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Behavioral Response of Smokers After Quitting

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Submitted By marlon0921
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CHAPTER 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

I. Introduction

The use of tobacco continues to be a major cause of health problems worldwide. There is currently an estimated 1.3 billion smokers in the world, with 4.9 million people dying because of tobacco use in a year. If this trend continues, the number of deaths will increase to 10 million by the year 2020, 70% of which will be coming from countries like the Philippines. (The Role of Health Professionals in Tobacco Control, WHO, 2005).
The World Health Organization released a document in 2003 entitled Policy Recommendations for Smoking Cessation and Treatment of Tobacco Dependence. This document very clearly stated that as current statistics indicate, it will not be possible to reduce tobacco related deaths over the next 30-50 years unless adult smokers are encouraged to quit. Also, because of the addictiveness of tobacco products, many tobacco users will need support in quitting. Population survey reports showed that approximately one third of smokers attempt to quit each year and that majority of these attempts are undertaken without help. However, only a small percentage of cigarette smokers (1-3%) achieve lasting abstinence, which is at least 12 months of abstinence from smoking, using will power alone (Fiore et al 2000) as cited by the above policy paper.
The policy paper also stated that support for smoking cessation or “treatment of tobacco dependence” refers to a range of techniques including motivation, advice and guidance, counseling, telephone and internet support, and appropriate pharmaceutical aids all of which aim to encourage and help tobacco users to stop using tobacco and to avoid subsequent relapse. Evidence has shown that cessation is the only intervention with the potential to reduce tobacco-related mortality in the short and medium term and therefore should be part of an overall...

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