Free Essay

Because Freedom Can't Protect Itself

In: English and Literature

Submitted By kaayy117
Words 1532
Pages 7
Kayla Yelton
Dehr/ Huffman
ENG W131-46
10/11/2012
Final Draft Rhetorical Analysis
Because Freedom Can’t Protect Itself
ACLU’s website is very large and a reader would probably only come across it if he or she was on a search for specific information. The website is built mostly off of their credibility. The main point made by the website is that the reader has to protect his freedom, someone has to take a stand. ACLU builds up much of their credibility, and through articles and blog posts they try to gain support. Many of their articles are argumentative and informational as a way to gain support for their cause.
When searching a popular, controversial topic ACLU will most likely pop up on the first page of one’s search results. When doing a search about “drug testing in the workplace” ACLU came up second with a link to the article, “Privacy in America: Workplace Drug Testing.” The ACLU’s concerns and values can be summarized by going to the bottom of any page on their website. The headers of links at the bottom of the page give away what topics they’re working with such as Human Rights, Immigrants’ Rights, LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) Rights, and Racial Justice. When using a search engine to search for any topic in these categories ACLU usually comes up on the first page of websites. ACLU comes up at least fourth or fifth most of the time when searching topics they are working with. This gives them more credibility because it tells the reader that this website is popular among many readers or that it is visited quite often.

“Because Freedom Can’t Protect Itself,” and the page logo are the first things a reader sees on the website because they are placed at the very top in darker shades of blue. These two things give the reader an idea of who is behind this website. The logo says, “ACLU, American Civil Liberties Union,” and the Statue of Liberty is featured in the top left corner of the logo. The name of this group has been made very popular among Human Right’s activists throughout the years. The name says they’re a union which also tells the reader that this is a group of people and not just one person. The reader understands from the logo that this is a group fighting for human rights because that is essentially what “civil liberties” suggests. Then, the motto backs that idea up. “Because freedom can’t protect itself,” means that as a people we have to fight for our freedom. If the reader doesn’t fight for freedom it will be taken away or limited. The motto tells the reader that freedom is helpless unless the people work to preserve it and that is what ACLU is working to do.
The article “Privacy in America: Workplace Drug Testing,” is surrounded by links, most links are categorized. The website has the main or more important tabs listed in red unlike the rest of the tabs on the page, which are blue, to draw the reader’s attention these tabs. The reader is drawn to many of these different links either by personal interest or because it is bolded and sticks out. Right away it is apparent to the reader by the number of links, and the topics throughout the links, that this is a very large and active website. Throughout the page ACLU is constantly trying to draw the reader to other topics because they want as many readers’ support on as many topics as possible.
The article only uses quotes twice. The first quote is after the first couple of paragraphs while the other one is right past the middle of the article. The first quote has the author right below it, but the second one doesn’t seem to have an author. The quotes set a trend of negativity. The quotes are much larger than the regular text and are light blue as a way to stand out from the rest of the article. The first quote is bolded entirely unlike the second one where only the title is bolded. This leads the reader to pay attention to the first quote before they read the second one. The quotes are set up with a similar purpose to the technique of bolding certain phrases. The quotes give these sections of the article more light, or attention, and also makes the reader feel upset or sympathetic. The quotes communicate feelings of error, humiliation, degradation, and mortification by putting the reader in the author’s shoes for that moment. This enhances the theme of getting the reader to feel wronged and sympathetic.
The bias of the article is clear from the very beginning. In the second sentence it starts by negatively addressing drug testing as unfair, inaccurate, and states that it’s an unproven method to stopping drug use. The article then tries to share the feeling of having privacy invaded by stating how few laws we have to protect privacy and how innocent people are tested and invaded personally without suspicion. The article bolds some phrases to give certain emphasis and attention. The audience is lured in to feel sympathetic towards these bolded points, such as, “Even though they aren’t suspected of drug use.” The bolded points throughout the article are mostly negative using terms like invasion, error, humiliation, degradation, mortification, and fail.
There were no sources in the article to show where they got their information, but instead they were all placed at the end. This is confusing to the reader since they cannot tell which information came from which source unless they go to the sources themselves. They used 3 different types of sources. They used a survey, 2 books, and a scholarly journal article. These sources give the article credibility since the information was found in several different locations and by 3 different means.
The end of the article is followed up by a response article which is about 4 paragraphs long. This last article is labeled “What We Are Doing.” This article is short so the reader can quickly read it over without getting bored or distracted. ACLU wants people to know what they are doing; by keeping it short more people are more likely to see the important points and draw out that information. If they would have elaborated and made this section longer they could possibly lose the reader in the text. The important information such as their work would be skimmed past. Keeping things short avoids this. The response starts by sharing what ACLU has done to further their cause, which establishes more credibility by showing these people are going out and actually working to make a difference on these issues, and then moves on to explain the progress that has been made in the states. The response finally ends by putting the power in the readers’ hands by saying that the reader can help make a difference. When moving on through the website the reader can see it is mostly comprised of articles on topics they have worked for and the history of the organization. These articles stand as a way to inform people and to get them behind ACLU’s cause. Most of their articles are argumentative or informative.
When at the home page one of the first things the reader sees is a display that is flashing news and updates about their work. This builds on their credibility because all of the updates are recent human rights cases. Then below there are several blogs and press releases posted daily. This is also a strong backing to their credibility since these blogs are discussing work actually being done by them and the press releases confirm it since those are public and made by outside sources.
If the reader were to go on to the About Us page the foundation of credibility built throughout the website would be concreted. In this portion of the website ACLU discusses how they were formed and lists all the work they have done since. This concretes their credibility because they have been around since the beginning of the twentieth century and have been in many legitimate cases. This gives the reader an idea of what type of people ACLU is comprised of by seeing what issues they have worked with.
The voting and working publics are the targeted audiences because these people can help make a difference and support their cause. Politicians, voters, workers, and activists are the most likely to come across this page. The topics fall in line with the interests or lives of these types of audiences. This website is on a mission to get as many supporters as possible. That is the main purpose of the website. The second reason for this site is to inform. ACLU draws people in with topics people are interested in or that affect them. In the articles they talk about what the public cares about. They often talk about what’s wrong or what they don’t agree with. Then, they try to get the audience to see things from their point of view. This way they can gain the support of many more civilians.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Life

...Do we hav freedom ? * You could say that there is more Freedom of speech, because in the US you can say ANYTHING while in many European countries hate speech is forbidden. That's a question of personal opinion, personally I prefer when hate speech is forbidden, I don't think Freedom of speech's role is to protect racist/xenophobic/homophobic pigs. Americans also have the "freedom" to own guns (though it isn't completely forbidden in other Western countries, just less easy), but this "freedom" is considered barbaric in most of the Western world and is even seen as a threat towards the freedom of others. The fact that it leads to high crime rates doesn't help. For some reason, Americans often seem to associate "Freedom" with guns and most Westerners don't understand that. Freedom of Religion is VERY different among "free" countries. Issues linked to Religion are also treated very differently. "Red Rover", the American Bill of Rights is far, really far from being alone. For example, the slightly older French "Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen" is generally considered as the reference for Human Rights. As for the religious aspect of the American Bill or Rights, claiming it's a good thing is a matter of personnal opinion. That and its lack of universalism (it's only about American citizens) are probably the reason the "French" Bill of Rights is considered the reference. You (like other answerers) also seem to think that Democracy......

Words: 2513 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Circumcision

...hours after the circumcision, according to the parents, the child was brought to another hospital where doctors noted he was extremely irritable with marked swelling of the penis and bruising to the scrotum. The child was then transferred to a pediatric centre, where his bladder was diagnosed, doctors said that it was even or eight times its normal size. “If the Plastic Bell had been taken off five hours after he got there, he would be alive,” said Doctors. The child’s death was attributed to septic shock — “an overwhelming infection, leading to multi-organ failure.” The case was brought to Cairns’ attention because the circumstances of every death of an Ontario child under five years of age must be reviewed by the provincial coroner’s office. When the parents were asked about the reason of circumcision they said the following: “It’s our religious practice and we can’t ignore it. We have our rights to follow our own religious practices.” When the case was brought to the court, it involved a doctor accused of...

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Censorship

...Daniel Maddox Eng1000 We Need Censorship It won't kill us to make limits, but it might if we don't. That is why it is right to limit adult's freedom of expression. It is in our, societies, best interests to protect the children. Lional Tate is just one example of a child gone badly because of the media. Tate mimicked his idol the Rock, killing a six-year old girl by smashing her skull, pulverizing her liver, breaking her ribs and causing numerous cuts and bruises. If that's not enough of an example what about John McCollum from New Jersey who simply listened to Ozzy Osborne's "Suicide Solution" and killed himself? These are not random occurrences, we hear about them on the news frequently. If our freedom of expression is harming kids why can't we fix the problem by not allowing them access to it? We need censorship in the media because of influence, imitation, and the preservation of jobs. "Monkey see, Monkey do." Everyone has heard this phrase sometime in his or her life. This phrase is simple, yet very useful to today's debate, when a child sees someone or something doing something. They will of course follow suit and imitate the action being performed. Children do not know any better. Therefore they are innocent and deserve to be respected. It is for these following reasons that we argue for the censorship of harmful materials that could influence a child or children into violent acts, expressions, and other dangerous actions. Through television, video games, and......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Gun Control

... It has been debated whether or not American citizens should have the right to own firearms. Some may argue that most Americans don’t have the proper gun safety education that should be required before someone owns a gun. Few may even assert that everyone should have the freedom to own guns regardless of their education and experience with firearms. I believe that most Americans don’t take a strong stand on either side of this issue. Nobody wants to completely eliminate all guns in America. Likewise, I don’t think anyone wants to give people full access to guns. The issue that I’m arguing is simply whether or not the government should permit gun control by restricting the use and/or possession of firearms for American citizens. I believe that restricting guns would violate our personal freedom to bear arms. The problem with violence isn’t the gun itself, but the problem rests on the people who choose to use guns to commit acts of violence. To solve the ‘gun abuse’ problem, why doesn’t the government impose stricter consequences for people who still choose to commit acts of violence involving firearms? That way it would only affect the criminals, and the law-abiding citizens could continue to live in freedom. In an article titled “Gun Control: Does it Really Matter?”, Will Fawcett states, “There is no logical reason to believe that making it more difficult or impossible to own or poses guns, would deter individuals who already are taking part in illegal behavior.” While the......

Words: 2409 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Freedom or Liberty

...Freedom and Liberty Every day the federal government as well as state and local government pass laws to make us a safer society. As they make society safer they are slowly chewing away at our rights, liberties, and personal freedom. Where is the balance? A serf toiling away in a field had very little liberty. He couldn’t vote and didn’t have any true freedom of speech or assembly. But he did have freedom to think his own thoughts, and he was given by his creator the right to moral agency. Within his confined world, he had the freedom to make choices, either good or bad. We now have laws regulating everything. We are forced to wear seatbelts, to wear motorcycle helmets. Smokers can’t even smoke outside. Kids are expelled from school wearing t-shirts with colorful statements. The government wants to regulate abortion, child discipline, and free speech. If you spank your kids you can be charged with child abuse. We have gone from a foreign policy centered on defending our boundaries to one where we engage in foreign wars around the world in an aggressive attempt to maintain an empire. Because of the supposed threats to our country, we have authorized the government to spy on its own citizens. But freedom has a price. Our soldiers have gone to war and fought and died so that we can remain free. As we all know though, there is nothing in life that is derived from nothing of substance. So, the question exists what constitutes individual freedom when......

Words: 1145 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Should Condoms Be Admnistered in Jail

...two scenarios, distributing condoms in prison looks to hit the same roadblocks as condoms in High Schools. The first issue is that prevention in prison starts far before a condom enters the equation. The very concept of “safe sex” is dependent upon the partners being consensual and the most readily available allusion to Prison Sex is, of course, rape a kind of “sex” that won’t ever be safe. In reality, much of the high-risk homosexual contact in prison involves men who do not consider themselves gay outside prison, former prisoners and researchers said. About 1 percent of prisoners report being raped. From a health standpoint, it is not much different from inoculation against disease. If we are already using medical means to protect inmates from contagious illness, how are government-sponsored condoms a stretch? However, of course, there are those annoying moral issues. As if gay inmate sex was not enough to make the conservatives grumble in the first place, the idea of combining it with prophylactics. Is this the worst idea ever thought of? Violence is also against the rules in jail and we all see how effective it is as a deterrent. They put offenders into solitary confinement, so why not isolate those with STDs or HIV in their own separate wing. This seems unlikely as our prisons are swelling past capacity by the hour. The only choice the penal establishment has with sex is the length of the consequences. There are many aspects of prison a man will live with......

Words: 1956 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Can Wikileaks Be Found Guilty of a Crime for Its Release of the Iraq War Materials?

...WikiLeaks is a non-profit media organization dedicated to bringing important news and information to the public. We provide an innovative, secure and anonymous way for independent sources around the world to leak information to our journalists. We publish material of ethical, political and historical significance while keeping the identity of our sources anonymous, thus providing a universal way for revealing of supposed and censored injustices. WikiLeaks, founded in 2006 by Australian Julian Assange and a small group of activist and computer experts, is a whistle-blowing website which “aims to bring to light secret information about governments and corporations” (“Times Topics”). “[I]t is the world’s first stateless news organization, because it belongs to the Internet rather than to the laws and culture of any one country” (Peters)....

Words: 5807 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Reconstruction

...Report on the Condition of the South (1865) 5. According to Schurz, the overall goal of Reconstruction is to reconstruct southern society and bring it back into American Society as a whole. He also mentions that it is also about the relationship between the constitution and the general public. 6. Schurz says the transition between the freedman and the south is so difficult to achieve because the south feels that the Union was so harsh and vengeful to them, and now they are changing their way of life so drastically. He touches on this by saying “in the midst of this critical period of transition, the power which originated the revolution is expected to turn over its whole future development to another power which from the beginning was hostile to it and has never yet entered into its spirit”. This just shows how it was already problematic. Added to this, the now freedman have to fend and protect themselves in an already angry and racist environment. Schurz explains this by saying “…leaving the class in whose favor it was made completely without power to protect itself and to take an influential part in that development.” 7. Southern soldiers also faced many problems when they came back home. Schurz states that “They found, many of them, their homesteads destroyed, their farms devastated, their families in distress”. The soldiers came back to an entire new world that was unfamiliar and stressful, which cause the embarrassment. Another problem was for......

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Invasion Of Privacy Case Study

...loved one. The government is probably not going to care if you sneak out at midnight to make-out with a classmate. 2. “An invasion of privacy is permissible if and only if…” there is due cause. If a child is not talking, has issues at school and home, I don’t have an issue with an invasion of privacy. Although, personally, I think you seek therapy first because if the invasion of privacy fails or your child finds out about the invasion of privacy, they may shut you out more than they already are. 3. Try talking with your child first and see if they will open up. Also, as I previously...

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Gay Marriages

...serious problem. We love who we want. You can’t change who you fall in love with. Opponents argue that is against their religion—marriage should be between a man and a woman so that they can pro-create. However, Evan Wolfson, from a gay-advocacy group called Freedom to Marry, argues that “every religion can decide for itself whether to perform or honor any marriage…but no religion should be able to dictate who gets a civil marriage license” (Wolfson). This country was founded and has continued to develop the concept of separation of church and state. It is up to individual religions whether to acknowledge same-sex marriages. However, it is the nation’s responsibility to acknowledge all unions, instead of discriminating couples based on their sex. To infringe upon couples right to civil marriage is a violation of human rights. Gay people, who are in love, have the right to commit to each other and have it legally recognized by the United States government. Banning an issue doesn’t make it go away. The American Constitution said that everyone deserves the same, equal rights that include gay people. So banning same-sex marriage is unconstitutional. Making this issue illegal is also a form of discrimination. Homophobic ridicule and abuse gay citizens, and gay teenagers are scared to go to school because of the excessive bullying and teasing. And gays are just being themselves! We are all created equal, so why can't we all just try to get along? Why......

Words: 1868 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Carl Sandburg: the Modern Writer

...to produce creative and spontaneity work, creating works where the reader did was not bound a fixed point of view or clear morals and impressionism and subjectivity was more present (Holman, 1972). The poem “Grass” by Carl Sandburg is very powerful but short and leaves much for the reader to ponder of how to interpret the subject as it both subjective yet sad. The theme of the poem suggests that grass is used to cover up the destruction of war and the deaths associated with it. That war after war is the same as he continues to name battles and it keeps repeating itself. In the beginning of the poem Carl writes “Pile the bodies high at Austerlitz and Waterloo” (poetryfoundation.org). These wars took place earlier in the 19th century and then later Carl goes onto mention Gettysburg, Ypres and Verdun. Which took place later in consecutive order, this symbolizes that history continues to repeat itself but man fails to recognize the death toll and bloodshed as the grass grows over all of it and then it is forgotten. He demonstrates this stating in two lines “Shovel them under and let me work” after naming each battle. That is the grass we cover all of this mess. What makes this even more subjective of modernist literature is he never discusses the purpose or necessity of the wars. Gettysburg during the Civil War was fought over slavery, although as one of the bloodiest wars in American history a national park was also established to remember this tragedy. ......

Words: 934 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Falungong

...However, Chinese government considers Fa lun gong as a cult and made very strict laws to oppress them. Chinese government even made a documentary about the false of the Fa lun gong and broadcast into whole china. Yet Fa lun gong is still really a big movement in china and the other countries like Korea or some western countries. There are 2 points that are arguable about the Fa lun gong. The first question is that whether Fa lun gong is really a religion or not. What is religion? Perhaps no one can give proper answer to this question. According to some socialists, people made religion because they need it to integrate people together. Therefore, religion has a role in the society. In another perspective, Religion can be a cultural thing. Religion explains how people think, live and act. Then, is Fa lun gong a religion? In my opinion, It can’t be the religion. Religion must be connected with human itself. Usually, department of religious studies is located in faculty of...

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Teacher Rights and Responsibilities

...Academic Freedom Academic freedom is defined as the right of teachers and students to express their ideas in the classroom or in writing, free from political, religious, or institutional restrictions, even if these ideas are unpopular (Academic Freedom, N.D.). Teachers and students have rights of academic freedom in various areas that will be outlined in this section: * Appointments and dismissals – Teachers should only be hired based on their ability to perform the tasks related to the job and their knowledge in their particular field of employment. They should not be hired, nor fired based on their sex, race, religion, political affiliation, nationality, or anything not related to their ability to do their job. Teachers may not be fired for holding or expressing an opinion neither, but only for lack of competence and poor performance. * Loyalty Oaths – Teachers have the option to commit to oaths based on whether or not it contradicts the loyalty to their homeland country or religious beliefs. * Curriculum – The teacher has the right to prompt thinking within a lesson, but not to a point that it implies something unorthodox is an acceptable way of living. * Selection of texts & Supplementary Information – Teachers may provide extra resources for students to use as research in order to expand and provide other points of views so that they are not limited to one point of view. * Freedom to teach controversial Issues – Teachers have the freedom to......

Words: 1616 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Constitutions

...Constitution From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Constitution (disambiguation). A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.[1] These rules together make up, i.e.constitute, what the entity is. When these principles are written down into a single document or set of legal documents, those documents may be said to embody a writtenconstitution; if they are written down in a single comprehensive document, it is said to embody a codified constitution. Constitutions concern different levels of organizations, from sovereign states to companies and unincorporated associations. A treaty which establishes an international organization is also its constitution, in that it would define how that organization is constituted. Within states, a constitution defines the principles upon which the state is based, the procedure in which laws are made and by whom. Some constitutions, especially codified constitutions, also act as limiters of state power, by establishing lines which a state's rulers cannot cross, such as fundamental rights. An example is the constitution of the United States of America. George Washington at Constitutional Conventionof 1787 signing of the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world,[2] containing 444 articles in 22 parts,[3][4] 12 schedules and 118 amendments, with......

Words: 16003 - Pages: 65

Premium Essay

Discuss the View That Monopoly Power Is the Natural Result for Firms Who ‘Win the Game’ of Competition?

...game’ of competition? Monopoly power or market power is the ability for a business to earn high levels of profit by being able to choose their pricing strategies in their market and being able to raise to what they want in the same market and don’t have to worry about to losing costumers if they have true monopoly power then price still shouldn’t effect there demand. Being a monopoly means they are the only supplier in that market. They are able to keep their prices high for a sustainable amount of time. There are only certain companies that are able to higher prices for measurable periods of time these companies have little or no competition in the market so that by increasing the prices wouldn’t mean a loss of costumers and income because there is no competition in there market. It lies at one end of the spectrum of perfect competition it means that there is only one seller in that market that they are able to be the dominant firm and exert a considerable amount of power. (William J. Baumol EconomicsPrinciplesP264-269) There are no preliminary assumptions about the bargaining power of any of the players, and, in particular, no player is assumed a priori to have any price setting power. Provide general core results for monopoly, and their results suggest the following conclusions. First, if the seller has the capacity to supply all of the buyers, the outcome is almost completely indeterminate. The seller effectively faces a bilateral bargaining problem with......

Words: 2732 - Pages: 11