Free Essay

Being Green

In: Science

Submitted By sharonth88
Words 3511
Pages 15
From the frontlines of demand and supply > Summer 2008

It Isn’t easY Being green
“The volume of global trade has more than doubled in the last decade – reaching six times the rate of growth of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP),” according to Mastering carbon measure emissions as a first step to limiting them. In many cases, it may be more cost effective to shift to lowercarbon practices now rather than wait for the inevitable regulations. As companies decide how to reduce the damage being done, it is understandable that they focus on the lowest hanging fruit first – their direct impact from their immediate operations. Increasingly, however, there will be an expectation to look beyond the emissions from an office block or a factory, to the extended supply chain. This adds its own complications. “There are questions about how and where boundaries are drawn when it comes to carbon emissions,” points out Iain Walpole, company environment manager of Castle Cement Limited. “For example, a UK-produced cement might produce 800kg CO2 direct emissions per tonne. If you then included the transportation of raw materials and electricity within the footprint, the total would be larger. As such, a cement produced in a similar plant in China would have the

Insight and analysis from IBM Global Business Services

But it’s worth it. Ben Schiller considers the climate change that’s driving business. same direct emissions, but the CO2 from transporting this tonne could add 160 kg/tonne in CO2 emissions to the total. Where do we draw the line in this equation? A business that imports the cement from China could draw a boundary around the port and then claim that its carbon footprint is quite low, despite the fact that the product has 20 per cent greater global warming potential.”

management, a report published by the IBM Institute for Business Value in 2008. “This phenomenon has been facilitated by relatively cheap energy, with low attention given to the impact on climate change.” Today, climate change is rising fast up the corporate agenda, becoming a hot topic of conversation – if not actual action. And the timing, it seems, is critical: according to the Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change (October 2006), one per cent of the world’s GDP needs to be invested in combating climate change each year in order to mitigate its effects. Doing nothing could reduce global GDP by as much as 20 per cent. For many businesses, it’s not a question of what to do, but where to begin. Some are reviewing their supply chain and its impact on climate change. They are assessing how to

FroM iBM GloBal Business serVices our experience with Businesses Both larGe and sMall is real. and so are the results we BrinG to our clients. Find out how we can deliVer lastinG chanGe to your orGanisation.

in association with

So what’s a supply chain manager to do? The IBM report reviews how managers can make supply chains less carbonintensive. It positions the problem as a trade-off between four factors: cost, service, quality and carbon emissions, and suggests that managers look at carbon impact as an integral part of the overall performance goals of a supply chain strategy. The report points out that one of the biggest industrial contributions to climate change comes from containerised shipping, the volume of which has skyrocketed in the last decade of globalisation. According to a 2007 study by the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, the total emissions of ocean-going shipping is equal to those of all but the six largest countries in the world. To limit the carbon impact of supply chains, the report recommends that managers consider a number of possibilities. The first is shipment consolidation – or, in other words, transporting the same quantity of goods, but using fewer ship journeys to do it. Companies may also consider changing the dimensions of their supply networks. The report says that once the environmental costs have been taken into account – for example, those from shipping, which are currently outside any emissions regulations – it may be that local sourcing becomes a cheaper option. The future economics of carbon may also affect how managers optimise their supply networks, including how large they make manufacturing and distribution facilities, and where they place those facilities around the world. Other advice comes from early-movers. Writing in HBR Green, the environmental offshoot of the

AnAlysis: seeds for the future climate change statistics make for remarkable reading and may leave some wondering what to do next – but there are answers out there.

Harvard Business Review, Brian Walker, chief executive of Herman Miller, describes how the furniture maker has approached the task since it launched its supply chain initiative in 2003. He makes three suggestions. First, design products with sustainability as a core principle (even if the short-term costs are higher than less green alternatives). Second, refine targets and put them on paper; it’s good to have lofty long-term goals, he says, even better to have interim targets along the way. And third, embrace metrics, constantly monitoring and scoring the environmental performance of suppliers (and, in time, their suppliers as well). As Walker says: “A business, and the products it sells, can only be environmentally sustainable through a holistic approach to design, raw materials, production methods, packaging, shipping, recycling, and even marketing – across the entire value chain.”

Met oFFice: keep a weather eye open when it comes to climate change, most of the focus is on prevention or mitigation, while not as much is being paid to adaptation – and this may be one area where the biggest challenges and opportunities can be found. “one of the greatest challenges facing most businesses is reducing and preparing for the effects of the weather and climate change,” says phil Johnston, Met office commercial Business director. “By ignoring the weather, the uk retail industry alone misses out on potential annual sales worth £4.5bn. to safeguard success, businesses must build weather and climate change into the plans, projects and policies they make today. “Met office consulting works with individual businesses to optimise their response to today’s weather while adapting to changes in tomorrow’s climate.”


of the uK’s existing power-generating capacity will have to be replaced by 2025,creating opportunity for a lower carbon footprint
[Source: Climate change: Everyone’s business – A report from the CBI Climate Change Task Force, November 2007]

ukti: consider low carBon according to a change in the climate: is business going green?, a report published by uk trade & investment and produced by the economist intelligence unit, “companies increasingly have to consider not just the co2 produced in their own operations, but that arising from their supply chains and use of their products once sold. leading firms are still working out best practice for this sort of measurement and are learning just where their efforts could have the biggest impact.” according to the report, going low carbon is possible, if you keep the following in mind: 1. carbon reduction is not an add-on. 2. securing detailed knowledge of your total carbon impact is essential. 3. carbon reduction is about more than just energy efficiency. 4. use carbon reduction as a way to look for savings. 5. communicate your efforts to the market.

cBi: words oF wisdoM in its report, climate change: everyone’s business, the cBi determined that the uk has many areas of strength on which to build in light of the inevitable long-term impact of climate change: 1. British businesses in areas such as ict, finance and aerospace “are well positioned to provide relevant products and services, and to generate the intellectual property and skills needed to function in this new global landscape”. 2. British institutions “are worldclass in global climate prediction, and in other diverse sectors such as civil engineering, water treatment and pharmaceuticals”. 3. smaller businesses could flourish: according to one analysis, “five key areas for sMes... could generate markets worth nearly £3bn in the period to 2010 in the uk”, including renewable electricity, domestic energy efficiency and housing.

dale Vince of Ecotricity and hitesh amin of IBM Global Business Services review some essen

interVieW: wInds of change dale Vince is ceo of ecotricity – the “world’s first green energy company”, founded in 1995. It reinvests the money it earns in building new, clean forms of power like wind energy. Working with Hitesh Amin of IBM Global Business Services, Ecotricity is striving to become an even more efficient and streamlined operation, and to create a zero carbon energy future for the UK. Q how can Mid-sized Businesses MitiGate their iMpact on the enVironMent, especially with More leGislation on the way? Vince: Legislation is coming and, for the most part, the effect of legislation is to increase the cost on businesses for their impact on the environment. The cost of energy and carbon is going up, the cost of landfill is rising – the thing that joins all of this together is a need to operate more efficiently, use fewer resources and wasting less. If you’re doing that, then you’re going to be pretty well ahead of the legislation curve. aMin: For over 30 years, IBM has focused on the impact that business is having on the environment. The company issued its first corporate policy on environmental affairs back in 1971, backed up by a global environmental management system. And this is perhaps the first thing that any business should consider: place the issue at the core of corporate culture. It should not be bolted on to a company’s CSr policy, but a policy in itself. Take a leadership position and you will be prepared for any legislation that is on its way. Q is there a Business case For GoinG Green riGht now? Vince: There are benefits to businesses of being green – or being seen to be green:

consumers increasingly want to see that these days. But there are other more pressing aspects to this question. one is cost, particularly the rising cost of energy. The price of electricity in the UK market has doubled in the last 12 months, following the rising price of oil. Carbon is a cost driver, as carbon limits and therefore trading is coming to more and more firms. Legislation is also a cost driver, this is how Government gets businesses to react, through taxation. But the energy crisis – and we’re only at the start of it – isn’t about legislation or taxation, it’s about a shortage of the stuff. Energy is becoming a precious commodity.

ntial climate change questions for mid-sized business.

All of this means that companies need to rethink the way they do business, in order to be more efficient. The second thing is the moral imperative, which I think is much bigger than anything to do with money. But nine out of ten businesses are driven by money and will respond primarily to financial signals, while one out of ten may have other drivers.

aMin: The evidence to date highlights the fact that it will be far more expensive to cope with the impact of climate change later than it would cost if we were to mitigate against that impact now – both the Stern report and the IPPC agree on this point. This goes to the heart of the business case: why pay more later, across your entire supply chain, when we’re all going to have to pay one way or another eventually? What more financial incentive does a business and its suppliers need? Q what role could technoloGy play in MiniMisinG the daMaGe we’re doinG to the enVironMent? Vince: Technology can either be the gasguzzling, Devil-may-care monster that we’ve had in the past – when resources were plentiful and cheap – or it can be sustainable and renewable, and bring with it lots of efficiencies. Energy generating technology is one example, but there are other ways technology can help things run more efficiently. one of the big things we’re hoping to get out of IBM is a much more efficient, more streamlined organisation. In so doing, we’re hoping to quarter our costs to serve each customer. That’s a major efficiency and will help us to build more windmills. aMin: Technology can be a double-edged sword where climate change issues are concerned, but the fact is that technology is embedded in our business culture and within

the supply chains on which businesses rely. The key is to choose your technology wisely and to manage it as efficiently as possible, with minimal waste. Look at the whole technological picture and understand the impact it has on all levels of the business, from energy management to waste. It’s not just a question of better technology, it’s about using what we have in a better way. Q are you optiMistic or pessiMistic aBout the Future oF the enVironMent? Vince: I’m optimistic. The biggest driver will be the consumer’s desire for change and we’re seeing that increase as people become more aware – or perhaps more accepting – of the reality of climate change. They’re keen to see something done about it and to play their part. When people sign up to Ecotricity, that’s what they’re telling us: they’re glad to be able to do something and they’re glad to see what we do with their money, investing it in new sources for renewable energy. aMin: I don’t see how we can afford to be anything but optimistic. To suggest otherwise would be to admit defeat – and I definitely think we’re capable of making this a better world.


europe: BurGeoninG BioFuels – Good or Bad?

gloBAl: ClimAte chaIn 3 asia-pac: More aware while pollution from chinese and indian coal-powered factories remains “a very real problem” according to a recent survey by ukti (a change in the climate: is business going green?), it also reveals something quite unexpected: “Firms from the region lead even europe in terms of the percentage that are monitoring energy use, enacting a range of carbon-reduction strategies, and in particular in the impact that carbon issues have on their investment decisions. Moreover, asian firms are far more likely to see benefits arising to their companies from carbon reduction, and... pay more attention to environmental activists.”

how are the world’s supply chains coping with the environmental agenda?

europe may be about to reconsider its target of 10 per cent of transportation fuel to be made from biofuels by 2020 – a significant concern for supply chains worldwide – amid continuing concern over the impact of its initiative. the un’s Food and agriculture organisation has said growth in the use of biofuels, which are often made by food crops, has led to steep price increases around the world. this was one reason behind recent street riots in indonesia, the philippines and haiti. environmental campaigners say biofuels have encouraged deforestation in indonesia and Malaysia, as farmers cut down trees to grow palm oil plants. Germany’s environment minister said recently that hitting the target was possible without substantial damage abroad. But some high-profile Meps are not so sure – they want a reduction to eight per cent, or for the target to be scrapped.

united kinGdoM: nuMBers GaMe only a quarter of suppliers who responded to a survey by the carbon disclosure project supply chain leadership collaboration have established targets for cutting dioxide emissions. however, 96 per cent of the respondents said that taxes or limits on emissions were significant risks to their businesses. only 12 per cent of the companies, who partner with many major international brand names, could account for the carbon impact of their own suppliers.


china: risks and rewards


china: GoinG coastal
Increasing government oversight and the sensitivities of some western companies are causing some coastal chinese factories to relocate inland in order to avoid increasing scrutiny, according to china greening: the

emerging role of the Public, a report from the Institute of Public and environmental affairs, a chinese think-tank. stricter pollution control measures in coastal regions are among the factors that have raised costs for suppliers in the recent months, making such moves worthwhile, according to the IPe. hunan, guangxi, Zhejiang and Jiangxi are among the inland provinces with less strict controls, which are thought to be winning business at the expense of the coasts and the environment at large.


russia: cliMate chanGe – coMinG in FroM the cold? the uk was ranked as the biggest foreign investor in russia in 2007, at around £13bn, with exports to russia reaching an all-time high of £2.8bn. clearly, russia is playing a growing part in the uk’s global supply chain. But is it doing its part to combat climate change? yes, albeit slowly. according to dr evgeny polyakov, head of the russian-British Business centre at the university of huddersfield: “with growing pressure to prevent climate change, some russian manufacturing companies are facing the need to replace their aging facilities. with this in mind, they are adopting international practices and technologies to help reduce carbon emissions. Many young private companies are choosing to operate with greater social responsibility and, although large cars are still very popular in russia, reduction of carbon emissions is gradually earning more and more attention among russian businessmen.”

notes from the front lIne

hilary Benn Mp, Secretary of State for Environment, Food & rural Affairs, on the challenges that climate change and carbon issues are placing on businesses of all sizes today.

The current UK emissions total is just under 550,000,000 tonnes of Co2 a year and we’ve got to bring it down. But even if, for the sake of argument, the ’developed’ world could kick the carbon habit tomorrow, we would still be facing the threat of dangerous climate change because of rising emissions from emerging economies. “However, if you contemplate the consequences of runaway climate change, the economic impact would be devastating. That’s what the Stern report showed with such clarity. He said, you may not be interested in the science, and you may not be interested in other considerations, but I’ve done the numbers and there’s a cost for

dealing with it and a cost for not dealing with it. That latter cost is the First World War, the Second World War and let’s throw in the Great Depression for good measure. Now who’s up for spending more later and the consequences that runaway climate change would have? “It seems to me that is a pretty powerful argument for getting on with it. And if we do get on with what needs to be done first, there’s a real opportunity here. “Ultimately, successful economies, successful countries, successful companies – in future, they are going to be low carbon and a growing number of businesses are taking this issue of climate change very seriously wherever they operate in the world. For example, the investor community is

increasingly asking multinationals and other companies: what’s your carbon exposure? Ten years ago, if somebody had asked about carbon exposure, you’d have said, what? This is a profound change that is taking place in our economy and it is driving change. “Look where the price of oil is now, look at development at the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), look at the number of countries considering carbon trading schemes – this is where the future is. Those countries have a real opportunity to invest in the technologies that we are going to need. It’s about seizing the market opportunities – this is an opportunity as well as a challenge.”

ForthcoMinG ForuMs: the executiVe dialoGue series the executive Forum series – iBM Global Business services’ ongoing series of exclusive dinner debates and breakfast briefings – brings together senior executives from manufacturing, distribution and retail organisations of all sizes from across the uk. these events offer executives a unique opportunity to debate issues that are central to their industries, from supply chain Management efficiencies to delivering growth through customer relationship Management. don’t miss out on this unique opportunity. > GettinG More FroM your custoMers > date: septeMBer 2008 what are you doing to attract, retain and manage your customer base? what do your customers expect of you? this dinner debate brings together experts and executives from around the uk to discuss the properties and benefits of modern customer relationship management best practice. if you would like to receive advance notice of executive Forums scheduled for 2008, please contact Jonathan young (details below).

in next issue

econoMic uncertainty is ForcinG coMpanies oF all sizes to adapt to a chanGinG Business landscape. is your Business prepared to cope with the disruption? what aBout your supply chain? we Find out More aBout the dynaMics oF chanGe in the next edition, due out in septeMBer 2008.

For more information on how iBM Global Business services can deliver lasting change for your organisation, contact: Jonathan young, Global Business services, Mid-Market, t: +44 (0)208 818 5108, e:; iBM and the iBM logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of international Business Machines corporation in the united states and/or other countries. ©2008 iBM corporation. all rights reserved

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Review Of The Song It's Not Easy Being Green

...Being Green: A Life of Opportunity When I hear the iconic Kermit the Frog’s statement about the hardships of being green, I assume that being such an unordinary color could be seen as a difficult lifestyle because of the perpetual contrast the color places between the frog and the rest of society. Nobody else within society seems to be green, and the world must judge Kermit because he is out of the ordinary. However, in his song “It’s Not Easy Being Green,” Kermit is actually lamenting about how this life is difficult because he is in fact ordinary, blending in with the greenness of the natural landscape around him. Unlike Kermit, however, I believe that both the contrast of Kermit with modern society and the comparison of the frog with nature...

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

“the Ontological Argument Does Not Succeed in Going Beyond Defining God” to What Extent Is This True?

...philosophers such as Alvin Plantinga and Descartes, defines God as “a being that which nothing greater can be conceived”. In my opinion the argument does not only fail to go beyond this definition, but we cannot be sure than it defines God correctly either. Firstly we cannot argue that the argument goes beyond the definition of God because as Kant points out the argument has a major flaw, the ontological argument is based on an assumption that to exist is a property of perfection. He uses the analogy of money saying that 100___ that existed in reality were no different in value to 100___ that existed hypothetically as both, in theory were worth the same and therefore equal. Bertrand Russell makes a similar point, he claims that the ontological argument uses the word ‘exists’ incorrectly and that existence is not a property of things, but of the idea of those things. Russell uses the example of dragons, saying that if someone says a dragon does not exist what they mean is of all the things that exist the word dragon refers to none of them, however this fact is not part of the definition itself and changes nothing about the description of the features of a dragon, therefore existence is an extension of an intention and not a definition. Alvin Plantinga attempts to redeem the ontological argument with his possible world’s theory, planting argues that if it is coherent to believe that in a possible world a maximally great being could exist then in order for him to have maximal......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

David Benatar Better Never to Have Been Review

...earlier stage should be aborted. It results that the existence of one person should counted as overpopulation, and it is good for human to extinct. In the introduction, Benatar first claims that his argument can be applied to all sentient beings, but his focus will be on humans. In the part subtitled “Who is so lucky”, Freud's claim that there is no good or best for the non-existent people elicits the 'non-identity' problem, which will later be solved. By speaking about the 'never-existent' which refers to nothing, Benatar is using this expression as a convenient term to mean those possible but non-actual beings. In Chapter 2, Benatar firstly claims that the expression 'a life worth living' should be specified as either 'a life worth starting' or 'a life worth continuing'. Then he tries to explain why coming into existence is always a harm by the asymmetry of pleasure and pain: (1) the presence of pain is bad, (2) the presence of pleasure is good, (3) the absence of pain is good, (4) the absence of pleasure is not bad unless it implies a deprivation. The first two points are evident, but (3) and (4) are controversial. The 'non-identity' problem can be raised against (3), since (3) can be interpreted as the absence of pain is good for the nonexistent being. Benatar replies that (3) claims that “this absence is good when judged in terms of the interests of the person who would otherwise have existed” (2006: 31). However, this reply is still problematic since it implies a...

Words: 844 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...God—proofs that were dependent on reason and observation, not the revealed word of God. 1. Aquinas recognized that for motion to take place, there had to be something that interacts with it to cause it to move. This, in turn must be an infinite being outside of creation and hence is God. 2. Every effect must have a cause, if you eliminate the cause you eliminate the effect. It only posits that a God exists who is the cause of all things and who is the effect of nothing. 3. Aquinas argued that from observation, the things around him had the possibility of being (or existing) or not being. Yet, if that first being exists, he must necessarily not have the possibility of not being.  In other words, as non-existence cannot bring about existence, the first being necessarily has to have always existed.  And this entity that necessarily exists and cannot not-exist, is God. 4. Note that this is not the suggestion that we get the idea of goodness or hotness from God, but simply that there must always be something that is more good or more hot than that which we are viewing and since there is a gradation, there must always be a top to the gradation that can never be surpassed.  Such a top or asymptote, by definition, requires an infinite being, hence it must be God. 5. Fifthly, Aquinas points out that there are entities in creation that have no consciousness at all, yet still act in a regular fashion and in such a way that it is beneficial to their continued existence.  Trees, for......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...horses did not exist, there would be no such thing as the form horse. Is this correct? * I believe Aristotle was incorrect by saying there could be no form of a horse if there were no actual physical particular horse with which to base the form on. I justify this based on my understanding of the notion of a form, namely – the form of the object is purely human convention that assigns words to concepts and then judges wheter particular objects conform to our definition. We could conceive if something that we would call a horse even if there was never an object that we could find which conformed to our conception. 4. Can there be essence without existence? * Everything has two principles that explain its being, essence and existence. In all beings except for God, these principles are both required in order for the actually existing individual thing to be. Each is distinct from the other, yet this distinction is a real, not merely logical. 5. What are the two kinds of substance * For Aristotle two kinds of substance is from and essence. The kind of essence or form that Aristotle counts as primary substance is one that is not in any way universal; a form that is as individual as the compound whose form it is. The “individual forms” solution is not to be found in Aristotle, and is unavailable to him. On their view, the primary substance of the Metaphysics is species form - something that is common to different members of the same species, but is still, in......

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

What Am I Doing?

...expected and required. * These policies should include conflict of interest and code of ethics section. * Procedures should be updated every year * It is important that employees are taught and trained in the policies so that they learned of their existence and they get a sense of what is expected of them. * It is also important to exercise segregation of duties in the workplace. This means require different parties to perform key parts of the transaction. Specifically, separate the authorization, custody, record keeping and reconciliation duties. In the case, not only is Jessica in charge of the custody and record keeping duty, but there also seems that there isn’t any supervising bank reconciliation activity being performed. There are different controls that this entity could have used to avoid segregation of duties problems experienced that led to the burglary of funds by Jessica. Some of these are: * Implement a bank lockbox system that receives the entity payments. These system would have avoided Jessica or any employee to have to deal with cash by just getting bank notifications of the daily deposits for recording. * If a lockbox system is unavailable/undesirable, two entity’s employees should receive payments, list the payments and generate deposits. * This control could be circumvented by collusion of employees. * Additionally, periodic reconciliations of cash receipts for entities books should be......

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Being Green at Ben and Jerrys

...The writer’s point is that environmentalists who argue for green energy alternatives are basically reaping the benefits of the same issue that they fight against. The writer’s point is that environmentalists who argue for green energy alternatives are basically reaping the benefits of the same issue that they fight against. George F. Will goes through his explanation of the environment toll of the production of ice cream to illustrate his view of environmentalists—that they contradict themselves by advocating for green initiatives such as clean energy, while utilizing products that pollute the environment all the way from the farm to the table. He is using humor to drive his point home by basically highlighting the hypocrisy in what they say and do and further suggests that the agenda of the environmentalists align closely with the political agenda of the left. After reading the article called, "Being Green at Ben and Jerry's" written by George F. Wills, I disagree with his claim that there is no real oil crisis. Will fails to give consideration to the seriousness of the effects of greenhouse gasses and pollution in general, and instead chooses to distastefully mock his opponents on the issue. This failure in my opinion, diminished his authority on the subject, as any good writer should address valid concerns of the opposition. First of all, Will offers no authoritative sources in his comparison of the size of the National Arctic Wildlife Refuge. Is the size of the......

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Transcendental Properties of Being

...TRANSCENDENTAL PROPERTIES OF BEING By: MBAKWE NICHOLAS CHUKWUNWEIKE Introduction Metaphysics is not just a science in Aristotle’s conception of it, but one that distinguishes itself from all the particular sciences by firstly raising the question of the first and most universal causes and secondly by taking as its subject of consideration ‘being’ simply as ‘being’ in its most universal and in its most concrete sense as present in experience. Implicitly, being must be taken as analogous from the very beginning of the investigation, not in the sense that it would diffuse the unity of this science into a mere difference of differences, but in the sense that it would raise this science to a higher kind of unity according to an order of different degrees of being as they relate to a primary analogate as the one to which all relate more or less distantly. To delve more deeply into this analogous subject of consideration one must further distinguish transcendental properties that follow being in its analogous and transcendental sense. In the end, when the question of a first, universal cause of being as being, or of a summit of being that would be totally transcendent, is finally raised, all of this a priori conception of being as analogous according to different degrees with its corresponding degrees of oneness, activity, truth and goodness must be brought into play in relation to things as they come under sense experience as moved, caused, contingent and exhibiting different......

Words: 2742 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

What Is Philosophy?

...having a hidden meaning, and as I have quickly learned, philosophy is a very mystifying subject and is open to a wide variety of interpretation. Due to this obscurity, each person will have a different view on philosophy and will likely have changing opinions and views as they continue on their path. Heidegger describes this path as one of responding to life. More specifically, “responding to the voice of Logos which he defines as the Being of all beings, One, One which is all, Life.” As previously stated, this is a very cryptic definition that takes much deeper thought than simply reading off the page.   Despite being cryptic, this vague definition gives a strong guideline to the basic idea of philosophy while still giving the reader an opportunity to interpret the definition in their own way. This definition shines light on both the basic idea of philosophy while also showing that everyone will interpret philosophy in their own way. By saying that philosophy is the One which is all, it shows that each individual person makes up a greater being which is Life. Each individual person provides their own interpretation based on their own lifestyle and past. Therefore, philosophy is the sum of all lives that can only be defined with the sum of everybody’s views and opinions. With this is mind, philosophy will be ever changing as people grow older and more people are brought into the world. What is most important about this definition is that it is timeless. This definition......

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Attributes of Being

...Transcendental Attributes of Being A research paper submitted to [Professor Name] In Partial Fulfillment of the requirements For The course [Course Name] [Seminary Name] By [Student Name] Place Date Introduction While Plato had also covered the notions surrounding the properties of being, Aristotle was the first to bring the term transcendental to the context of the attributes of being. Plato offered valuable insight regarding the four transcendental attributes of being. [1] Aristotle shaped the transcendentals in a specific manner and refined his own perspective. Later philosophers also expanded the discussion surrounding the transcendental attributes of being. These transcendentals become significant in the context of theology because they possess a link with Christian theology and unfold in the form of what man desires. For explicating the four transcendental attributes of being, it becomes significant to first explore the definition of an attribute. An attribute falls under the category of that aspect which does not exist in the form of the embodiment but originates from the same. As regards ‘being’, it can only give rise to what is also being and thus, a ‘being’ cannot spawn attributes or properties while discussing these terminologies in a firm manner. Nevertheless, while approaching the subject in a broader manner, an attribute can be defined for a specific perspective on being as long as it applies to each instance of being and overall entities that......

Words: 1802 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Martin Heidegger Philosophy

...religious thinking. It is important to point out that Heidegger’s philosophy is extremely complex and he never completed his second half of his endeavour, hence a brief explication will not do his thinking justice but a complete explanation is outside the scope of this essay. Therefore, in this essay I will primarily focus on Heidegger’s five key concepts; i) the transience of reality, ii) human existence, iii) Being-in-the world, iv) objects and things and v) metaphysics and Being. The transience of reality This ‘transience of reality’ according to Heidegger reflects the idea that everything is “temporary and changeable” (RST3708 Study Guide 2008:59). Whereas modern subjectivism refers to the “attitude in terms of which the whole of reality is traced back to the subject” (RST3708 Study Guide 2008:58), Heidegger contends that reality exists before the subject can be identified, as written in the Study Guide (RST3708 Study Guide 2008:58), “reality as a mystery has already happened”. Heidegger claims that only once a comprehensive examination is made into Being, will there be space for a new revelation, a “postsubjectivist experience – of reality”...

Words: 1980 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...colour. The human eye and the human mind respond to this world of colour and identify themselves with it. When a person is cheerful and bright we refer to him as a 'colourful personality', similarly the different colours are used to indicate human moods and attitudes: blue is associated with depression, white is likened with serenity, green with jealousy and red with rage. Colour is also used to relieve tension. Psychologists have investigated the effect of colour on the working ability of workers and have come to the conclusion that certain colours are more conducive to Positive thinking than others. The power of colours cannot be denied, more so, as it is the soul instance of life on earth. Although sight and the human brain has helped in identifying colours and their delights, it's interesting to note what colours mean to us in totality. The power of colours and their meanings has been enlisted below. RED: More than half the globe loves this colour. We sure agree. Red is the second-most favorite colour on earth. Be it the Ferrari red or a svelte red dress, red is an intense colour, and defines many emotions and moods. The most important being, the colour of love, passion, seduction, and desire. It also defines enthusiasm, power, and heat. This colour also represents anger, violence, and aggression. Red portrays danger and bloodshed. Lighter shades define sexuality, passion, and joy, while darker shades mean anger, willpower, aggression, leadership, rage, and......

Words: 2318 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...that company sent to the group three samples of their food products to explore using spectroscopy as your technique for analysis. A variety of factors can affect the calculations intensity of the color of a result. In this investigation you will explore some of these factors. Materials In order to test the intensity of light, there are several different materials needed. Those materials are as follows; colorimeter probe (spectrophotometer), red food color solution, blue food color solution, green food color solution, deionized water, test tubes and rack, pipet, and a timer. Procedures: Part 1 The first part in the experiment is to pour each colored solution into a vial, then calibrate the spectrophotometer. The calibration steps are to set it on the 430nm wavelength, and to place a vial of de-ionized water inside, then press the calibration button and letting it calibrate for 10 seconds. The spectrophotometer should show a percent transmittance of 100% since it is pure water being tested. Calibration is needed before every test is completed. After the spectrophotometer is calibrated, place the vial containing the red food color solution into the machine with the ridged sides pointing to the left and right, then close the lid. Press the start button and let the data collect for about 30 seconds, then press the stop button. Once the test is completed, collect and record the data. Calibrate the spectrophotometer again with the...

Words: 2451 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Colors In The Great Gatsby

...Over the Rainbow “While we admired he brought more and the soft rich heap mounted higher- shirts with stripes and scrolls and plaids in coral and apple-green and lavender and faint orange, with monograms of Indian blue,” (Fitzgerald 92). The theme of colors is present throughout the entire novel The Great Gatsby. Although some colors are more prominent than others, all are equally important in displaying qualities of each character. Each color represents a distinct feeling for the duration of the book. Some are very obvious in what feeling they are trying to express, while others are more abstract, but significant nonetheless. Colors are the best way to exhibit an overall feel for a character or time frame. As a rule of thumb, white usually...

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sss Sas

...write, it takes a little practice but soon your roses will look great. I drawed the painting by oil painting , i choose two colors with it shades . i choose natural colors it make it beautiful and shine. My color scheme: Green is an emotionally positive color, giving us the ability to love and nurture ourselves and others unconditionally. A natural peacemaker, it must avoid the tendency to become a martyr. Being a combination of yellow and blue, green encompasses the mental clarity and optimism of yellow with the emotional calm and insight of blue, inspiring hope and a generosity of spirit not available from other colors. Green promotes a love of nature, and a love of family, friends, pets and the home. It is the color of the garden lover, the home lover and the good host. This color relates to stability and endurance, giving us persistence and the strength to cope with adversity. Green is the color of prosperity and abundance, of finance and material wealth. It relates to the business world, to real estate and property. Prosperity gives a feeling of safety to green. Red is the color at the end of the spectrum of visible light next to orange and opposite violet. Red is one of the additive primary colors of light, along with green and blue. Red can vary in shade from very light pink to very dark maroon or burgundy; and in hue from the bright orange-red scarlet or vermilion to the bluish-red crimson. This color is a warm and positive color......

Words: 373 - Pages: 2