Free Essay

Banana Fibre

In: Other Topics

Submitted By vijay7007
Words 1003
Pages 5
BANANA FIBRE EXTRACTION AND WEAVING

INTRODUCTION Banana fibre is eco friendly like jute fibre. The technology of banana fibre extraction has been developed in South India where in a good number of banana fibre extraction units have been running very successfully. Some firms are exporting the banana fibre products. Banana growing states of N.E.Region has adopted the technology from South and started production of banana fibre and fabric. MARKET POTENTIAL The banana fibre is being used for weaving attractive pieces of clothes, rugs, sarees etc. Besides, it is also being used to produce a variety of items such as hats, photo frames, trinket boxes, gift bags, picture frames, hand bags, belts, baskets and sandals etc. Dresses woven out of natural fibres are in great demand inside and outside India. PLANT CAPACITY Capacity utilization Average daily production envisaged Working days/year Annual production Door Mat Floor covering Screen Durry : 70% : 10 Kg cloth. : 25 days in a month and 300 days in a year. : : 1000 Nos. : 1000 Nos. : 1600 Mt. : 1500 Nos.

RAW MATERIALS The main raw material for the unit is banana tree which is abundantly available in the State of Meghalaya, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. 1. 2. Cost of Banana Stem Misc. items : : 1.40 lakhs 0.20 lakhs

Total : 1.60 lakhs. SUGGESTED LOCATION : Banana growing areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. PROCESS Banana Fibre Processing and Weaving : The extraction of the natural fibre from the plant required certain care to avoid damage. In the present experiments, initially the banana plant sections were cut from the main stem of the plant and then rolled lightly to remove the excess moisture. Impurities in the rolled fibres such as pigments, broken fibres, coating of cellulose etc. were removed manually by menas of comb, and then the fibres were cleaned and dried. This mechanical and manual extraction of banana fibres was tedious, time consuming, and caused damage to the fibre. Consequently, this type of technique cannot be recommended for industrial application. A special machine was designed and developed for the extraction of banana fibres in a mechanically automated manner. It consisted mainly of two horizontal beams whereby a carriage with an attached and specially designed comb, could move back and forth. The fibre extraction using this technique could be performed simply by placing a cleaned part of the banana stem on the fixed platform of the machine, and clamped at the ends by jaws. This eliminated relative movement of the stem and avoided premature breakage of the fibres. This

208

was followed by cleaning and drying of the fibres in a chamber at 20oC for three hours. This fibres were then labeled and ready for lamination process. After extraction of fibre, weaving is done in the looms as per normal process like any other material. MACHINERY The major equipment required are : Sl.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Particulars Banana fibre extractor Loom complete with all accessories Bobbin circle Charkha Bobbin Pirn Shuttle Misc. items Nos. 2 4 1 1 100 100 8 L.S.

INFRASTRUCTURE The major infrastructural requirement are : Covered area Power : 1200 Sq.ft. : 5 KW.

TOTAL CAPITAL REQUIREMENT The total capital requirement including fixed capital and working capital is estimated at Rs.1.70 lakhs as follows. Of this, the project cost comprising fixed capital and margin money on working capital is Rs.1.55 lakhs. (Rs. In lakh) A Fixed Capital :

Land and Building Plant and Machinery Misc. fixed assets. Preliminary & Pre-op. Expenses: Total(A) : B. Working Capital : Raw materials & Packing materials Finished goods Working Expenses Receivables 15 days 15 days 1 month 15 days. Total (B) : Total(A) + (B) :

Own 0.90 0.30 0.10 1.30

0.09 0.20 0.16 0.25 0.70 1.70

209

Note : Working capital may be financed as : Bank Finance (65%) Margin Money (35%) Total : C. Capital Cost of Projec Fixed Cost Margin Money for Working Capital. : : Total : MEANS OF FINANCE Rs. 1.30 lakh Rs. 1.25 lakh Rs. 1.55 lakh. Rs. 0.45 lakh Rs. 0.25 lakh. Rs. 0.70 lakh.

Promoter’s contribution (35%) Term Loan (65%)

: : Total :

0.55 lakh 1.00 lakh. 1.55 lakh

OPERATING EXPENSES The annual operating expenses are estimated at Rs 4.99 lakhs as given below : (Rs. in lakhs) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 8. 8. 9. Raw materials Packing materials. Utilities Wages & Salaries Rent, Insurance etc. Other overheads. Selling expenses @ 5% on annual Sales. Interest on term loan @ 12.50% Interest on bank finance for working capital @11%. 10. Depreciation 10% on M/c. : : Total : SALES REALISATION 0.05 0.13 4.99 : : : : : : : : 1.60 0.20 0.40 1.50 0.30 0.35 0.33 0.13

Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Items

Qnty.

Rates(Rs)

Value (Rs)

Door Mat (13’ x 22’) Floor Covering (4’ x 6’) Screen Durry (2.5’ x 5.0’) Total

1000 Nos. 1000 Nos. 1600 Nos. 1500 Nos.

60/300/50/150/-

0.60 3.00 0.80 2,25 6.65

210

PROFITABILITY Based on the sales realization of Rs 6.65 lakhs and the operating expenses of Rs 4.99 lakhs, the profit at rated capacity utilization would be Rs 1.66 lakhs per year. This works out to be return on investment of 98%. The unit will break even at about 31% of the targeted annual production. HIGHLIGHTS The major highlights of the project are as follows :

Total capital requirement Promoter’s contribution Annual Sales realization Annual operating expenses Annual Profit (Pre-tax) Pre-tax return on sales Break-Even Point. No. of persons employed.

Rs. 1.70 lakhs. Rs. 0.55 lakhs. Rs. 6.65 lakhs. Rs. 4.99 lakhs. Rs. 1.66 lakhs. 25%. 31%. 8 Nos.

SUPPLIERS OF MACHINERY Addresses of Machinery and Raw Material Suppliers : Supplier of Banana Fibre Extractor : M/s Andhra Pradesh Agro-Industries Dev. Corporation, Hydrabad Looms and other accessories are available in the local market.

211

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Fiber

...Banana Fiber Textile Products -----Fruit Clothing,Love Life,Love Earth | | | Banana fibers such as flax, jute, hemp, and pineapple etc plant fibers. are all made up of thick walled cell tissue and they are bonded together by natural gums and support the branches, stems, leaves and fruits. Although banana plants and fibers are available in tropical regions in abundance, their application potential has not been exploited fully. At present,other companys make the limited application of banana fiber ,for example, in making ropes, mats, and some other fields such as the composite materials. In recent years, more and more plant fibers were considered to be "environmentally friendly" fiberesources , and many countries are emphasizing the utilizing of these fibers. | | | 2007, LIFEI have developed this new type of natural textile fibres, banana fiber.When ,we  developed banana fiber series yarns, banana fiber series fabrics, banana fiber clothings.Technical parameters of banana fiber:Average fineness 2386 Nm; average strength 3.93 cN / dtex; average length 50 ~ 60 mm(or 38mm). Banana fibers can be used for cotton spinning,OE-spinning, compact spinning, and other short-spinning technology system, also can be used Bast fiber  | spinning(ramie,flax,hemp spinning), Silk Spinning, wool spinning, semi-worsted spinning system, and other long-spinning technology system . This Technology of banana fibers, take over the lead in the world. The factory can product banana fiber......

Words: 5325 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Prop

...THE FEASIBILITY OF PRODUCING SHOE POLISHER OUT OF BANANA PEELINGS ABSTRACT -Shoe polish (or boot polish), usually a waxy paste or a cream, is a consumer product used to shine, waterproof, and restore the appearance of leather shoes or boots, thereby extending the footwear's life. In some regions—including New Zealand—"Nugget" is used as a common term for solid waxy shoe polish, as opposed to liquid shoe polishes. Various substances have been used as shoe polish for hundreds of years, starting with natural substances such as wax and tallow. Modern polish formulate were introduced early in the 20th century and some products from that era are still in use today. Today, shoe polish is usually made from a mix of natural and synthetic materials, including naphtha, turpentine, dyes, and gum arabic, using straightforward chemical engineering processes. Shoe polish can be toxic, and, if misused, can stain skin. Banana is the common name for a fruit and also the herbaceous plants of the genus Musa which produce the commonly eaten fruit. They are cultivated primarily for their fruit, and to a lesser extent for the production of fibre and as ornamental plants. INTRODUCTION -we all know that our country today are suffering crisis.That was the reason why I want to launch this study,cause I want to help our community to be useful.The popularity of shoe polish paralleled a general rise in leather and synthetic shoe production, beginning in the 19th century and continuing into......

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Tourism

...INTRODUCTION I. IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY This study was conducted to produce an alternative source of vinegar out of banana peel. It is very convenient because the Philippineshave an abundant plantation of banana plant. Our country grows many different varieties of bananas. Rather than throwing the banana peelings in the waste or tossing them in a compost bin, we can use them to make an alternative source of vinegar. The result of this study is significant to the society. Nowadays, almost all products have increased their prices. So when the time comes that the branded vinegar we’re using at home also increases its price we don’t have to worry because we already have an alternative source of vinegar.Aside from that, you can also earn money by introducing this product to your friends or neighbors. CHAPTER II RELATED LITERATURE BANANA A banana is an edible fruit produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. (In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called plantains.) The fruit is variable in size, color and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starchcovered with a rind which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant. Almost all modern edible parthenocarpic (seedless) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. Musa species are native to......

Words: 3810 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Feasib

...CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND This chapter presents the background of the study, problem and its significance, and the scope and delimitation of the study. Using a Banana Fiber in Paper Making makes a lot of difference in our society because it can help us grow our economic status. By just a Banana Fiber you can make a lot of stuff like paper, but not an ordinary paper. Banana Fiber paper produces a good quality paper. INTRODUCTION Banana paper is used in two different senses: to refer to a paper made from the bark of the banana tree, mainly used for artistic purposes, or paper made from banana fiber, obtained from an industrialized process, from the stem and the non- utilizable fruits. This paper can be either hand-made or made by industrialized machine. Banana fiber is a natural fiber with high strength, which can be blended easily with cotton fiber or other synthetic fibers to produce blended fabric & textiles Banana Fiber also finds use in high quality security/ currency paper, packing cloth for agriculture produce, ships towing ropes, wet drilling cables etc. Our technology includes the scientific know-how, processes, machinery and equipment necessary to convert banana tree trunk into paper. The technology is unique and fits between the conventional pulp & paper technology and the lumber veneering and custom wood technologies. The raw material for making handmade paper could be cotton linter, tailor cuttings, hosiery waste,......

Words: 2415 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Term Paper on Coffee Creamers

...with high nutritional value. And the cost of the production should not be very expensive. In connection with this, the researchers will develop a new product from Saba peel and Banana blossom. The researchers will utilize the Saba peel and Banana blossom as the main ingredients in making the patty with the addition of TVP as an additional protein source. Banana peels may be used to formulate preparations with pharmacologic/medicinal, nutritive and energy values. Recycling of fruit peel wastes will not only help lessen solid waste problems but will also help discover important substances that may prove to have vital use. Peel wastes of Saba can then be put to good use before its final disposal. Banana blossom is also considered an edible part of the banana. It is an excellent source of crude fibre in human diet and serves as an antioxidant when ingested. Also, Banana blossom can reduce the body sugar levels of diabetic patients and increase the haemoglobin content of the blood. With the use of Saba peel and Banana blossom as an alternative source of nutrients from meat or meat itself in making shanghai rolls would be a good deal. The researchers named the new product “Boregi”. 1. Significance of the Study It is already possible to produce burger patties from the Saba peel or either Banana blossom alone, but the development of the shanghai rolls made from Saba peel...

Words: 5598 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

The Feasibility of Banana Peel as Alternative Floor Wax

...The Feasibility of Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Peel as an Alternative Source of Floorwax Making I:ABSTRACT The researcher conduct this study due to economics crisis nowadays. It's aim to create a product of floorwax which is cheaper and could give the same quality which the commercial one could give through banana. This step was made by the researcher to make a floorwax out of banana peel:first, he mix 800g paraffin wax w/100g,polyethylene wax,then, it was meltd in a low fire. While still hot, add wax crystals and technical dye and stir the mixture. Then, add 3.2 liters of kerosene. After mixing, add the banana peel, Stir it and leave it after 3min. then pour in a desired mold or container &allow to harden. This researcher concluded that this project was cheaper than the commercial one. It could also be an alternative one. II:ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The researcher would like to give his warm heart-felt gratitude to the persons wich give their knowledge regarding this project and helped to conduct this for the success of the researher. The parents, which gave thier full support to the researcher through expenses, time and efforts. The classmates and friends of the researcher ,which are always there for him and also contribute ideas and thoughts. To the reasercher subject teacher, Ms. Balve Granido, for sharing her ideas and knowledge for this project and understanding the researcher for the failures in conduting this study. Last but not the least, to our dear God, fer guiding and......

Words: 990 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Shoe Polish Out of Banana Peel Extract

...Shoe Polish out of Banana Peel extract An Investigative Project Presented to: Mr. Paul Keenan C. Butt At Philippine Women’s University Jose Abad Santos Edsa QC In Partial fulfilment of the research in Chemistry By: Gabrielle Balanon III-Newton March 2014 Abstract The product of my research is a shoe polish made out of Banana peel extract. Tannin, an astringent that is an important ingredient in the process of tanning leather, can be found in Banana peels. This makes it an efficient ingredient for making shoe polish. I also decided to use Banana peels because there is a significant amount of banana peel waste being generated all around the world, so instead of just throwing them away and letting them rot, it’s better to put them to good use. The materials and ingredients needed for my research are very easy to get a hold of and doesn’t cost much as well. The process of making the product won’t take long either. It is a very affordable and effective product. It goes to show that Banana peels are more than just a part of the classic physical comedy slapstick visual gag, the "slipping on a banana peel" because it can actually make your shoes shine. Acknowledgement In the making of this research, I have a number of people who I would like to acknowledge for their unending patience and their big help. Firstly, I would like to acknowledge my parents. For all the patience they have given me. They have put in the effort......

Words: 2095 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Banana Peel as Floorwax

...The Feasibility of Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Peel as an Alternative Source of Floorwax Making I:ABSTRACT The researcher conduct this study due to economics crisis nowadays. It's aim to create a product of floorwax which is cheaper and could give the same quality which the commercial one could give through banana. This step was made by the researcher to make a floorwax out of banana peel:first, he mix 800g paraffin wax w/100g,polyethylene wax,then, it was meltd in a low fire. While still hot, add wax crystals and technical dye and stir the mixture. Then, add 3.2 liters of kerosene. After mixing, add the banana peel, Stir it and leave it after 3min. then pour in a desired mold or container &allow to harden. This researcher concluded that this project was cheaper than the commercial one. It could also be an alternative one. II:ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The researcher would like to give his warm heart-felt gratitude to the persons wich give their knowledge regarding this project and helped to conduct this for the success of the researher. The parents, which gave thier full support to the researcher through expenses, time and efforts. The classmates and friends of the researcher ,which are always there for him and also contribute ideas and thoughts. To the reasercher subject teacher, Ms. Balve Granido, for sharing her ideas and knowledge for this project and understanding the researcher for the failures in conduting this study. Last but not the least, to our dear God, fer......

Words: 958 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Bana

...February 20, 2014 To, Mr. Mohiuddin Chowdhury Lecturer Department of Finance & Banking University of Chittagong Subject: Prospects of banana fiber in Bangladesh Sir, It is our pleasure to submit an idea about “The prospects of banana filter fiber in Bangladesh” as a part of our B.B.A. Program. We tried our best to develop and design idea. Without your sincere co-operation and proper guideline, it would not be possible for us. For this act of kindness, we are grateful to you. This paper is not free from mistake due to some limitations. We hope you will accept it with gracious consideration. Thank you for giving us such an opportunity for working on this topic. It will be our pleasure to provide you any additional information, if necessary. Thank you, Sincerely yours, (On behalf of Group) Inzamam-Ul- Hoque Group member |No |Name |Id | |1 |Umme Nurin Ahmed |11303066 | |2 |Sharmin Akter |11303046 | |3 |Anika Jahan |11303118 | |4 |Jesmin Akter ...

Words: 5491 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Banana Used as Fertilizer

...THE EFFECTIVENESS BANANA (MUSA X PARADISIACA) PEELS USED AS FERTILIZER APPLIED IN DIFFERENT KINDS OF PLANTS SAMPLES RESEARCHER: BERLENE GAIL H. LAMA CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the study A banana peel, known as a banana skin in British English, is the outer covering of the banana fruit. As bananas, whether eaten raw or cooked, are a popular fruit consumed worldwide, with yearly production over 145 million tonnes in 2011, there is a significant amount of banana peel waste being generated as well. Banana peels are used as feedstock as they have some nutritional value. Banana peels are widely used for that purpose on small farms in regions where bananas are grown. There are some concerns over the impact of tannins contained in the peels on animals that consume them.[3][4] Banana peels are used as feedstock for cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, rabbits, fish and several other species. The specific nutrition contained in peel depends on the stage of maturity and the cultivar; for example plantain peels contain less fibre than dessert banana peels, and lignin content increases with ripening (from 7 to 15% dry matter). On average, banana peels contain 6-9% dry matter of protein and 20-30% fibre (measured as NDF). Green plantain peels contain 40% starch that is transformed into sugars after ripening. Green banana peels contain much less starch (about 15%) when green while ripe banana peels contain up to 30% free sugars. Banana peels are also used for water......

Words: 11002 - Pages: 45

Free Essay

Shoe Polisher

...USED COOKING OIL AND BANANA PEEL EXTRACT AS AN ALTERNATIVE SHOE POLISHER Researcher: Chelsea T. Sandoval Chapter I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study Nowadays, Shoe polish is widely used by people especially by students, office workers, etc. on their leather shoes. But the commercial shoe polishers were made of chemicals which can harm human’s health if used recklessly. Shoe polish is full of chemicals that smells bad and can be dangerous, especially if you have small children or pets in your house. Many people are interested in using a safer alternative for polishing their leather shoes but few people didn’t realize that they have everything they need in their homes already. Various substances have been used as shoe polish for hundreds of years, starting with natural substances such as wax and tallow. Modern polish was introduced early in the 20th century and some products from that era are still in use today. The purpose of this study is make an alternative shoe polisher and to conduct an investigation/experimentation on how to use used cooking oil and banana peels in a very convenient, practical and useful way. This study is used to lessen the chemical use in the society and to maintain a greener environment. B. Statement of the Problem General problem: This study seeks the feasibility of used cooking oil and banana peels extract as an effective shoe polisher. Sub-problems: 1.) How to make the solution. 2.) Does......

Words: 5015 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Dates Palm Research Paper

...1.1 Dates Dates known as dates palm and its scientific name are Phoenix Dactylifera L. which is the monocotyledon of family of Palmae and from Coryphoideae genera. It is at the five rank fresh fruit of the tropical and sub-tropical fruits after citrus fruits, mangoes, bananas and pineapples. Dates originates from Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia known as the mother country of dates palm tree and there are more 300 types of dates palm which have their own taste and texture. Dates palm tree is popular fruit in arid and semiarid regions (Al-Farsi & Lee, 2008a). There is two relatives of dates palm which are Wild Date Palm (Phoenix Sylvestris), and it is widely used for sugar making in India and Canary Palm (Phoenix Canariensis) as ornamental palm at...

Words: 2195 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Banananan

...Blood Banana Running a business is about more than just making money. It requires adequate consideration to a number of issues, of which ethics is most certainly one. As a business grows and becomes more significant, it impacts the lives of people in so many ways. But without a clear understanding of business ethics, a company can lose its business by ruining its reputation and alienating employees, suppliers and the local community around it. With recent expansions in global businesses and the decrease of trade barriers worldwide, the importance of ethics in business has been further underlined. Chiquita Brands International Inc., is a leading marketer and distributor of high quality fresh produce. The company is one of the largest banana producers in the world. Like any company operating across borders, Chiquita was faced with a terrible dilemma. Operating in a country without political stability and high crime, the company was threatened to pay security charges to terrorists in order to continue their business smoothly. The situation that faced Chiquita is very critical as it involved the lives of thousands of innocent people and employees, and on the other hand billions of dollars worth of business. The decision is not easy. Chiquita can pay off these terrorists to keep the business running and ensure the safety of its employees, but what about the lives of the other innocent people being harmed by those criminals? Does Chiquita have the conscience to bare such a...

Words: 324 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case Report: Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Colombia

...Summer 2013 Summer 2013 Case Report: Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Colombia BUSA 4980 Chiquita Brands international was founded in 1899 after the merger of United Fruit Company and the Boston Fruit Company. As bananas be came more of a staple in every home so do Chiquita Bananas. Bananas are know to mainly grown in tropical places like Central America, Africa and Southeast Asia. Chiquita decided to have operations out of Colombia. During this time there was turmoil in Colombia and different terror groups form “against the government” & other wealthy people in the country. Some of these groups settled in the areas where Chiquita had facilities. Chiquita run into problems with theses groups around 1997, mainly with FARC (Revolution Armed Forced of Columbia) and AUC. They began to kidnap and kill employees of this company. The terrorist groups began asking for money in turn they would stop harming their employees. For Chiquita this decision to pay the AUC seem to be an easy one because or the lack for government and the lack of laws in place. There are many key issues that lead Chiquita Banana’s decision to pay the terrorist groups the FARC & the AUC. One key issues the increasing demand for bananas in new countries like Russia, China and other countries in the Middle East. Chiquita felt as if it had pressure to obtain and grow in these markets. Along with those new markets, Chiquita had their current demand in established markets like the United States......

Words: 818 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Blood Banana

...TB0245 Andreas Schotter Mary Teagarden Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Colombia No one laughs at the banana in its areas of origin. It is too serious a business, on which jobs and lives depend. Peter Chapman, Author of Jungle Capitalists. For Chiquita Brands International, a pioneer in the globalization of the banana industry, bananas are not only serious business, they represent an array of economic, social, environmental, political, and legal hassles. Since its founding more than a hundred years ago as United Fruit Company, Chiquita has been involved in paying bribes to Latin American government officials in exchange for preferential treatment, encouraging or supporting U.S. coups against smaller nations, putting in place dictatorships in Central America’s “banana republics,” exploiting local workers, creating an abusive monopoly, and now doing business with terrorists.1 For American multinationals, the rewards of doing business abroad are enormous, but so are the risks. Over the past decades, no place has been more hazardous than Colombia, a country that is just emerging from a deadly civil war and the effects of wide-ranging narco-terrorism. Chiquita found out the hard way. It made tens of millions in profit growing bananas in Colombia, only to emerge with its reputation splattered in blood.2 In 2004, Chiquita voluntarily admitted criminal responsibility to the U.S. Justice Department that one of its Colombian banana subsidiaries had made protection payments from......

Words: 9954 - Pages: 40