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Bataan

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Submitted By chrisanta123
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The Researcher would like to thank all the people who helped and supported while writing this research paper.
Firstly, the Researcher would like to thank God for all the blessings He had given me, The Researcher praise and love Him giving his family strength to support his studies.
Lastly, the Researcher would like to thank his parents who taught him and gave him knowledge to understand an everyday life. Also, to his teachers who continued to give him full understanding in every subject they teaches him.

Approval Sheet

This research entitled “Bataan Death March” is hereby submitted to Ms. Kris Kay H. Albo for partial fulfillment of the requirements in English III This research is hereby approved and accepted with the rating of ___%

_________________ Ms. Kris Kay H.Albo Teacher, English

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Acknowledgement ………………………………………………………………. i
Approval Sheet ……………………………………………………………….…. ii
Table of Contents ………………………………………………………………. iii
Chapter I : The Problem and It’s Background A. Introduction … ……………………………………………………………. iv * Thesis Statement B. State of the Problem……………………………………………………….. iv C. Significance of the Study………………………………………………………. v D. Definition of Terms …………………………………………………………… v
Chapter II : Review of the Related Literature I. The Bataan Death March………………………………………………… vii II. The Scenario at the Bataan Death March……………………………… vii III. The Death Toll and Survivors of the Death March…………………… viii IV. The Life of the Prisoners during Japanese Occupation in the Philippines ix V. The Aftermath of the Bataan Death March……………………………… ix
Chapter III : Conclusion and Recommendation A. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………… x B. Recommendation…………………………………………………………… x
Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………… xi
Preliminary Outline……………………………………………………………………… xii

Chapter I
The Problem and It’s Background

A. Introduction
In the time of World War 2, occupation of Japanese in the Philippines many things happen like massacring prisoner of wars, girls, and even childrens.
One of the notable events in occupation of Japanese in the Philippines was the “Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan” or Bataan Death March, this research paper will give you idea, what happen in the Bataan Death March during the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines.

B. Statement of the Problem
This research entitled “Bataan Death March : The Struggle” will tackle the following questions.

1. What is Bataan Death March? 2. When did the Bataan Death March started? 3. How long and far did they march? 4. How many have died and is there any survivors? 5. What happen to the POW’s while marching?

C. Significance of the Study
This research about “Bataan Death March : The Struggle” was chosen for the following reason:

This research will benefit the readers and the researcher on the part of the reader, it is knowledge to the reader about what happen in Bataan Death March and it will give idea to the readers how the people live in the time of World War 2, this will become an inspiration to the readers to value their lives as they live now in peace. The researcher, it gives a reminder of the Philippine History, this will give inspiration to the people to live on how matter they are in a challenge of life, because our ancenstors struggle to free our country.

D. Definition of Terms 1. Death March - Is a forced march of prisoners of war or other captives or deportees with the intent to kill, brutalize, weaken and/or demoralize as many of the captives as possible along the way. 2. Prisoner of War – A person who has been captured and imprisoned by the enemy in war. 3. Guerilla Fighters – Soldiers that escaped or who hide away from the Japanese during the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines. A small group of soldiers who is specialized in military tactics like ambushes. 4. Torture – The action or practice of inflicting severe pain on someone as a punishment or to force them to do. 5. Camp O’Donnell – The camp where the Japanese took their POW’s. 6. World War – A war involving many large nations all over the world. 7. Allied Power – A major alliance of countries consisting US, United Kingdom, France and Russia against the Axis Power of Germany 8. Peninsula – A piece of land that almost surrounded by water. 9. Surrender – Cease resistance to an enemy or opponent. 10. Water Buffalo – The carabao; The national animal of the Philippines.

Chapter II
Review of Related Literature

I. The Bataan Death March According to Jennifer Rosenberg, a 20th Century History Expert, The Bataan Death March was the forced march of American and Filipino Prisoner of War by the Japanese during World War II, Japanese Occupation in the Philippines.

In other sources, based from the Encyclopedia Britannica Website, Bataan Death March is forced march of Allied soldiers that is stationed in the island of the Philippines who got captured by the Japanese Forces in the early stages of World War II in the Philippines.

Lastly, based on an article in about education website, Bataan Death March started after the surrender of Allied sodliers in Bataan Peninsula, they started to march in Mariveles, Bataan in April 9, 1942.

II. The Scenario at the Bataan Death March Based on Wikipedia Encyclopedia, prisoner were stripped of their weapons and valuables and told to march to Balanga, Bataan. Some of the POW’s were beaten, mistreated and bayoneted to death and in the first day of the march on their way to Camp O’ Donnell in Capas, Tarlac, allegedly the Japanese soldiers executed 300+ soldiers near the Pantingan river. It was added by Tom Lansford, a professor in University of Southern Mississipi and author of the book World War II in Pacific : An Encyclopedia, that the POW’s receive only a little amount of food and water and some died along the way from heat, dehydration, and hunger. Some POW’s just drank water from filthy water buffalo wallows on the side of the roads, but if without permission from the Japanese, mostly the prisoners got shot or killed by the Japanese if they tried to drink from the wallows.

III. The Death Toll and Survivors of the Death March According to Michael Norman, author of the book named “Tears in the Darkness : The Story of the Bataan Death March”. The nine day trek to Capas, Tarlac has claimed 1000+ prisoner lives before they reach the Camp O’ Donnell in Capas, Tarlac. In addition, Glenn Frazier and Lester Lenny, the survivors of the Bataan Death March said that if they had known what was ahead of them at the beginning of the Death March they would just fight to the death than to surrender to the Japanese. Lastly, the notable survivors of the Bataan Death March were Vicente Lim (The First Filipino graduate from the USA West Point Academy), Ramon Bagatsing (Mayor of Manila), Jose Calugas (A Filipino reciepient of Medal of Honor), Jose B. Lingad (Governor of Pampanga).

IV. The Life of the Prisoners during Japanese Occupation in Philippines

According to the film, I have watch, The Great Raid a film by John Dahl, most of the prisoners was not treated humanely. The Japanese soldiers burn the prisoners even bury alive too and they barely got food, medecines and water, and alot of people is dying because of the poor sanitation in the Prisoner Camp. In addition, mostly the Japanese just dug out mass graves in the surrounding area of the camp for the prisoners who have died. The prisoners were forced to do hard labors too without resting, but reportedly too that many prisoners have escaped the camp but some are unlucky that get caught by the Japanese and were executed.

V. The Aftermath of the Bataan Death March According to an article in history channel website about Bataan Death March, America avenged its defeat in the Philippines and the inhuman treatment of the Japanese on the prisoners. In October 1944 General Douglas MacArthur landed on Leyte Gulf for the campaign to recapture the Philippines, General MacArthur who in 1942 had famously promised to return to the Philippines made good on his word. In February 1945, US-Filipino forces have recaptured the Bataan Peninsula and freed the prisoners of Bataan Death March and in early March, 1945, The City of Manila had been recovered by the US-Filipino forces this marked the end of the Japanese occupation in the Philippines.

Chapter III
Conclusion and Recommendation

Conclusion In conclusion, the life during the the Japanese Occupation of the Philippine Islands, were really hard, according to the veterans and survivors of the World War II in the Philippines, that they suffered greatly just because to survive and fight for their country and to see their family again, and to the soldiers now fighting in other land this story will serve as an inspiration to them to survive.

Recommendation I recommend this research about Bataan Death March to those who are interested in History of the Philippines on World War II in Pacific, this was one of the bloodiest war crime of the Japanese soldiers in the pacific. The readers and students should read more of history, so they will know about the history of their country and about the world.

Bibliography
The Great Raid, John Dahl, Miramax Films, 2005
Jennifer Rosenberg, (August, 2007), The Bataan Death March, About Education (Online), optout@about.com http://www.en.wikipedia.org, Bataan Death March, February 22, 2015.
Lansford, Tom. World War II in the Pacific: An Encyclopedia New York, NY: Garland Publishing Incorporated, 2001 http://www.history.com Bataan Death March, April 2007
San Pedro, Restituta and Erlinda F. Andal. Ang Bayan Ko : Binagong Edisyon Metro Manila, Quezon City: Abiva Publishing House Incorporated, 1998
Norman, Michael. Tears in the Darkness : The Story of the Bataan Death March New York, NY; Macmillan, 2009 http://www.britannica.com Bataan Death March, October 15, 2014.

Preliminary Outline
“Bataan Death March”

I. The Bataan Death March A. Date and Place of the Death March II. The Scenario of the Death March A. The first day of the March B. The second day until the arrival of POW’s in the camp III. The Survivors of the Death March A. Renown Survivors IV. The Life of Prisoner’s of War during Japanese Occupation of the Philippines A. War Crimes of the Japanese V. The Aftermath of the Bataan Death March A. General MacArthur’s Leyte Landing

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