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Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches

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Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits
University of Phoenix
Psychology of Personality
PSY/250

Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits A changeling habit for keta is impulsive, compulsive, shopping. rketa developed this habit during her teenage years when clothes were important to young people. High school was more of a fashion statement, name brands were important. There may be other family members whose much older and enjoyed dressing and shopping, but no one in the household directly will be the role model for this habit forming. The stamp of approval for Charketa in with this habit is the compliment she receives on the nice clothes and accessories she buys. This motivated the increase and desire for additional spending and filled in the time slot in which boredom began to form. This addiction allowed her the ability to escape from problems at home between family members. The addiction of shopping place Charketa in a world of temporary satisfaction, which removes all of the problems, life bring causing sadness. Habits are developed in stages; the habit starts out as a thought to an action, stimulating the person’s body and mind, which gives the individual the thought process to do this again for stimulating believing (Bandura , 2005). Because most habits occur in stages is why people may not realize, they have a habit. The mind is the biggest contributor in any habit-forming desire because of the increased excitement the habit brought to the body or the mind (Friedman, 2009). . When focusing on shopping as a bad habit or obsession the obvious does not inter a person’s mind. Developing unpaid bills at home may be past due, needed money for the children’s field trip, or is this going to wipe out their savings account. The person who is as described is known as a shopaholic. Statistics show woman are not the only out of control shoppers, men are spending as much on credit cards as women. Spending and shopping extensively as a form of therapy for some, just as a drink is said to be a stress relief. Shop until he or she drop does not mean from exhaustion but from spending every dollar of weekly earning. Shopaholics shop on impulse, no matter what the cost if shopper wants the item will be purchased. Shoppers go to extreme measures to make purchases from borrowing money, or having someone else to make the purchase, opening up new credit cards, taking out loans, and closing out children’s college fund accounts. A known shopaholic will spend several hours at a mall or in stores throughout the week. Leaving work early to go buy special item or shopping online at the job in some cases will satisfy some sensation during work hours. A true shopaholic will skip a meal to continue shopping and many are caught in the stores when the doors are closing. What a shopaholic will do to curb the bad habit once this has been identified as an addiction, is cut up all the credit cards to ensure he or she will not spend from those particular accounts. A better method is to incorporate different activities into the day. Go out to lunch with a friend; go to the movies with a family member. Looking deeper inside finding new exciting ventures to explore will keep the individual out of shopping centers. Wait for a sale before shopping, or go to the store without any money or checks to window shop for items. Just like an overweight individual to lose weight, this is a process for a shopaholic to stop shopping even after all resources have run out. This addiction will affect more than the money in the individual bank account but the relationships the individual has because of the spending and the time spent in the stores or malls daily. This statement goes back to the term “shop until you drop” this individual has dropped when the loss of relationships begin to take place. The best behavioral theory to fit and explain this personality behavioral is social theories. This theory is based on ideas, which are learned in a social environment and by observation (Friedman, 2009). Simply put, this event strengthens a behavior and makes this more likely to be repeated in the future. Positive reinforcement produces pleasant feelings, although negative reinforcement relieves unpleasant feelings. Either way, the person emotions are lifted after performing the bad habit behavior provides pleasure. According to strict behaviorism, people's personalities are nothing more than the total of the behaviors learned through this conditioning process (Friedman, 2009). In social-cognitive theory, the capacity for self-control over moral behavior has two functions. On one hand, this gives people the ability to refrain from acting inhumanely. On the other hand, this gives people the ability to behave in a kind and sensitive manner (Bandura, 2005).

References
Bandura, Albert. (2005). In Kristine Krapp (Ed.), Psychologists and Their Theories Vol. 1 (pp. 39-66).
Friedman, H. S. & Schustack, M. W. (2009). Personality: Classic theories and modern research (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.

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