Premium Essay

Batna

In: Science

Submitted By kariruizpa
Words 3978
Pages 16
MANAGEMENT REPORT

BATNA Basics: Boost Your
Power at the Bargaining Table

www.pon.harvard.edu
Negotiation Management Report #10

$50 (US)

Negotiation Editorial Board
Board members are leading negotiation faculty, researchers, and consultants affiliated with the Program on
Negotiation at Harvard Law School. Max H. Bazerman
Harvard Business School
Iris Bohnet
K
ennedy School of Government,
Harvard University
Robert C. Bordone
Harvard Law School
John S. Hammond
John S. Hammond & Associates
Deborah M. Kolb
Simmons School of Management
David Lax
Lax Sebenius, LLC
Robert Mnookin
Harvard Law School
Bruce Patton
Vantage Partners, LLC
Jeswald Salacuse
T
he Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy,
Tufts University
James Sebenius
Harvard Business School
Guhan Subramanian
Harvard Law School and
Harvard Business School
Lawrence Susskind
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

About Negotiation
The articles in this Special Report were previously published in Negotiation, a monthly newsletter for leaders and business professionals in every field.
Negotiation is published by the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School, an interdisciplinary consortium that works to connect rigorous research and scholarship on negotiation and dispute resolution with a deep understanding of practice. For more information about the Program on Negotiation, our Executive Training programs, and the Negotiation newsletter, please visit www.pon.harvard.edu.
To order additional copies of this Special Report for group distribution, or to order group subscriptions to the Negotiation newsletter, please call +1 800-391-8629 or
+1 301-528-2676, or write to negotiation@law.harvard.edu.
For individual subscriptions to the Negotiation newsletter, please visit www.pon.harvard.edu/negotiation-monthly. To order the full text of these articles,...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Batna

...Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement A party’s BATNA is a measure of the balance of power among the negotiating parties based on the resources they control or can influence to respond to their interests that will be addressed in a given negotiation. “walking-in” BATNA, that group of resources in your pocket before negotiation begins, and the dynamic BATNA that changes as you gain information during the negotiation process gives you a sense of whether to undertake a negotiation and whether to quit once the process has begun. Elements of BATNA 1.0 Deadlines: if you are under pressure to deliver a particular result within a tight time frame, your BATNA may be weaker than the BATNA of a party who at least claims to have all the time in the world. 2.0 Alternatives: you need to measure how each choice you make influence the likelihood that the negotiation will yield favorable results. 3.0 Your own sources: it is crucial to take look at the resources you can influence or control to achieve the objective. And it requires understanding whether there is more than one way to meet your interests. 4.0 Other parties’ resources: if the resources they offer to solve the problem are more comprehensive or more useful than yours, clearly that means their BATNA is stronger- at least in one area. 5.0 Information: The more information we have about the subject matter of the negotiation, the greater our capacity to assess our BATNA and parties with whom we’re negotiating. 6.0......

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Batna

...Case study: The Muse/TransStar and Southwest Airlines BATNA Case Overview Muse Air was struggling amid the 1982 traffic controllers’ strike, a massive debt to service and shrinking cash reserves. By the end of 1984, they were looking for a merger to keep it afloat. In 1985 culminated the purchase of Muse Air by its long time nemesis and rival, Southwest Airlines. Southwest Airlines paid USD 60.5 millions in stock and cash for Muse Air when Muse Air was on the verge of collapse in 1985. After completing the acquisition, Southwest Airlines renamed Muse Air as Transtar Airlines in 1986. Transtar Airlines became a wholly owned subsidiary of Southwest Airlines and operated as an independent airline. Southwest acquired the company and a series of complex negotiations between Southwest Airlines and Transtar instigated. An agreement on combined master seniority list is reached in the last negotiation between pilot groups. Nonetheless, Transtar Pilots Association (TPA) Board of Directors (BOD) rejected the proposed Integrated Seniority List (ISL) believing that such act would create more leverage for their Merger Committee to obtain a more favourable ISL. The rejection however, resulted in escalation of anger and distrust between union presidents and causing entire breakdown to the negotiation. Analysis In the first round of discussion, in 1985, Transtar pilots were unrepresented so the negotiations ensured only between Southwest Airlines and the Southwest Airlines Pilot......

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Batna

...was conducted by the management team. This disagreement caused the Local Union to rally up members from the meat packing department that influence the workers and workers from other factories to go on strike. During this negotiation both parties made a few mistakes that are costly and time consuming. Hormel Company stuck to their reservation point , which was not in favor to the workers of the union. the result of the fail negotiation came from lack of preparation and knowing their BATNA, which later resulted in a fail negotiation. In the Case of the the Local Union,the Leader failed to prepare and present a BATNA to the workers and members of the meat packing department. The workers stress their distress and Haggling over the pay cut but lost focus on how to prepare and come up with an Anchor Point and how to counter offer with an agreeable offer. They were not prepared for the strong reservation point and final offer that was presented by Holmer. Also the Union did not consider the consider their BATNA therefore they did not have any counter offer or strategy to try to bring this agreement using a WIN,WIN approach. The Local Union negotiation style was also no the best approach to get this agreement completed. Their approach was more Individualistic, only thinking about what is best for them and not thinking about the potential loss that the company would go through if the factories were shut down. So basically there approach was more hostile...

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Negotiations: the Batna

...BATNA - Best Alternative Having available options during a negotiation is a good alternative which empowers you with the confidence to either reach a mutually satisfactory agreement, or walk away to a better alternative. "Don't put all your eggs in one basket." It's an old saying which has stood the test of time. Some of you urbanites, sitting in your cubicles, may be scratching your heads and wondering, 'What in the name of Hades does this mean?' Meanwhile, back out there in the countryside, a ruddy faced farmer, is likely rolling his eyes and patiently explaining, that should you trip on the way back to the kitchen, eggs are no longer on the breakfast menu. To a negotiator, this wise old proverb illustrates that if you bring only a single proposal to the table, you may likely end up with a rotten deal, or no deal at all. You need to have an alternative plan waiting in the wings. It should be fairly obvious that not every negotiation is going to get tucked away in a nice, neat settlement package. This is where BATNA comes to the rescue for those of you sensible enough, to have heeded the sage advice of that old farmer who coined the above proverb many ages ago. BATNA means 'Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement'. This is your alternate plan when the talks start to wobble out of control. It can also be your trump card to make the deal happen to your advantage, or walk away from it altogether. Let's illustrate BATNA by using a simple example. In the first......

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Business Negotiation Batna

...BATNA - Best Alternative Having accessible choices amid an arrangement is a decent option which engages you with the certainty to either achieve a commonly palatable understanding, or leave to a superior option. "Don't put all your eggs in one basket." It's an old saying which has stood the test of time. Some of you urbanites, sitting in your work spaces, may be scratching your heads and pondering, 'What for the sake of Hades does this mean?' Meanwhile, pull out there in the field, a bronzed confronted agriculturist, is likely feigning exacerbation and persistently clarifying, that if you stumble in transit back to the kitchen, eggs are no more on the breakfast menu. To a negotiator, this insightful old saying delineates that in the event that you convey just a solitary proposition to the table, you might likely wind up with a spoiled arrangement, or no arrangement by any means. You need an option arrangement holding up in the wings. It ought to be genuinely evident that not each arrangement is going to escape in a decent, perfect settlement bundle. This is the place BATNA acts the hero for those of you sufficiently sensible, to have paid attention to the wise guidance of that old rancher who authored the above precept numerous a long time prior. BATNA means 'Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement'. This is your substitute arrangement when the discussions begin to wobble crazy. It can likewise be your trump card to make the arrangement happen further bolstering...

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Negotiations Checklist

...trap. 2. BATNA: I must analyze what my BATNA is. This is my reference for the negotiation. 3. Focus on Interest: I will approach the negotiation with a focus on interest of the other party. Identifying the possible interest of other party involved in negotiation will help me analyze the possible ways of expanding the pie (creating more value). 4. Integrative Bargaining: Focus more on Integrative bargaining. Analyze multiple issues and interest, creating and claiming value and cooperative problem solving. Consider possible trade-offs to avoid conflicts and have a win-win situation. 5. Bargaining Zone: I must analyze my bargaining Zone. The zone where the buyer’s and supplier’s negotiation ranges overlaps. 6. Reservation Price: I have to write down my reservation price. This determines when to expand the pie create more value and when to walk away from negotiation. 7. Identify the power in negotiation: Identify exactly the type power in negotiation and analyze the persuasive skills required to move from perceived power to realized power. 8. After striking with the initial deal, I will have to keep my options open for re-anchoring. Negotiation Trap: * Identifying the type of bargainer helps to identify the potential traps. * Soft bargainers agree on deals worse than the BATNA and they fail to achieve best deals for themselves. * Hard bargainers tend to walk away from the deals that are better than the BATNA and they......

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Concepts of Negotiations

...unable to reach a mutual agreement (Murtoaro & Kujala, 2007). There are also several concepts of negotiations including win-win, interest-based, positions v. interests, and BATNA negotiations. Below the reader, will find a brief description of all of these concepts. Win-Win Negotiations The win-win negotiation approach is a relatively new concept and is successful when one or all parties meet their requirements of the settlement without the use of power (Falcão, 2014). A win-win negotiation strategy has seven requirements to form a solid foundation. “Promote interdependence, proactive learning, be translucent, be positive, be reasonable, be loyal in the negotiation process, and commit to a win-win process” are the seven steps to a successful resolution (Falcão, 2014, para.3). In win-win negotiations, it is necessary for the parties to conduct some background investigations especially for business-business negotiations because criminals wear different suits. Best Alternative to No Agreement (BATNA) Rodger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton introduced the term best alternative to no agreement in their book, “Getting to Yes” (Negotiation At Work, 2008). Anyone going into a negotiating setting should develop a BATNA before meeting with the other party. A person needs to follow seven steps when developing a BATNA. No one can guarantee each party will accept the agreement; therefore, a person must have a backup plan. Decide what the most...

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Frasier

...thevarious parties influence the negotiation process and its outcome?Answer:The parties in the Frasier negotiation are the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) andParamount, the owner of the show. While the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) wants topay under $5 million in order to make a profit on the show, Paramount seemed to bedemanding $ 6 million per episode. Paramount came down to $5.5 million later.Q.2. What is NBC's BATNA? What is Paramount's BATNA? What is your best estimate of theirrespective reservation prices? Is there a ZOPA?Answer:NBCs BATNA: The fact that Paramount didnt have a BATNA. If they switch networks the showwould lose viewership, which will affect the studio as well as the network to which they move.So whatever NBC was offering them was the best deal they can get. And Graboff knew the CBSnetwork pretty well and was pretty sure they wouldnt buy Frasier at such a high cost.Moreover this might kick off a price war that will ruin the networks industry and people mightreconsider getting shows from paramount for their bad dealing.Paramounts BATNA: It didnt have one. But they were relying heavily on the fact that Frasierwas the flagpole show of NBC. But if they quit NBC, both the parties will suffer, whileParamount will suffer the most.ZOPA: The ZOPA would be something that NBC had offered, the creative bonus offer based onratings. If Paramount things their show is good enough, they must go for the bonus offer, buttry and fix the slot. Slot is......

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Best Alternative to Negotiated Agreement.

... and motivated people walk into substantive negotiations ill-prepared. Thus, it is critical that you adopt a thorough methodology to help you prepare to negotiate. Our five-step pre-negotiation framework offers a simple yet effective approach. (In the chapters that follow, we will add to this list as we confront more complex negotiations.) Step 1: Assess your BATNA. The first step in any negotiation is to ask yourself, “What will I do if the current negotiation ends in no deal?” In other words, you need to assess your BATNA, or best alternative to negotiated agreement—the course of action you will pursue if and when the current negotiation ends in an impasse.3 Without a clear understanding of your BATNA, it is impossible to know when to accept a final offer and when to walk away in order to pursue other options. Your BATNA assessment requires the following three steps: 1.Identify all of the plausible alternative options you might pursue if you are unable to reach an agreement with the other party. 2.Estimate the value associated with each alternative. 3.Select the best alternative; this is your BATNA. In the Hamilton case, you have a number of alternatives if the negotiation with Connie Vega ends in impasse: you might wait for other offers, you might approach Quincy Developments...

Words: 473 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Best Practices in Negotiations, Article Review

...to focus on in order to improve negotiation skills and techniques. What strategies or techniques are used to solve the problem or address the issue? The article lists Ten Best practices for Negotiators in a table and continues to explain the importance of each. The table from the text is as follows: |Ten Best Practices for Negotiators | |1. Be prepared | |2. Diagnose the fundamental structure of the negotiation | |3. Identify and work the BATNA | |4. Be willing to walk away | |5. Master paradoxes | |6. Remember the intangibles...

Words: 2145 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Oceania

...answer the questions. There is not a need to respond directly to this background information in your analysis.) • What is your BATNA (Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement)? o Explain why it is the “best” alternative. What are some other possible alternatives? o How acceptable your BATNA is to you? What are the implications of this acceptability for the way you approach this negotiation? o Remember that the ideal BATNA: ▪ Does not require the negotiation counterpart’s participation or permission. ▪ Is a “sure thing” or very close to it. o Specifically in a case (but not in real life), a BATNA cannot include asking a third party to do something they have not yet done. (The third party is not going to appear in class; therefore, you won’t be able to ask them.) • Does it seem (initially) that one party is more dependent on getting a deal than the other party is? If so, what are the implications of this potential imbalance? • Decide what the relevant issues are that you want to negotiate. o List the issues. (Attempt to avoid one-issue negotiations.) o Set your priorities. (Rank them or group them.) • Choose resistance point(s) and target point(s) for quantitative issues. The resistance points should be based on the BATNA. o Note: Sometimes you have resistance points for specific issues. (For example, you may have a time deadline......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Word in Press

...…go on about how expectancy theory might apply…where was the break-down…get specific – Missing obvious chance to apply concepts: “We had ten people all going in different directions” – Goal alignment – Vague or general terms: “We had a problem with communications” how and why was this a problem…did it effect motivation by breaking a link from expectancy theory or unbalance inputs and outputs. © James Berry 2013 3 Negotiations The Basics Dr. James Berry Lecturer University College London james.berry@ucl.ac.uk © James Berry 2013 4 Negotiation Skills © James Berry 2013 5 Objectives • • • • Briefly review what negotiation is Highlight why it might be important Review your BioPharm/Seltek negotiations Key things to know (BATNA, Reservation Price, ZOPA, Target Price) • Negotiate Case: Recruit © James Berry 2013 6 Negotiation is… • The process where two or more parties decide what each will give and take in the context of their relationship . . . © James Berry 2013 7 Negotiation is… • A bargaining and influence process designed to reach agreement about a decision or outcome • A core leadership and management competency • Most people are not effective negotiators – Over 80% of corporate execs and CEOs leave money on the table – Even effective negotiators have skills that can be sharpened and bad habits that can be broken © James Berry 2013 8 Matters...

Words: 3077 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Negoation

...possible for both sides to achieve their objectives” (Nelson and Quick 2009). For example, a dispute over land would necessitate distributive bargaining, whereas a partnership between two firms to buy and sell a product could be made through integrative negotiation. The process of two or more parties reaching a joint decision is influenced by a variety of factors. In analyzing business negotiation, we will first give an overview of past scholarly research on the topic, and then explore more current mental models of negotiation. We will also examine the possible hurdles to reaching agreements posed by cross cultural differences, particularly between American and Chinese business people. Finally, we discuss the relative importance of BATNAs (Best Alternative to Negotiated Agreement) and contributions in the bargaining process. History of Negotiation Research In the 1960’s and 1970’s, the main issues identified by scholars studying negotiation were the personality characteristics of the individuals involved and the situational context of the negotiation. Although many studies investigated the impact of personality differences on the success of a negotiation, the results generally showed that this variable accounts for only a small amount of the difference in...

Words: 4096 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Essay Oceania

...INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATION Oceania_POP Tuesday, May 29, 2012 3:28 AM Homework for INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATION Group Member: Hong Nhung BUI Dian Amanda Pereira Kimberly Hiew Yi Mei 1. Negotiating Variables & Elements impact negotiation Negotiation items Opening Ticket revenues Targeting Walk away/ Limit $1,100,000 $550,000 Strategy & Explanation Attention Elements impact negotiations $275,000 Split of ticket revenues 60% 50% 25% Performance Schedule 9 performances 5 evenings 2 weekend matinees 2 weekday matinees 9 performances 6 evenings 3 weekend matinees 0 weekday matinees 13 performance s 6 evenings 3 weekend matinees 4 weekday matinees Matinees all week except Monday Calculation of Cost= explanation of the concession. The cost deduces the revenues. Exchange Limits set by the reduction of the profit Matinees - withhold info? $40,000 =3.6 % ticket revenues    Deep ticket discounts for patrons & group don't make considerably profit Weekday matinee profits is excluded in the financial projections Cast & crew salaries are based upon a week run regardless of the number of performances Cast & crew salaries don't include additional performances Cost for additional performance =$10,000. Revenue for additional performances & its profitability Weekly Salaries for $300,000 $200,000 Paid by the host theater INTERNATIONAL......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Six Habits of Merely Effective Negotiators

...NEGOTIATION ARTICLE ANALYSIS & CRITICAL REVIEW SIX HABITS OF MERELY EFFECTIVE NEGOTIATORS SUBMITTED ON 15 MAY 12 INTRODUCTION Negotiation happens whenever parties with different interests and perceptions depend on each other for results. Negotiation is often described more as an art than a science. Invariably, in any field of study, when comprehension gets too difficult for the student of the area of study, it is common to refer to the subject more as an art than science, as if in excuse for the failure to master an area that has too much in the realm of the abstract. Negotiation is definitely an art and a science, an art because it needs mastery and intuitive capability to utilize the right skills at the right time. But there is a science and logic behind every skill that has to be put into play, to succeed as a successful negotiator. The most obvious sign of mastery of the art and science of negotiation would be that in the end, all the parties in the negotiation walks away with a genuine sense of happiness that they got more than what they came for. Succinctly put, a good negotiation is one where, you get the other guy to choose what you want – for his own reason. In any negotiation, every side has two options, either to accept a deal or take its best no deal option. The job of a negotiator is to persuade the other side to accept a deal which is better than the no deal option of both the sides. The other side needs to choose in its own interest, which at......

Words: 2304 - Pages: 10