Premium Essay

Balanced Diet

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Tamour04
Words 2043
Pages 9
Balanced diet and dietary needs of different life stages
A general definition of a balanced diet is food intake that not only includes all the dietary needs of the organism (person), but includes the required dietary components, e.g. water, carbohydrates, proteins, dietary fibre, etc., in the correct proportions. A healthy diet includes carbohydrates, proteins, fats, dietary fibre, water, vitamins and minerals. A person's dietary needs change as he or she passes through the different stages of life from birth to childhood, to adulthood and eventually later life. Dietary needs change in terms of the amount (energy value) and type (nutritional content) of foods required for good health.
An important general principle is that more energy is required to support periods of growth and to fuel active lives. ‘Diet’ is the word used to describe the type and amount of food we eat on a daily basis. The term ‘balanced diet’ describes the type and amount of food we need to eat to stay healthy and avoid malnutrition
Food supplies the body with energy to function and be active. Eating too much (over nutrition) or not eating a balanced diet upsets the energy balance unless excess energy is used up. For example in physical activity, overeating leads to ill health caused by being overweight. On the other hand, too low an intake of food can lead to under nutrition, nutritional deficiency diseases and starvation.
Dietary reference values (DRVs) give guidance about the energy and food requirements of different people at different life stages.
The Balance of Good Health
Although peoples dietary needs vary, the types of food we should eat on a daily basis fall into five groups. To achieve a healthy balance, we should eat them in the following relative proportions:
Plenty of bread, other cereals and potatoes
Plenty of fruit and vegetables
Moderate amounts of meat, fish and…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Balanced Diet

... What Is a Balanced Diet? The topic of what makes a balanced diet has undergone radical changes since the 1920's four food groups and then again with the release of the food pyramid guide in 1992. Today, the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes for Health make the following statement: "A balanced diet means getting the right types and amounts of foods and drinks to supply nutrition and energy for maintaining body cells, tissues, and organs, and for supporting normal growth and development." It may be helpful to you to break it down into the following categories: carbohydrates, proteins, fats and fiber. These four groups make up the necessary components for healthy nutrition What is a Balanced Diet? Eating a balanced diet means choosing a wide variety of foods and drinks from all the food groups. It also means eating certain things in moderation, namely saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, refined sugar, salt and alcohol. The goal is to take in nutrients you need for health at the recommended levels. Where to Begin Two examples of a balanced eating pattern are the USDA Food Guide at MyPyramid.gov and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH Diet). Both eating patterns emphasize fruits, vegetables and whole grains, as well as low or no-fat dairy products, and lean animal proteins. Fish is recommended at least two times per week, beans, nuts and seeds are encouraged, and unsaturated fats are always the fats of choice - like olive......

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Balanced Diet

..."Nowadays, a balanced diet is when every McNugget weighs the same." (Harvey Kurtzman, 1983). Do you think the majority of people are really aware of what they eat? In fact, ask yourself if you think you are in good shape or not. It is expected that your honest answer will disclose that you do not know your own body- or what you put in it, too well. Many people might even give some excuses, like “It says `low fat` on the box!” It is important to catch these marketing techniques targeting the unaware or ignorant. It is vital to understand the true meaning of proper nutrition as well as its importance and benefits. What many individuals in the U.A.E. are not aware of is the effects junk food has on their health. Are all marketed “healthy” foods really healthy? The purpose of this research paper is to enlighten the reader of the nutritional lifestyles of people in the United Arab Emirates as well as to explain the negative effects of globalization and its link to the importance of knowledge regarding basic nutrition. In contrast to the past, the U.A.E. is currently facing various negative effects of globalization, especially regarding the expansion of fast-food chains. By way of contrast, there are undoubtedly many positive effects as well. Yet, many believe the negative effects overflow the positive ones. Most professions in the Emirates usually start off at 6 am and continue to late hours in the night Consequently, people are therefore very reliant on food for energy......

Words: 2021 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Balanced Diet

...------------------------------------------------- Overview[edit] Nutritional science investigates the metabolic and physiological responses of the body to diet. With advances in the fields of molecular biology, biochemistry, genetics, the study of nutrition is increasingly concerned with metabolism and metabolic pathways: the sequences of biochemical steps through which substances in living things change from one form to another. The human body contains chemical compounds, such as water, carbohydrates (sugar, starch, and fiber), amino acids (in proteins), fatty acids (in lipids), and nucleic acids (DNA and RNA). These compounds in turn consist of elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, iron, zinc, magnesium, manganese, and so on. All of these chemical compounds and elements occur in various forms and combinations (e.g. hormones, vitamins, phospholipids, hydroxyapatite), both in the human body and in the plant and animal organisms that humans eat. The human body consists of elements and compounds ingested, digested, absorbed, and circulated through the bloodstream to feed the cells of the body. Except in the unborn fetus, the digestive system is the first system involved in obtaining nutrition. In a typical adult, about seven liters of digestive juices enter the digestive tract.[citation needed] These break chemical bonds in ingested molecules, and modulate their conformations and energy states. Though some molecules are absorbed into the......

Words: 8834 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Balanced Diet & Biological Food Groups

...Balanced Diet: A balanced diet is one that contains the correct proportions of the seven food groups that the body needs to function healthily and grow and the diet should also be correctly proportioned to the activity level of the individual. The seven components of a balanced diet: Carbohydrates - The main source of energy the human body needs. Provides a relatively quick source of energy and is used in general life processes. The human diet should comprise of around 60% carbohydrates. The carbohydrate food group contains both simple and complex sugars. Glucose for instance is a simple sugar that can be used quickly in the body. Examples of foodstuffs containing carbohydrates: potatoes, pasta, bread, rice, sugar. Fats - There are many types of fats the main ones being unsaturated which are the ones that our body needs are most beneficial for it. Saturated fats found in animal products can lead to problems like heart disease. Fats are mainly used by our bodies to fuel low impact exercise and they should make up around 25% of our daily diet. This form of energy is more slowly released and therefore is better suited to sustained low level exercise. Examples include: dairy products, nuts, oils and fish. Proteins - Proteins are used to build muscles and to repair muscle damage. Proteins help the body at high intensity performance. They are complex structures made up of amino acid chains, they are essential to growth and tissue growth in the body. Proteins are contained in...

Words: 730 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

How I Achieved My Balanced Diet

...Jessmar A. Viola English 13 B.S. ChE- 1 Ma’am Mayme Olegario How I Achieve a Balanced Diet Balanced diet has become a very crucial step to attain a healthy lifestyle. Several conducted studies show that many people who are inactive to daily tasks and physically unfit are associated to poor diet. In this case, I used to be one of them. When I was in High School, I used to eat only minute amounts of protein and carbohydrates every breakfast and to skip lunch. Because of these improper habits, my health almost deteriorated and eventually, my Body Mass Index lowered from normal to underweight. Later on, I decided to alter my daily routines in my diet. Now, to achieve a balanced diet, consuming food groups at right proportions, partaking junk foods and soft drinks very seldom and controlling my fat and oil intake are ways that I habitually do. First, I always eat the right amount of Go, Grow and Glow Foods. Every meal, these three components are present on my table. I base my Go food diet on starchy foods such as sweet potatoes and rice to get carbohydrates for energy. For my Grow food diet, I make sure there are fishes, less pork and eggs present in any cuisines to get enough protein for body build up. Also for my Glow food Diet, there must be plenty of fruit and vegetables, especially citrus fruits and leafy vegetables in the menu to get vitamins and minerals for body resistance. With the right amount of these components I eat, I always feel......

Words: 535 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dcedcec

...our task was to record a food log. Nutrition requires a well-balanced diet containing nutrient and vitamins like amino acids and fatty acids.Since we have been learning about nutrition in class, our task was to record a food log. Nutrition requires a well-balanced diet containing nutrient and vitamins like amino acids and fatty acids.Since we have been learning about nutrition in class, our task was to record a food log. Nutrition requires a well-balanced diet containing nutrient and vitamins like amino acids and fatty acids.Since we have been learning about nutrition in class, our task was to record a food log. Nutrition requires a well-balanced diet containing nutrient and vitamins like amino acids and fatty acids.Since we have been learning about nutrition in class, our task was to record a food log. Nutrition requires a well-balanced diet containing nutrient and vitamins like amino acids and fatty acids.Since we have been learning about nutrition in class, our task was to record a food log. Nutrition requires a well-balanced diet containing nutrient and vitamins like amino acids and fatty acids.Since we have been learning about nutrition in class, our task was to record a food log. Nutrition requires a well-balanced diet containing nutrient and vitamins like amino acids and fatty acids.Since we have been learning about nutrition in class, our task was to record a food log. Nutrition requires a well-balanced diet containing nutrient and vitamins like amino acids and fatty......

Words: 54451 - Pages: 218

Premium Essay

Power Point

...preventable. They are the most common cause of death in the world and present a great burden for society particularly diseases such as breast cancer diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Eating a well balanced diet can help reduce people’s chances of enduring chronic diseases such as cancer diabetes and cardiovascular disease while at the same time helping them promote a healthy and longer lifestyle. Implementing more vegetables fruits and whole grains in[change to “into” a diet] a diet can be the way to a longer healthier life for people of any age. Lifestyle changes have been seen in studies to decrease cancer risk even in high-risk women. One of the lifestyle changes that can help reduce the risk of cancer is eating a well-balanced diet. Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables as well as whole grains can help reduce a person [Add apostrophe person’s chances of cancer] chances of cancer. The expert panel of the World Cancer Research Fund found that dieting improperly cause [causes] around one-third of all cancers deaths. It suggest[add “s”] dietary diversity to increase the likely hood of increasing balanced as well as more sufficient diets. There was compelling evidence of a well balanced diet or dietary protection against cancer of many portables. The evidence was more compatible for diets with more fruit and vegetables. In Australia in 1995 about 44% of males and 34% of females did not eat fruit for 24 hours prior to the National Nutrition Survey results show that......

Words: 1449 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Dog Food

...the question "What is the best diet to feed a dog?" Or if there is an answer it is, "It depends".   Over the past 37 years I have been examining dogs and cats in my practices I have made it a point to ask the owner "What diet are you feeding?" I have gotten all sorts of answers but in every case I relate the owner's response to what I am seeing in the patient. And over the years my suggestions regarding what to feed have changed.   Originally I took the pet food manufacturer's declarations as fact -- that an assortment of "Complete and Balanced" pet foods were perfectly nourishing because that wording was not legally permitted on pet food labels unless feeding trials demonstrated its veracity. I eventually discovered I was mistaken in the belief that any "Complete and Balanced" dog food was appropriate to feed.   It was in 1978 that I had an awakening. A number of clients were presenting dogs to me that had coarse hair coats and slightly greasy and flaky skin; and often these dogs (and cats!) had chronic itchy skin, hot spots, ear infections and seemed overweight.   So, they were over-caloried but under-nourished. Their calorie intake was up but the food they were consuming simply -- no matter that the pet food label indicated "Complete and Balanced" --was not providing a proper nutrient spectrum to the dog. Sometimes I would simply say that some fatty acid supplements "might help". I was a believer in those "Complete and Balanced" diets. One of the reasons I couldn't...

Words: 1800 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Veganism

...Hendrickson COM/172 April 1, 2014 Warren Starr Abstract Veganism is a popular diet in society today. Although there are many reason why someone would choose such an approach it is vital to learn as much as possible before undergoing a big change. When compared to a key balanced diet, veganism can prove to be equally as nutritional if handled correctly. It is important to understand the fundamentals of a balanced diet before undertaking the substitutions needed for veganism. Protein and calcium are two of the most neglected nutrients for unknowledgeable vegans. The average daily intake is a standard for continuous health and functioning; major issues can arise if not met. Balancing Veganism Diet is a major concern amongst Americans today. There are many reasons why someone would choose a specific diet, whether it be weight loss, allergies, or moral reasons. No matter the concern, many people will jump in with hopes of quick progress. Veganism is one of the top diet choices of today. However, is removing a vital component of nutrition like meat detrimental to one’s health? Are moral issues distracting from nutritional wellness? With the knowledge of proper research veganism can be as nutritionally sound as a balanced eating style. Before breaking into the principles of vegan eating, let us focus on what a balanced diet is. As defined in Total Fitness & Wellness, “a well-balanced diet is composed of approximately 58% carbohydrates (including complex......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ways of Food Contribute to Health of Individual

...calories. Milk is an important part of a toddler's diet because it provides calcium and vitamin D, which help build strong bones. Most kids under age 2 should drink whole milk for the dietary fats needed for normal growth and brain development. As a teenager, their body is going through physical changes, changes that they need to be supported by a healthy balance diet. They should be able to get all the energy and nutrients they need from the food and drink they consume, allowing the body to grow and develop properly. Some important nutrients are iron, vitamin D and calcium. Fruit and vegetables are good sources of many of vitamins and minerals your body need during the teenage years. They should eat at least five portions of variety of fruit and vegetables a day. Teenagers that are studying in secondary and colleges are mostly get stressed they need to eat healthy balanced diet to feed the brain. They should eat a balanced diet of meat, nuts, seeds, fresh fruit and vegetables and oily fish. Adults need to eat a healthy diet. Eating a healthy balanced diet is an important part of maintaining good health. Foods and drinks that are high in fat, salt and sugar, have these less often and in small amounts. A proper diet reduces the risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, bone loss, cancer, and anaemia. Adults can feel better and stay healthy for the future by choosing wholesome, nutritious foods. A balanced diet and physical activity give a higher......

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Nutrition

...the three day diet analysis. I have learned so much about my current diet and what I needed to change to make it healthier. I thought I was eating a balanced diet and found I was lacking in almost every area and eating way to much sodium. I am starting to watch the labels on the food I buy watching for that sodium that is so high in so many foods. There are several assignments that have affected me and some of my nutrition habits are the three day diet analysis, the dehydration assignment multivitamin review, and the lifespan nutrition needs. From the three day diet analysis and the lifespan nutrition needs I have learned what I need to eat and what I need to watch for in my diet now and going forward. The dehydration assignment taught me about needing to drink water. Drinking water is a challenge for me I drink too much diet soda and sugar free flavored tea. I am now making it a habit to drink my daily water requirement every day. The multivitamin review made me realize that my vitamin has too much of quite a few vitamins and minerals and is very lacking in others. I have since found a vitamin that is more balanced in all of its ingredients. Overall I think this course has helped me in my diet and activity level. I have been improving my lifestyle for the past few years and now I have learned what I need to improve on going forward. I thought I was pretty balanced in most areas but have found I needed to improve in many of the areas of my diet....

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Know the Facts About Diet

...I want to share a book with you ,the book is called know the facts about diet,written by Judith Anderson.The book is Discusses diet and nutrition for young people, including ideas for a well-balanced diet, good and bad foods to eat, and information on obesity, food allergies, and eating disorders. I think the most interesting facts I read from the book is this book will give you the facts about diet. It will reveal how you may be influenced in your decisions about what you eat and drink, and show you how you can make informed choices about your diet. the ideas are presented in different ways such as photos,tables and illustrations. the presentation is effective, because the book contain many photos, it can make the book more fun and interesting ,also the illustrations can show the facts that will help teens make wise choices to live a safe and healthy lifestyle. I think the leaflet should be included a balanced diet ,psychical activities ,the problem of obesity ETC I think the leaflet first page should add a title such as Getting fitter is easier than you think,second page should talk about a balanced diet for example people should not always eat processed food,the next page we can talk about psychical activities as people should do at last half of min activities a day,the last large page can talk about the problem of obesity such as obesity can cause heart disease. I think add more photos,cartoon ,colorful can make the leaflet more appealing and attracts......

Words: 266 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Unit 18 Task 2 Help

...School nurse – kirsty Student -Jessica J : hi miss im here to ask a few questions about a balanced diet , I think I don’t have the correct diet needed K: that’s fine just sit down and I will explain everything about a balanced diet , firstly a balanced diet is having all the right amounts of food from the food groups Do you know the food groups ? J : yeh but I don’t really know the benfits of having them . K: that’s okay , the benefits of having carbohydrates is that is provides energy , prevents, controls your weight , carbs are whole grains , some sugars and starch and fibre , you should have 33( in your meal . J: oh so carbohydrates are good what food will I get carbs from ? K: bread , pasta , limited amount of sugars , cereal , flour , potatoes if oyu decide to eat the naughty foods like fizzy drinks , dougnuts these are the ones which don’t have good carbs ,if you don’t have enough carbs your energy will be very low s carbs keep you fuller for longer which means no snacking . J: that information is helping , whats vitamins ?. K: vitamins is in fruit and veg , the vitamins are vitamin K, vitamin A and vitamin C. J: what are the benefits of having vitamins ? K: the benefits of having vitamin C is that it maintains healthy gums , vitamin K is essential for blood clotting while vitamin A maintains healthy skin , we get our vitamin C from citrus fruit like lemons , we get vitamin K from our leafy green vegetables while we get vitamin......

Words: 501 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Management Project

...manipulate what we have studied at school to analyze and judge whether McDonald’s’s policies can benefit the company. We aim to use the related management concepts and theories including management environment, planning and social responsibilities to analyze McDonald’s‘s policies to find out the pros and cons of its new policies, then recommend them and see whether McDonald’s should go on these policies. Also, we hope to learn more about the strategies that fast food companies’ managed to against obstacles, the change of healthy life styles through this article’s example. Major idea This resource is about promoting balanced food and beverage choices by McDonald’s and Alliance for a Healthier Generation to increase customers’ access to fruit and vegetables and help families and children to make more choices to build up their health and keep with balanced lifestyles. They work together for two reasons. First, as the number of obesity is increasing in the global, Alliance for a Healthier Generation, which is a national nonprofit working want to solve the problem to increase people’s health of life. Then, to McDonald’s, since the economic crisis is more serious in the world, McDonald’s wants to increase the revenue and keep the lead. Therefore, McDonald’s partners Alliance for a Healthier Generation to develop the new restaurant chain in 20 major markets such as Australia, Brazil, Canada, China which also includes Hong Kong market, Germany, Italy, Japan, Switzerland,......

Words: 2111 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Low Fat Diets with Exercise Versus Diet Pills

...Low Fat Diet with Exercise Versus Diet Pills University of Phoenix Low Fat Diet with Exercise Versus Diet Pills "If it is too good to be true, then it probably is". In the United States of America, obesity has become a concern for the common public. People get increasingly attracted to anything that claims a quick and effective weight loss technique. Although most people understand that they can lose weight through dieting and regular exercising, they get easily fascinated about the advertisements of diet pills that offer a slim physique within a few months without the hazards of exercising or diet control. This paper is comparing and contrasting the two methods for weight loss: exercising with a balanced low fat diet versus taking prescription diet drugs. Eating a healthy diet and regular exercising can help obese Americans to lose more weight in the long term than do unsafe diet pills. Obese people depend on different methods to lose their weight when they make a decision to shed their extra weight. The most accepted method is to change the diet into a balanced and low fat diet with doing adequate physical exercise. Another method is the use of diet pills to lose weight, which has become very popular among Americans recently. Healthier options of dieting are always good for losing weight. The human body uses food for energy, and any excess energy is stored as fat. When body is set to use these stored fat, the weight losses. The most effective way to do this is...

Words: 1480 - Pages: 6