings before each class. The requirements for successful completion of the course include: class attendance and participation (10%), in class midterm exam (25%) on October 22, a fourpage review of a literary work chosen in consultation with me (15%) due on November 18 and a final take home exam (50%). My office hours are on Mondays between 1:15 and 2:45 pm and Tuesdays between 1:30 pm and 3:00 pm in 009 East Hall. I can also be reached via email at ayesha.jalal@tufts.edu.

Calendar of Topics and Assignments

(*denotes recommended reading and # denotes readings and films on Trunk)

Wed., Sept.3 Introduction

Mon., Sept.8 Unravelling India's Ancient Heritage

Sugata Bose & Ayesha Jalal, Modern South Asia, chs.1 and 2
Sugata Bose & Ayesha Jalal (eds.), Nationalism, Democracy and Development, chs.1
#Upinder Singh, A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India, pp. 349-356
*#Nayanjot Lahiri, Finding Forgotten Cities, pp. 1-27

Wed., Sept.10 Unravelling India's IndoIslamic Heritage

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.3
#Catherine Asher and Cynthia Talbot, India Before Europe, chs.2 and 3
*#Romila Thapar, Somanatha: the Many Voices of a History, pp. 1-17
*#Chitralekha Zutshi, Languages of Belonging, pp. 16-56

Mon., Sept.15 The Mughal Empire: State, Economy and Society

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.4
*#Muzaffar Alam and Sanjay Subrahmanyam (eds.), The Mughal State, pp. 1-16

Wed., Sept. 17 The Remaking of India? The Mughals and their Arts

#Babarnama, selections
Consult South Asia Polyphonic History Website

Mon. Sept.22 India Between Empires: Decline or Decentralization?

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.5
C.A.Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire, ch.1
#Alam and Subrahmanyam (eds.), The Mughal State, pp. 55-71
*#Mir Taqi Mir, Zikr-i-Mir

Wed., Sept.24 The Transition to Colonialism: the late 18th Century

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.6
Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire, chs.2 and 3

Mon., Sept.29 The First Century of British Rule, 1757 to 1857: State and Economy

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.7
Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire, ch.4
#Partha Chatterjee, The Black Hole of Empire, pp. 12-32

Wed., Oct.1 Company Raj and Indian Society, 1757 to 1857: Reform and Resistance

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.8
Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire, ch.5
#R.Guha and G.Spivak (eds.), Selected Subaltern Studies, pp.4586

Mon., Oct.6 1857: Rebellion, Collaboration and the Transition to Crown Raj

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.9
Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire, ch.6 and conclusion
*#Guha and Spivak (eds.), Selected Subaltern Studies, pp.129175
*#William Dalrymple, The Last Mughal, ch. 4
*#Film: Satyajit Ray’s The Chess Players – to be seen this week at http://tischmcvodportal.library.tufts.edu/launch/TheChessPlayers

Wed., Oct.8 High Noon of Colonialism, 1858 to 1914: State and Political Economy

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.10
#Romesh Dutt, The Economic History of India - selection
#Dadabhai Naoroji, Poverty and Un-British Rule in India - selection

Wed., Oct.15 High Noon of Colonialism, 1858 to 1914: Social Reform and Religious Revival

Bose and Jalal, Modern South Asia, pp.86-94
#Sarkar, Modern India, pp.88100
*#Film: Satyajit Ray’s Charulata – to be seen this week at http://tischmcvodportal.library.tufts.edu/launch/Charulata

Mon., Oct.20 A Nation in Making? Swadeshi Nationalism 1858 to 1914

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, pp.94-101
Bose & Jalal (eds.), Nationalism, Democracy and Development, ch.4
*#Guha and Spivak (eds.), Selected Subaltern Studies, pp.89128 and 391426
*#Film: Satyajit Ray’s Home and the World – to be seen this week at http://tischmcvodportal.library.tufts.edu/launch/HomeAndTheWorld

Wed., Oct.22 Midterm Exam

Mon., Oct.27 Colonialism Under Siege: State and Political Economy After World War I

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.12
Bose & Jalal (eds.), Nationalism, Democracy and Development, ch.3

Wed., Oct.29 - Gandhian Nationalism and Radical Social Politics: Enigma and Reality in the 1920s

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.13
*#Guha and Spivak (eds.), Selected Subaltern Studies, pp.231348
*#Jawaharlal Nehru, An Autobiography, ch.11
*#Sugata Bose, His Majesty’s Opponent, pp. 54-70

Mon., Nov. 3 The Depression Decade: Society, Economy and Politics

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.14

#D.Rothermund, 'A Vulnerable Economy: India in the Great Depression' in Bose (ed.), South Asia and World Capitalism
*#Ayesha Jalal, The Sole Spokesman, pp.734

Wed., Nov.5 World War II and its Aftermath: Economic Crisis and Political Confrontation

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.15
#Amartya Sen, Poverty and Famines, ch.6

Mon., Nov.10 Documentary film Rebels against the Raj in class

Wed., Nov.12 Partition and Pakistan

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.16
Bose & Jalal (eds.), Nationalism, Democracy and Development, ch.5
#Mushirul Hasan (ed.), India's Partition, introduction, pp.4468 and pp.101131
*#Jalal, Self and Sovereignty, pp.165-186, 324-334, 386-400
*#Jalal, The Sole Spokesman, chs.2 and 7

Mon., Nov.17 1947: its Meaning and Memory

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.17
*#Veena Das, Critical Events, ch.3
*#Film: Pinjar - to be seen this week at http://tischmcvodportal.library.tufts.edu/launch/HomeAndTheWorld
Book Review Due

Wed., Nov.19 Documentary Film The Sky Below in class

Mon., Nov.24 PostColonial South Asia: 194771

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.18
#Jalal, Democracy and Authoritarianism, ch.2
*#Ramachandra Guha, India after Gandhi, pp. 281-299
*#Willem Van Schendel, A History of Bangladesh, pp. 121-171 Mon., Dec.1 PostColonial South Asia: 19712014

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.19
#Jalal, Democracy and Authoritarianism, ch. 5
*#Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen, India: An Uncertain Glory, pp. 213-242
*#Sumantra Bose, Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace, pp.164-200

Wed., Dec.3 Women in Modern South Asian History

#Kumkum Sangari and Sudesh Vaid (eds.), Recasting Women, pp.88126
#Deniz Kandiyoti (ed.), Women, Islam and the State, pp.77175

Mon. Dec.8 Decolonizing South Asian History

Bose & Jalal, Modern South Asia, ch.20
#Jalal, Democracy and Authoritarianism, conclusion

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