Bahasa Indonesia Sebagai Bahasa Pemersatu Bangsa

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Judul:BAHASA INDONESIA SEBAGAI IDENTITAS DAN PENYATU BANGSA MENGHADAPI PENGUBAH SOSIAL Pengarang:Mansoer Pateda Subjek:Sosiolinguistik
BAHASA INDONESIA SEBAGAI IDENTITAS DAN PENYATU BANGSA MENGHADAPI PENGUBAH SOSIAL
Mansoer Pateda
IKIP Gorontalo 1. Fungsi Bahasa IndonesiaSeminar Politik Bahasa Nasional, 25-28 Februari 1975 di Jakarta, antara lain merumuskan bahwa di dalam kedudukannya sebagai bahasa nasional, bahasa Indonesia (selanjutnya disingkat BI) berfungsi sebagai (1) lambang kebanggaan nasional, (2) lambang identitas nasional, (3) pemersatu berbagai masyarakat yang berbeda latar belakang sosial budaya bahasa, dan (4) alat perhubungan antarbudaya dan antardaerah (Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, 1975:5). Dalam pergaulan internasional, BI mewujudkan identitas bangsa sebagai identitas fonik, di samping identitas fisik, yakni bendera merah putih dan garuda Pancasila. Beriringan dengan pesatnya perkembangan BI sebagai lambang identitas nasional, teraktualisasikan pula perkembangan bahasa daerah (selanjutnya disingkat BD) sebagai lambang identitas daerah yang keberadaannya diakui di dalam UUD 1945 yang secara bersamaan dengan BI menghadapi arus globalisasi. Kenyataan menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada persaingan antara BI dan BD. Oleh karena itu, pemerintah tidak ragu-ragu mengonsepkan kurikulum muatan lokal yang memberikan peluang bagi sekolah-sekolah untuk mengajarkan BD di daerah masing-masing. 2. Identitas BangsaSosok yang menunjukkan bahwa dia adalah Indonesia, baik sebagai negara maupun sebagai bangsa, berwujud dalam dua kenyataan, yakni BI yang menampakkan diri sebagai identitas fonik dan merah putih serta Garuda Pancasila sebagai wujud fisik. Jika kita berada di luar negeri, lalu ada bunyi yang kita dengar, misalnya "oh kakiku", serta merta kita mengatakan, ia adalah orang Indonesia tidak peduli, apakah ia orang Batak, Dayak, atau orang Saparua.…...

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