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Bananas Are Bad

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Biology
Biome: the largest division of the biosphere.
Biosphere: the thin layer of air, land, and water on or near Earth’s surface in which all living things on Earth exists.
Climatograph: A graph of climate data for a specific region.
Ecosystem: a part of a biome in which abiotic components interact with biotic components.
Biodiversity: the variety of all living species of plants, animals, and micro-organisms on Earth.
Niche: The special role an organism plays in an ecosystem, including the way in which it contributes to and fits into environment.
Structural adaptations: a physical feature of an organism’s body having a specific function that contributes to survival of the organism.
Physiological: a physical and chemical event that occurs within the body of an organism that enables survival.
Behavioral: what an organism does to survive in the unique conditions of its environment.
Species: a group of closely related organisms.
Population: all members of a particular species.
Community: all the population of the different species.
Bioremediation: the use of organisms (micro or plants), to break down chemical pollutants in water or soil to reverse/lessen environmental damage.
Decomposition: breaking down of organic wastes and dead organisms.
Biodegradation: action of living things such as bacteria to break down dead organic matter.
Decomposer: change wastes and dead organisms into usable nutrients.
Detrivores: consumers that obtain their energy by eating bodies of small dead animals, plant matter, and animal wastes.
Herbivores: primary consumers that eat plants.
Carnivores: secondary consumers that eat primary consumers.
Omnivores: consumers that eat both plant and animal.
Natural selection: the process that makes change possible in living things.
Predator/prey cycle: predator-prey interactions in which one organism eat all or part of another organism.
Ecological succession: The changes that take place over time in the types of organism.
Climax community: a mature community, that continuous to change over time
Extinction: the dying out of a species
Adaptive radiation: the development of a number of new species from common ancestors; adapted to inherit different niche.
Bioaccumulation: gradual build up of chemical in living organisms.
Primary succession: occurs when no soil exists.
Secondary succession: occurs when soil exists.
Pioneer species: first to reproduce.
Sustainability: the ability of an ecosystem to sustain ecological processes or using resources of an ecosystem to meet our needs without reducing the function of ecosystem.
Invasive species: species that can take over the habitat of native species or weakening their function.

Type of biotic interaction | Definition | Effect | Example | Predation | Interaction between two species in which one kills and eats part of or the whole of the others. | Positive for predator and negative for prey | Cougars and deer | Competition | Harmful interaction between two or more organisms that can occur when they compete for the same resources in the same location at the same time. | Negative for both | Although coyotes often hunt together, they will compete with each other for habitat or food. | Symbiosis: Parasitism | Symbiotic relationship, one species benefit and other is harmed. | Positive for predators and negative for prey | Ancylostoma canium sucks dogs’ blood. | Symbiosis: Commensalism | Symbiotic relationship, one benefits and other is either helped or harmed. | Positive for on and neutral for other. | Crimson provides shelter and protection for candy-striped shrimp. | Symbiosis: Mutalism | Symbiotic relationship, both organisms benefit. | Positive for both | Western red squirrel and eating the fungus. | * Organism→Population→Community→ Ecosystem (habitats)→Biome→Biosphere

| Climate | Physical | Plants | Animals | Tundra | -less than 25-summer: 3-12-winter: -20 to -30 | -layer of frozen soil; permafrost-flat and marshes | -no treesGrows closer to the ground-lichens, short grass, and moss | -Artic foxes (small body; less heat loss)- caribou | Boreal forest | -30 -85cm-drop to 40 | -rough/marshes-shallow lakes and wet soil | -cone-bearing-small pointed and waxy | -snowshoe hare-moose( thick fur)-burrow | Temp. Deciduous | -75cm -180cm-(-30) winter- 30 summer | -enrich soil by fallen leaves | -Great biodiversity-shed leaves to prevent water loss and breakage | -many animals-migrate-hibernate | Temp. Rainforest | -200cm-5 to 25 | -narrow strips along coastline | -tall trees due to rain-mosses drape on trees | -live on forest floor to avoid rain and wind-insect live in tree bark-long-toed salamander | Grassland | -temp: 25-100cm-30 to -10-trop: 50 to 150cm-20 to -30 | -temp: flat an rich soil; decay of roots-trop: less rich because of rain | -trees are scarce because of rain-deep roots, well developed | -flat teeth; grind-burrow to fire, predators, and weather | Tropical | -250cm-20 to - 25 | -poor soil; nutrients recycled through rain- dark floor | - biodiversity; different layers-vines climb up for sunlight-narrow tips | -not many mammals-vegetation -adapt to particular food-poison | Desert | - hot: 25cm/38/7(night)-cold: less than 25/21-26/-3to 4 (winter) | -hot: salty soil because minerals do not wash away.-cold: salty soil; little water erosion | -hot: long roots absorb water. -produce chemicals, spine to protect-cold: spiny and short leaves | -hot: thick scales/skin; water loss-bury themselves-active at night-cold: burrow to escapes cold | Permanent ice | -50cm/-30 to 9 | -strong wind/little soil-fresh water | -lichens-mosses-dark colored | -thick fur; heat loss-fat layers-lie closely together |

Plate Tectonics

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